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Department of Housing and Urban Development

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Open Recommendations (78 total)

Federal Software Licenses: Agencies Need to Take Action to Achieve Additional Savings

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2 Open Recommendations
Agency Affected Recommendation Status
Department of Housing and Urban Development The Secretary of HUD should ensure that the agency tracks software licenses that are currently in use for its widely used licenses by, at a minimum, developing and implementing procedures for tracking license usage. (Recommendation 5)
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The Department of Housing and Urban Development neither agreed nor disagreed with this recommendation. In comments to the draft report, an Audit Liaison Officer from the Office of the Chief Information Officer stated that it is in process of remediating the issue to develop and implement procedures for comparing the inventories of licenses in use to purchase records. When we confirm what actions the agency has taken in response to this recommendation, we will provide updated information.
Department of Housing and Urban Development The Secretary of HUD should ensure that the agency compares the inventories of software licenses that are currently in use with information on purchased licenses to identify opportunities to reduce costs and better inform investment decision making for its widely used licenses on a regular basis. At a minimum, it should develop and implement procedures for comparing the inventories of licenses in use to purchase records. (Recommendation 6)
Open
The Department of Housing and Urban Development neither agreed nor disagreed with this recommendation. In comments to the draft report, an Audit Liaison Officer from the Office of the Chief Information Officer stated that it is in process of remediating the issue to develop and implement procedures for comparing the inventories of licenses in use to purchase records. We will continue to monitor the department's efforts to fully implement this recommendation.

Cybersecurity: Federal Agencies Made Progress, but Need to Fully Implement Incident Response Requirements

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1 Open Recommendations
Agency Affected Recommendation Status
Department of Housing and Urban Development The Secretary of Housing and Urban Development should ensure that the agency fully implements all event logging requirements as directed by OMB guidance. (Recommendation 7)
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When we confirm what actions the agency has taken in response to this recommendation, we will provide updated information.

Manufactured Housing: Further HUD Action is Needed to Increase Available Loan Products

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1 Open Recommendations
Agency Affected Recommendation Status
Department of Housing and Urban Development The Secretary of Housing and Urban Development should ensure that the Commissioner of FHA implement planned changes to provide additional financing options for manufactured homes, including identifying options for greater securitization of manufactured home mortgages and personal property loans and establishing time frames and milestones for the actions. (Recommendation 1)
Open
When we confirm what actions the agency has taken in response to this recommendation, we will provide updated information.

Manufactured Housing: Further HUD Action is Needed to Increase Available Loan Products

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1 Open Recommendations
Agency Affected Recommendation Status
Department of Housing and Urban Development The Secretary of Housing and Urban Development should ensure that the President of Ginnie Mae implement planned changes to provide additional financing options for manufactured homes, including identifying options for greater securitization of manufactured home mortgages and personal property loans and establishing time frames and milestones for the actions. (Recommendation 2)
Open
When we confirm what actions the agency has taken in response to this recommendation, we will provide updated information.

Disaster Recovery: HUD Should Develop Data Collection Guidance to Support Analysis of Block Grant Fraud Risks

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5 Open Recommendations
Agency Affected Recommendation Status
Department of Housing and Urban Development The Assistant Secretary for Community Planning and Development should identify ways to collect and combine contractor and subcontractor data across grantees and subrecipients to facilitate risk analyses, such as by expanding the Disaster Recovery Data Portal, Disaster Recovery Grant Reporting System, or other appropriate systems. (Recommendation 3)
Open
At the time of the report's issuance, HUD neither agreed nor disagreed with this recommendation. HUD stated it was taking steps to improve its fraud risk assessment and annual grantee risk analysis. In February 2024, HUD told GAO it plans to develop and implement fraud analytics. HUD did not provide a timeframe for completion but committed to providing regular status updates. GAO will continue to monitor HUD's efforts to identify ways to collect and combine data across grantees and subrecipients to facilitate risk analyses.
Department of Housing and Urban Development The Assistant Secretary for Community Planning and Development should develop guidance for CDBG-DR grantees and subrecipients on collecting complete and consistent data to better support applicant eligibility determinations and fraud risk management. (Recommendation 1)
Open
At the time of the report's issuance, HUD agreed with this recommendation. HUD told GAO that it intended to develop guidance for grantee applicant data collection and provide technical assistance to grantees and subrecipients on best practices for data collection, data format, and personally identifiable information protections. In February 2024, HUD stated that it is working with its Privacy Office to develop training or training materials on data collection, data consistency for data analysis purposes, and protection of personally identifiable information and hoped to complete these actions by September 30, 2024. GAO will continue to monitor HUD's efforts to develop guidance for grantee applicant data collection and provide technical assistance.
Department of Housing and Urban Development The Assistant Secretary for Community Planning and Development should ensure that grantees and subrecipients have attended fraud-related training as required. This could include requesting and reviewing attendance documentation from the OIG and grantees. (Recommendation 6)
Open
At the time of the report's issuance, HUD disagreed with this recommendation. HUD stated it was planning on coordinating with the HUD Office of Inspector General to request attendance documentation and additional training for grantees but disagreed with monitoring CDBG-DR grantees for this purpose. In February 2024, HUD told GAO that it is communicating with the HUD Office of Inspector General to develop a process for validating fraud training attendance documentation and expects to implement a solution by the third quarter of FY2024. GAO will continue to monitor HUD's efforts to ensure that grantees and subrecipients have attended fraud-related training.
Department of Housing and Urban Development The Assistant Secretary for Community Planning and Development should develop and implement guidance for CDBG-DR grantees and subrecipients to collect contractor and subcontractor data to facilitate identification of contractor and cross-cutting fraud risks through approaches such as network analysis. (Recommendation 4)
Open
At the time of the report's issuance, HUD disagreed with this recommendation. HUD stated there was no program requirement for a grantee to undertake specific actions beyond attendance at mandatory HUD Office of Inspector General training. Additionally, HUD did not consider it practical for grantees to simultaneously administer network analysis and recovery programs. In February 2024, HUD told GAO that it plans to develop and implement fraud analytics. However, it is unclear how HUD's use of fraud analytics will develop and implement guidance for grantees and subrecipients on data collection to identify fraud risks. HUD did not provide a timeframe for completing its fraud analytics, but committed to providing regular status updates. GAO will continue to monitor HUD's efforts to develop and implement guidance for grantees and subrecipients to collect contractor and subcontractor data to identify fraud risks.
Department of Housing and Urban Development The Assistant Secretary for Community Planning and Development should update the Monitoring Handbook for Disaster Recovery Community Development Block Grant monitoring activities to provide additional guidance in the selection of contracts for review. This should include factors such as contractors that present increased risk to the CDBG-DR environment, including those where allegations of fraud, waste, or abuse have been made. (Recommendation 2)
Open
At the time the report's issuance, HUD neither agreed nor disagreed with this recommendation. HUD maintained that fraud data analytics are led at the department level. HUD also stated it planned to initiate a fraud risk management process over the next 12 months that involves oversight from the department's Chief Risk Officer. In February 2024, HUD told GAO that it is communicating with the HUD Office of Inspector General to collaborate on a fraud risk training session, tentatively scheduled for May 2024. Additionally, HUD stated it plans to provide one-on-one fraud risk technical assistance and intends to do so by the end of FY2024 or early FY2025. GAO will continue to monitor HUD's efforts to provide additional monitoring guidance.