Survey of Patent Examiners

U.S. Government Accountability Office

Contents

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Background

The U.S. Government Accountability Office (GAO), a legislative branch agency, is conducting two studies of the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office (PTO). We are examining PTO's approach to patent quality, challenges PTO faces in finding relevant prior art, and how PTO might improve patent quality and its prior art search capabilities.

As part of this study, we are conducting a web-based survey of randomly selected examiners in each technology center.

Your participation in our study is essential for us to inform the Congress about PTO's approach to patent quality and prior art search. As you were individually chosen by our sample in order to accurately capture the views of examiners within different technology centers and art areas, please complete this survey yourself and do not forward to another examiner.

We estimate that this survey will take between 45 to 60 minutes to complete. The survey does not need to be completed in one sitting. Your responses can be saved and accessed at a later date. To learn more about completing the survey, printing your responses, and whom to contact if you have questions, _____ for help.

Thank you for your time and assistance.

(View question)

Section 1

1. Do you have signatory authority (either temporary or permanent)?

(View question)

Group Response Percent Lower bound,
95 percent
confidence interval
Upper bound,
95 percent
confidence interval
All respondents Yes, full signatory authority 50.0 48.4 51.6
All respondents Yes, partial signatory authority 9.1 8.2 10.0
All respondents No signatory authority 40.4 38.8 41.9
All respondents No response 0.5 0.3 0.9
All respondents Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
<GS-13 Yes, full signatory authority 0.0 0.0 0.4
<GS-13 Yes, partial signatory authority 0.7 0.3 1.6
<GS-13 No signatory authority 98.7 97.6 99.3
<GS-13 No response 0.6 0.2 1.4
<GS-13 Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
GS-13 Yes, full signatory authority 17.1 14.6 19.6
GS-13 Yes, partial signatory authority 39.9 36.6 43.2
GS-13 No signatory authority 42.3 39.0 45.6
GS-13 No response 0.7 0.2 1.7
GS-13 Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
>GS-13 Yes, full signatory authority 99.2 98.6 99.6
>GS-13 Yes, partial signatory authority 0.4 0.1 0.9
>GS-13 No signatory authority 0.0 0.0 0.2
>GS-13 No response 0.4 0.1 1.0
>GS-13 Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
TC 1600 Yes, full signatory authority 57.2 53.0 61.4
TC 1600 Yes, partial signatory authority 9.6 6.5 13.6
TC 1600 No signatory authority 32.9 28.9 36.8
TC 1600 No response 0.3 0.0 1.9
TC 1600 Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
TC 1700 Yes, full signatory authority 59.3 54.9 63.6
TC 1700 Yes, partial signatory authority 9.0 6.0 12.7
TC 1700 No signatory authority 31.1 27.0 35.2
TC 1700 No response 0.6 0.1 2.3
TC 1700 Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
TC 2100 Yes, full signatory authority 44.3 39.9 48.7
TC 2100 Yes, partial signatory authority 6.8 4.3 10.3
TC 2100 No signatory authority 48.9 44.4 53.3
TC 2100 No response 0.0 0.0 1.0
TC 2100 Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
TC 2400 Yes, full signatory authority 44.0 39.5 48.6
TC 2400 Yes, partial signatory authority 7.4 4.8 11.0
TC 2400 No signatory authority 48.2 43.6 52.8
TC 2400 No response 0.3 0.0 1.8
TC 2400 Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
TC 2600 Yes, full signatory authority 56.9 52.2 61.5
TC 2600 Yes, partial signatory authority 7.8 5.1 11.4
TC 2600 No signatory authority 34.3 29.8 38.8
TC 2600 No response 1.0 0.2 2.8
TC 2600 Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
TC 2800 Yes, full signatory authority 53.4 48.8 58.1
TC 2800 Yes, partial signatory authority 7.8 5.1 11.2
TC 2800 No signatory authority 37.9 33.4 42.4
TC 2800 No response 0.9 0.2 2.6
TC 2800 Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
TC 3600 (not business methods) Yes, full signatory authority 48.9 44.4 53.5
TC 3600 (not business methods) Yes, partial signatory authority 12.4 8.8 16.8
TC 3600 (not business methods) No signatory authority 37.9 33.6 42.3
TC 3600 (not business methods) No response 0.7 0.1 2.5
TC 3600 (not business methods) Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
TC 3600 (business methods only) Yes, full signatory authority 54.7 50.4 59.1
TC 3600 (business methods only) Yes, partial signatory authority 8.7 5.2 13.5
TC 3600 (business methods only) No signatory authority 35.6 31.5 39.7
TC 3600 (business methods only) No response 1.0 0.1 3.5
TC 3600 (business methods only) Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
TC 3700 Yes, full signatory authority 36.8 32.4 41.2
TC 3700 Yes, partial signatory authority 13.1 9.6 17.2
TC 3700 No signatory authority 50.2 45.6 54.7
TC 3700 No response 0.0 0.0 0.9
TC 3700 Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
TC 3600 (all) Yes, full signatory authority 50.8 47.4 54.2
TC 3600 (all) Yes, partial signatory authority 11.2 8.6 14.4
TC 3600 (all) No signatory authority 37.2 33.9 40.5
TC 3600 (all) No response 0.8 0.2 2.1
TC 3600 (all) Total 100.0 100.0 100.0

2. On average, how many hours did you generally spend on each First Action on the Merits (FAOM) you did in the past quarter? (Please round to the closest hour.)

(View question)

Group Response Percent Lower bound,
95 percent
confidence interval
Upper bound,
95 percent
confidence interval
All respondents 0-5 hours 2.3 1.8 3.0
All respondents 6-10 hours 24.1 22.7 25.4
All respondents 11-15 hours 31.3 29.8 32.7
All respondents 16-20 hours 24.1 22.7 25.4
All respondents More than 20 hours 15.2 14.1 16.3
All respondents Don't know 2.4 1.9 3.1
All respondents No response 0.7 0.4 1.1
All respondents Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
<GS-13 0-5 hours 0.9 0.4 1.9
<GS-13 6-10 hours 11.1 9.2 12.9
<GS-13 11-15 hours 23.4 20.9 25.8
<GS-13 16-20 hours 32.4 29.7 35.1
<GS-13 More than 20 hours 30.0 27.4 32.5
<GS-13 Don't know 2.2 1.3 3.4
<GS-13 No response 0.1 0.0 0.7
<GS-13 Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
GS-13 0-5 hours 2.5 1.4 4.1
GS-13 6-10 hours 19.4 16.8 21.9
GS-13 11-15 hours 36.5 33.3 39.7
GS-13 16-20 hours 24.8 21.9 27.7
GS-13 More than 20 hours 14.1 11.8 16.3
GS-13 Don't know 1.8 0.9 3.3
GS-13 No response 0.9 0.3 2.0
GS-13 Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
>GS-13 0-5 hours 3.2 2.3 4.3
>GS-13 6-10 hours 35.1 32.9 37.3
>GS-13 11-15 hours 34.1 31.9 36.3
>GS-13 16-20 hours 18.1 16.4 19.8
>GS-13 More than 20 hours 5.7 4.4 7.1
>GS-13 Don't know 2.9 2.0 4.0
>GS-13 No response 0.9 0.5 1.7
>GS-13 Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
TC 1600 0-5 hours 3.4 1.7 6.2
TC 1600 6-10 hours 28.8 25.0 32.6
TC 1600 11-15 hours 39.0 34.9 43.2
TC 1600 16-20 hours 20.6 17.1 24.0
TC 1600 More than 20 hours 5.5 3.2 8.7
TC 1600 Don't know 2.4 1.0 4.9
TC 1600 No response 0.3 0.0 1.9
TC 1600 Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
TC 1700 0-5 hours 2.0 0.8 4.3
TC 1700 6-10 hours 33.2 28.9 37.5
TC 1700 11-15 hours 39.2 34.8 43.6
TC 1700 16-20 hours 16.9 12.8 21.5
TC 1700 More than 20 hours 5.4 3.1 8.5
TC 1700 Don't know 2.6 1.1 5.1
TC 1700 No response 0.7 0.1 2.4
TC 1700 Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
TC 2100 0-5 hours 1.3 0.4 3.3
TC 2100 6-10 hours 9.8 6.7 13.7
TC 2100 11-15 hours 22.2 18.4 25.9
TC 2100 16-20 hours 31.3 27.1 35.4
TC 2100 More than 20 hours 33.6 29.3 37.8
TC 2100 Don't know 2.0 0.7 4.2
TC 2100 No response 0.0 0.0 1.0
TC 2100 Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
TC 2400 0-5 hours 1.9 0.7 4.2
TC 2400 6-10 hours 14.2 10.5 18.6
TC 2400 11-15 hours 24.6 20.7 28.5
TC 2400 16-20 hours 31.4 27.1 35.6
TC 2400 More than 20 hours 24.6 20.7 28.5
TC 2400 Don't know 1.9 0.7 4.2
TC 2400 No response 1.3 0.4 3.3
TC 2400 Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
TC 2600 0-5 hours 1.3 0.4 3.3
TC 2600 6-10 hours 16.7 12.7 21.4
TC 2600 11-15 hours 27.9 23.6 32.1
TC 2600 16-20 hours 29.8 25.5 34.2
TC 2600 More than 20 hours 21.3 17.4 25.2
TC 2600 Don't know 2.3 0.9 4.7
TC 2600 No response 0.7 0.1 2.3
TC 2600 Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
TC 2800 0-5 hours 2.1 0.8 4.3
TC 2800 6-10 hours 31.3 27.0 35.7
TC 2800 11-15 hours 30.8 26.4 35.1
TC 2800 16-20 hours 21.5 17.7 25.3
TC 2800 More than 20 hours 9.3 6.4 12.9
TC 2800 Don't know 4.2 2.3 6.9
TC 2800 No response 0.9 0.2 2.6
TC 2800 Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
TC 3600 (not business methods) 0-5 hours 3.9 1.9 6.8
TC 3600 (not business methods) 6-10 hours 33.1 28.9 37.3
TC 3600 (not business methods) 11-15 hours 32.0 27.8 36.2
TC 3600 (not business methods) 16-20 hours 19.0 15.5 22.6
TC 3600 (not business methods) More than 20 hours 9.5 6.4 13.5
TC 3600 (not business methods) Don't know 1.1 0.2 3.1
TC 3600 (not business methods) No response 1.4 0.4 3.6
TC 3600 (not business methods) Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
TC 3600 (business methods only) 0-5 hours 2.5 0.8 5.8
TC 3600 (business methods only) 6-10 hours 14.2 9.7 19.9
TC 3600 (business methods only) 11-15 hours 28.2 24.3 32.2
TC 3600 (business methods only) 16-20 hours 33.0 28.9 37.1
TC 3600 (business methods only) More than 20 hours 21.5 17.9 25.0
TC 3600 (business methods only) Don't know 0.6 0.0 2.9
TC 3600 (business methods only) No response 0.0 0.0 1.5
TC 3600 (business methods only) Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
TC 3700 0-5 hours 3.4 1.7 5.9
TC 3700 6-10 hours 28.7 24.5 32.8
TC 3700 11-15 hours 37.5 33.1 41.9
TC 3700 16-20 hours 18.3 14.8 21.8
TC 3700 More than 20 hours 9.5 6.5 13.1
TC 3700 Don't know 2.4 1.1 4.7
TC 3700 No response 0.3 0.0 1.7
TC 3700 Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
TC 3600 (all) 0-5 hours 3.5 2.0 5.5
TC 3600 (all) 6-10 hours 27.1 24.1 30.2
TC 3600 (all) 11-15 hours 30.8 27.7 34.0
TC 3600 (all) 16-20 hours 23.4 20.7 26.2
TC 3600 (all) More than 20 hours 13.3 11.2 15.4
TC 3600 (all) Don't know 0.9 0.3 2.2
TC 3600 (all) No response 1.0 0.3 2.3
TC 3600 (all) Total 100.0 100.0 100.0

3. Of the patent applications you reviewed in the past quarter, approximately how many hours per application did you spend on prior art search when preparing the original FAOM (non-RCE)? For this question, please only consider time searching for potentially relevant art, and not time to fully read and apply the art.

(View question)

Group Mean Lower bound,
95 percent
confidence interval
mean
Upper bound,
95 percent
confidence interval
mean
All respondents 7.9 7.6 8.2
TC 1600 5.2 4.8 5.6
TC 1700 6.7 6.3 7.1
TC 2100 10.9 8.9 12.8
TC 2400 8.8 8.2 9.4
TC 2600 8.9 8.3 9.5
TC 2800 7.4 6.9 7.8
TC 3600 (business methods only) 7.3 6.7 8.0
TC 3600 (not business methods) 7.1 6.7 7.5
TC 3700 7.9 7.3 8.5
<GS-13 9.8 9.0 10.5
GS-13 8.2 7.8 8.7
>GS-13 6.5 6.3 6.7

4. Of the patent applications you reviewed in the past quarter, about what percentage were clearly written and understandable upon first inspection?

(View question)

Group Response Percent Lower bound,
95 percent
confidence interval
Upper bound,
95 percent
confidence interval
All respondents 0 to 20 percent 5.6 4.9 6.3
All respondents 21 to 40 percent 11.4 10.4 12.4
All respondents 41 to 60 percent 20.5 19.2 21.8
All respondents 61 to 80 percent 31.4 29.9 32.9
All respondents 81 to 100 percent 27.7 26.2 29.1
All respondents Don't know 1.4 1.0 1.9
All respondents No response 2.0 1.5 2.6
All respondents Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
<GS-13 0 to 20 percent 5.9 4.4 7.7
<GS-13 21 to 40 percent 15.1 13.0 17.2
<GS-13 41 to 60 percent 23.7 21.2 26.1
<GS-13 61 to 80 percent 29.9 27.2 32.5
<GS-13 81 to 100 percent 22.7 20.3 25.2
<GS-13 Don't know 0.9 0.4 1.8
<GS-13 No response 1.9 1.1 3.1
<GS-13 Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
GS-13 0 to 20 percent 7.3 5.4 9.7
GS-13 21 to 40 percent 12.3 10.1 14.4
GS-13 41 to 60 percent 22.2 19.4 25.0
GS-13 61 to 80 percent 32.3 29.1 35.4
GS-13 81 to 100 percent 23.4 20.5 26.2
GS-13 Don't know 0.9 0.3 2.0
GS-13 No response 1.7 0.8 3.1
GS-13 Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
>GS-13 0 to 20 percent 4.6 3.5 5.9
>GS-13 21 to 40 percent 8.6 7.3 9.8
>GS-13 41 to 60 percent 17.5 15.8 19.3
>GS-13 61 to 80 percent 32.0 29.8 34.2
>GS-13 81 to 100 percent 33.1 30.8 35.3
>GS-13 Don't know 2.0 1.3 2.9
>GS-13 No response 2.3 1.5 3.3
>GS-13 Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
TC 1600 0 to 20 percent 6.5 4.0 10.0
TC 1600 21 to 40 percent 13.7 10.0 18.2
TC 1600 41 to 60 percent 20.6 17.1 24.0
TC 1600 61 to 80 percent 29.1 25.3 32.9
TC 1600 81 to 100 percent 27.7 24.0 31.5
TC 1600 Don't know 1.4 0.4 3.5
TC 1600 No response 1.0 0.2 3.0
TC 1600 Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
TC 1700 0 to 20 percent 3.5 1.7 6.2
TC 1700 21 to 40 percent 9.7 6.6 13.6
TC 1700 41 to 60 percent 18.8 15.3 22.3
TC 1700 61 to 80 percent 29.9 25.8 34.0
TC 1700 81 to 100 percent 32.3 28.1 36.5
TC 1700 Don't know 2.1 0.8 4.4
TC 1700 No response 3.7 1.9 6.5
TC 1700 Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
TC 2100 0 to 20 percent 6.2 3.8 9.5
TC 2100 21 to 40 percent 11.4 8.1 15.5
TC 2100 41 to 60 percent 26.8 22.8 30.8
TC 2100 61 to 80 percent 28.4 24.4 32.5
TC 2100 81 to 100 percent 23.5 19.7 27.3
TC 2100 Don't know 1.6 0.5 3.8
TC 2100 No response 2.0 0.7 4.2
TC 2100 Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
TC 2400 0 to 20 percent 7.8 5.0 11.3
TC 2400 21 to 40 percent 14.6 10.8 19.0
TC 2400 41 to 60 percent 22.7 18.8 26.5
TC 2400 61 to 80 percent 28.8 24.7 33.0
TC 2400 81 to 100 percent 22.7 18.8 26.5
TC 2400 Don't know 1.3 0.4 3.3
TC 2400 No response 2.3 0.9 4.6
TC 2400 Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
TC 2600 0 to 20 percent 5.9 3.5 9.2
TC 2600 21 to 40 percent 11.8 8.4 16.0
TC 2600 41 to 60 percent 24.3 20.2 28.3
TC 2600 61 to 80 percent 26.9 22.7 31.1
TC 2600 81 to 100 percent 28.5 24.3 32.8
TC 2600 Don't know 1.3 0.4 3.3
TC 2600 No response 1.3 0.4 3.3
TC 2600 Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
TC 2800 0 to 20 percent 4.2 2.3 7.0
TC 2800 21 to 40 percent 8.7 5.9 12.3
TC 2800 41 to 60 percent 14.4 10.8 18.7
TC 2800 61 to 80 percent 34.8 30.4 39.3
TC 2800 81 to 100 percent 33.9 29.5 38.4
TC 2800 Don't know 2.1 0.8 4.3
TC 2800 No response 1.8 0.7 3.9
TC 2800 Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
TC 3600 (not business methods) 0 to 20 percent 4.6 2.5 7.7
TC 3600 (not business methods) 21 to 40 percent 11.0 7.6 15.2
TC 3600 (not business methods) 41 to 60 percent 21.6 17.8 25.3
TC 3600 (not business methods) 61 to 80 percent 33.2 29.0 37.5
TC 3600 (not business methods) 81 to 100 percent 26.9 22.9 30.9
TC 3600 (not business methods) Don't know 1.1 0.2 3.1
TC 3600 (not business methods) No response 1.8 0.6 4.1
TC 3600 (not business methods) Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
TC 3600 (business methods only) 0 to 20 percent 12.4 8.1 17.8
TC 3600 (business methods only) 21 to 40 percent 16.2 11.3 22.1
TC 3600 (business methods only) 41 to 60 percent 21.5 17.9 25.1
TC 3600 (business methods only) 61 to 80 percent 27.0 23.0 30.9
TC 3600 (business methods only) 81 to 100 percent 19.5 14.3 25.7
TC 3600 (business methods only) Don't know 1.1 0.2 3.8
TC 3600 (business methods only) No response 2.4 0.8 5.6
TC 3600 (business methods only) Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
TC 3700 0 to 20 percent 4.3 2.4 7.1
TC 3700 21 to 40 percent 10.7 7.6 14.6
TC 3700 41 to 60 percent 18.0 14.5 21.5
TC 3700 61 to 80 percent 38.5 34.1 43.0
TC 3700 81 to 100 percent 26.0 22.0 30.0
TC 3700 Don't know 0.3 0.0 1.7
TC 3700 No response 2.1 0.9 4.4
TC 3700 Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
TC 3600 (all) 0 to 20 percent 7.0 4.9 9.7
TC 3600 (all) 21 to 40 percent 12.6 9.8 15.9
TC 3600 (all) 41 to 60 percent 21.5 18.7 24.3
TC 3600 (all) 61 to 80 percent 31.2 28.1 34.4
TC 3600 (all) 81 to 100 percent 24.5 21.6 27.5
TC 3600 (all) Don't know 1.1 0.4 2.5
TC 3600 (all) No response 2.0 0.9 3.6
TC 3600 (all) Total 100.0 100.0 100.0

5. How useful, if at all, to your job was PTO training in each of the following areas in the past year?

(View question)

a. Best practices in patent examination

(View question)

Group Response Percent Lower bound,
95 percent
confidence interval
Upper bound,
95 percent
confidence interval
All respondents Very Useful 24.7 23.3 26.0
All respondents Moderately Useful 28.1 26.7 29.6
All respondents Somewhat Useful 22.3 20.9 23.6
All respondents Slightly Useful 9.2 8.3 10.1
All respondents Not at All Useful 3.8 3.1 4.7
All respondents Not Taken 5.9 5.2 6.7
All respondents Not Offered 2.7 2.1 3.4
All respondents No Response 3.2 2.6 4.0
All respondents Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
<GS-13 Very Useful 25.8 23.3 28.4
<GS-13 Moderately Useful 27.4 24.8 29.9
<GS-13 Somewhat Useful 22.1 19.7 24.5
<GS-13 Slightly Useful 10.1 8.4 11.8
<GS-13 Not at All Useful 2.5 1.6 3.8
<GS-13 Not Taken 6.5 5.0 8.5
<GS-13 Not Offered 2.7 1.7 4.1
<GS-13 No Response 2.8 1.8 4.2
<GS-13 Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
GS-13 Very Useful 22.7 19.9 25.6
GS-13 Moderately Useful 27.9 24.9 31.0
GS-13 Somewhat Useful 21.7 19.0 24.5
GS-13 Slightly Useful 10.5 8.4 12.5
GS-13 Not at All Useful 4.6 3.1 6.7
GS-13 Not Taken 6.4 4.5 8.6
GS-13 Not Offered 2.7 1.6 4.4
GS-13 No Response 3.4 2.1 5.2
GS-13 Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
>GS-13 Very Useful 24.8 22.7 26.8
>GS-13 Moderately Useful 28.7 26.6 30.9
>GS-13 Somewhat Useful 22.6 20.6 24.6
>GS-13 Slightly Useful 8.0 6.7 9.2
>GS-13 Not at All Useful 4.4 3.3 5.7
>GS-13 Not Taken 5.3 4.1 6.7
>GS-13 Not Offered 2.8 1.9 3.8
>GS-13 No Response 3.4 2.5 4.6
>GS-13 Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
TC 1600 Very Useful 23.6 20.0 27.2
TC 1600 Moderately Useful 23.6 20.0 27.2
TC 1600 Somewhat Useful 18.8 15.4 22.1
TC 1600 Slightly Useful 12.5 8.9 16.9
TC 1600 Not at All Useful 7.3 4.6 10.9
TC 1600 Not Taken 8.0 5.1 11.7
TC 1600 Not Offered 2.1 0.8 4.5
TC 1600 No Response 4.2 2.2 7.2
TC 1600 Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
TC 1700 Very Useful 20.7 17.0 24.4
TC 1700 Moderately Useful 26.4 22.4 30.4
TC 1700 Somewhat Useful 23.8 19.9 27.7
TC 1700 Slightly Useful 9.0 6.0 12.8
TC 1700 Not at All Useful 2.1 0.8 4.4
TC 1700 Not Taken 10.9 7.6 15.0
TC 1700 Not Offered 2.1 0.8 4.4
TC 1700 No Response 5.1 2.9 8.2
TC 1700 Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
TC 2100 Very Useful 25.9 22.0 29.9
TC 2100 Moderately Useful 29.9 25.8 34.0
TC 2100 Somewhat Useful 24.9 21.0 28.8
TC 2100 Slightly Useful 6.6 4.1 10.1
TC 2100 Not at All Useful 2.3 0.9 4.7
TC 2100 Not Taken 4.7 2.6 7.7
TC 2100 Not Offered 3.0 1.4 5.6
TC 2100 No Response 2.7 1.2 5.2
TC 2100 Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
TC 2400 Very Useful 31.2 26.9 35.4
TC 2400 Moderately Useful 27.9 23.7 32.0
TC 2400 Somewhat Useful 21.6 17.8 25.4
TC 2400 Slightly Useful 9.5 6.5 13.4
TC 2400 Not at All Useful 2.0 0.7 4.2
TC 2400 Not Taken 2.3 0.9 4.7
TC 2400 Not Offered 1.3 0.4 3.3
TC 2400 No Response 4.3 2.3 7.2
TC 2400 Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
TC 2600 Very Useful 31.1 26.7 35.5
TC 2600 Moderately Useful 30.1 25.7 34.5
TC 2600 Somewhat Useful 17.4 13.3 22.2
TC 2600 Slightly Useful 10.7 7.4 14.8
TC 2600 Not at All Useful 1.7 0.5 3.9
TC 2600 Not Taken 4.0 2.1 6.9
TC 2600 Not Offered 2.0 0.7 4.3
TC 2600 No Response 3.0 1.4 5.6
TC 2600 Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
TC 2800 Very Useful 30.8 26.5 35.1
TC 2800 Moderately Useful 26.0 21.9 30.1
TC 2800 Somewhat Useful 22.7 18.7 26.6
TC 2800 Slightly Useful 6.0 3.7 9.2
TC 2800 Not at All Useful 5.1 3.0 8.1
TC 2800 Not Taken 3.9 2.1 6.6
TC 2800 Not Offered 3.3 1.7 5.9
TC 2800 No Response 2.1 0.9 4.3
TC 2800 Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
TC 3600 (not business methods) Very Useful 16.8 12.6 21.7
TC 3600 (not business methods) Moderately Useful 31.8 27.6 36.0
TC 3600 (not business methods) Somewhat Useful 22.1 18.4 25.9
TC 3600 (not business methods) Slightly Useful 9.6 6.5 13.7
TC 3600 (not business methods) Not at All Useful 3.9 2.0 6.9
TC 3600 (not business methods) Not Taken 8.6 5.6 12.5
TC 3600 (not business methods) Not Offered 3.2 1.5 6.0
TC 3600 (not business methods) No Response 3.9 2.0 6.9
TC 3600 (not business methods) Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
TC 3600 (business methods only) Very Useful 17.5 12.5 23.6
TC 3600 (business methods only) Moderately Useful 27.2 23.3 31.2
TC 3600 (business methods only) Somewhat Useful 27.8 23.8 31.8
TC 3600 (business methods only) Slightly Useful 9.4 5.7 14.4
TC 3600 (business methods only) Not at All Useful 8.8 5.2 13.6
TC 3600 (business methods only) Not Taken 2.7 0.9 6.0
TC 3600 (business methods only) Not Offered 3.8 1.6 7.6
TC 3600 (business methods only) No Response 2.8 1.0 6.2
TC 3600 (business methods only) Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
TC 3700 Very Useful 15.3 11.6 19.7
TC 3700 Moderately Useful 29.7 25.5 33.8
TC 3700 Somewhat Useful 24.2 20.3 28.1
TC 3700 Slightly Useful 11.3 8.1 15.3
TC 3700 Not at All Useful 4.9 2.8 7.8
TC 3700 Not Taken 8.6 5.8 12.1
TC 3700 Not Offered 4.0 2.1 6.7
TC 3700 No Response 2.1 0.9 4.4
TC 3700 Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
TC 3600 (all) Very Useful 17.0 14.5 19.6
TC 3600 (all) Moderately Useful 30.4 27.2 33.5
TC 3600 (all) Somewhat Useful 23.9 21.1 26.8
TC 3600 (all) Slightly Useful 9.6 7.1 12.6
TC 3600 (all) Not at All Useful 5.5 3.6 7.9
TC 3600 (all) Not Taken 6.7 4.6 9.3
TC 3600 (all) Not Offered 3.4 2.0 5.5
TC 3600 (all) No Response 3.6 2.1 5.7
TC 3600 (all) Total 100.0 100.0 100.0

b. Subject matter eligibility (Section 101)

(View question)

Group Response Percent Lower bound,
95 percent
confidence interval
Upper bound,
95 percent
confidence interval
All respondents Very Useful 27.9 26.5 29.3
All respondents Moderately Useful 26.7 25.3 28.1
All respondents Somewhat Useful 21.3 20.0 22.7
All respondents Slightly Useful 15.1 13.9 16.2
All respondents Not at All Useful 5.0 4.3 5.7
All respondents Not Taken 1.9 1.4 2.5
All respondents Not Offered 0.7 0.4 1.1
All respondents No Response 1.3 0.9 1.9
All respondents Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
<GS-13 Very Useful 27.2 24.6 29.7
<GS-13 Moderately Useful 26.8 24.2 29.3
<GS-13 Somewhat Useful 19.5 17.2 21.8
<GS-13 Slightly Useful 17.4 15.2 19.6
<GS-13 Not at All Useful 5.0 3.6 6.7
<GS-13 Not Taken 2.2 1.3 3.4
<GS-13 Not Offered 0.4 0.1 1.1
<GS-13 No Response 1.6 0.8 2.7
<GS-13 Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
GS-13 Very Useful 27.2 24.2 30.2
GS-13 Moderately Useful 27.8 24.8 30.8
GS-13 Somewhat Useful 20.0 17.3 22.7
GS-13 Slightly Useful 15.9 13.5 18.4
GS-13 Not at All Useful 4.8 3.2 6.8
GS-13 Not Taken 2.9 1.7 4.6
GS-13 Not Offered 0.4 0.1 1.3
GS-13 No Response 1.1 0.4 2.2
GS-13 Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
>GS-13 Very Useful 28.8 26.7 30.9
>GS-13 Moderately Useful 26.1 24.0 28.2
>GS-13 Somewhat Useful 23.2 21.2 25.2
>GS-13 Slightly Useful 13.1 11.5 14.6
>GS-13 Not at All Useful 5.2 4.0 6.6
>GS-13 Not Taken 1.3 0.7 2.1
>GS-13 Not Offered 1.1 0.6 1.8
>GS-13 No Response 1.3 0.8 2.1
>GS-13 Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
TC 1600 Very Useful 32.5 28.6 36.5
TC 1600 Moderately Useful 30.1 26.3 34.0
TC 1600 Somewhat Useful 20.9 17.5 24.3
TC 1600 Slightly Useful 9.9 6.8 14.0
TC 1600 Not at All Useful 5.5 3.2 8.7
TC 1600 Not Taken 0.3 0.0 1.9
TC 1600 Not Offered 0.0 0.0 1.0
TC 1600 No Response 0.7 0.1 2.5
TC 1600 Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
TC 1700 Very Useful 17.4 13.3 22.1
TC 1700 Moderately Useful 22.1 18.4 25.9
TC 1700 Somewhat Useful 23.3 19.5 27.1
TC 1700 Slightly Useful 22.9 19.1 26.7
TC 1700 Not at All Useful 9.1 6.2 12.9
TC 1700 Not Taken 3.6 1.8 6.3
TC 1700 Not Offered 0.6 0.1 2.3
TC 1700 No Response 1.0 0.2 2.8
TC 1700 Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
TC 2100 Very Useful 35.7 31.4 40.0
TC 2100 Moderately Useful 31.8 27.6 36.0
TC 2100 Somewhat Useful 17.7 14.3 21.1
TC 2100 Slightly Useful 11.2 7.8 15.2
TC 2100 Not at All Useful 3.3 1.6 5.9
TC 2100 Not Taken 0.3 0.0 1.8
TC 2100 Not Offered 0.0 0.0 1.0
TC 2100 No Response 0.0 0.0 1.0
TC 2100 Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
TC 2400 Very Useful 36.8 32.4 41.2
TC 2400 Moderately Useful 27.0 23.0 31.1
TC 2400 Somewhat Useful 19.9 16.2 23.5
TC 2400 Slightly Useful 12.1 8.6 16.2
TC 2400 Not at All Useful 2.9 1.3 5.5
TC 2400 Not Taken 0.0 0.0 1.0
TC 2400 Not Offered 0.0 0.0 1.0
TC 2400 No Response 1.3 0.4 3.3
TC 2400 Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
TC 2600 Very Useful 40.7 36.0 45.3
TC 2600 Moderately Useful 28.2 23.9 32.4
TC 2600 Somewhat Useful 19.3 15.6 23.1
TC 2600 Slightly Useful 8.5 5.6 12.2
TC 2600 Not at All Useful 2.0 0.7 4.2
TC 2600 Not Taken 0.0 0.0 1.0
TC 2600 Not Offered 0.3 0.0 1.8
TC 2600 No Response 1.0 0.2 2.8
TC 2600 Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
TC 2800 Very Useful 24.3 20.2 28.3
TC 2800 Moderately Useful 27.5 23.4 31.7
TC 2800 Somewhat Useful 24.6 20.5 28.6
TC 2800 Slightly Useful 14.7 11.1 18.9
TC 2800 Not at All Useful 3.9 2.1 6.6
TC 2800 Not Taken 1.5 0.5 3.5
TC 2800 Not Offered 1.2 0.3 3.0
TC 2800 No Response 2.4 1.0 4.7
TC 2800 Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
TC 3600 (not business methods) Very Useful 17.0 12.8 21.9
TC 3600 (not business methods) Moderately Useful 18.8 15.3 22.3
TC 3600 (not business methods) Somewhat Useful 20.9 17.2 24.6
TC 3600 (not business methods) Slightly Useful 24.5 20.6 28.4
TC 3600 (not business methods) Not at All Useful 8.5 5.5 12.4
TC 3600 (not business methods) Not Taken 4.6 2.5 7.8
TC 3600 (not business methods) Not Offered 1.4 0.4 3.6
TC 3600 (not business methods) No Response 4.3 2.2 7.3
TC 3600 (not business methods) Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
TC 3600 (business methods only) Very Useful 39.5 35.2 43.7
TC 3600 (business methods only) Moderately Useful 28.7 24.7 32.6
TC 3600 (business methods only) Somewhat Useful 15.1 10.4 20.8
TC 3600 (business methods only) Slightly Useful 12.6 8.3 18.0
TC 3600 (business methods only) Not at All Useful 4.2 1.9 8.0
TC 3600 (business methods only) Not Taken 0.0 0.0 1.5
TC 3600 (business methods only) Not Offered 0.0 0.0 1.5
TC 3600 (business methods only) No Response 0.0 0.0 1.5
TC 3600 (business methods only) Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
TC 3700 Very Useful 16.2 12.3 20.6
TC 3700 Moderately Useful 25.9 21.9 29.9
TC 3700 Somewhat Useful 24.1 20.2 28.0
TC 3700 Slightly Useful 18.9 15.3 22.5
TC 3700 Not at All Useful 7.0 4.5 10.3
TC 3700 Not Taken 5.5 3.3 8.5
TC 3700 Not Offered 1.8 0.7 3.9
TC 3700 No Response 0.6 0.1 2.2
TC 3700 Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
TC 3600 (all) Very Useful 24.1 21.5 26.8
TC 3600 (all) Moderately Useful 21.9 19.2 24.6
TC 3600 (all) Somewhat Useful 19.1 16.4 21.8
TC 3600 (all) Slightly Useful 20.7 17.9 23.5
TC 3600 (all) Not at All Useful 7.1 5.0 9.8
TC 3600 (all) Not Taken 3.2 1.8 5.1
TC 3600 (all) Not Offered 1.0 0.3 2.3
TC 3600 (all) No Response 2.9 1.6 4.8
TC 3600 (all) Total 100.0 100.0 100.0

c. Section 112(a)

(View question)

Group Response Percent Lower bound,
95 percent
confidence interval
Upper bound,
95 percent
confidence interval
All respondents Very Useful 26.2 24.8 27.6
All respondents Moderately Useful 31.3 29.8 32.8
All respondents Somewhat Useful 21.6 20.2 22.9
All respondents Slightly Useful 9.1 8.2 10.1
All respondents Not at All Useful 2.2 1.7 2.8
All respondents Not Taken 4.8 4.0 5.7
All respondents Not Offered 2.2 1.7 2.9
All respondents No Response 2.6 2.0 3.2
All respondents Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
<GS-13 Very Useful 25.5 23.0 28.1
<GS-13 Moderately Useful 32.5 29.7 35.2
<GS-13 Somewhat Useful 22.5 20.1 24.9
<GS-13 Slightly Useful 10.2 8.5 12.0
<GS-13 Not at All Useful 1.9 1.1 3.1
<GS-13 Not Taken 3.4 2.3 4.9
<GS-13 Not Offered 1.4 0.7 2.5
<GS-13 No Response 2.5 1.6 3.8
<GS-13 Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
GS-13 Very Useful 23.4 20.6 26.3
GS-13 Moderately Useful 32.4 29.2 35.5
GS-13 Somewhat Useful 21.2 18.4 23.9
GS-13 Slightly Useful 9.3 7.1 11.9
GS-13 Not at All Useful 2.5 1.4 4.1
GS-13 Not Taken 6.0 4.2 8.2
GS-13 Not Offered 2.5 1.4 4.1
GS-13 No Response 2.7 1.5 4.3
GS-13 Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
>GS-13 Very Useful 28.0 25.9 30.1
>GS-13 Moderately Useful 30.0 27.8 32.1
>GS-13 Somewhat Useful 21.1 19.2 23.1
>GS-13 Slightly Useful 8.3 7.0 9.6
>GS-13 Not at All Useful 2.3 1.5 3.2
>GS-13 Not Taken 5.2 4.0 6.6
>GS-13 Not Offered 2.6 1.8 3.7
>GS-13 No Response 2.5 1.7 3.5
>GS-13 Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
TC 1600 Very Useful 23.5 19.9 27.0
TC 1600 Moderately Useful 25.2 21.5 28.8
TC 1600 Somewhat Useful 15.9 11.9 20.6
TC 1600 Slightly Useful 6.9 4.3 10.5
TC 1600 Not at All Useful 2.1 0.8 4.4
TC 1600 Not Taken 15.2 11.2 19.8
TC 1600 Not Offered 8.3 5.4 12.1
TC 1600 No Response 3.1 1.4 5.8
TC 1600 Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
TC 1700 Very Useful 22.6 18.8 26.4
TC 1700 Moderately Useful 27.1 23.1 31.1
TC 1700 Somewhat Useful 16.6 12.6 21.3
TC 1700 Slightly Useful 10.7 7.5 14.7
TC 1700 Not at All Useful 3.6 1.8 6.3
TC 1700 Not Taken 12.1 8.7 16.3
TC 1700 Not Offered 3.4 1.7 6.1
TC 1700 No Response 4.0 2.1 6.8
TC 1700 Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
TC 2100 Very Useful 27.9 23.9 31.9
TC 2100 Moderately Useful 29.8 25.7 33.9
TC 2100 Somewhat Useful 26.2 22.3 30.2
TC 2100 Slightly Useful 9.8 6.7 13.7
TC 2100 Not at All Useful 2.3 0.9 4.7
TC 2100 Not Taken 1.3 0.4 3.3
TC 2100 Not Offered 0.3 0.0 1.8
TC 2100 No Response 2.3 0.9 4.7
TC 2100 Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
TC 2400 Very Useful 35.3 30.9 39.7
TC 2400 Moderately Useful 28.2 24.0 32.3
TC 2400 Somewhat Useful 21.0 17.3 24.8
TC 2400 Slightly Useful 9.1 6.1 12.8
TC 2400 Not at All Useful 2.3 0.9 4.6
TC 2400 Not Taken 0.7 0.1 2.3
TC 2400 Not Offered 0.7 0.1 2.3
TC 2400 No Response 2.9 1.3 5.5
TC 2400 Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
TC 2600 Very Useful 32.9 28.4 37.4
TC 2600 Moderately Useful 35.2 30.7 39.8
TC 2600 Somewhat Useful 20.9 17.1 24.8
TC 2600 Slightly Useful 6.3 3.8 9.7
TC 2600 Not at All Useful 1.7 0.5 3.8
TC 2600 Not Taken 1.3 0.4 3.4
TC 2600 Not Offered 0.0 0.0 1.0
TC 2600 No Response 1.7 0.5 3.8
TC 2600 Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
TC 2800 Very Useful 27.8 23.6 31.9
TC 2800 Moderately Useful 35.8 31.3 40.3
TC 2800 Somewhat Useful 19.4 15.7 23.1
TC 2800 Slightly Useful 9.3 6.4 12.9
TC 2800 Not at All Useful 2.7 1.2 5.0
TC 2800 Not Taken 1.5 0.5 3.4
TC 2800 Not Offered 1.5 0.5 3.4
TC 2800 No Response 2.1 0.8 4.3
TC 2800 Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
TC 3600 (not business methods) Very Useful 19.6 16.0 23.2
TC 3600 (not business methods) Moderately Useful 27.4 23.4 31.4
TC 3600 (not business methods) Somewhat Useful 25.6 21.7 29.6
TC 3600 (not business methods) Slightly Useful 8.9 5.8 12.9
TC 3600 (not business methods) Not at All Useful 2.5 1.0 5.1
TC 3600 (not business methods) Not Taken 9.3 6.1 13.3
TC 3600 (not business methods) Not Offered 2.9 1.2 5.5
TC 3600 (not business methods) No Response 3.9 2.0 6.9
TC 3600 (not business methods) Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
TC 3600 (business methods only) Very Useful 27.8 23.9 31.8
TC 3600 (business methods only) Moderately Useful 30.3 26.3 34.4
TC 3600 (business methods only) Somewhat Useful 21.4 17.8 25.0
TC 3600 (business methods only) Slightly Useful 14.5 9.9 20.1
TC 3600 (business methods only) Not at All Useful 3.0 1.1 6.4
TC 3600 (business methods only) Not Taken 2.5 0.8 5.8
TC 3600 (business methods only) Not Offered 0.0 0.0 1.5
TC 3600 (business methods only) No Response 0.6 0.0 2.9
TC 3600 (business methods only) Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
TC 3700 Very Useful 17.1 13.7 20.6
TC 3700 Moderately Useful 35.2 30.8 39.5
TC 3700 Somewhat Useful 26.3 22.3 30.3
TC 3700 Slightly Useful 9.8 6.8 13.5
TC 3700 Not at All Useful 0.6 0.1 2.2
TC 3700 Not Taken 4.9 2.8 7.8
TC 3700 Not Offered 4.0 2.1 6.7
TC 3700 No Response 2.1 0.9 4.4
TC 3700 Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
TC 3600 (all) Very Useful 22.2 19.4 24.9
TC 3600 (all) Moderately Useful 28.3 25.3 31.4
TC 3600 (all) Somewhat Useful 24.3 21.3 27.2
TC 3600 (all) Slightly Useful 10.7 8.0 13.8
TC 3600 (all) Not at All Useful 2.6 1.4 4.5
TC 3600 (all) Not Taken 7.1 5.0 9.8
TC 3600 (all) Not Offered 1.9 0.9 3.6
TC 3600 (all) No Response 2.9 1.6 4.8
TC 3600 (all) Total 100.0 100.0 100.0

d. Section 112(b)

(View question)

Group Response Percent Lower bound,
95 percent
confidence interval
Upper bound,
95 percent
confidence interval
All respondents Very Useful 29.1 27.7 30.6
All respondents Moderately Useful 32.2 30.7 33.7
All respondents Somewhat Useful 19.0 17.7 20.2
All respondents Slightly Useful 7.8 7.0 8.7
All respondents Not at All Useful 1.6 1.2 2.2
All respondents Not Taken 4.8 4.0 5.7
All respondents Not Offered 2.9 2.3 3.6
All respondents No Response 2.6 2.0 3.3
All respondents Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
<GS-13 Very Useful 30.8 28.1 33.5
<GS-13 Moderately Useful 35.2 32.5 38.0
<GS-13 Somewhat Useful 16.8 14.6 18.9
<GS-13 Slightly Useful 8.3 6.5 10.4
<GS-13 Not at All Useful 0.9 0.4 1.8
<GS-13 Not Taken 4.2 2.9 5.8
<GS-13 Not Offered 1.7 1.0 2.9
<GS-13 No Response 2.2 1.3 3.4
<GS-13 Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
GS-13 Very Useful 27.0 24.0 30.0
GS-13 Moderately Useful 32.6 29.4 35.7
GS-13 Somewhat Useful 19.7 17.1 22.4
GS-13 Slightly Useful 7.6 5.6 10.0
GS-13 Not at All Useful 2.0 1.0 3.4
GS-13 Not Taken 5.4 3.7 7.5
GS-13 Not Offered 3.3 2.0 5.0
GS-13 No Response 2.5 1.4 4.1
GS-13 Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
>GS-13 Very Useful 29.0 26.8 31.1
>GS-13 Moderately Useful 30.0 27.8 32.2
>GS-13 Somewhat Useful 20.1 18.2 22.0
>GS-13 Slightly Useful 7.6 6.4 8.9
>GS-13 Not at All Useful 1.9 1.2 2.9
>GS-13 Not Taken 5.0 3.8 6.4
>GS-13 Not Offered 3.4 2.5 4.6
>GS-13 No Response 3.0 2.1 4.1
>GS-13 Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
TC 1600 Very Useful 22.2 18.7 25.8
TC 1600 Moderately Useful 21.9 18.4 25.4
TC 1600 Somewhat Useful 16.7 12.6 21.5
TC 1600 Slightly Useful 8.0 5.1 11.7
TC 1600 Not at All Useful 1.7 0.6 4.0
TC 1600 Not Taken 14.9 11.0 19.6
TC 1600 Not Offered 11.1 7.7 15.3
TC 1600 No Response 3.5 1.7 6.3
TC 1600 Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
TC 1700 Very Useful 28.2 24.1 32.2
TC 1700 Moderately Useful 29.0 24.9 33.1
TC 1700 Somewhat Useful 16.8 12.8 21.5
TC 1700 Slightly Useful 8.2 5.4 11.9
TC 1700 Not at All Useful 1.3 0.4 3.4
TC 1700 Not Taken 9.5 6.5 13.4
TC 1700 Not Offered 3.0 1.4 5.6
TC 1700 No Response 3.9 2.0 6.8
TC 1700 Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
TC 2100 Very Useful 29.6 25.5 33.7
TC 2100 Moderately Useful 29.0 24.9 33.0
TC 2100 Somewhat Useful 25.3 21.4 29.2
TC 2100 Slightly Useful 8.2 5.4 11.9
TC 2100 Not at All Useful 2.0 0.7 4.2
TC 2100 Not Taken 2.0 0.7 4.2
TC 2100 Not Offered 2.0 0.7 4.2
TC 2100 No Response 2.0 0.7 4.2
TC 2100 Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
TC 2400 Very Useful 38.5 34.1 43.0
TC 2400 Moderately Useful 32.0 27.8 36.3
TC 2400 Somewhat Useful 16.8 12.8 21.5
TC 2400 Slightly Useful 7.8 5.0 11.3
TC 2400 Not at All Useful 1.0 0.2 2.8
TC 2400 Not Taken 1.3 0.4 3.3
TC 2400 Not Offered 0.3 0.0 1.8
TC 2400 No Response 2.3 0.9 4.6
TC 2400 Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
TC 2600 Very Useful 33.8 29.3 38.2
TC 2600 Moderately Useful 35.1 30.6 39.6
TC 2600 Somewhat Useful 18.4 14.7 22.0
TC 2600 Slightly Useful 6.6 4.1 9.9
TC 2600 Not at All Useful 1.0 0.2 2.8
TC 2600 Not Taken 2.0 0.7 4.2
TC 2600 Not Offered 1.3 0.4 3.3
TC 2600 No Response 2.0 0.7 4.2
TC 2600 Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
TC 2800 Very Useful 32.9 28.5 37.3
TC 2800 Moderately Useful 34.1 29.7 38.6
TC 2800 Somewhat Useful 16.2 12.4 20.6
TC 2800 Slightly Useful 7.8 5.1 11.2
TC 2800 Not at All Useful 2.7 1.2 5.1
TC 2800 Not Taken 2.1 0.8 4.3
TC 2800 Not Offered 1.8 0.7 3.9
TC 2800 No Response 2.4 1.0 4.7
TC 2800 Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
TC 3600 (not business methods) Very Useful 22.7 18.9 26.5
TC 3600 (not business methods) Moderately Useful 32.6 28.4 36.9
TC 3600 (not business methods) Somewhat Useful 19.2 15.6 22.7
TC 3600 (not business methods) Slightly Useful 8.5 5.5 12.4
TC 3600 (not business methods) Not at All Useful 1.8 0.6 4.1
TC 3600 (not business methods) Not Taken 8.2 5.2 12.0
TC 3600 (not business methods) Not Offered 3.2 1.5 6.0
TC 3600 (not business methods) No Response 3.9 2.0 6.9
TC 3600 (not business methods) Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
TC 3600 (business methods only) Very Useful 28.4 24.4 32.4
TC 3600 (business methods only) Moderately Useful 28.7 24.7 32.7
TC 3600 (business methods only) Somewhat Useful 22.1 18.4 25.7
TC 3600 (business methods only) Slightly Useful 12.7 8.4 18.2
TC 3600 (business methods only) Not at All Useful 2.3 0.7 5.4
TC 3600 (business methods only) Not Taken 2.5 0.8 5.8
TC 3600 (business methods only) Not Offered 2.3 0.7 5.5
TC 3600 (business methods only) No Response 1.1 0.2 3.8
TC 3600 (business methods only) Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
TC 3700 Very Useful 20.4 16.7 24.1
TC 3700 Moderately Useful 38.9 34.4 43.3
TC 3700 Somewhat Useful 21.9 18.1 25.7
TC 3700 Slightly Useful 6.5 4.1 9.7
TC 3700 Not at All Useful 0.9 0.2 2.7
TC 3700 Not Taken 5.3 3.1 8.3
TC 3700 Not Offered 3.7 1.9 6.4
TC 3700 No Response 2.5 1.1 4.8
TC 3700 Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
TC 3600 (all) Very Useful 24.5 21.6 27.4
TC 3600 (all) Moderately Useful 31.4 28.2 34.5
TC 3600 (all) Somewhat Useful 20.1 17.4 22.8
TC 3600 (all) Slightly Useful 9.8 7.3 12.9
TC 3600 (all) Not at All Useful 1.9 0.9 3.6
TC 3600 (all) Not Taken 6.4 4.4 9.0
TC 3600 (all) Not Offered 2.9 1.6 4.8
TC 3600 (all) No Response 3.0 1.7 5.0
TC 3600 (all) Total 100.0 100.0 100.0

e. Section 112(f)

(View question)

Group Response Percent Lower bound,
95 percent
confidence interval
Upper bound,
95 percent
confidence interval
All respondents Very Useful 24.0 22.7 25.4
All respondents Moderately Useful 29.5 28.1 31.0
All respondents Somewhat Useful 21.7 20.4 23.0
All respondents Slightly Useful 14.0 12.9 15.1
All respondents Not at All Useful 4.0 3.3 4.9
All respondents Not Taken 3.1 2.4 3.8
All respondents Not Offered 1.1 0.7 1.6
All respondents No Response 2.5 2.0 3.2
All respondents Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
<GS-13 Very Useful 24.8 22.3 27.3
<GS-13 Moderately Useful 30.9 28.1 33.5
<GS-13 Somewhat Useful 21.8 19.4 24.1
<GS-13 Slightly Useful 13.6 11.6 15.6
<GS-13 Not at All Useful 4.6 3.3 6.3
<GS-13 Not Taken 2.4 1.5 3.7
<GS-13 Not Offered 0.4 0.1 1.1
<GS-13 No Response 1.6 0.8 2.6
<GS-13 Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
GS-13 Very Useful 22.5 19.7 25.3
GS-13 Moderately Useful 30.2 27.1 33.3
GS-13 Somewhat Useful 20.0 17.3 22.7
GS-13 Slightly Useful 15.8 13.4 18.2
GS-13 Not at All Useful 4.7 3.2 6.8
GS-13 Not Taken 3.4 2.1 5.1
GS-13 Not Offered 0.5 0.1 1.4
GS-13 No Response 3.0 1.8 4.7
GS-13 Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
>GS-13 Very Useful 24.3 22.2 26.3
>GS-13 Moderately Useful 28.3 26.2 30.5
>GS-13 Somewhat Useful 22.5 20.6 24.5
>GS-13 Slightly Useful 13.4 11.8 15.0
>GS-13 Not at All Useful 3.3 2.4 4.5
>GS-13 Not Taken 3.3 2.4 4.5
>GS-13 Not Offered 1.9 1.2 2.8
>GS-13 No Response 3.0 2.1 4.1
>GS-13 Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
TC 1600 Very Useful 11.2 7.8 15.5
TC 1600 Moderately Useful 16.1 12.1 20.9
TC 1600 Somewhat Useful 17.9 14.6 21.2
TC 1600 Slightly Useful 16.5 12.4 21.3
TC 1600 Not at All Useful 10.2 6.9 14.3
TC 1600 Not Taken 14.0 10.2 18.6
TC 1600 Not Offered 6.0 3.5 9.4
TC 1600 No Response 8.1 5.2 11.9
TC 1600 Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
TC 1700 Very Useful 15.2 11.3 19.7
TC 1700 Moderately Useful 22.3 18.5 26.1
TC 1700 Somewhat Useful 23.0 19.2 26.7
TC 1700 Slightly Useful 18.6 15.1 22.1
TC 1700 Not at All Useful 7.4 4.7 10.9
TC 1700 Not Taken 7.6 4.8 11.1
TC 1700 Not Offered 2.0 0.8 4.3
TC 1700 No Response 4.0 2.1 6.9
TC 1700 Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
TC 2100 Very Useful 26.6 22.6 30.5
TC 2100 Moderately Useful 30.5 26.4 34.6
TC 2100 Somewhat Useful 26.2 22.3 30.2
TC 2100 Slightly Useful 12.5 9.0 16.7
TC 2100 Not at All Useful 3.3 1.6 5.9
TC 2100 Not Taken 0.7 0.1 2.3
TC 2100 Not Offered 0.0 0.0 1.0
TC 2100 No Response 0.3 0.0 1.8
TC 2100 Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
TC 2400 Very Useful 39.6 35.1 44.1
TC 2400 Moderately Useful 29.2 25.0 33.4
TC 2400 Somewhat Useful 17.2 13.2 21.9
TC 2400 Slightly Useful 10.7 7.5 14.7
TC 2400 Not at All Useful 1.0 0.2 2.8
TC 2400 Not Taken 0.3 0.0 1.8
TC 2400 Not Offered 0.0 0.0 1.0
TC 2400 No Response 2.0 0.7 4.2
TC 2400 Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
TC 2600 Very Useful 35.4 30.9 39.9
TC 2600 Moderately Useful 34.4 29.9 38.9
TC 2600 Somewhat Useful 16.4 12.4 21.0
TC 2600 Slightly Useful 11.5 8.1 15.6
TC 2600 Not at All Useful 1.3 0.4 3.3
TC 2600 Not Taken 0.0 0.0 1.0
TC 2600 Not Offered 0.0 0.0 1.0
TC 2600 No Response 1.0 0.2 2.8
TC 2600 Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
TC 2800 Very Useful 22.8 18.9 26.8
TC 2800 Moderately Useful 33.3 28.9 37.7
TC 2800 Somewhat Useful 20.1 16.4 23.9
TC 2800 Slightly Useful 13.5 10.0 17.7
TC 2800 Not at All Useful 5.7 3.5 8.8
TC 2800 Not Taken 0.6 0.1 2.2
TC 2800 Not Offered 0.9 0.2 2.6
TC 2800 No Response 3.0 1.4 5.5
TC 2800 Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
TC 3600 (not business methods) Very Useful 17.5 13.2 22.5
TC 3600 (not business methods) Moderately Useful 32.1 27.9 36.4
TC 3600 (not business methods) Somewhat Useful 23.9 20.1 27.8
TC 3600 (not business methods) Slightly Useful 14.6 10.7 19.3
TC 3600 (not business methods) Not at All Useful 3.2 1.5 6.0
TC 3600 (not business methods) Not Taken 5.0 2.8 8.2
TC 3600 (not business methods) Not Offered 0.4 0.0 2.0
TC 3600 (not business methods) No Response 3.2 1.5 6.0
TC 3600 (not business methods) Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
TC 3600 (business methods only) Very Useful 22.6 18.9 26.3
TC 3600 (business methods only) Moderately Useful 26.8 22.9 30.7
TC 3600 (business methods only) Somewhat Useful 27.7 23.8 31.6
TC 3600 (business methods only) Slightly Useful 17.8 12.8 23.9
TC 3600 (business methods only) Not at All Useful 2.4 0.8 5.6
TC 3600 (business methods only) Not Taken 0.6 0.0 2.9
TC 3600 (business methods only) Not Offered 1.0 0.1 3.6
TC 3600 (business methods only) No Response 1.1 0.2 3.8
TC 3600 (business methods only) Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
TC 3700 Very Useful 18.1 14.6 21.6
TC 3700 Moderately Useful 31.9 27.7 36.2
TC 3700 Somewhat Useful 27.3 23.2 31.4
TC 3700 Slightly Useful 14.4 10.8 18.7
TC 3700 Not at All Useful 2.8 1.3 5.2
TC 3700 Not Taken 3.1 1.5 5.6
TC 3700 Not Offered 1.2 0.3 3.1
TC 3700 No Response 1.2 0.3 3.1
TC 3700 Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
TC 3600 (all) Very Useful 19.1 16.5 21.8
TC 3600 (all) Moderately Useful 30.4 27.3 33.6
TC 3600 (all) Somewhat Useful 25.1 22.2 28.0
TC 3600 (all) Slightly Useful 15.7 13.2 18.1
TC 3600 (all) Not at All Useful 3.0 1.6 4.9
TC 3600 (all) Not Taken 3.6 2.1 5.7
TC 3600 (all) Not Offered 0.6 0.1 1.7
TC 3600 (all) No Response 2.6 1.3 4.4
TC 3600 (all) Total 100.0 100.0 100.0

f. Claim interpretation (i.e. Broadest Reasonable Interpretation)

(View question)

Group Response Percent Lower bound,
95 percent
confidence interval
Upper bound,
95 percent
confidence interval
All respondents Very Useful 30.2 28.7 31.7
All respondents Moderately Useful 30.3 28.8 31.7
All respondents Somewhat Useful 20.4 19.1 21.6
All respondents Slightly Useful 9.4 8.5 10.4
All respondents Not at All Useful 3.1 2.5 3.8
All respondents Not Taken 3.5 2.8 4.3
All respondents Not Offered 1.8 1.3 2.4
All respondents No Response 1.4 1.0 1.9
All respondents Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
<GS-13 Very Useful 31.8 29.1 34.5
<GS-13 Moderately Useful 29.6 27.0 32.3
<GS-13 Somewhat Useful 22.1 19.7 24.4
<GS-13 Slightly Useful 9.3 7.6 11.0
<GS-13 Not at All Useful 2.2 1.3 3.5
<GS-13 Not Taken 3.2 2.1 4.6
<GS-13 Not Offered 0.8 0.3 1.6
<GS-13 No Response 1.1 0.5 2.1
<GS-13 Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
GS-13 Very Useful 28.2 25.1 31.2
GS-13 Moderately Useful 30.9 27.8 34.0
GS-13 Somewhat Useful 20.1 17.4 22.7
GS-13 Slightly Useful 10.8 8.7 12.8
GS-13 Not at All Useful 2.5 1.4 4.1
GS-13 Not Taken 4.1 2.7 6.1
GS-13 Not Offered 2.3 1.3 3.8
GS-13 No Response 1.2 0.5 2.5
GS-13 Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
>GS-13 Very Useful 30.1 28.0 32.3
>GS-13 Moderately Useful 30.4 28.2 32.6
>GS-13 Somewhat Useful 19.4 17.5 21.2
>GS-13 Slightly Useful 8.9 7.5 10.2
>GS-13 Not at All Useful 3.9 2.9 5.2
>GS-13 Not Taken 3.4 2.5 4.6
>GS-13 Not Offered 2.2 1.5 3.2
>GS-13 No Response 1.6 1.0 2.5
>GS-13 Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
TC 1600 Very Useful 25.8 22.1 29.5
TC 1600 Moderately Useful 23.7 20.1 27.3
TC 1600 Somewhat Useful 19.6 16.2 22.9
TC 1600 Slightly Useful 10.0 6.8 14.0
TC 1600 Not at All Useful 5.8 3.4 9.2
TC 1600 Not Taken 6.9 4.2 10.4
TC 1600 Not Offered 5.5 3.2 8.8
TC 1600 No Response 2.8 1.2 5.3
TC 1600 Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
TC 1700 Very Useful 27.1 23.1 31.1
TC 1700 Moderately Useful 27.3 23.3 31.3
TC 1700 Somewhat Useful 20.6 17.0 24.3
TC 1700 Slightly Useful 10.3 7.1 14.2
TC 1700 Not at All Useful 1.7 0.6 3.9
TC 1700 Not Taken 8.3 5.5 12.0
TC 1700 Not Offered 3.0 1.4 5.6
TC 1700 No Response 1.7 0.6 3.8
TC 1700 Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
TC 2100 Very Useful 27.9 23.9 31.9
TC 2100 Moderately Useful 33.8 29.5 38.0
TC 2100 Somewhat Useful 23.9 20.1 27.8
TC 2100 Slightly Useful 7.9 5.1 11.5
TC 2100 Not at All Useful 3.0 1.4 5.5
TC 2100 Not Taken 2.3 0.9 4.7
TC 2100 Not Offered 0.7 0.1 2.3
TC 2100 No Response 0.7 0.1 2.3
TC 2100 Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
TC 2400 Very Useful 36.8 32.4 41.2
TC 2400 Moderately Useful 29.0 24.8 33.2
TC 2400 Somewhat Useful 20.2 16.5 23.9
TC 2400 Slightly Useful 8.5 5.6 12.2
TC 2400 Not at All Useful 2.6 1.1 5.1
TC 2400 Not Taken 1.6 0.5 3.8
TC 2400 Not Offered 0.0 0.0 1.0
TC 2400 No Response 1.3 0.4 3.3
TC 2400 Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
TC 2600 Very Useful 39.4 34.8 44.0
TC 2600 Moderately Useful 26.5 22.3 30.7
TC 2600 Somewhat Useful 19.5 15.8 23.3
TC 2600 Slightly Useful 9.3 6.2 13.1
TC 2600 Not at All Useful 2.3 0.9 4.7
TC 2600 Not Taken 1.3 0.4 3.4
TC 2600 Not Offered 1.0 0.2 2.9
TC 2600 No Response 0.7 0.1 2.4
TC 2600 Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
TC 2800 Very Useful 36.5 31.9 41.0
TC 2800 Moderately Useful 34.0 29.6 38.5
TC 2800 Somewhat Useful 14.8 11.1 19.0
TC 2800 Slightly Useful 8.7 5.9 12.3
TC 2800 Not at All Useful 2.7 1.2 5.1
TC 2800 Not Taken 0.9 0.2 2.6
TC 2800 Not Offered 1.2 0.3 3.1
TC 2800 No Response 1.2 0.3 3.1
TC 2800 Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
TC 3600 (not business methods) Very Useful 24.8 20.9 28.7
TC 3600 (not business methods) Moderately Useful 30.5 26.3 34.7
TC 3600 (not business methods) Somewhat Useful 23.4 19.6 27.2
TC 3600 (not business methods) Slightly Useful 7.1 4.4 10.7
TC 3600 (not business methods) Not at All Useful 3.2 1.5 6.0
TC 3600 (not business methods) Not Taken 5.3 3.0 8.6
TC 3600 (not business methods) Not Offered 2.8 1.2 5.5
TC 3600 (not business methods) No Response 2.8 1.2 5.5
TC 3600 (not business methods) Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
TC 3600 (business methods only) Very Useful 20.9 17.3 24.4
TC 3600 (business methods only) Moderately Useful 30.6 26.6 34.7
TC 3600 (business methods only) Somewhat Useful 25.0 21.2 28.8
TC 3600 (business methods only) Slightly Useful 11.7 7.6 17.0
TC 3600 (business methods only) Not at All Useful 5.6 2.8 9.8
TC 3600 (business methods only) Not Taken 2.0 0.5 5.0
TC 3600 (business methods only) Not Offered 3.1 1.2 6.5
TC 3600 (business methods only) No Response 1.1 0.2 3.7
TC 3600 (business methods only) Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
TC 3700 Very Useful 21.2 17.5 25.0
TC 3700 Moderately Useful 33.2 28.9 37.5
TC 3700 Somewhat Useful 22.5 18.7 26.3
TC 3700 Slightly Useful 12.3 8.9 16.4
TC 3700 Not at All Useful 3.4 1.7 6.0
TC 3700 Not Taken 4.9 2.8 7.9
TC 3700 Not Offered 1.5 0.5 3.6
TC 3700 No Response 0.9 0.2 2.7
TC 3700 Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
TC 3600 (all) Very Useful 23.6 20.7 26.5
TC 3600 (all) Moderately Useful 30.5 27.4 33.7
TC 3600 (all) Somewhat Useful 23.9 21.0 26.8
TC 3600 (all) Slightly Useful 8.6 6.2 11.4
TC 3600 (all) Not at All Useful 4.0 2.4 6.1
TC 3600 (all) Not Taken 4.3 2.6 6.5
TC 3600 (all) Not Offered 2.9 1.6 4.8
TC 3600 (all) No Response 2.3 1.1 4.1
TC 3600 (all) Total 100.0 100.0 100.0

g. Other PTO training on legal matters (e.g. new case law)

(View question)

Group Response Percent Lower bound,
95 percent
confidence interval
Upper bound,
95 percent
confidence interval
All respondents Very Useful 18.5 17.3 19.7
All respondents Moderately Useful 25.3 23.9 26.7
All respondents Somewhat Useful 22.7 21.4 24.1
All respondents Slightly Useful 10.6 9.6 11.6
All respondents Not at All Useful 4.1 3.4 4.9
All respondents Not Taken 7.8 6.9 8.6
All respondents Not Offered 7.3 6.4 8.1
All respondents No Response 3.8 3.1 4.6
All respondents Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
<GS-13 Very Useful 18.1 15.8 20.3
<GS-13 Moderately Useful 24.6 22.0 27.1
<GS-13 Somewhat Useful 22.7 20.3 25.1
<GS-13 Slightly Useful 11.0 9.2 12.8
<GS-13 Not at All Useful 4.4 3.1 6.0
<GS-13 Not Taken 8.5 6.7 10.7
<GS-13 Not Offered 6.4 4.8 8.3
<GS-13 No Response 4.4 3.1 6.1
<GS-13 Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
GS-13 Very Useful 16.7 14.2 19.2
GS-13 Moderately Useful 25.1 22.2 28.0
GS-13 Somewhat Useful 22.3 19.5 25.1
GS-13 Slightly Useful 11.2 9.0 13.3
GS-13 Not at All Useful 3.1 1.8 4.8
GS-13 Not Taken 7.2 5.3 9.6
GS-13 Not Offered 9.6 7.3 12.2
GS-13 No Response 4.9 3.3 7.0
GS-13 Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
>GS-13 Very Useful 19.7 17.8 21.5
>GS-13 Moderately Useful 25.8 23.8 27.9
>GS-13 Somewhat Useful 22.9 20.9 24.9
>GS-13 Slightly Useful 10.1 8.7 11.5
>GS-13 Not at All Useful 4.4 3.3 5.7
>GS-13 Not Taken 7.5 6.3 8.8
>GS-13 Not Offered 6.8 5.6 7.9
>GS-13 No Response 2.8 2.0 3.9
>GS-13 Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
TC 1600 Very Useful 22.6 19.0 26.1
TC 1600 Moderately Useful 25.4 21.7 29.0
TC 1600 Somewhat Useful 16.0 11.9 20.7
TC 1600 Slightly Useful 6.3 3.7 9.7
TC 1600 Not at All Useful 2.1 0.8 4.5
TC 1600 Not Taken 11.1 7.7 15.3
TC 1600 Not Offered 13.2 9.5 17.7
TC 1600 No Response 3.5 1.7 6.3
TC 1600 Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
TC 1700 Very Useful 17.5 14.0 20.9
TC 1700 Moderately Useful 23.2 19.4 27.0
TC 1700 Somewhat Useful 25.7 21.7 29.6
TC 1700 Slightly Useful 10.7 7.5 14.8
TC 1700 Not at All Useful 2.8 1.2 5.3
TC 1700 Not Taken 9.6 6.6 13.5
TC 1700 Not Offered 7.0 4.4 10.4
TC 1700 No Response 3.6 1.8 6.3
TC 1700 Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
TC 2100 Very Useful 16.3 12.3 20.9
TC 2100 Moderately Useful 26.1 22.1 30.0
TC 2100 Somewhat Useful 24.4 20.6 28.3
TC 2100 Slightly Useful 10.8 7.5 14.8
TC 2100 Not at All Useful 5.9 3.5 9.1
TC 2100 Not Taken 6.2 3.8 9.5
TC 2100 Not Offered 7.5 4.8 11.0
TC 2100 No Response 2.9 1.3 5.5
TC 2100 Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
TC 2400 Very Useful 22.2 18.3 26.0
TC 2400 Moderately Useful 25.4 21.4 29.4
TC 2400 Somewhat Useful 25.4 21.4 29.4
TC 2400 Slightly Useful 10.1 7.0 14.0
TC 2400 Not at All Useful 3.9 2.0 6.7
TC 2400 Not Taken 4.2 2.3 7.1
TC 2400 Not Offered 4.6 2.5 7.5
TC 2400 No Response 4.2 2.3 7.1
TC 2400 Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
TC 2600 Very Useful 22.2 18.2 26.1
TC 2600 Moderately Useful 26.8 22.6 31.0
TC 2600 Somewhat Useful 22.2 18.2 26.1
TC 2600 Slightly Useful 9.6 6.5 13.5
TC 2600 Not at All Useful 3.0 1.4 5.6
TC 2600 Not Taken 5.6 3.3 8.9
TC 2600 Not Offered 6.3 3.8 9.7
TC 2600 No Response 4.3 2.3 7.2
TC 2600 Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
TC 2800 Very Useful 21.5 17.7 25.4
TC 2800 Moderately Useful 27.0 22.8 31.1
TC 2800 Somewhat Useful 20.0 16.2 23.8
TC 2800 Slightly Useful 8.5 5.7 12.0
TC 2800 Not at All Useful 3.0 1.5 5.5
TC 2800 Not Taken 6.7 4.2 9.9
TC 2800 Not Offered 9.1 6.2 12.7
TC 2800 No Response 4.2 2.3 7.0
TC 2800 Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
TC 3600 (not business methods) Very Useful 13.5 9.7 18.0
TC 3600 (not business methods) Moderately Useful 20.9 17.2 24.6
TC 3600 (not business methods) Somewhat Useful 25.9 21.9 29.8
TC 3600 (not business methods) Slightly Useful 13.5 9.7 18.0
TC 3600 (not business methods) Not at All Useful 4.3 2.2 7.3
TC 3600 (not business methods) Not Taken 11.7 8.2 16.0
TC 3600 (not business methods) Not Offered 4.3 2.2 7.3
TC 3600 (not business methods) No Response 6.0 3.6 9.5
TC 3600 (not business methods) Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
TC 3600 (business methods only) Very Useful 21.4 17.8 25.0
TC 3600 (business methods only) Moderately Useful 26.6 22.7 30.4
TC 3600 (business methods only) Somewhat Useful 17.7 12.6 23.7
TC 3600 (business methods only) Slightly Useful 11.7 7.6 17.0
TC 3600 (business methods only) Not at All Useful 7.3 4.1 11.8
TC 3600 (business methods only) Not Taken 4.5 2.1 8.4
TC 3600 (business methods only) Not Offered 9.9 6.1 14.9
TC 3600 (business methods only) No Response 1.0 0.1 3.5
TC 3600 (business methods only) Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
TC 3700 Very Useful 10.6 7.4 14.5
TC 3700 Moderately Useful 24.9 20.9 28.9
TC 3700 Somewhat Useful 24.0 20.1 27.9
TC 3700 Slightly Useful 14.6 11.0 19.0
TC 3700 Not at All Useful 6.5 4.1 9.8
TC 3700 Not Taken 10.6 7.4 14.5
TC 3700 Not Offered 5.9 3.6 9.1
TC 3700 No Response 2.8 1.3 5.3
TC 3700 Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
TC 3600 (all) Very Useful 16.0 13.6 18.4
TC 3600 (all) Moderately Useful 22.7 19.9 25.5
TC 3600 (all) Somewhat Useful 23.3 20.4 26.2
TC 3600 (all) Slightly Useful 12.9 10.1 16.3
TC 3600 (all) Not at All Useful 5.2 3.4 7.6
TC 3600 (all) Not Taken 9.4 7.0 12.4
TC 3600 (all) Not Offered 6.1 4.1 8.6
TC 3600 (all) No Response 4.4 2.8 6.7
TC 3600 (all) Total 100.0 100.0 100.0

h. Continuing education in your art area, provided by PTO

(View question)

Group Response Percent Lower bound,
95 percent
confidence interval
Upper bound,
95 percent
confidence interval
All respondents Very Useful 19.9 18.6 21.2
All respondents Moderately Useful 22.3 20.9 23.6
All respondents Somewhat Useful 18.2 17.0 19.5
All respondents Slightly Useful 9.9 9.0 10.9
All respondents Not at All Useful 4.4 3.6 5.2
All respondents Not Taken 11.7 10.7 12.8
All respondents Not Offered 9.8 8.8 10.7
All respondents No Response 3.8 3.1 4.6
All respondents Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
<GS-13 Very Useful 22.8 20.3 25.3
<GS-13 Moderately Useful 21.6 19.2 24.0
<GS-13 Somewhat Useful 17.9 15.7 20.1
<GS-13 Slightly Useful 9.9 8.2 11.6
<GS-13 Not at All Useful 5.5 4.0 7.3
<GS-13 Not Taken 10.9 9.1 12.7
<GS-13 Not Offered 7.5 5.8 9.5
<GS-13 No Response 3.9 2.7 5.5
<GS-13 Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
GS-13 Very Useful 17.0 14.5 19.5
GS-13 Moderately Useful 22.3 19.5 25.0
GS-13 Somewhat Useful 19.0 16.4 21.6
GS-13 Slightly Useful 11.9 9.6 14.1
GS-13 Not at All Useful 3.9 2.5 5.8
GS-13 Not Taken 11.9 9.7 14.1
GS-13 Not Offered 11.0 8.8 13.1
GS-13 No Response 3.1 1.9 4.8
GS-13 Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
>GS-13 Very Useful 19.4 17.5 21.2
>GS-13 Moderately Useful 22.7 20.7 24.7
>GS-13 Somewhat Useful 18.1 16.3 19.9
>GS-13 Slightly Useful 9.1 7.7 10.4
>GS-13 Not at All Useful 3.8 2.8 5.0
>GS-13 Not Taken 12.2 10.7 13.8
>GS-13 Not Offered 10.7 9.3 12.1
>GS-13 No Response 4.1 3.0 5.3
>GS-13 Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
TC 1600 Very Useful 21.3 17.8 24.8
TC 1600 Moderately Useful 24.4 20.8 28.0
TC 1600 Somewhat Useful 15.5 11.5 20.1
TC 1600 Slightly Useful 5.8 3.4 9.2
TC 1600 Not at All Useful 2.8 1.2 5.3
TC 1600 Not Taken 12.0 8.5 16.3
TC 1600 Not Offered 14.4 10.6 19.0
TC 1600 No Response 3.8 1.9 6.7
TC 1600 Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
TC 1700 Very Useful 19.4 15.9 23.0
TC 1700 Moderately Useful 19.4 15.9 23.0
TC 1700 Somewhat Useful 21.3 17.6 25.0
TC 1700 Slightly Useful 10.3 7.2 14.3
TC 1700 Not at All Useful 2.5 1.1 5.0
TC 1700 Not Taken 18.0 14.5 21.5
TC 1700 Not Offered 8.0 5.2 11.6
TC 1700 No Response 1.0 0.2 2.9
TC 1700 Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
TC 2100 Very Useful 17.4 14.0 20.8
TC 2100 Moderately Useful 23.7 19.9 27.5
TC 2100 Somewhat Useful 22.7 18.9 26.5
TC 2100 Slightly Useful 11.2 7.9 15.3
TC 2100 Not at All Useful 4.9 2.8 8.0
TC 2100 Not Taken 8.6 5.7 12.3
TC 2100 Not Offered 7.6 4.9 11.1
TC 2100 No Response 4.0 2.1 6.8
TC 2100 Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
TC 2400 Very Useful 26.3 22.2 30.4
TC 2400 Moderately Useful 24.3 20.4 28.3
TC 2400 Somewhat Useful 19.7 16.1 23.4
TC 2400 Slightly Useful 11.2 7.9 15.3
TC 2400 Not at All Useful 5.9 3.5 9.2
TC 2400 Not Taken 5.9 3.5 9.2
TC 2400 Not Offered 4.0 2.1 6.8
TC 2400 No Response 2.6 1.1 5.1
TC 2400 Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
TC 2600 Very Useful 27.4 23.2 31.6
TC 2600 Moderately Useful 25.1 21.0 29.2
TC 2600 Somewhat Useful 15.8 11.9 20.4
TC 2600 Slightly Useful 10.9 7.6 15.0
TC 2600 Not at All Useful 3.0 1.4 5.6
TC 2600 Not Taken 7.9 5.1 11.6
TC 2600 Not Offered 5.6 3.3 8.8
TC 2600 No Response 4.3 2.3 7.2
TC 2600 Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
TC 2800 Very Useful 20.0 16.2 23.8
TC 2800 Moderately Useful 21.5 17.7 25.4
TC 2800 Somewhat Useful 16.4 12.5 20.8
TC 2800 Slightly Useful 8.8 6.0 12.4
TC 2800 Not at All Useful 5.2 3.0 8.1
TC 2800 Not Taken 11.5 8.3 15.5
TC 2800 Not Offered 11.5 8.3 15.5
TC 2800 No Response 5.2 3.0 8.1
TC 2800 Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
TC 3600 (not business methods) Very Useful 13.2 9.5 17.8
TC 3600 (not business methods) Moderately Useful 17.1 12.9 22.1
TC 3600 (not business methods) Somewhat Useful 16.1 12.0 20.9
TC 3600 (not business methods) Slightly Useful 10.0 6.7 14.1
TC 3600 (not business methods) Not at All Useful 5.0 2.8 8.2
TC 3600 (not business methods) Not Taken 16.4 12.3 21.3
TC 3600 (not business methods) Not Offered 17.5 13.2 22.5
TC 3600 (not business methods) No Response 4.6 2.5 7.8
TC 3600 (not business methods) Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
TC 3600 (business methods only) Very Useful 18.3 13.2 24.4
TC 3600 (business methods only) Moderately Useful 21.8 18.2 25.4
TC 3600 (business methods only) Somewhat Useful 19.3 14.1 25.5
TC 3600 (business methods only) Slightly Useful 8.7 5.2 13.5
TC 3600 (business methods only) Not at All Useful 5.0 2.4 9.1
TC 3600 (business methods only) Not Taken 11.6 7.5 16.9
TC 3600 (business methods only) Not Offered 13.1 8.8 18.6
TC 3600 (business methods only) No Response 2.1 0.6 5.2
TC 3600 (business methods only) Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
TC 3700 Very Useful 13.5 10.0 17.7
TC 3700 Moderately Useful 22.2 18.4 25.9
TC 3700 Somewhat Useful 18.5 14.9 22.0
TC 3700 Slightly Useful 10.8 7.6 14.7
TC 3700 Not at All Useful 4.6 2.6 7.5
TC 3700 Not Taken 15.1 11.4 19.4
TC 3700 Not Offered 10.8 7.6 14.7
TC 3700 No Response 4.6 2.6 7.5
TC 3700 Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
TC 3600 (all) Very Useful 14.9 12.5 17.2
TC 3600 (all) Moderately Useful 18.6 16.0 21.2
TC 3600 (all) Somewhat Useful 17.1 14.6 19.6
TC 3600 (all) Slightly Useful 9.6 7.1 12.6
TC 3600 (all) Not at All Useful 5.0 3.2 7.4
TC 3600 (all) Not Taken 14.9 12.4 17.3
TC 3600 (all) Not Offered 16.1 13.6 18.6
TC 3600 (all) No Response 3.8 2.3 6.0
TC 3600 (all) Total 100.0 100.0 100.0

i. Interviewing skills for interactions with applicants and patent attorneys

(View question)

Group Response Percent Lower bound,
95 percent
confidence interval
Upper bound,
95 percent
confidence interval
All respondents Very Useful 18.5 17.2 19.8
All respondents Moderately Useful 24.5 23.1 25.9
All respondents Somewhat Useful 23.2 21.8 24.6
All respondents Slightly Useful 18.9 17.6 20.1
All respondents Not at All Useful 11.3 10.3 12.3
All respondents Not Taken 1.6 1.1 2.1
All respondents Not Offered 1.0 0.7 1.5
All respondents No Response 1.0 0.7 1.5
All respondents Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
<GS-13 Very Useful 20.5 18.1 22.8
<GS-13 Moderately Useful 23.9 21.4 26.3
<GS-13 Somewhat Useful 25.6 23.1 28.1
<GS-13 Slightly Useful 17.5 15.3 19.7
<GS-13 Not at All Useful 8.1 6.3 10.1
<GS-13 Not Taken 2.8 1.8 4.2
<GS-13 Not Offered 0.9 0.4 1.9
<GS-13 No Response 0.7 0.3 1.5
<GS-13 Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
GS-13 Very Useful 15.9 13.4 18.4
GS-13 Moderately Useful 23.1 20.3 25.9
GS-13 Somewhat Useful 25.8 22.9 28.8
GS-13 Slightly Useful 21.0 18.2 23.7
GS-13 Not at All Useful 10.8 8.7 12.8
GS-13 Not Taken 0.9 0.3 2.0
GS-13 Not Offered 1.2 0.5 2.5
GS-13 No Response 1.3 0.6 2.6
GS-13 Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
>GS-13 Very Useful 18.4 16.5 20.2
>GS-13 Moderately Useful 25.6 23.5 27.7
>GS-13 Somewhat Useful 20.3 18.4 22.2
>GS-13 Slightly Useful 18.8 17.0 20.6
>GS-13 Not at All Useful 13.8 12.2 15.3
>GS-13 Not Taken 1.1 0.6 1.8
>GS-13 Not Offered 1.0 0.5 1.7
>GS-13 No Response 1.1 0.6 1.8
>GS-13 Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
TC 1600 Very Useful 12.8 9.2 17.2
TC 1600 Moderately Useful 25.3 21.6 28.9
TC 1600 Somewhat Useful 21.5 18.0 24.9
TC 1600 Slightly Useful 19.7 16.4 23.1
TC 1600 Not at All Useful 15.2 11.3 19.9
TC 1600 Not Taken 2.1 0.8 4.5
TC 1600 Not Offered 1.0 0.2 3.0
TC 1600 No Response 2.4 1.0 4.9
TC 1600 Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
TC 1700 Very Useful 15.3 11.4 19.8
TC 1700 Moderately Useful 18.9 15.3 22.4
TC 1700 Somewhat Useful 25.1 21.2 29.0
TC 1700 Slightly Useful 25.0 21.1 28.9
TC 1700 Not at All Useful 12.8 9.3 17.1
TC 1700 Not Taken 2.3 0.9 4.6
TC 1700 Not Offered 0.4 0.0 1.9
TC 1700 No Response 0.4 0.0 1.9
TC 1700 Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
TC 2100 Very Useful 17.0 13.0 21.7
TC 2100 Moderately Useful 30.4 26.3 34.5
TC 2100 Somewhat Useful 25.2 21.3 29.0
TC 2100 Slightly Useful 18.0 14.5 21.4
TC 2100 Not at All Useful 7.5 4.8 11.1
TC 2100 Not Taken 1.3 0.4 3.3
TC 2100 Not Offered 0.7 0.1 2.3
TC 2100 No Response 0.0 0.0 1.0
TC 2100 Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
TC 2400 Very Useful 27.6 23.5 31.8
TC 2400 Moderately Useful 25.3 21.3 29.3
TC 2400 Somewhat Useful 21.1 17.3 24.8
TC 2400 Slightly Useful 16.8 12.8 21.5
TC 2400 Not at All Useful 5.3 3.0 8.4
TC 2400 Not Taken 1.3 0.4 3.3
TC 2400 Not Offered 1.6 0.5 3.8
TC 2400 No Response 1.0 0.2 2.9
TC 2400 Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
TC 2600 Very Useful 26.1 21.9 30.2
TC 2600 Moderately Useful 26.1 21.9 30.2
TC 2600 Somewhat Useful 22.8 18.8 26.7
TC 2600 Slightly Useful 14.9 11.0 19.4
TC 2600 Not at All Useful 7.9 5.1 11.6
TC 2600 Not Taken 1.3 0.4 3.3
TC 2600 Not Offered 0.3 0.0 1.8
TC 2600 No Response 0.7 0.1 2.4
TC 2600 Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
TC 2800 Very Useful 21.0 17.2 24.8
TC 2800 Moderately Useful 24.3 20.2 28.3
TC 2800 Somewhat Useful 24.0 20.0 27.9
TC 2800 Slightly Useful 18.0 14.4 21.6
TC 2800 Not at All Useful 8.7 5.9 12.2
TC 2800 Not Taken 0.9 0.2 2.6
TC 2800 Not Offered 1.8 0.7 3.9
TC 2800 No Response 1.5 0.5 3.5
TC 2800 Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
TC 3600 (not business methods) Very Useful 11.4 7.9 15.6
TC 3600 (not business methods) Moderately Useful 24.1 20.2 28.0
TC 3600 (not business methods) Somewhat Useful 24.8 20.9 28.7
TC 3600 (not business methods) Slightly Useful 19.9 16.3 23.5
TC 3600 (not business methods) Not at All Useful 15.6 11.6 20.4
TC 3600 (not business methods) Not Taken 1.8 0.6 4.1
TC 3600 (not business methods) Not Offered 0.4 0.0 2.0
TC 3600 (not business methods) No Response 2.1 0.8 4.6
TC 3600 (not business methods) Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
TC 3600 (business methods only) Very Useful 15.3 10.6 21.1
TC 3600 (business methods only) Moderately Useful 25.2 21.4 29.0
TC 3600 (business methods only) Somewhat Useful 19.9 14.6 26.1
TC 3600 (business methods only) Slightly Useful 14.6 10.0 20.3
TC 3600 (business methods only) Not at All Useful 22.0 18.3 25.7
TC 3600 (business methods only) Not Taken 1.8 0.5 4.8
TC 3600 (business methods only) Not Offered 0.6 0.0 2.9
TC 3600 (business methods only) No Response 0.6 0.0 2.9
TC 3600 (business methods only) Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
TC 3700 Very Useful 12.9 9.5 17.1
TC 3700 Moderately Useful 22.2 18.4 25.9
TC 3700 Somewhat Useful 22.5 18.7 26.3
TC 3700 Slightly Useful 21.5 17.8 25.3
TC 3700 Not at All Useful 16.6 12.7 21.1
TC 3700 Not Taken 2.2 0.9 4.4
TC 3700 Not Offered 1.5 0.5 3.6
TC 3700 No Response 0.6 0.1 2.2
TC 3700 Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
TC 3600 (all) Very Useful 12.6 9.8 15.9
TC 3600 (all) Moderately Useful 24.5 21.5 27.4
TC 3600 (all) Somewhat Useful 23.3 20.4 26.1
TC 3600 (all) Slightly Useful 18.2 15.6 20.9
TC 3600 (all) Not at All Useful 17.6 15.1 20.2
TC 3600 (all) Not Taken 1.8 0.8 3.4
TC 3600 (all) Not Offered 0.4 0.1 1.5
TC 3600 (all) No Response 1.6 0.7 3.2
TC 3600 (all) Total 100.0 100.0 100.0

j. Technology training (e.g. EAST/WEST, OACS, or PE2E)

(View question)

Group Response Percent Lower bound,
95 percent
confidence interval
Upper bound,
95 percent
confidence interval
All respondents Very Useful 28.1 26.6 29.5
All respondents Moderately Useful 30.5 29.0 31.9
All respondents Somewhat Useful 20.1 18.9 21.4
All respondents Slightly Useful 12.9 11.8 13.9
All respondents Not at All Useful 3.1 2.5 3.8
All respondents Not Taken 3.1 2.5 3.8
All respondents Not Offered 0.9 0.6 1.4
All respondents No Response 1.3 0.9 1.8
All respondents Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
<GS-13 Very Useful 30.0 27.3 32.7
<GS-13 Moderately Useful 30.4 27.8 33.1
<GS-13 Somewhat Useful 20.7 18.4 23.1
<GS-13 Slightly Useful 11.6 9.8 13.5
<GS-13 Not at All Useful 2.7 1.7 4.1
<GS-13 Not Taken 2.3 1.4 3.6
<GS-13 Not Offered 0.8 0.3 1.7
<GS-13 No Response 1.4 0.7 2.4
<GS-13 Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
GS-13 Very Useful 26.8 23.8 29.7
GS-13 Moderately Useful 30.6 27.6 33.7
GS-13 Somewhat Useful 22.4 19.6 25.2
GS-13 Slightly Useful 11.2 9.0 13.3
GS-13 Not at All Useful 3.2 1.9 4.9
GS-13 Not Taken 3.0 1.8 4.7
GS-13 Not Offered 1.0 0.3 2.1
GS-13 No Response 1.9 0.9 3.3
GS-13 Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
>GS-13 Very Useful 27.4 25.3 29.5
>GS-13 Moderately Useful 30.4 28.2 32.6
>GS-13 Somewhat Useful 18.7 16.9 20.5
>GS-13 Slightly Useful 14.5 12.8 16.1
>GS-13 Not at All Useful 3.3 2.4 4.5
>GS-13 Not Taken 3.7 2.7 4.9
>GS-13 Not Offered 1.0 0.5 1.7
>GS-13 No Response 1.1 0.6 1.8
>GS-13 Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
TC 1600 Very Useful 24.7 21.0 28.3
TC 1600 Moderately Useful 34.6 30.6 38.6
TC 1600 Somewhat Useful 19.2 15.9 22.5
TC 1600 Slightly Useful 11.6 8.2 15.9
TC 1600 Not at All Useful 4.1 2.1 7.1
TC 1600 Not Taken 3.1 1.4 5.8
TC 1600 Not Offered 1.4 0.4 3.5
TC 1600 No Response 1.4 0.4 3.5
TC 1600 Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
TC 1700 Very Useful 30.4 26.2 34.5
TC 1700 Moderately Useful 27.3 23.3 31.3
TC 1700 Somewhat Useful 23.4 19.6 27.3
TC 1700 Slightly Useful 12.6 9.1 16.9
TC 1700 Not at All Useful 2.4 1.0 4.8
TC 1700 Not Taken 3.0 1.4 5.6
TC 1700 Not Offered 0.6 0.1 2.3
TC 1700 No Response 0.3 0.0 1.8
TC 1700 Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
TC 2100 Very Useful 27.0 23.1 31.0
TC 2100 Moderately Useful 35.2 30.9 39.4
TC 2100 Somewhat Useful 19.5 16.0 23.1
TC 2100 Slightly Useful 11.1 7.8 15.1
TC 2100 Not at All Useful 2.6 1.1 5.1
TC 2100 Not Taken 2.3 0.9 4.6
TC 2100 Not Offered 1.0 0.2 2.8
TC 2100 No Response 1.3 0.4 3.3
TC 2100 Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
TC 2400 Very Useful 33.1 28.8 37.5
TC 2400 Moderately Useful 30.8 26.6 35.1
TC 2400 Somewhat Useful 18.7 15.1 22.3
TC 2400 Slightly Useful 10.5 7.3 14.5
TC 2400 Not at All Useful 1.6 0.5 3.8
TC 2400 Not Taken 3.3 1.6 5.9
TC 2400 Not Offered 0.7 0.1 2.3
TC 2400 No Response 1.3 0.4 3.3
TC 2400 Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
TC 2600 Very Useful 31.8 27.4 36.2
TC 2600 Moderately Useful 28.5 24.2 32.8
TC 2600 Somewhat Useful 17.9 14.2 21.5
TC 2600 Slightly Useful 13.6 9.9 18.0
TC 2600 Not at All Useful 2.7 1.2 5.2
TC 2600 Not Taken 3.3 1.6 6.0
TC 2600 Not Offered 1.3 0.4 3.4
TC 2600 No Response 1.0 0.2 2.9
TC 2600 Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
TC 2800 Very Useful 30.9 26.6 35.3
TC 2800 Moderately Useful 27.6 23.4 31.8
TC 2800 Somewhat Useful 18.3 14.7 21.9
TC 2800 Slightly Useful 13.2 9.8 17.3
TC 2800 Not at All Useful 3.9 2.1 6.6
TC 2800 Not Taken 2.7 1.2 5.1
TC 2800 Not Offered 0.6 0.1 2.2
TC 2800 No Response 2.7 1.2 5.1
TC 2800 Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
TC 3600 (not business methods) Very Useful 24.9 21.0 28.8
TC 3600 (not business methods) Moderately Useful 32.7 28.5 37.0
TC 3600 (not business methods) Somewhat Useful 20.6 17.0 24.3
TC 3600 (not business methods) Slightly Useful 12.1 8.5 16.5
TC 3600 (not business methods) Not at All Useful 3.6 1.7 6.4
TC 3600 (not business methods) Not Taken 4.3 2.2 7.3
TC 3600 (not business methods) Not Offered 0.7 0.1 2.5
TC 3600 (not business methods) No Response 1.1 0.2 3.1
TC 3600 (not business methods) Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
TC 3600 (business methods only) Very Useful 15.7 10.9 21.5
TC 3600 (business methods only) Moderately Useful 29.9 25.9 33.9
TC 3600 (business methods only) Somewhat Useful 26.1 22.2 29.9
TC 3600 (business methods only) Slightly Useful 15.6 10.9 21.4
TC 3600 (business methods only) Not at All Useful 4.7 2.2 8.7
TC 3600 (business methods only) Not Taken 4.5 2.1 8.4
TC 3600 (business methods only) Not Offered 2.1 0.6 5.2
TC 3600 (business methods only) No Response 1.4 0.3 4.2
TC 3600 (business methods only) Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
TC 3700 Very Useful 23.4 19.5 27.2
TC 3700 Moderately Useful 30.8 26.6 35.0
TC 3700 Somewhat Useful 22.2 18.4 25.9
TC 3700 Slightly Useful 15.7 11.9 20.1
TC 3700 Not at All Useful 3.4 1.7 6.0
TC 3700 Not Taken 2.8 1.3 5.2
TC 3700 Not Offered 0.9 0.2 2.7
TC 3700 No Response 0.9 0.2 2.7
TC 3700 Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
TC 3600 (all) Very Useful 22.0 19.1 24.8
TC 3600 (all) Moderately Useful 31.8 28.7 35.0
TC 3600 (all) Somewhat Useful 22.4 19.6 25.1
TC 3600 (all) Slightly Useful 13.2 11.0 15.5
TC 3600 (all) Not at All Useful 3.9 2.4 6.1
TC 3600 (all) Not Taken 4.3 2.7 6.6
TC 3600 (all) Not Offered 1.2 0.4 2.6
TC 3600 (all) No Response 1.2 0.4 2.6
TC 3600 (all) Total 100.0 100.0 100.0

6. How often in your typical examination do you search for these types of prior art references?

(View question)

a. Scientific articles or presentations

(View question)

Group Response Percent Lower bound,
95 percent
confidence interval
Upper bound,
95 percent
confidence interval
All respondents Always 18.8 17.8 19.9
All respondents Often 21.6 20.3 22.9
All respondents Sometimes 27.5 26.1 29.0
All respondents Rarely 23.5 22.2 24.9
All respondents Never 5.4 4.7 6.1
All respondents Don't Use 2.4 1.8 3.0
All respondents No Response 0.8 0.5 1.2
All respondents Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
<GS-13 Always 15.9 13.9 17.9
<GS-13 Often 22.2 19.9 24.6
<GS-13 Sometimes 27.6 25.0 30.2
<GS-13 Rarely 25.2 22.6 27.7
<GS-13 Never 6.3 4.7 8.1
<GS-13 Don't Use 2.0 1.1 3.2
<GS-13 No Response 1.0 0.4 1.9
<GS-13 Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
GS-13 Always 20.5 18.0 22.9
GS-13 Often 19.9 17.3 22.6
GS-13 Sometimes 28.5 25.4 31.5
GS-13 Rarely 21.5 18.6 24.3
GS-13 Never 5.8 4.1 8.0
GS-13 Don't Use 3.6 2.3 5.4
GS-13 No Response 0.3 0.0 1.1
GS-13 Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
>GS-13 Always 20.1 18.4 21.7
>GS-13 Often 21.9 20.0 23.8
>GS-13 Sometimes 27.1 25.0 29.2
>GS-13 Rarely 23.4 21.4 25.4
>GS-13 Never 4.6 3.5 5.9
>GS-13 Don't Use 2.1 1.4 3.1
>GS-13 No Response 0.9 0.4 1.5
>GS-13 Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
TC 1600 Always 80.8 77.5 84.1
TC 1600 Often 16.8 12.7 21.6
TC 1600 Sometimes 1.7 0.6 4.0
TC 1600 Rarely 0.3 0.0 1.9
TC 1600 Never 0.0 0.0 1.0
TC 1600 Don't Use 0.0 0.0 1.0
TC 1600 No Response 0.3 0.0 1.9
TC 1600 Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
TC 1700 Always 19.9 16.3 23.5
TC 1700 Often 30.3 26.1 34.4
TC 1700 Sometimes 30.1 25.9 34.2
TC 1700 Rarely 15.4 11.5 19.9
TC 1700 Never 3.1 1.4 5.7
TC 1700 Don't Use 1.3 0.4 3.3
TC 1700 No Response 0.0 0.0 1.0
TC 1700 Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
TC 2100 Always 24.2 20.4 28.0
TC 2100 Often 27.1 23.2 31.1
TC 2100 Sometimes 29.7 25.7 33.8
TC 2100 Rarely 15.0 11.2 19.5
TC 2100 Never 2.6 1.1 5.1
TC 2100 Don't Use 0.7 0.1 2.3
TC 2100 No Response 0.7 0.1 2.3
TC 2100 Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
TC 2400 Always 14.9 11.1 19.4
TC 2400 Often 31.5 27.2 35.8
TC 2400 Sometimes 31.5 27.2 35.8
TC 2400 Rarely 17.9 14.3 21.4
TC 2400 Never 1.3 0.4 3.3
TC 2400 Don't Use 2.3 0.9 4.6
TC 2400 No Response 0.7 0.1 2.3
TC 2400 Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
TC 2600 Always 19.1 15.4 22.8
TC 2600 Often 19.7 16.0 23.5
TC 2600 Sometimes 32.2 27.8 36.7
TC 2600 Rarely 22.7 18.7 26.7
TC 2600 Never 4.6 2.5 7.6
TC 2600 Don't Use 1.0 0.2 2.9
TC 2600 No Response 0.7 0.1 2.4
TC 2600 Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
TC 2800 Always 9.3 6.4 12.9
TC 2800 Often 19.2 15.5 22.8
TC 2800 Sometimes 32.9 28.5 37.3
TC 2800 Rarely 29.3 25.1 33.6
TC 2800 Never 5.4 3.2 8.4
TC 2800 Don't Use 2.1 0.8 4.3
TC 2800 No Response 1.8 0.7 3.9
TC 2800 Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
TC 3600 (not business methods) Always 5.3 3.0 8.7
TC 3600 (not business methods) Often 13.5 9.8 18.1
TC 3600 (not business methods) Sometimes 18.2 14.7 21.6
TC 3600 (not business methods) Rarely 37.7 33.3 42.1
TC 3600 (not business methods) Never 17.1 12.9 22.0
TC 3600 (not business methods) Don't Use 7.5 4.7 11.2
TC 3600 (not business methods) No Response 0.7 0.1 2.5
TC 3600 (not business methods) Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
TC 3600 (business methods only) Always 6.7 3.7 11.2
TC 3600 (business methods only) Often 22.3 18.7 26.0
TC 3600 (business methods only) Sometimes 35.0 30.8 39.2
TC 3600 (business methods only) Rarely 29.1 25.1 33.1
TC 3600 (business methods only) Never 2.5 0.8 5.8
TC 3600 (business methods only) Don't Use 3.8 1.6 7.5
TC 3600 (business methods only) No Response 0.6 0.0 2.9
TC 3600 (business methods only) Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
TC 3700 Always 5.5 3.3 8.5
TC 3700 Often 14.6 11.0 18.9
TC 3700 Sometimes 28.1 24.0 32.1
TC 3700 Rarely 37.2 32.8 41.6
TC 3700 Never 10.1 7.0 13.8
TC 3700 Don't Use 4.0 2.1 6.7
TC 3700 No Response 0.6 0.1 2.2
TC 3700 Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
TC 3600 (all) Always 5.8 3.9 8.3
TC 3600 (all) Often 16.3 13.9 18.7
TC 3600 (all) Sometimes 23.5 20.8 26.2
TC 3600 (all) Rarely 35.0 31.7 38.2
TC 3600 (all) Never 12.5 9.6 15.8
TC 3600 (all) Don't Use 6.3 4.3 8.9
TC 3600 (all) No Response 0.7 0.1 1.9
TC 3600 (all) Total 100.0 100.0 100.0

b. Software-related non-patent literature (NPL)

(View question)

Group Response Percent Lower bound,
95 percent
confidence interval
Upper bound,
95 percent
confidence interval
All respondents Always 12.9 11.9 13.9
All respondents Often 16.7 15.6 17.9
All respondents Sometimes 22.9 21.6 24.3
All respondents Rarely 18.7 17.4 20.0
All respondents Never 14.4 13.3 15.5
All respondents Don't Use 12.1 11.1 13.2
All respondents No Response 2.3 1.7 2.9
All respondents Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
<GS-13 Always 13.0 11.2 14.8
<GS-13 Often 16.7 14.6 18.8
<GS-13 Sometimes 22.8 20.4 25.2
<GS-13 Rarely 18.1 15.8 20.3
<GS-13 Never 14.9 12.8 17.0
<GS-13 Don't Use 12.8 10.8 14.8
<GS-13 No Response 1.7 0.9 2.8
<GS-13 Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
GS-13 Always 11.8 9.8 13.9
GS-13 Often 18.0 15.5 20.5
GS-13 Sometimes 19.8 17.1 22.4
GS-13 Rarely 18.8 16.2 21.5
GS-13 Never 14.7 12.3 17.0
GS-13 Don't Use 14.7 12.4 17.0
GS-13 No Response 2.2 1.2 3.7
GS-13 Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
>GS-13 Always 13.3 11.7 14.8
>GS-13 Often 16.1 14.4 17.8
>GS-13 Sometimes 24.5 22.5 26.5
>GS-13 Rarely 19.0 17.1 20.9
>GS-13 Never 13.9 12.3 15.5
>GS-13 Don't Use 10.5 9.1 11.9
>GS-13 No Response 2.7 1.9 3.8
>GS-13 Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
TC 1600 Always 24.1 20.5 27.8
TC 1600 Often 9.0 5.9 12.9
TC 1600 Sometimes 3.8 1.9 6.7
TC 1600 Rarely 13.5 9.7 17.9
TC 1600 Never 21.0 17.6 24.5
TC 1600 Don't Use 22.1 18.6 25.6
TC 1600 No Response 6.6 4.0 10.0
TC 1600 Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
TC 1700 Always 7.7 5.0 11.3
TC 1700 Often 13.4 9.8 17.7
TC 1700 Sometimes 15.1 11.2 19.6
TC 1700 Rarely 13.4 9.8 17.8
TC 1700 Never 22.0 18.3 25.7
TC 1700 Don't Use 25.1 21.2 29.0
TC 1700 No Response 3.3 1.6 6.0
TC 1700 Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
TC 2100 Always 32.0 27.9 36.2
TC 2100 Often 29.7 25.7 33.8
TC 2100 Sometimes 27.5 23.5 31.4
TC 2100 Rarely 8.2 5.4 11.8
TC 2100 Never 1.3 0.4 3.3
TC 2100 Don't Use 1.0 0.2 2.8
TC 2100 No Response 0.3 0.0 1.8
TC 2100 Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
TC 2400 Always 17.8 14.3 21.3
TC 2400 Often 28.2 24.0 32.3
TC 2400 Sometimes 35.9 31.5 40.3
TC 2400 Rarely 13.3 9.7 17.6
TC 2400 Never 1.3 0.4 3.3
TC 2400 Don't Use 1.9 0.7 4.2
TC 2400 No Response 1.6 0.5 3.7
TC 2400 Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
TC 2600 Always 16.1 12.1 20.7
TC 2600 Often 18.0 14.4 21.7
TC 2600 Sometimes 30.5 26.1 34.8
TC 2600 Rarely 23.0 19.0 26.9
TC 2600 Never 5.6 3.3 8.8
TC 2600 Don't Use 5.3 3.0 8.4
TC 2600 No Response 1.6 0.5 3.8
TC 2600 Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
TC 2800 Always 6.0 3.7 9.2
TC 2800 Often 10.5 7.5 14.4
TC 2800 Sometimes 21.7 17.8 25.5
TC 2800 Rarely 24.7 20.7 28.7
TC 2800 Never 19.6 15.9 23.3
TC 2800 Don't Use 15.4 11.7 19.7
TC 2800 No Response 2.1 0.9 4.3
TC 2800 Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
TC 3600 (not business methods) Always 4.3 2.2 7.3
TC 3600 (not business methods) Often 10.6 7.3 14.8
TC 3600 (not business methods) Sometimes 17.7 13.5 22.7
TC 3600 (not business methods) Rarely 24.1 20.2 28.0
TC 3600 (not business methods) Never 24.8 20.9 28.7
TC 3600 (not business methods) Don't Use 15.3 11.3 20.0
TC 3600 (not business methods) No Response 3.2 1.5 6.0
TC 3600 (not business methods) Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
TC 3600 (business methods only) Always 12.4 8.1 17.8
TC 3600 (business methods only) Often 32.5 28.4 36.6
TC 3600 (business methods only) Sometimes 36.6 32.4 40.9
TC 3600 (business methods only) Rarely 13.5 9.1 19.1
TC 3600 (business methods only) Never 2.0 0.5 5.0
TC 3600 (business methods only) Don't Use 2.5 0.8 5.8
TC 3600 (business methods only) No Response 0.6 0.0 2.9
TC 3600 (business methods only) Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
TC 3700 Always 2.7 1.3 5.1
TC 3700 Often 9.8 6.8 13.5
TC 3700 Sometimes 18.9 15.3 22.5
TC 3700 Rarely 25.0 21.1 28.9
TC 3700 Never 24.7 20.8 28.6
TC 3700 Don't Use 17.1 13.7 20.5
TC 3700 No Response 1.8 0.7 3.9
TC 3700 Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
TC 3600 (all) Always 6.8 4.7 9.5
TC 3600 (all) Often 17.5 15.2 19.8
TC 3600 (all) Sometimes 23.7 21.0 26.4
TC 3600 (all) Rarely 20.8 17.9 23.6
TC 3600 (all) Never 17.6 14.9 20.3
TC 3600 (all) Don't Use 11.2 8.5 14.4
TC 3600 (all) No Response 2.4 1.2 4.1
TC 3600 (all) Total 100.0 100.0 100.0

c. Textbooks

(View question)

Group Response Percent Lower bound,
95 percent
confidence interval
Upper bound,
95 percent
confidence interval
All respondents Always 3.5 2.8 4.3
All respondents Often 9.4 8.5 10.2
All respondents Sometimes 29.4 27.9 30.8
All respondents Rarely 39.9 38.3 41.5
All respondents Never 12.9 11.8 14.0
All respondents Don't Use 4.2 3.5 5.1
All respondents No Response 0.7 0.4 1.1
All respondents Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
<GS-13 Always 3.9 2.7 5.4
<GS-13 Often 8.4 6.6 10.5
<GS-13 Sometimes 28.9 26.3 31.5
<GS-13 Rarely 39.1 36.3 42.0
<GS-13 Never 14.4 12.3 16.5
<GS-13 Don't Use 4.8 3.4 6.5
<GS-13 No Response 0.5 0.2 1.3
<GS-13 Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
GS-13 Always 3.8 2.4 5.6
GS-13 Often 9.4 7.2 12.0
GS-13 Sometimes 27.6 24.6 30.5
GS-13 Rarely 39.8 36.5 43.0
GS-13 Never 13.6 11.3 16.0
GS-13 Don't Use 5.5 3.8 7.6
GS-13 No Response 0.4 0.1 1.3
GS-13 Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
>GS-13 Always 3.1 2.2 4.3
>GS-13 Often 10.0 8.6 11.3
>GS-13 Sometimes 30.5 28.3 32.6
>GS-13 Rarely 40.5 38.2 42.8
>GS-13 Never 11.6 10.0 13.1
>GS-13 Don't Use 3.3 2.4 4.5
>GS-13 No Response 1.0 0.5 1.8
>GS-13 Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
TC 1600 Always 9.9 6.8 14.0
TC 1600 Often 20.6 17.1 24.0
TC 1600 Sometimes 43.8 39.7 48.0
TC 1600 Rarely 23.0 19.4 26.5
TC 1600 Never 1.4 0.4 3.5
TC 1600 Don't Use 0.7 0.1 2.5
TC 1600 No Response 0.7 0.1 2.5
TC 1600 Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
TC 1700 Always 4.1 2.1 6.9
TC 1700 Often 12.0 8.5 16.2
TC 1700 Sometimes 31.8 27.6 36.0
TC 1700 Rarely 38.6 34.2 43.0
TC 1700 Never 9.7 6.6 13.6
TC 1700 Don't Use 3.5 1.8 6.3
TC 1700 No Response 0.4 0.0 1.9
TC 1700 Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
TC 2100 Always 3.3 1.6 6.0
TC 2100 Often 12.9 9.3 17.2
TC 2100 Sometimes 41.3 36.8 45.7
TC 2100 Rarely 32.7 28.5 36.9
TC 2100 Never 8.3 5.4 11.9
TC 2100 Don't Use 1.7 0.5 3.8
TC 2100 No Response 0.0 0.0 1.0
TC 2100 Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
TC 2400 Always 4.3 2.3 7.2
TC 2400 Often 11.4 8.1 15.5
TC 2400 Sometimes 30.4 26.2 34.6
TC 2400 Rarely 38.9 34.4 43.4
TC 2400 Never 8.5 5.6 12.2
TC 2400 Don't Use 6.2 3.8 9.5
TC 2400 No Response 0.3 0.0 1.8
TC 2400 Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
TC 2600 Always 4.6 2.5 7.6
TC 2600 Often 7.6 4.9 11.2
TC 2600 Sometimes 27.7 23.5 32.0
TC 2600 Rarely 44.2 39.5 48.9
TC 2600 Never 12.2 8.7 16.4
TC 2600 Don't Use 3.0 1.4 5.6
TC 2600 No Response 0.7 0.1 2.4
TC 2600 Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
TC 2800 Always 3.0 1.4 5.4
TC 2800 Often 7.2 4.7 10.5
TC 2800 Sometimes 26.1 21.9 30.1
TC 2800 Rarely 41.6 37.0 46.2
TC 2800 Never 14.1 10.5 18.3
TC 2800 Don't Use 6.0 3.7 9.1
TC 2800 No Response 2.1 0.8 4.3
TC 2800 Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
TC 3600 (not business methods) Always 1.1 0.2 3.1
TC 3600 (not business methods) Often 3.2 1.5 6.0
TC 3600 (not business methods) Sometimes 17.9 13.6 22.9
TC 3600 (not business methods) Rarely 44.3 39.8 48.8
TC 3600 (not business methods) Never 26.4 22.4 30.4
TC 3600 (not business methods) Don't Use 6.8 4.1 10.4
TC 3600 (not business methods) No Response 0.4 0.0 2.0
TC 3600 (not business methods) Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
TC 3600 (business methods only) Always 2.7 0.9 6.0
TC 3600 (business methods only) Often 9.5 5.8 14.5
TC 3600 (business methods only) Sometimes 26.1 22.2 30.0
TC 3600 (business methods only) Rarely 47.0 42.5 51.4
TC 3600 (business methods only) Never 9.4 5.7 14.4
TC 3600 (business methods only) Don't Use 4.9 2.4 9.0
TC 3600 (business methods only) No Response 0.4 0.0 2.8
TC 3600 (business methods only) Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
TC 3700 Always 0.3 0.0 1.7
TC 3700 Often 4.6 2.6 7.5
TC 3700 Sometimes 23.2 19.3 27.0
TC 3700 Rarely 46.0 41.4 50.5
TC 3700 Never 21.0 17.3 24.7
TC 3700 Don't Use 4.3 2.4 7.1
TC 3700 No Response 0.6 0.1 2.2
TC 3700 Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
TC 3600 (all) Always 1.6 0.7 3.2
TC 3600 (all) Often 5.2 3.4 7.6
TC 3600 (all) Sometimes 20.5 17.8 23.1
TC 3600 (all) Rarely 45.1 41.7 48.5
TC 3600 (all) Never 21.1 18.2 23.9
TC 3600 (all) Don't Use 6.2 4.2 8.8
TC 3600 (all) No Response 0.4 0.0 1.4
TC 3600 (all) Total 100.0 100.0 100.0

d. Industry-related NPL (e.g. manuals or company websites)

(View question)

Group Response Percent Lower bound,
95 percent
confidence interval
Upper bound,
95 percent
confidence interval
All respondents Always 9.3 8.4 10.2
All respondents Often 20.2 19.0 21.5
All respondents Sometimes 37.0 35.4 38.5
All respondents Rarely 25.8 24.3 27.2
All respondents Never 5.2 4.4 5.9
All respondents Don't Use 1.9 1.4 2.5
All respondents No Response 0.7 0.4 1.1
All respondents Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
<GS-13 Always 9.1 7.5 10.6
<GS-13 Often 19.0 16.7 21.2
<GS-13 Sometimes 39.4 36.5 42.2
<GS-13 Rarely 25.7 23.2 28.3
<GS-13 Never 5.1 3.7 6.9
<GS-13 Don't Use 1.1 0.5 2.1
<GS-13 No Response 0.7 0.2 1.5
<GS-13 Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
GS-13 Always 8.1 6.0 10.5
GS-13 Often 23.0 20.2 25.7
GS-13 Sometimes 37.1 33.9 40.3
GS-13 Rarely 24.0 21.1 27.0
GS-13 Never 5.0 3.4 7.0
GS-13 Don't Use 2.5 1.4 4.1
GS-13 No Response 0.4 0.1 1.3
GS-13 Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
>GS-13 Always 10.0 8.6 11.3
>GS-13 Often 19.8 18.0 21.6
>GS-13 Sometimes 35.3 33.1 37.6
>GS-13 Rarely 26.6 24.4 28.7
>GS-13 Never 5.3 4.1 6.7
>GS-13 Don't Use 2.2 1.4 3.2
>GS-13 No Response 0.9 0.5 1.6
>GS-13 Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
TC 1600 Always 21.4 17.9 24.8
TC 1600 Often 23.8 20.2 27.4
TC 1600 Sometimes 37.9 33.8 42.0
TC 1600 Rarely 15.5 11.5 20.2
TC 1600 Never 0.7 0.1 2.5
TC 1600 Don't Use 0.3 0.0 1.9
TC 1600 No Response 0.3 0.0 1.9
TC 1600 Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
TC 1700 Always 5.4 3.1 8.6
TC 1700 Often 26.5 22.5 30.5
TC 1700 Sometimes 36.9 32.5 41.3
TC 1700 Rarely 26.3 22.3 30.3
TC 1700 Never 4.0 2.1 6.8
TC 1700 Don't Use 1.0 0.2 2.9
TC 1700 No Response 0.0 0.0 1.0
TC 1700 Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
TC 2100 Always 15.7 11.8 20.3
TC 2100 Often 27.5 23.5 31.4
TC 2100 Sometimes 39.5 35.2 43.9
TC 2100 Rarely 15.0 11.2 19.5
TC 2100 Never 2.3 0.9 4.7
TC 2100 Don't Use 0.0 0.0 1.0
TC 2100 No Response 0.0 0.0 1.0
TC 2100 Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
TC 2400 Always 10.5 7.3 14.4
TC 2400 Often 25.5 21.5 29.5
TC 2400 Sometimes 40.2 35.7 44.7
TC 2400 Rarely 18.6 15.0 22.2
TC 2400 Never 2.9 1.4 5.5
TC 2400 Don't Use 2.0 0.7 4.2
TC 2400 No Response 0.3 0.0 1.8
TC 2400 Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
TC 2600 Always 9.9 6.8 13.8
TC 2600 Often 17.5 13.9 21.1
TC 2600 Sometimes 35.0 30.5 39.5
TC 2600 Rarely 29.7 25.4 34.0
TC 2600 Never 5.6 3.3 8.8
TC 2600 Don't Use 1.7 0.5 3.8
TC 2600 No Response 0.7 0.1 2.4
TC 2600 Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
TC 2800 Always 7.3 4.7 10.7
TC 2800 Often 14.3 10.7 18.5
TC 2800 Sometimes 35.3 30.8 39.8
TC 2800 Rarely 30.7 26.4 35.0
TC 2800 Never 5.8 3.5 8.9
TC 2800 Don't Use 4.0 2.1 6.7
TC 2800 No Response 2.7 1.3 5.1
TC 2800 Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
TC 3600 (not business methods) Always 5.4 3.0 8.7
TC 3600 (not business methods) Often 16.1 12.0 21.0
TC 3600 (not business methods) Sometimes 36.2 31.8 40.6
TC 3600 (not business methods) Rarely 29.8 25.6 33.9
TC 3600 (not business methods) Never 9.7 6.5 13.8
TC 3600 (not business methods) Don't Use 2.5 1.0 5.1
TC 3600 (not business methods) No Response 0.4 0.0 2.0
TC 3600 (not business methods) Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
TC 3600 (business methods only) Always 12.2 8.0 17.6
TC 3600 (business methods only) Often 28.4 24.4 32.3
TC 3600 (business methods only) Sometimes 37.4 33.1 41.6
TC 3600 (business methods only) Rarely 18.3 13.2 24.4
TC 3600 (business methods only) Never 1.5 0.3 4.4
TC 3600 (business methods only) Don't Use 2.2 0.7 5.4
TC 3600 (business methods only) No Response 0.0 0.0 1.5
TC 3600 (business methods only) Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
TC 3700 Always 2.8 1.3 5.2
TC 3700 Often 13.5 10.0 17.7
TC 3700 Sometimes 36.2 31.8 40.6
TC 3700 Rarely 35.3 30.9 39.6
TC 3700 Never 9.8 6.8 13.6
TC 3700 Don't Use 2.2 0.9 4.4
TC 3700 No Response 0.3 0.0 1.7
TC 3700 Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
TC 3600 (all) Always 7.6 5.3 10.3
TC 3600 (all) Often 20.0 17.4 22.6
TC 3600 (all) Sometimes 36.6 33.3 39.8
TC 3600 (all) Rarely 26.1 23.1 29.1
TC 3600 (all) Never 7.1 5.0 9.8
TC 3600 (all) Don't Use 2.4 1.2 4.2
TC 3600 (all) No Response 0.2 0.0 1.2
TC 3600 (all) Total 100.0 100.0 100.0

e. NPL in a foreign language

(View question)

Group Response Percent Lower bound,
95 percent
confidence interval
Upper bound,
95 percent
confidence interval
All respondents Always 7.6 6.8 8.4
All respondents Often 12.8 11.7 13.8
All respondents Sometimes 27.1 25.7 28.6
All respondents Rarely 31.1 29.6 32.6
All respondents Never 16.6 15.4 17.7
All respondents Don't Use 3.9 3.2 4.7
All respondents No Response 0.9 0.6 1.4
All respondents Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
<GS-13 Always 5.7 4.2 7.5
<GS-13 Often 10.6 8.8 12.4
<GS-13 Sometimes 26.4 23.8 29.0
<GS-13 Rarely 32.8 30.1 35.5
<GS-13 Never 19.8 17.5 22.1
<GS-13 Don't Use 4.3 3.0 5.9
<GS-13 No Response 0.5 0.1 1.3
<GS-13 Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
GS-13 Always 8.5 6.4 11.0
GS-13 Often 13.9 11.6 16.1
GS-13 Sometimes 25.9 23.0 28.7
GS-13 Rarely 31.3 28.1 34.4
GS-13 Never 16.3 13.8 18.8
GS-13 Don't Use 3.8 2.4 5.7
GS-13 No Response 0.5 0.1 1.4
GS-13 Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
>GS-13 Always 8.5 7.2 9.8
>GS-13 Often 13.8 12.1 15.4
>GS-13 Sometimes 28.2 26.1 30.3
>GS-13 Rarely 29.9 27.7 32.0
>GS-13 Never 14.5 12.9 16.2
>GS-13 Don't Use 3.7 2.7 4.9
>GS-13 No Response 1.4 0.8 2.3
>GS-13 Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
TC 1600 Always 20.0 16.6 23.4
TC 1600 Often 23.5 19.9 27.0
TC 1600 Sometimes 35.9 31.8 39.9
TC 1600 Rarely 16.6 12.5 21.3
TC 1600 Never 2.4 1.0 4.9
TC 1600 Don't Use 1.0 0.2 3.0
TC 1600 No Response 0.7 0.1 2.5
TC 1600 Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
TC 1700 Always 9.6 6.5 13.4
TC 1700 Often 15.9 11.9 20.5
TC 1700 Sometimes 24.9 20.9 28.8
TC 1700 Rarely 33.4 29.1 37.6
TC 1700 Never 12.1 8.7 16.3
TC 1700 Don't Use 4.0 2.1 6.8
TC 1700 No Response 0.3 0.0 1.8
TC 1700 Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
TC 2100 Always 4.3 2.3 7.2
TC 2100 Often 5.9 3.5 9.2
TC 2100 Sometimes 30.8 26.7 35.0
TC 2100 Rarely 34.4 30.2 38.7
TC 2100 Never 19.7 16.1 23.2
TC 2100 Don't Use 3.3 1.6 5.9
TC 2100 No Response 1.6 0.5 3.8
TC 2100 Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
TC 2400 Always 5.5 3.3 8.7
TC 2400 Often 13.4 9.8 17.7
TC 2400 Sometimes 26.7 22.6 30.8
TC 2400 Rarely 32.9 28.6 37.2
TC 2400 Never 15.0 11.2 19.5
TC 2400 Don't Use 6.2 3.8 9.5
TC 2400 No Response 0.3 0.0 1.8
TC 2400 Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
TC 2600 Always 9.5 6.5 13.4
TC 2600 Often 13.2 9.6 17.5
TC 2600 Sometimes 28.6 24.3 32.9
TC 2600 Rarely 29.9 25.6 34.3
TC 2600 Never 14.1 10.4 18.6
TC 2600 Don't Use 3.3 1.6 6.0
TC 2600 No Response 1.3 0.4 3.3
TC 2600 Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
TC 2800 Always 7.8 5.2 11.2
TC 2800 Often 13.8 10.3 18.0
TC 2800 Sometimes 27.3 23.2 31.5
TC 2800 Rarely 29.4 25.2 33.7
TC 2800 Never 17.4 13.9 21.0
TC 2800 Don't Use 2.4 1.0 4.7
TC 2800 No Response 1.8 0.7 3.9
TC 2800 Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
TC 3600 (not business methods) Always 4.3 2.2 7.3
TC 3600 (not business methods) Often 9.6 6.4 13.7
TC 3600 (not business methods) Sometimes 23.5 19.6 27.3
TC 3600 (not business methods) Rarely 34.5 30.2 38.8
TC 3600 (not business methods) Never 22.4 18.6 26.2
TC 3600 (not business methods) Don't Use 5.0 2.8 8.2
TC 3600 (not business methods) No Response 0.7 0.1 2.5
TC 3600 (not business methods) Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
TC 3600 (business methods only) Always 1.6 0.3 4.4
TC 3600 (business methods only) Often 9.7 5.9 14.7
TC 3600 (business methods only) Sometimes 22.6 18.9 26.4
TC 3600 (business methods only) Rarely 32.4 28.2 36.5
TC 3600 (business methods only) Never 27.0 23.1 30.9
TC 3600 (business methods only) Don't Use 6.2 3.3 10.6
TC 3600 (business methods only) No Response 0.6 0.0 2.9
TC 3600 (business methods only) Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
TC 3700 Always 5.2 3.0 8.2
TC 3700 Often 10.4 7.3 14.2
TC 3700 Sometimes 23.5 19.6 27.3
TC 3700 Rarely 34.2 29.8 38.5
TC 3700 Never 21.3 17.6 25.1
TC 3700 Don't Use 5.2 3.0 8.2
TC 3700 No Response 0.3 0.0 1.7
TC 3700 Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
TC 3600 (all) Always 3.4 2.0 5.5
TC 3600 (all) Often 9.6 7.1 12.6
TC 3600 (all) Sometimes 23.2 20.3 26.1
TC 3600 (all) Rarely 33.8 30.6 37.1
TC 3600 (all) Never 23.9 21.0 26.7
TC 3600 (all) Don't Use 5.4 3.5 7.8
TC 3600 (all) No Response 0.7 0.1 1.9
TC 3600 (all) Total 100.0 100.0 100.0

f. Foreign patents

(View question)

Group Response Percent Lower bound,
95 percent
confidence interval
Upper bound,
95 percent
confidence interval
All respondents Always 34.8 33.3 36.2
All respondents Often 31.9 30.4 33.4
All respondents Sometimes 23.5 22.2 24.9
All respondents Rarely 8.2 7.4 9.1
All respondents Never 0.9 0.6 1.4
All respondents Don't Use 0.4 0.2 0.7
All respondents No Response 0.3 0.1 0.6
All respondents Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
<GS-13 Always 29.7 27.1 32.3
<GS-13 Often 35.2 32.4 38.0
<GS-13 Sometimes 25.4 22.9 27.9
<GS-13 Rarely 7.9 6.1 10.0
<GS-13 Never 1.2 0.6 2.3
<GS-13 Don't Use 0.4 0.1 1.1
<GS-13 No Response 0.1 0.0 0.7
<GS-13 Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
GS-13 Always 34.3 31.1 37.4
GS-13 Often 31.6 28.5 34.7
GS-13 Sometimes 22.2 19.4 25.0
GS-13 Rarely 10.5 8.5 12.5
GS-13 Never 1.3 0.5 2.5
GS-13 Don't Use 0.2 0.0 0.9
GS-13 No Response 0.0 0.0 0.5
GS-13 Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
>GS-13 Always 38.4 36.2 40.7
>GS-13 Often 29.8 27.6 31.9
>GS-13 Sometimes 22.9 20.9 24.9
>GS-13 Rarely 7.4 6.2 8.6
>GS-13 Never 0.6 0.2 1.1
>GS-13 Don't Use 0.4 0.1 1.0
>GS-13 No Response 0.6 0.2 1.2
>GS-13 Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
TC 1600 Always 56.1 51.9 60.3
TC 1600 Often 31.1 27.2 35.1
TC 1600 Sometimes 11.8 8.3 16.1
TC 1600 Rarely 0.7 0.1 2.5
TC 1600 Never 0.0 0.0 1.0
TC 1600 Don't Use 0.0 0.0 1.0
TC 1600 No Response 0.4 0.0 1.9
TC 1600 Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
TC 1700 Always 57.9 53.4 62.3
TC 1700 Often 27.0 23.0 31.0
TC 1700 Sometimes 9.8 6.7 13.7
TC 1700 Rarely 4.7 2.6 7.7
TC 1700 Never 0.7 0.1 2.4
TC 1700 Don't Use 0.0 0.0 1.0
TC 1700 No Response 0.0 0.0 1.0
TC 1700 Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
TC 2100 Always 21.1 17.4 24.7
TC 2100 Often 19.1 15.6 22.6
TC 2100 Sometimes 38.8 34.4 43.2
TC 2100 Rarely 18.1 14.6 21.5
TC 2100 Never 2.3 0.9 4.7
TC 2100 Don't Use 0.7 0.1 2.4
TC 2100 No Response 0.0 0.0 1.0
TC 2100 Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
TC 2400 Always 19.3 15.6 22.9
TC 2400 Often 33.0 28.7 37.3
TC 2400 Sometimes 30.7 26.5 35.0
TC 2400 Rarely 13.4 9.8 17.7
TC 2400 Never 2.0 0.7 4.2
TC 2400 Don't Use 1.3 0.4 3.3
TC 2400 No Response 0.3 0.0 1.8
TC 2400 Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
TC 2600 Always 27.4 23.2 31.6
TC 2600 Often 38.6 34.0 43.2
TC 2600 Sometimes 24.8 20.7 28.8
TC 2600 Rarely 8.3 5.4 11.9
TC 2600 Never 0.3 0.0 1.8
TC 2600 Don't Use 0.3 0.0 1.8
TC 2600 No Response 0.3 0.0 1.8
TC 2600 Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
TC 2800 Always 35.8 31.4 40.3
TC 2800 Often 36.1 31.6 40.6
TC 2800 Sometimes 21.4 17.5 25.2
TC 2800 Rarely 5.7 3.5 8.8
TC 2800 Never 0.3 0.0 1.7
TC 2800 Don't Use 0.0 0.0 0.9
TC 2800 No Response 0.6 0.1 2.2
TC 2800 Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
TC 3600 (not business methods) Always 45.4 40.9 49.9
TC 3600 (not business methods) Often 31.6 27.4 35.8
TC 3600 (not business methods) Sometimes 17.4 13.1 22.3
TC 3600 (not business methods) Rarely 5.3 3.0 8.6
TC 3600 (not business methods) Never 0.4 0.0 2.0
TC 3600 (not business methods) Don't Use 0.0 0.0 1.1
TC 3600 (not business methods) No Response 0.0 0.0 1.1
TC 3600 (not business methods) Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
TC 3600 (business methods only) Always 9.6 5.8 14.5
TC 3600 (business methods only) Often 25.3 21.5 29.1
TC 3600 (business methods only) Sometimes 38.5 34.2 42.7
TC 3600 (business methods only) Rarely 21.1 17.5 24.7
TC 3600 (business methods only) Never 3.5 1.4 7.1
TC 3600 (business methods only) Don't Use 2.1 0.6 5.2
TC 3600 (business methods only) No Response 0.0 0.0 1.5
TC 3600 (business methods only) Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
TC 3700 Always 34.7 30.3 39.0
TC 3700 Often 35.3 30.9 39.6
TC 3700 Sometimes 24.2 20.3 28.1
TC 3700 Rarely 4.6 2.6 7.5
TC 3700 Never 0.6 0.1 2.2
TC 3700 Don't Use 0.0 0.0 0.9
TC 3700 No Response 0.6 0.1 2.2
TC 3700 Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
TC 3600 (all) Always 34.1 30.9 37.2
TC 3600 (all) Often 29.6 26.5 32.7
TC 3600 (all) Sometimes 24.0 21.3 26.8
TC 3600 (all) Rarely 10.3 7.7 13.4
TC 3600 (all) Never 1.4 0.5 2.8
TC 3600 (all) Don't Use 0.7 0.1 1.9
TC 3600 (all) No Response 0.0 0.0 0.6
TC 3600 (all) Total 100.0 100.0 100.0

g. Prior US patents and PGPubs (pre-grant publications)

(View question)

Group Response Percent Lower bound,
95 percent
confidence interval
Upper bound,
95 percent
confidence interval
All respondents Always 94.6 93.9 95.3
All respondents Often 4.2 3.5 5.0
All respondents Sometimes 0.8 0.5 1.2
All respondents Rarely 0.1 0.0 0.4
All respondents Never 0.0 0.0 0.2
All respondents Don't Use 0.0 0.0 0.2
All respondents No Response 0.3 0.1 0.5
All respondents Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
<GS-13 Always 93.9 92.0 95.4
<GS-13 Often 4.7 3.4 6.4
<GS-13 Sometimes 0.8 0.3 1.7
<GS-13 Rarely 0.5 0.1 1.2
<GS-13 Never 0.0 0.0 0.4
<GS-13 Don't Use 0.0 0.0 0.4
<GS-13 No Response 0.1 0.0 0.7
<GS-13 Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
GS-13 Always 95.0 92.9 96.6
GS-13 Often 4.5 3.0 6.5
GS-13 Sometimes 0.4 0.1 1.3
GS-13 Rarely 0.0 0.0 0.5
GS-13 Never 0.2 0.0 0.9
GS-13 Don't Use 0.0 0.0 0.5
GS-13 No Response 0.0 0.0 0.5
GS-13 Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
>GS-13 Always 94.9 93.5 96.0
>GS-13 Often 3.7 2.7 4.9
>GS-13 Sometimes 0.9 0.4 1.6
>GS-13 Rarely 0.0 0.0 0.2
>GS-13 Never 0.0 0.0 0.2
>GS-13 Don't Use 0.1 0.0 0.5
>GS-13 No Response 0.5 0.2 1.0
>GS-13 Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
TC 1600 Always 92.8 89.1 95.5
TC 1600 Often 6.6 4.0 10.0
TC 1600 Sometimes 0.3 0.0 1.9
TC 1600 Rarely 0.0 0.0 1.0
TC 1600 Never 0.0 0.0 1.0
TC 1600 Don't Use 0.0 0.0 1.0
TC 1600 No Response 0.3 0.0 1.9
TC 1600 Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
TC 1700 Always 95.7 92.7 97.7
TC 1700 Often 3.1 1.4 5.7
TC 1700 Sometimes 1.0 0.2 2.9
TC 1700 Rarely 0.3 0.0 1.8
TC 1700 Never 0.0 0.0 1.0
TC 1700 Don't Use 0.0 0.0 1.0
TC 1700 No Response 0.0 0.0 1.0
TC 1700 Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
TC 2100 Always 94.8 91.7 97.0
TC 2100 Often 4.2 2.3 7.1
TC 2100 Sometimes 0.3 0.0 1.8
TC 2100 Rarely 0.3 0.0 1.8
TC 2100 Never 0.3 0.0 1.8
TC 2100 Don't Use 0.0 0.0 1.0
TC 2100 No Response 0.0 0.0 1.0
TC 2100 Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
TC 2400 Always 92.2 88.6 94.9
TC 2400 Often 4.6 2.5 7.5
TC 2400 Sometimes 2.3 0.9 4.6
TC 2400 Rarely 0.7 0.1 2.3
TC 2400 Never 0.0 0.0 1.0
TC 2400 Don't Use 0.3 0.0 1.8
TC 2400 No Response 0.0 0.0 1.0
TC 2400 Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
TC 2600 Always 93.8 90.4 96.2
TC 2600 Often 4.9 2.8 8.0
TC 2600 Sometimes 0.7 0.1 2.4
TC 2600 Rarely 0.0 0.0 1.0
TC 2600 Never 0.0 0.0 1.0
TC 2600 Don't Use 0.0 0.0 1.0
TC 2600 No Response 0.7 0.1 2.4
TC 2600 Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
TC 2800 Always 94.3 91.3 96.5
TC 2800 Often 4.5 2.5 7.3
TC 2800 Sometimes 0.6 0.1 2.1
TC 2800 Rarely 0.0 0.0 0.9
TC 2800 Never 0.0 0.0 0.9
TC 2800 Don't Use 0.0 0.0 0.9
TC 2800 No Response 0.6 0.1 2.1
TC 2800 Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
TC 3600 (not business methods) Always 96.1 93.2 98.0
TC 3600 (not business methods) Often 3.2 1.5 6.0
TC 3600 (not business methods) Sometimes 0.7 0.1 2.5
TC 3600 (not business methods) Rarely 0.0 0.0 1.1
TC 3600 (not business methods) Never 0.0 0.0 1.1
TC 3600 (not business methods) Don't Use 0.0 0.0 1.1
TC 3600 (not business methods) No Response 0.0 0.0 1.1
TC 3600 (not business methods) Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
TC 3600 (business methods only) Always 93.2 88.7 96.3
TC 3600 (business methods only) Often 5.7 2.9 9.9
TC 3600 (business methods only) Sometimes 1.1 0.2 3.7
TC 3600 (business methods only) Rarely 0.0 0.0 1.5
TC 3600 (business methods only) Never 0.0 0.0 1.5
TC 3600 (business methods only) Don't Use 0.0 0.0 1.5
TC 3600 (business methods only) No Response 0.0 0.0 1.5
TC 3600 (business methods only) Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
TC 3700 Always 97.3 94.9 98.7
TC 3700 Often 2.4 1.1 4.7
TC 3700 Sometimes 0.0 0.0 0.9
TC 3700 Rarely 0.0 0.0 0.9
TC 3700 Never 0.0 0.0 0.9
TC 3700 Don't Use 0.0 0.0 0.9
TC 3700 No Response 0.3 0.0 1.7
TC 3700 Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
TC 3600 (all) Always 95.2 92.9 96.9
TC 3600 (all) Often 4.0 2.4 6.1
TC 3600 (all) Sometimes 0.8 0.2 2.1
TC 3600 (all) Rarely 0.0 0.0 0.6
TC 3600 (all) Never 0.0 0.0 0.6
TC 3600 (all) Don't Use 0.0 0.0 0.6
TC 3600 (all) No Response 0.0 0.0 0.6
TC 3600 (all) Total 100.0 100.0 100.0

h. Image-based rather than text-based art

(View question)

Group Response Percent Lower bound,
95 percent
confidence interval
Upper bound,
95 percent
confidence interval
All respondents Always 23.0 21.6 24.3
All respondents Often 23.4 22.0 24.8
All respondents Sometimes 23.4 22.1 24.8
All respondents Rarely 17.2 16.1 18.3
All respondents Never 6.6 5.8 7.3
All respondents Don't Use 4.2 3.5 5.1
All respondents No Response 2.2 1.7 2.8
All respondents Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
<GS-13 Always 22.6 20.1 25.0
<GS-13 Often 23.9 21.3 26.4
<GS-13 Sometimes 23.2 20.7 25.6
<GS-13 Rarely 18.0 15.8 20.1
<GS-13 Never 7.5 5.8 9.5
<GS-13 Don't Use 3.1 2.1 4.6
<GS-13 No Response 1.9 1.1 3.0
<GS-13 Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
GS-13 Always 19.5 16.8 22.2
GS-13 Often 25.1 22.1 28.0
GS-13 Sometimes 25.6 22.7 28.5
GS-13 Rarely 18.0 15.5 20.4
GS-13 Never 6.1 4.3 8.3
GS-13 Don't Use 4.0 2.6 5.9
GS-13 No Response 1.8 0.9 3.2
GS-13 Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
>GS-13 Always 24.9 22.8 26.9
>GS-13 Often 22.3 20.3 24.3
>GS-13 Sometimes 22.6 20.6 24.6
>GS-13 Rarely 16.4 14.8 18.0
>GS-13 Never 6.2 5.1 7.2
>GS-13 Don't Use 5.1 3.9 6.5
>GS-13 No Response 2.6 1.8 3.6
>GS-13 Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
TC 1600 Always 7.9 5.1 11.6
TC 1600 Often 9.9 6.8 14.0
TC 1600 Sometimes 23.0 19.4 26.5
TC 1600 Rarely 34.3 30.2 38.2
TC 1600 Never 14.0 10.3 18.6
TC 1600 Don't Use 8.2 5.3 12.0
TC 1600 No Response 2.7 1.2 5.3
TC 1600 Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
TC 1700 Always 17.2 13.2 22.0
TC 1700 Often 26.3 22.4 30.3
TC 1700 Sometimes 24.4 20.5 28.2
TC 1700 Rarely 17.4 13.3 22.1
TC 1700 Never 9.6 6.6 13.5
TC 1700 Don't Use 3.4 1.6 6.0
TC 1700 No Response 1.7 0.6 3.9
TC 1700 Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
TC 2100 Always 16.8 12.8 21.5
TC 2100 Often 17.4 14.0 20.8
TC 2100 Sometimes 25.7 21.7 29.6
TC 2100 Rarely 22.0 18.3 25.8
TC 2100 Never 9.9 6.8 13.8
TC 2100 Don't Use 6.3 3.8 9.6
TC 2100 No Response 2.0 0.7 4.2
TC 2100 Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
TC 2400 Always 11.7 8.3 15.8
TC 2400 Often 16.8 12.8 21.5
TC 2400 Sometimes 30.7 26.5 35.0
TC 2400 Rarely 21.4 17.6 25.1
TC 2400 Never 7.8 5.0 11.3
TC 2400 Don't Use 7.8 5.0 11.3
TC 2400 No Response 3.9 2.0 6.7
TC 2400 Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
TC 2600 Always 21.1 17.2 24.9
TC 2600 Often 25.3 21.2 29.4
TC 2600 Sometimes 28.0 23.7 32.2
TC 2600 Rarely 15.8 11.9 20.4
TC 2600 Never 4.3 2.3 7.2
TC 2600 Don't Use 3.3 1.6 6.0
TC 2600 No Response 2.3 0.9 4.7
TC 2600 Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
TC 2800 Always 30.0 25.7 34.3
TC 2800 Often 34.5 30.1 39.0
TC 2800 Sometimes 18.3 14.7 21.9
TC 2800 Rarely 9.6 6.7 13.3
TC 2800 Never 2.7 1.2 5.1
TC 2800 Don't Use 3.0 1.4 5.5
TC 2800 No Response 1.8 0.7 3.9
TC 2800 Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
TC 3600 (not business methods) Always 37.5 33.1 41.8
TC 3600 (not business methods) Often 24.7 20.8 28.6
TC 3600 (not business methods) Sometimes 18.0 14.6 21.5
TC 3600 (not business methods) Rarely 12.0 8.5 16.4
TC 3600 (not business methods) Never 3.5 1.7 6.4
TC 3600 (not business methods) Don't Use 2.5 1.0 5.0
TC 3600 (not business methods) No Response 1.8 0.6 4.1
TC 3600 (not business methods) Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
TC 3600 (business methods only) Always 6.4 3.5 10.8
TC 3600 (business methods only) Often 6.3 3.3 10.6
TC 3600 (business methods only) Sometimes 15.8 11.0 21.6
TC 3600 (business methods only) Rarely 43.1 38.7 47.4
TC 3600 (business methods only) Never 19.3 14.1 25.5
TC 3600 (business methods only) Don't Use 6.8 3.7 11.3
TC 3600 (business methods only) No Response 2.2 0.7 5.4
TC 3600 (business methods only) Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
TC 3700 Always 39.0 34.6 43.5
TC 3700 Often 27.4 23.4 31.5
TC 3700 Sometimes 22.9 19.0 26.7
TC 3700 Rarely 6.7 4.3 10.0
TC 3700 Never 1.5 0.5 3.5
TC 3700 Don't Use 0.9 0.2 2.7
TC 3700 No Response 1.5 0.5 3.5
TC 3700 Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
TC 3600 (all) Always 27.6 24.6 30.7
TC 3600 (all) Often 18.9 16.1 21.6
TC 3600 (all) Sometimes 17.3 14.7 19.9
TC 3600 (all) Rarely 21.9 19.4 24.3
TC 3600 (all) Never 8.5 6.2 11.4
TC 3600 (all) Don't Use 3.9 2.3 6.0
TC 3600 (all) No Response 1.9 0.9 3.6
TC 3600 (all) Total 100.0 100.0 100.0

i. Sequence ID or chemical formulae

(View question)

Group Response Percent Lower bound,
95 percent
confidence interval
Upper bound,
95 percent
confidence interval
All respondents Always 4.3 3.5 5.1
All respondents Often 6.3 5.7 6.9
All respondents Sometimes 10.0 9.0 10.9
All respondents Rarely 17.3 16.1 18.6
All respondents Never 29.2 27.8 30.7
All respondents Don't Use 30.0 28.6 31.5
All respondents No Response 2.8 2.2 3.5
All respondents Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
<GS-13 Always 2.6 1.6 4.0
<GS-13 Often 3.7 2.5 5.2
<GS-13 Sometimes 10.2 8.5 12.0
<GS-13 Rarely 15.8 13.7 18.0
<GS-13 Never 31.8 29.1 34.5
<GS-13 Don't Use 32.8 30.1 35.5
<GS-13 No Response 3.1 2.0 4.5
<GS-13 Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
GS-13 Always 3.9 2.5 5.7
GS-13 Often 8.8 6.6 11.3
GS-13 Sometimes 9.2 7.0 11.8
GS-13 Rarely 16.2 13.6 18.7
GS-13 Never 30.0 26.9 33.0
GS-13 Don't Use 30.3 27.3 33.4
GS-13 No Response 1.8 0.9 3.2
GS-13 Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
>GS-13 Always 5.6 4.4 7.0
>GS-13 Often 6.9 5.9 7.9
>GS-13 Sometimes 10.2 8.8 11.7
>GS-13 Rarely 18.9 17.0 20.8
>GS-13 Never 27.2 25.1 29.3
>GS-13 Don't Use 28.0 25.9 30.1
>GS-13 No Response 3.2 2.3 4.3
>GS-13 Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
TC 1600 Always 36.6 32.6 40.7
TC 1600 Often 35.3 31.2 39.3
TC 1600 Sometimes 15.8 11.8 20.4
TC 1600 Rarely 6.5 4.0 10.0
TC 1600 Never 3.4 1.7 6.2
TC 1600 Don't Use 1.7 0.6 4.0
TC 1600 No Response 0.7 0.1 2.5
TC 1600 Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
TC 1700 Always 7.1 4.5 10.6
TC 1700 Often 21.5 17.8 25.2
TC 1700 Sometimes 23.8 20.0 27.7
TC 1700 Rarely 26.0 22.1 30.0
TC 1700 Never 10.7 7.5 14.7
TC 1700 Don't Use 10.6 7.4 14.6
TC 1700 No Response 0.3 0.0 1.8
TC 1700 Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
TC 2100 Always 0.3 0.0 1.8
TC 2100 Often 1.0 0.2 2.9
TC 2100 Sometimes 3.0 1.4 5.6
TC 2100 Rarely 10.2 7.1 14.2
TC 2100 Never 38.6 34.2 43.0
TC 2100 Don't Use 41.9 37.5 46.3
TC 2100 No Response 5.0 2.8 8.0
TC 2100 Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
TC 2400 Always 0.3 0.0 1.8
TC 2400 Often 2.0 0.7 4.2
TC 2400 Sometimes 6.9 4.3 10.3
TC 2400 Rarely 12.4 8.9 16.6
TC 2400 Never 31.1 26.8 35.3
TC 2400 Don't Use 43.8 39.2 48.4
TC 2400 No Response 3.6 1.8 6.3
TC 2400 Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
TC 2600 Always 1.0 0.2 2.8
TC 2600 Often 1.0 0.2 2.8
TC 2600 Sometimes 6.9 4.3 10.3
TC 2600 Rarely 13.1 9.5 17.4
TC 2600 Never 31.8 27.4 36.2
TC 2600 Don't Use 40.7 36.0 45.3
TC 2600 No Response 5.6 3.3 8.8
TC 2600 Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
TC 2800 Always 0.9 0.2 2.6
TC 2800 Often 2.7 1.2 5.1
TC 2800 Sometimes 14.1 10.6 18.3
TC 2800 Rarely 30.0 25.7 34.3
TC 2800 Never 27.6 23.4 31.8
TC 2800 Don't Use 22.2 18.3 26.1
TC 2800 No Response 2.4 1.0 4.7
TC 2800 Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
TC 3600 (not business methods) Always 0.7 0.1 2.6
TC 3600 (not business methods) Often 0.7 0.1 2.6
TC 3600 (not business methods) Sometimes 3.9 2.0 6.9
TC 3600 (not business methods) Rarely 12.9 9.2 17.4
TC 3600 (not business methods) Never 41.9 37.5 46.4
TC 3600 (not business methods) Don't Use 38.4 33.9 42.8
TC 3600 (not business methods) No Response 1.4 0.4 3.6
TC 3600 (not business methods) Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
TC 3600 (business methods only) Always 0.0 0.0 1.5
TC 3600 (business methods only) Often 0.4 0.0 2.8
TC 3600 (business methods only) Sometimes 1.7 0.4 4.6
TC 3600 (business methods only) Rarely 8.8 5.2 13.7
TC 3600 (business methods only) Never 50.9 46.5 55.3
TC 3600 (business methods only) Don't Use 33.6 29.5 37.8
TC 3600 (business methods only) No Response 4.5 2.1 8.4
TC 3600 (business methods only) Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
TC 3700 Always 0.6 0.1 2.2
TC 3700 Often 0.3 0.0 1.7
TC 3700 Sometimes 8.0 5.3 11.5
TC 3700 Rarely 19.9 16.3 23.6
TC 3700 Never 35.0 30.6 39.3
TC 3700 Don't Use 34.1 29.7 38.4
TC 3700 No Response 2.2 0.9 4.4
TC 3700 Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
TC 3600 (all) Always 0.5 0.1 1.6
TC 3600 (all) Often 0.6 0.1 1.8
TC 3600 (all) Sometimes 3.2 1.8 5.2
TC 3600 (all) Rarely 11.6 8.9 14.8
TC 3600 (all) Never 44.8 41.4 48.1
TC 3600 (all) Don't Use 36.9 33.6 40.2
TC 3600 (all) No Response 2.4 1.2 4.2
TC 3600 (all) Total 100.0 100.0 100.0

j. Traditional Knowledge collections

(View question)

Group Response Percent Lower bound,
95 percent
confidence interval
Upper bound,
95 percent
confidence interval
All respondents Always 5.4 4.7 6.1
All respondents Often 13.5 12.4 14.6
All respondents Sometimes 25.2 23.8 26.6
All respondents Rarely 18.9 17.6 20.1
All respondents Never 12.5 11.4 13.5
All respondents Don't Use 12.8 11.7 13.9
All respondents No Response 11.7 10.7 12.8
All respondents Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
<GS-13 Always 4.7 3.4 6.4
<GS-13 Often 11.6 9.8 13.5
<GS-13 Sometimes 23.9 21.4 26.3
<GS-13 Rarely 19.8 17.5 22.1
<GS-13 Never 13.7 11.8 15.7
<GS-13 Don't Use 12.6 10.6 14.5
<GS-13 No Response 13.6 11.6 15.6
<GS-13 Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
GS-13 Always 5.2 3.5 7.2
GS-13 Often 13.2 10.8 15.5
GS-13 Sometimes 26.8 23.9 29.8
GS-13 Rarely 17.5 14.9 20.0
GS-13 Never 13.6 11.3 15.9
GS-13 Don't Use 12.5 10.3 14.7
GS-13 No Response 11.2 9.1 13.3
GS-13 Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
>GS-13 Always 6.0 4.8 7.5
>GS-13 Often 14.9 13.2 16.6
>GS-13 Sometimes 25.4 23.3 27.4
>GS-13 Rarely 18.9 17.1 20.7
>GS-13 Never 11.0 9.5 12.5
>GS-13 Don't Use 13.1 11.5 14.6
>GS-13 No Response 10.7 9.2 12.2
>GS-13 Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
TC 1600 Always 10.4 7.1 14.5
TC 1600 Often 14.9 11.0 19.5
TC 1600 Sometimes 29.4 25.6 33.3
TC 1600 Rarely 22.2 18.6 25.7
TC 1600 Never 9.3 6.2 13.3
TC 1600 Don't Use 8.7 5.7 12.5
TC 1600 No Response 5.2 2.9 8.4
TC 1600 Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
TC 1700 Always 6.0 3.6 9.3
TC 1700 Often 13.8 10.1 18.2
TC 1700 Sometimes 23.9 20.0 27.7
TC 1700 Rarely 19.5 16.0 23.1
TC 1700 Never 11.4 8.1 15.5
TC 1700 Don't Use 14.6 10.9 19.1
TC 1700 No Response 10.8 7.5 14.8
TC 1700 Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
TC 2100 Always 5.2 3.0 8.4
TC 2100 Often 14.4 10.6 18.8
TC 2100 Sometimes 30.1 26.0 34.2
TC 2100 Rarely 13.4 9.8 17.7
TC 2100 Never 13.7 10.1 18.1
TC 2100 Don't Use 9.5 6.4 13.3
TC 2100 No Response 13.7 10.1 18.1
TC 2100 Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
TC 2400 Always 6.5 4.0 9.9
TC 2400 Often 14.3 10.6 18.7
TC 2400 Sometimes 27.0 22.9 31.0
TC 2400 Rarely 18.5 14.9 22.1
TC 2400 Never 10.1 6.9 14.0
TC 2400 Don't Use 13.3 9.7 17.6
TC 2400 No Response 10.4 7.2 14.4
TC 2400 Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
TC 2600 Always 6.6 4.1 10.0
TC 2600 Often 16.8 12.8 21.5
TC 2600 Sometimes 26.6 22.5 30.8
TC 2600 Rarely 17.1 13.0 21.8
TC 2600 Never 10.5 7.3 14.5
TC 2600 Don't Use 14.1 10.4 18.6
TC 2600 No Response 8.2 5.4 11.9
TC 2600 Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
TC 2800 Always 3.9 2.1 6.6
TC 2800 Often 15.0 11.4 19.3
TC 2800 Sometimes 26.7 22.6 30.9
TC 2800 Rarely 19.5 15.8 23.2
TC 2800 Never 10.5 7.4 14.3
TC 2800 Don't Use 9.9 6.9 13.6
TC 2800 No Response 14.4 10.8 18.7
TC 2800 Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
TC 3600 (not business methods) Always 3.9 2.0 6.9
TC 3600 (not business methods) Often 8.9 5.8 12.8
TC 3600 (not business methods) Sometimes 17.7 13.5 22.7
TC 3600 (not business methods) Rarely 21.3 17.6 25.0
TC 3600 (not business methods) Never 17.4 13.1 22.3
TC 3600 (not business methods) Don't Use 16.0 11.9 20.8
TC 3600 (not business methods) No Response 14.9 11.0 19.6
TC 3600 (not business methods) Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
TC 3600 (business methods only) Always 4.9 2.3 8.9
TC 3600 (business methods only) Often 9.3 5.6 14.2
TC 3600 (business methods only) Sometimes 22.9 19.2 26.6
TC 3600 (business methods only) Rarely 22.6 18.9 26.2
TC 3600 (business methods only) Never 11.3 7.3 16.6
TC 3600 (business methods only) Don't Use 14.6 10.0 20.2
TC 3600 (business methods only) No Response 14.6 10.0 20.2
TC 3600 (business methods only) Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
TC 3700 Always 3.4 1.7 6.0
TC 3700 Often 10.4 7.3 14.3
TC 3700 Sometimes 20.9 17.2 24.6
TC 3700 Rarely 19.3 15.7 22.9
TC 3700 Never 17.5 14.0 20.9
TC 3700 Don't Use 15.6 11.9 20.1
TC 3700 No Response 12.9 9.4 17.0
TC 3700 Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
TC 3600 (all) Always 4.2 2.6 6.4
TC 3600 (all) Often 9.0 6.6 11.9
TC 3600 (all) Sometimes 19.4 16.7 22.0
TC 3600 (all) Rarely 21.7 18.9 24.5
TC 3600 (all) Never 15.5 13.0 18.0
TC 3600 (all) Don't Use 15.5 13.0 18.0
TC 3600 (all) No Response 14.8 12.4 17.2
TC 3600 (all) Total 100.0 100.0 100.0

k. Other art reference

(View question)

data intentionally omitted


If you responded to "other art reference," please write the other art reference in the box below.

(View question)

data intentionally omitted


7. How easy or difficult is it to obtain relevant art from searches for these types of prior art references?

(View question)

a. Scientific articles or presentations

(View question)

Group Response Percent Lower bound,
95 percent
confidence interval
Upper bound,
95 percent
confidence interval
All respondents Very Easy 7.2 6.4 8.0
All respondents Somewhat Easy 23.1 21.8 24.4
All respondents Neither Easy Nor Difficult 25.3 23.9 26.7
All respondents Somewhat Difficult 26.2 24.7 27.6
All respondents Very Difficult 8.6 7.7 9.5
All respondents Don't Use 5.9 5.1 6.6
All respondents Don't Know 2.3 1.8 3.0
All respondents No Response 1.4 1.0 2.0
All respondents Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
<GS-13 Very Easy 6.3 4.7 8.1
<GS-13 Somewhat Easy 21.3 18.9 23.6
<GS-13 Neither Easy Nor Difficult 26.6 24.1 29.2
<GS-13 Somewhat Difficult 27.7 25.1 30.3
<GS-13 Very Difficult 9.3 7.6 11.0
<GS-13 Don't Use 5.2 3.8 7.0
<GS-13 Don't Know 2.4 1.5 3.7
<GS-13 No Response 1.2 0.5 2.1
<GS-13 Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
GS-13 Very Easy 6.3 4.5 8.6
GS-13 Somewhat Easy 24.2 21.4 27.0
GS-13 Neither Easy Nor Difficult 24.6 21.7 27.5
GS-13 Somewhat Difficult 28.0 25.0 31.1
GS-13 Very Difficult 6.9 5.0 9.3
GS-13 Don't Use 6.4 4.6 8.7
GS-13 Don't Know 2.2 1.2 3.7
GS-13 No Response 1.3 0.5 2.5
GS-13 Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
>GS-13 Very Easy 8.2 7.1 9.4
>GS-13 Somewhat Easy 23.8 21.8 25.7
>GS-13 Neither Easy Nor Difficult 24.7 22.7 26.8
>GS-13 Somewhat Difficult 24.2 22.2 26.3
>GS-13 Very Difficult 8.9 7.5 10.2
>GS-13 Don't Use 6.1 4.8 7.6
>GS-13 Don't Know 2.4 1.6 3.4
>GS-13 No Response 1.7 1.1 2.6
>GS-13 Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
TC 1600 Very Easy 28.2 24.4 32.0
TC 1600 Somewhat Easy 40.2 36.1 44.3
TC 1600 Neither Easy Nor Difficult 16.8 12.7 21.6
TC 1600 Somewhat Difficult 12.4 8.8 16.7
TC 1600 Very Difficult 2.1 0.8 4.4
TC 1600 Don't Use 0.0 0.0 1.0
TC 1600 Don't Know 0.0 0.0 1.0
TC 1600 No Response 0.3 0.0 1.9
TC 1600 Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
TC 1700 Very Easy 7.1 4.5 10.5
TC 1700 Somewhat Easy 34.0 29.8 38.3
TC 1700 Neither Easy Nor Difficult 23.8 20.0 27.6
TC 1700 Somewhat Difficult 25.4 21.5 29.3
TC 1700 Very Difficult 4.7 2.6 7.7
TC 1700 Don't Use 3.4 1.7 6.1
TC 1700 Don't Know 1.7 0.5 3.8
TC 1700 No Response 0.0 0.0 1.0
TC 1700 Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
TC 2100 Very Easy 8.8 5.9 12.6
TC 2100 Somewhat Easy 25.5 21.6 29.4
TC 2100 Neither Easy Nor Difficult 28.8 24.7 32.8
TC 2100 Somewhat Difficult 24.8 21.0 28.7
TC 2100 Very Difficult 7.5 4.8 11.1
TC 2100 Don't Use 1.6 0.5 3.8
TC 2100 Don't Know 1.6 0.5 3.8
TC 2100 No Response 1.3 0.4 3.3
TC 2100 Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
TC 2400 Very Easy 6.2 3.8 9.5
TC 2400 Somewhat Easy 23.1 19.3 27.0
TC 2400 Neither Easy Nor Difficult 30.6 26.4 34.9
TC 2400 Somewhat Difficult 26.1 22.0 30.1
TC 2400 Very Difficult 5.9 3.5 9.1
TC 2400 Don't Use 4.6 2.5 7.5
TC 2400 Don't Know 2.0 0.7 4.2
TC 2400 No Response 1.6 0.5 3.8
TC 2400 Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
TC 2600 Very Easy 4.0 2.1 6.9
TC 2600 Somewhat Easy 22.9 18.9 26.9
TC 2600 Neither Easy Nor Difficult 23.3 19.2 27.3
TC 2600 Somewhat Difficult 32.2 27.8 36.7
TC 2600 Very Difficult 10.0 6.8 13.9
TC 2600 Don't Use 4.7 2.6 7.7
TC 2600 Don't Know 2.0 0.7 4.3
TC 2600 No Response 1.0 0.2 2.9
TC 2600 Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
TC 2800 Very Easy 6.9 4.4 10.2
TC 2800 Somewhat Easy 18.9 15.3 22.6
TC 2800 Neither Easy Nor Difficult 29.1 24.9 33.4
TC 2800 Somewhat Difficult 27.0 22.9 31.2
TC 2800 Very Difficult 8.4 5.7 11.9
TC 2800 Don't Use 5.1 3.0 8.0
TC 2800 Don't Know 1.5 0.5 3.5
TC 2800 No Response 3.0 1.4 5.5
TC 2800 Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
TC 3600 (not business methods) Very Easy 2.1 0.8 4.6
TC 3600 (not business methods) Somewhat Easy 11.0 7.6 15.2
TC 3600 (not business methods) Neither Easy Nor Difficult 21.2 17.5 24.9
TC 3600 (not business methods) Somewhat Difficult 27.9 23.9 32.0
TC 3600 (not business methods) Very Difficult 13.1 9.4 17.6
TC 3600 (not business methods) Don't Use 19.1 15.5 22.6
TC 3600 (not business methods) Don't Know 3.5 1.7 6.4
TC 3600 (not business methods) No Response 2.1 0.8 4.6