Survey on Tribal Implementation of the Sex Offender Registration and Notification Act

U.S. Government Accountability Office

Contents

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Background

• In this questionnaire, we use the word Tribe to refer to any federally-recognized Indian Tribe.
• A Tribe's territory refers to any land held by a Tribe in fee or trust, all land within the limits of an Indian reservation, dependent Indian communities, Indian allotments, any land held in trust by the United States for an Indian Tribe, and any other land over which a Tribe has civil regulatory jurisdiction.
• We use state to refer to the state or states in which a Tribe has territory.

(View question)

1. Within which state(s) does your Tribe have territory?
(Check all that apply.)

(View question)

1. Alabama

Checked Not checked Number of respondents
1 128 129

2. Alaska

Checked Not checked Number of respondents
0 129 129

3. Arizona

Checked Not checked Number of respondents
17 112 129

4. California

Checked Not checked Number of respondents
1 128 129

5. Colorado

Checked Not checked Number of respondents
2 127 129

6. Connecticut

Checked Not checked Number of respondents
1 128 129

7. Florida

Checked Not checked Number of respondents
1 128 129

8. Idaho

Checked Not checked Number of respondents
3 126 129

9. Iowa

Checked Not checked Number of respondents
2 127 129

10. Kansas

Checked Not checked Number of respondents
3 126 129

11. Louisiana

Checked Not checked Number of respondents
2 127 129

12. Maine

Checked Not checked Number of respondents
0 129 129

13. Massachusetts

Checked Not checked Number of respondents
1 128 129

14. Michigan

Checked Not checked Number of respondents
9 120 129

15. Minnesota

Checked Not checked Number of respondents
2 127 129

16. Mississippi

Checked Not checked Number of respondents
1 128 129

17. Montana

Checked Not checked Number of respondents
3 126 129

18. Nebraska

Checked Not checked Number of respondents
3 126 129

19. Nevada

Checked Not checked Number of respondents
7 122 129

20. New Mexico

Checked Not checked Number of respondents
15 114 129

21. New York

Checked Not checked Number of respondents
4 125 129

22. North Carolina

Checked Not checked Number of respondents
1 128 129

23. North Dakota

Checked Not checked Number of respondents
4 125 129

24. Oklahoma

Checked Not checked Number of respondents
24 105 129

25. Oregon

Checked Not checked Number of respondents
2 127 129

26. Rhode Island

Checked Not checked Number of respondents
1 128 129

27. South Carolina

Checked Not checked Number of respondents
0 129 129

28. South Dakota

Checked Not checked Number of respondents
4 125 129

29. Texas

Checked Not checked Number of respondents
1 128 129

30. Utah

Checked Not checked Number of respondents
3 126 129

31. Washington

Checked Not checked Number of respondents
21 108 129

32. Wisconsin

Checked Not checked Number of respondents
1 128 129

33. Wyoming

Checked Not checked Number of respondents
1 128 129

2. Which option(s) describes the entity responsible for the law enforcement services on your Tribe's territory?
(Check all that apply.)

(View question)

1. Tribal police department

Checked Not checked Number of respondents
109 20 129

2. Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA) police

Checked Not checked Number of respondents
24 105 129

3. State police department, county sheriff's office, or other local police department

Checked Not checked Number of respondents
17 112 129

4. Don't know

Checked Not checked Number of respondents
2 127 129

5. Other

Checked Not checked Number of respondents
5 124 129

If you answered "Other" above, please describe the entity responsible for law enforcement in the box below.

(View question)

Data intentionally not reported


2a. How many full and part time employees (sworn officers and civilians) does your Tribal police department have?
Enter numeric digits for each category; enter "0" if no employees in a category.

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a. Number of Full time sworn officers

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Number of employees

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Mean Median Minimum Maximum Number
of respondents
20.0 12 1 227 102

Check here if you don't know

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1.

Checked Not checked Number of respondents
5 124 129

b. Number of Part time sworn officers

(View question)

Number of employees

(View question)

Mean Median Minimum Maximum Number
of respondents
0.6 0 0 8 85

Check here if you don't know

(View question)

1.

Checked Not checked Number of respondents
6 123 129

c. Number of Full time civilian (i.e., not sworn) employees

(View question)

Number of employees

(View question)

Mean Median Minimum Maximum Number
of respondents
8.8 3 0 104 94

Check here if you don't know

(View question)

1.

Checked Not checked Number of respondents
6 123 129

d. Number of Part time civilian (i.e., not sworn) employees

(View question)

Number of employees

(View question)

Mean Median Minimum Maximum Number
of respondents
0.4 0 0 3 76

Check here if you don't know

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1.

Checked Not checked Number of respondents
8 121 129

2b. What was the information source(s) for the number of employees reported above?

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Data intentionally not reported


Sex Offender Registration

3. How many sex offenders are currently registered as living, working, or attending school on your Tribe's territory?
Enter numeric digits; enter "0" if no sex offenders.

(View question)

Total number of registered sex offenders

(View question)

Mean Median Minimum Maximum Total Number
of Offenders
Number
of respondents
18.1 5 0 394 2,167 120

Check here if you don't know

(View question)

1.

Checked Not checked Number of respondents
7 122 129

4. Of the sex offenders currently registered on your Tribe's territory, how many are enrolled members or citizens of your Tribe, how many are enrolled members or citizens of other Tribes, and how many are non-Indians who are not enrolled members or citizens?
Enter numeric digits for each category; enter "0" if no sex offenders in a category.

(View question)

a. Enrolled members or citizens of your Tribe

(View question)

Number of registered sex offenders

(View question)

Mean Median Minimum Maximum Number
of respondents
22.6 5 0 950 116

Check here if you don't know

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1.

Checked Not checked Number of respondents
12 117 129

b. Enrolled members or citizens of another Tribe

(View question)

Number of registered sex offenders

(View question)

Mean Median Minimum Maximum Number
of respondents
1.2 0 0 14 106

Check here if you don't know

(View question)

1.

Checked Not checked Number of respondents
16 113 129

c. Non-Indians who are not enrolled members or citizens of your Tribe

(View question)

Number of registered sex offenders

(View question)

Mean Median Minimum Maximum Number
of respondents
3.5 0 0 160 107

Check here if you don't know

(View question)

1.

Checked Not checked Number of respondents
12 117 129

5. How many of the sex offenders currently registered as living, working, or attending school on your Tribe's territory were convicted of committing a sex offense against a minor?
Enter numeric digits; enter "0" if no sex offenders.

(View question)

Total number of registered sex offenders

(View question)

Mean Median Minimum Maximum Number
of respondents
13.1 3 0 331 112

Check here if you don't know

(View question)

1.

Checked Not checked Number of respondents
16 113 129

6. Of the sex offenders currently registered on your Tribe's territory convicted of committing a sex offense against a minor, how many are enrolled members or citizens of your Tribe, how many are enrolled members or citizens of other Tribes, and how many are non-Indians who are not enrolled members or citizens?
Enter numeric digits for each category; enter "0" if no sex offenders in a category.

(View question)

a. Enrolled members or citizens of your Tribe convicted of offense against minor

(View question)

Number of registered sex offenders

(View question)

Mean Median Minimum Maximum Number
of respondents
10.9 4 0 319 108

Check here if you don't know

(View question)

1.

Checked Not checked Number of respondents
19 110 129

b. Enrolled members or citizens of another Tribe convicted of offense against minor

(View question)

Number of registered sex offenders

(View question)

Mean Median Minimum Maximum Number
of respondents
1.0 0 0 20 101

Check here if you don't know

(View question)

1.

Checked Not checked Number of respondents
19 110 129

c. Non-Indians who are not enrolled members or citizens of your Tribe convicted of offense against minor

(View question)

Number of registered sex offenders

(View question)

Mean Median Minimum Maximum Number
of respondents
0.9 0 0 19 101

Check here if you don't know

(View question)

1.

Checked Not checked Number of respondents
16 113 129

7. What was the information source(s) for the numbers of registered sex offenders reported above?
(Check all that apply.)

(View question)

1. Your Tribe's sex offender registration and notification system

Checked Not checked Number of respondents
92 37 129

2. The state's sex offender registration and notification system

Checked Not checked Number of respondents
32 97 129

3. Documentation obtained from state or local law enforcement

Checked Not checked Number of respondents
29 100 129

4. Knowledge or memory

Checked Not checked Number of respondents
37 92 129

5. Other

Checked Not checked Number of respondents
6 123 129

If you answered "Other" above, please specify the information source.

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Data intentionally not reported


8. Prior to the enactment of SORNA in 2006, did your Tribe have a sex offender registration and notification system in place?

(View question)

Yes No Don't know Number of respondents
13 113 3 129

Please describe the primary differences, if any, between SORNA requirements for registration and notification and the requirements your Tribe previously had in place.

(View question)

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SMART Office Evaluation of Tribe's Implementation of SORNA

9. The Department of Justice's (DOJ) Office of Sex Offender Sentencing, Monitoring, Apprehending, Registering, and Tracking (SMART Office) is responsible for, among other things, administering the standards for SORNA, which includes reviewing and advising the efforts of covered jurisdictions to implement the requirements of the law.

Has your Tribe submitted an implementation package to the SMART Office for review?

(View question)

Yes No Number of respondents
108 19 127

Please explain why your Tribe has not submitted a package in the box below.

(View question)

Data intentionally not reported


C. When does your Tribe expect to submit or resubmit a complete implementation package to the SMART Office for review?

(View question)

By the end of
calendar year
2014
In calendar year
2015 or later

Do not expect
to submit or
resubmit a complete
package
Don't know


Number of respondents
14 2 0 3 19

A. How long did it take for your Tribe to prepare its substantial implementation package and submit it to the SMART Office?
Enter numeric digits for years and months as needed; enter "0" in Years and appropriate number in Months if time was less than a year.

(View question)

Years

(View question)

Mean Median Minimum Maximum Number
of respondents
2.3 2 0 6 90

Months

(View question)

Mean Median Minimum Maximum Number
of respondents
4.4 5 0 13 54

B. What is the current status of the SMART Office's review of your Tribe's implementation package?

(View question)

Evaluation complete - SMART Office determined that the Tribe has substantially implemented SORNA Evaluation complete - SMART Office determined that the Tribe has not substantially implemented SORNA Implementation package submitted to SMART Office - Tribe working to address problems identified by SMART Office Implementation package submitted to SMART Office - Tribe is waiting on the SMART Office to complete its review Don't know Number of respondents
59 1 20 23 5 108

C. When does your Tribe expect to submit or resubmit a complete implementation package to the SMART Office for review?

(View question)

By the end of
calendar year
2014
In calendar year
2015 or later

Do not expect
to submit or
resubmit a complete
package
Don't know


Number of respondents
17 1 2 1 21

10. The SMART Office has issued guidance, including its Substantial Implementation Checklist, stipulating the documents that Tribes must include in their packages to demonstrate that they have substantially implemented SORNA.

In your opinion, how useful, if at all, are the following documents for helping your Tribe to understand SMART Office requirements for substantial implementation?

(View question)

a. Substantial Implementation Checklist

(View question)

Very useful
Moderately useful Slightly useful Not at all useful Don't know
Not applicable Number of respondents
91 29 3 0 6 0 129

b. Model Tribal Sex Offender Registration and Notification Code

(View question)

Very useful
Moderately useful Slightly useful Not at all useful Don't know
Not applicable Number of respondents
80 40 3 0 6 0 129

c. Sex Offender Policies and Procedures Guide

(View question)

Very useful
Moderately useful Slightly useful Not at all useful Don't know
Not applicable Number of respondents
74 39 5 2 6 2 128

d. Sex offender registration and notification forms (i.e., sex offender acknowledgement form)

(View question)

Very useful
Moderately useful Slightly useful Not at all useful Don't know
Not applicable Number of respondents
76 34 5 3 8 2 128

If you answered "Slightly useful" or "Not at all useful" to any of the above, please describe why the guidance was not useful and provide suggestions, if any, for improving the usefulness of the guidance.

(View question)

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11. In your opinion, how clear, if at all, are the requirements that the SMART Office states Tribes must meet for the office to determine the Tribe has substantially implemented SORNA?

(View question)

Very clear
Moderately clear Slightly clear Not at all clear Don't know
Number of respondents
57 60 4 5 3 129

12. How responsive, if at all, has the SMART Office been to your questions regarding substantial implementation requirements?

(View question)

Very responsive



Moderately responsive



Slightly responsive



Not at all responsive



We have not asked
the SMART Office
questions regarding
requirements
Don't know



Number of respondents
106 11 4 0 4 4 129

13. If you would like to comment further on any of your answers in this section of the questionnaire on the SMART Office's evaluation of SORNA implementation, please do so in the space below.

(View question)

Data intentionally not reported


Tribe and Territory Sex Offender Registry System (TTSORS)

14. Does your Tribe use the Tribe and Territory Sex Offender Registry System (TTSORS)?

(View question)

Yes No Don't know Number of respondents
99 24 5 128

Why doesn't your Tribe use TTSORS?

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Data intentionally not reported


A. How easy or difficult is it for your Tribe to use TTSORS to register sex offenders?

(View question)

Very easy
Somewhat easy
Neither easy
nor difficult
Somewhat difficult
Very difficult
Don't know
Number of respondents
55 25 7 1 0 9 97

B. Please explain why TTSORS is easy or difficult to use.

(View question)

Data intentionally not reported


Challenges to Implementing SORNA

15. Listed in the table below are factors that may or may not have affected your Tribe's ability to substantially implement SORNA. For each of the factors, please indicate whether or not it applies to your Tribe, and if so, the extent to which it has been a challenge, if at all, to your Tribe's efforts to substantially implement SORNA.

(View question)

a. Tribe has territory in a state that has not or does not plan to substantially implement SORNA

(View question)

Is this factor applicable to your Tribe?

(View question)

Yes No Don't know Number of respondents
44 72 13 129

IF YES: To what extent has this factor been a challenge to your Tribe's SORNA implementation efforts?

(View question)

Major challenge Minor challenge Not a challenge Number of respondents
13 20 8 41

b. Tribe has territory in more than one state

(View question)

Is this factor applicable to your Tribe?

(View question)

Yes No Don't know Number of respondents
16 109 2 127

IF YES: To what extent has this factor been a challenge to your Tribe's SORNA implementation efforts?

(View question)

Major challenge Minor challenge Not a challenge Number of respondents
1 6 7 14

c. Tribe has territory beyond the U.S. border

(View question)

Is this factor applicable to your Tribe?

(View question)

Yes No Don't know Number of respondents
2 123 2 127

IF YES: To what extent has this factor been a challenge to your Tribe's SORNA implementation efforts?

(View question)

Major challenge Minor challenge Not a challenge Number of respondents
1 0 1 2

d. Tribe disagrees with certain SORNA provisions

(View question)

Is this factor applicable to your Tribe?

(View question)

Yes No Don't know Number of respondents
13 105 10 128

IF YES: To what extent has this factor been a challenge to your Tribe's SORNA implementation efforts?

(View question)

Major challenge Minor challenge Not a challenge Number of respondents
4 9 0 13

e. Tribe has not had sufficient time to implement SORNA

(View question)

Is this factor applicable to your Tribe?

(View question)

Yes No Don't know Number of respondents
16 106 6 128

IF YES: To what extent has this factor been a challenge to your Tribe's SORNA implementation efforts?

(View question)

Major challenge Minor challenge Not a challenge Number of respondents
7 5 1 13

f. Tribe has had difficulty developing or updating the Tribal Code and/or Tribal Policies and Procedures Manual to comply with SORNA

(View question)

Is this factor applicable to your Tribe?

(View question)

Yes No Don't know Number of respondents
33 91 4 128

IF YES: To what extent has this factor been a challenge to your Tribe's SORNA implementation efforts?

(View question)

Major challenge Minor challenge Not a challenge Number of respondents
15 15 1 31

g. Tribe has had difficulty reconciling SORNA requirements with previous Tribal sex offender registration and notification system

(View question)

Is this factor applicable to your Tribe?

(View question)

Yes No Don't know Number of respondents
7 113 7 127

IF YES: To what extent has this factor been a challenge to your Tribe's SORNA implementation efforts?

(View question)

Major challenge Minor challenge Not a challenge Number of respondents
4 3 0 7

h. State or local partners do not consistently share information about registered sex offenders with the Tribe, or the information shared is limited

(View question)

Is this factor applicable to your Tribe?

(View question)

Yes No Don't know Number of respondents
34 84 10 128

IF YES: To what extent has this factor been a challenge to your Tribe's SORNA implementation efforts?

(View question)

Major challenge Minor challenge Not a challenge Number of respondents
18 14 1 33

i. Federal partners do not consistently share information about registered sex offenders with the Tribe, or the information shared is limited

(View question)

Is this factor applicable to your Tribe?

(View question)

Yes No Don't know Number of respondents
23 85 19 127

IF YES: To what extent has this factor been a challenge to your Tribe's SORNA implementation efforts?

(View question)

Major challenge Minor challenge Not a challenge Number of respondents
13 9 1 23

j. State prisons do not notify the Tribe when they release sex offenders to the Tribe's territory

(View question)

Is this factor applicable to your Tribe?

(View question)

Yes No Don't know Number of respondents
41 59 28 128

IF YES: To what extent has this factor been a challenge to your Tribe's SORNA implementation efforts?

(View question)

Major challenge Minor challenge Not a challenge Number of respondents
21 15 2 38

k. Federal prisons do not notify the Tribe when they release sex offenders to the Tribe's territory

(View question)

Is this factor applicable to your Tribe?

(View question)

Yes No Don't know Number of respondents
29 70 29 128

IF YES: To what extent has this factor been a challenge to your Tribe's SORNA implementation efforts?

(View question)

Major challenge Minor challenge Not a challenge Number of respondents
17 10 0 27

l. Tribe cannot query the National Crime Information Center (NCIC) or the National Sex Offender Registry (NSOR) for sex offender-related information

(View question)

Is this factor applicable to your Tribe?

(View question)

Yes No Don't know Number of respondents
20 99 9 128

IF YES: To what extent has this factor been a challenge to your Tribe's SORNA implementation efforts?

(View question)

Major challenge Minor challenge Not a challenge Number of respondents
15 3 0 18

m. Tribe cannot submit sex offender-related information to NCIC or NSOR

(View question)

Is this factor applicable to your Tribe?

(View question)

Yes No Don't know Number of respondents
39 77 11 127

IF YES: To what extent has this factor been a challenge to your Tribe's SORNA implementation efforts?

(View question)

Major challenge Minor challenge Not a challenge Number of respondents
27 12 0 39

n. Tribe has had difficulty covering the costs associated with implementing SORNA

(View question)

Is this factor applicable to your Tribe?

(View question)

Yes No Don't know Number of respondents
34 88 6 128

IF YES: To what extent has this factor been a challenge to your Tribe's SORNA implementation efforts?

(View question)

Major challenge Minor challenge Not a challenge Number of respondents
21 10 2 33

o. Tribe has insufficient staff to implement SORNA or maintain the Tribe's sex offender registry

(View question)

Is this factor applicable to your Tribe?

(View question)

Yes No Don't know Number of respondents
38 87 3 128

IF YES: To what extent has this factor been a challenge to your Tribe's SORNA implementation efforts?

(View question)

Major challenge Minor challenge Not a challenge Number of respondents
21 15 0 36

p. Tribe does not think the SMART Office guidance is useful

(View question)

Is this factor applicable to your Tribe?

(View question)

Yes No Don't know Number of respondents
2 121 6 129

IF YES: To what extent has this factor been a challenge to your Tribe's SORNA implementation efforts?

(View question)

Major challenge Minor challenge Not a challenge Number of respondents
1 0 1 2

q. Tribe does not think the SMART Office requirements for substantial implementation are clear

(View question)

Is this factor applicable to your Tribe?

(View question)

Yes No Don't know Number of respondents
9 113 5 127

IF YES: To what extent has this factor been a challenge to your Tribe's SORNA implementation efforts?

(View question)

Major challenge Minor challenge Not a challenge Number of respondents
3 5 1 9

r. Tribe had to revise its substantial implementation package in response to SMART Office changes to substantial implementation requirements

(View question)

Is this factor applicable to your Tribe?

(View question)

Yes No Don't know Number of respondents
41 73 15 129

IF YES: To what extent has this factor been a challenge to your Tribe's SORNA implementation efforts?

(View question)

Major challenge Minor challenge Not a challenge Number of respondents
6 25 10 41

s. Tribe had to revise its substantial implementation package in response to SMART Office changes to the documentation Tribes must include in their packages

(View question)

Is this factor applicable to your Tribe?

(View question)

Yes No Don't know Number of respondents
32 77 17 126

IF YES: To what extent has this factor been a challenge to your Tribe's SORNA implementation efforts?

(View question)

Major challenge Minor challenge Not a challenge Number of respondents
7 16 8 31

t. Other factor (specify below)

(View question)

Is this factor applicable to your Tribe?

(View question)

Yes No Don't know Number of respondents
10 67 11 88

IF YES: To what extent has this factor been a challenge to your Tribe's SORNA implementation efforts?

(View question)

Major challenge Minor challenge Not a challenge Number of respondents
6 4 0 10

If other factors affected your ability to substantially implement SORNA, please describe.

(View question)

Data intentionally not reported


16. For each major or minor challenge identified above, please describe how it affected your Tribe's ability to implement SORNA.

(View question)

Data intentionally not reported


17. For each major or minor challenge identified above, what, if anything, could DOJ, the SMART Office, or BIA do to address it?

(View question)

Data intentionally not reported


18. For each major or minor challenge identified above, what, if anything, is your Tribe doing (or did your Tribe do) to address it?

(View question)

Data intentionally not reported


19. If you would like to comment further on any of your answers in this section of the questionnaire on challenges with SORNA implementation, please do so in the space below.

(View question)

Data intentionally not reported


Effects of SORNA Implementation

20. How much of a change, if any, has your Tribe observed with regard to information sharing with local, state, or federal law enforcement agencies since the enactment of SORNA in 2006 ?

(View question)

a. Information sharing between the Tribe and state law enforcement

(View question)

Greatly increased
Somewhat increased Stayed about
the same
Somewhat decreased Greatly decreased
Don't know
Number of respondents
41 29 49 2 0 8 129

b. Information sharing between the Tribe and local law enforcement

(View question)

Greatly increased
Somewhat increased Stayed about
the same
Somewhat decreased Greatly decreased
Don't know
Number of respondents
39 40 40 2 0 8 129

c. Information sharing between the Tribe and BIA law enforcement

(View question)

Greatly increased
Somewhat increased Stayed about
the same
Somewhat decreased Greatly decreased
Don't know
Number of respondents
15 25 61 2 3 23 129

d. Information sharing between the Tribe and the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI)

(View question)

Greatly increased
Somewhat increased Stayed about
the same
Somewhat decreased Greatly decreased
Don't know
Number of respondents
20 36 54 0 1 18 129

e. Information sharing between the Tribe and the U.S. Marshals Service

(View question)

Greatly increased
Somewhat increased Stayed about
the same
Somewhat decreased Greatly decreased
Don't know
Number of respondents
31 27 47 0 1 23 129

f. Information sharing between the Tribe and the U.S. Attorney's Office

(View question)

Greatly increased
Somewhat increased Stayed about
the same
Somewhat decreased Greatly decreased
Don't know
Number of respondents
28 29 50 1 0 19 127

21. Please elaborate on how, if at all, the enactment of SORNA has changed information sharing with local, state, or federal law enforcement agencies.

(View question)

Data intentionally not reported


22. What other positive or negative changes, if any, have you observed or expect to observe from implementing SORNA on your Tribe's territory? (This could include changes in law enforcement resources, monitoring and registering sex offenders, etc.)

(View question)

Data intentionally not reported


Federal, State, and Local Assistance to Implement SORNA

23. Has your Tribe received any assistance, other than funding, from the SMART Office to help implement SORNA?

(View question)

Yes No Don't know Number of respondents
69 45 15 129

A. What type(s) of assistance, other than funding, did your Tribe receive from the SMART Office to help implement SORNA?

(View question)

Data intentionally not reported


B. How useful, if at all, has this assistance from the SMART Office been to your Tribe's efforts to implement SORNA?

(View question)

Very useful
Moderately useful Slightly useful Not at all useful Don't know
Number of respondents
58 10 1 0 0 69

24. What, if any, additional assistance would you like to receive from the SMART Office to help implement SORNA?

(View question)

Data intentionally not reported


25. Has your Tribe received any assistance, other than funding, from BIA to help implement SORNA?

(View question)

Yes No Don't know Number of respondents
7 102 20 129

A. What type(s) of assistance, other than funding, did your Tribe receive from BIA to help implement SORNA?

(View question)

Data intentionally not reported


B. How useful, if at all, has this assistance from BIA been to your Tribe's efforts to implement SORNA?

(View question)

Very useful
Moderately useful Slightly useful Not at all useful Don't know
Number of respondents
7 0 0 0 0 7

26. What, if any, additional assistance would you like to receive from BIA to help implement SORNA?

(View question)

Data intentionally not reported


27. Has your Tribe received any assistance, funding or otherwise, from the U.S. Marshals Service to help implement and enforce SORNA (e.g., to investigate failure to register cases)?

(View question)

Yes No Don't know Number of respondents
33 85 11 129

A. What type(s) of assistance, funding or otherwise, did your Tribe receive from the U.S. Marshals Service to help implement SORNA?

(View question)

Data intentionally not reported


B. How useful, if at all, has this assistance from the U.S. Marshals Service been to your Tribe's efforts to implement SORNA?

(View question)

Very useful
Moderately useful Slightly useful Not at all useful Don't know
Number of respondents
22 8 1 0 0 31

28. What, if any, additional assistance would you like to receive from the U.S. Marshals Service to help implement and enforce SORNA?

(View question)

Data intentionally not reported


29. Has your Tribe received any assistance, funding or otherwise, from a state or local law enforcement agency to help implement SORNA?

(View question)

Yes No Don't know Number of respondents
33 83 10 126

A. What type(s) of assistance, funding or otherwise, did your Tribe receive from a state or local law enforcement agency to help implement SORNA?

(View question)

Data intentionally not reported


B. How useful, if at all, has this assistance from a state or local law enforcement agency been to your Tribe's efforts to implement SORNA?

(View question)

Very useful
Moderately useful Slightly useful Not at all useful Don't know
Number of respondents
21 5 4 1 1 32

30. Does your Tribe have an agreement with a state or local law enforcement agency regarding how, if at all, that agency will assist your Tribe with implementing SORNA?

(View question)

Yes No Don't know Number of respondents
46 67 16 129

Please provide the name of each state or local law enforcement agency with which your Tribe has an agreement, as well as the contact information - preferably name, email address, and phone number, if available - for a representative from the agency.

(View question)

Data intentionally not reported


31. What, if any, additional assistance would you like to receive from a state or local law enforcement agency to help implement SORNA?

(View question)

Data intentionally not reported


Tribal Access to the National Crime Information Center (NCIC) and the National Sex offender Registry (NSOR)

32. To implement SORNA, jurisdictions need to submit information on sex offenders to the National Sex Offender Registry (NSOR), which is a subfile of the National Crime Information Center (NCIC). NSOR, unlike the national sex offender public website, is generally available only to law enforcement agencies and is maintained by the FBI. The questions in this survey section ask about whether your Tribe can query and submit sex offender-related information to NSOR and how your Tribe queries and submits information, in general, to NCIC. We are particularly interested in whether your Tribe has direct access to NCIC or indirect access, in which case the Tribe must rely on the assistance of another law enforcement agency.

Does your Tribe, either on its own or with the assistance of another law enforcement agency, query or search the National Sex Offender Registry (NSOR) for sex offender information?

(View question)

Yes No Don't know Number of respondents
98 12 18 128

A. Why does your Tribe not query, or search, NSOR for sex offender information?

(View question)

Data intentionally not reported


B. How, if at all, has not querying, or searching, NSOR for sex offender information affected your Tribe's ability to implement SORNA?

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33. Does your Tribe, either on its own or with the assistance of another law enforcement agency, submit information about sex offenders who are registered with your Tribe to the National Sex Offender Registry (NSOR)?

(View question)

Yes



No



Don't know



Not applicable,
my Tribe does
not have any
registered sex
offenders
Number of respondents
79 15 16 18 128

A. Why does your Tribe not submit sex offender information to NSOR?

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Data intentionally not reported


B. How, if at all, has not submitting sex offender information to NSOR affected your Tribe's ability to implement SORNA?

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34. Law enforcement agencies may search the National Crime Information Center (NCIC) to determine if a particular individual has a criminal history, such as whether the individual was convicted of committing a crime, or if the individual is missing, wanted, or has a warrant out for his or her arrest. In addition, agencies may search NCIC for information on stolen property.


Can your Tribe currently query, or search, the National Crime Information Center (NCIC) without the assistance of federal, state, local, or other Tribal law enforcement agencies?

(View question)

Yes No Don't know Number of respondents
86 33 9 128

A. How does your Tribe currently query, or search, NCIC?

(View question)

Tribal officers use the Tribe's terminal to query NCIC (access provided by the state) Tribal officers use the Tribe's terminal to query NCIC (access provided through DOJ's JUSTNET) Tribal officers use BIA's terminal to query NCIC Tribal officers use a county Sheriff or other local police department terminal to query NCIC Other Don't know Number of respondents
56 6 3 12 7 2 86

What other way does your Tribe query, or search, NCIC?

(View question)

Data intentionally not reported


B. Does another law enforcement agency currently query, or search, NCIC on behalf of your Tribe?

(View question)

Yes - BIA queries NCIC on behalf of the Tribe Yes - county Sheriff or other local police officers query NCIC on behalf of the Tribe No Other Don't know Number of respondents
7 17 10 3 5 42

What other law enforcement agency queries NCIC on behalf of your Tribe?

(View question)

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C. Which of the following are reasons why your Tribe cannot query NCIC without the assistance of federal, state, local, or Tribal law enforcement agencies?
(Check all that apply.)

(View question)

1. Tribe does not have Tribal (non-BIA) officers or a Tribal law enforcement entity

Checked Not checked Number of respondents
7 36 43

2. State statutes, laws, or policies do not permit Tribal officers to query NCIC through state criminal database(s)

Checked Not checked Number of respondents
4 39 43

3. Tribe does not meet Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) requirements for direct access (e.g., Tribe does not have a recognized law enforcement or criminal justice agency) or for an originating agency identification (ORI) number

Checked Not checked Number of respondents
5 38 43

4. Associated costs, such as installing a T1 line (a type of copper or fiber optic telephone line) are too high

Checked Not checked Number of respondents
9 34 43

5. Tribe has not requested access

Checked Not checked Number of respondents
9 34 43

6. Other

Checked Not checked Number of respondents
11 32 43

Please identify the specific FBI requirements your Tribe does not meet.

(View question)

Data intentionally not reported


What are other reasons your Tribe cannot query NCIC?

(View question)

Data intentionally not reported


D. How, if at all, has your Tribe's inability to query NCIC without the assistance of federal, state, local, or other Tribal agencies affected your Tribe's ability to implement and enforce SORNA?

(View question)

Data intentionally not reported


35. Can your Tribe currently submit information to NCIC without the assistance of federal, state, local or other Tribal law enforcement agencies?

(View question)

Yes No Don't know Number of respondents
57 58 13 128

A. How does your Tribe currently submit information to NCIC?

(View question)

Tribal officers use the Tribe's terminal to submit information to NCIC (access provided by the state) Tribal officers use the Tribe's terminal to submit information to NCIC (access provided through DOJ's JUSTNET) Tribal officers use BIA's terminal to submit information to NCIC Tribal officers use a county Sheriff or other local police department terminal to submit information to NCIC Other Don't know Number of respondents
43 4 1 4 4 1 57

What other way does your Tribe submit information to NCIC?

(View question)

Data intentionally not reported


B. Does another law enforcement agency currently submit information to NCIC on behalf of your Tribe?

(View question)

Yes - BIA submits information to NCIC on behalf of the Tribe Yes - county Sheriff or other local police officers submit information to NCIC on behalf of the Tribe No Other Don't know Number of respondents
7 28 20 5 10 70

What other law enforcement agency submits information to NCIC on behalf of your Tribe?

(View question)

Data intentionally not reported


C. Which of the following are reasons why your Tribe cannot submit information to NCIC without the assistance of federal, state or local law enforcement officers or agencies?
(Check all that apply.)

(View question)

1. Tribe does not have Tribal (non-BIA) officers or a Tribal law enforcement entity

Checked Not checked Number of respondents
7 65 72

2. State statutes, laws, or policies do not permit Tribal officers to submit information to NCIC through state criminal database(s)

Checked Not checked Number of respondents
12 60 72

3. Tribe does not meet Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) requirements for direct access (e.g., Tribe does not have a recognized law enforcement or criminal justice agency) or for an originating agency identification (ORI) number

Checked Not checked Number of respondents
6 66 72

4. Associated costs, such as installing a T1 line (a type of copper or fiber optic telephone line) are too high

Checked Not checked Number of respondents
10 62 72

5. Tribe has not requested access

Checked Not checked Number of respondents
15 57 72

6. Other

Checked Not checked Number of respondents
18 54 72

Please identify the specific FBI requirements your Tribe does not meet.

(View question)

Data intentionally not reported


What are other reasons your Tribe cannot submit information to NCIC?

(View question)

Data intentionally not reported


D. How, if at all, has your Tribe's inability to submit information to NCIC without the assistance of federal, state, local, or other Tribal agencies affected your Tribe's ability to implement and enforce SORNA?

(View question)

Data intentionally not reported


36. In addition to an ORI number, in April 2013 the FBI created a code for over 100 federally-recognized Tribes such that when these Tribes submit sex offender-related information to NCIC, they could enter a Tribal code in the "state" field. To your knowledge, is there a Tribal code for your Tribe in NCIC?

(View question)

Yes No Don't know Number of respondents
26 39 64 129

A. How often does your Tribe use the Tribal code when entering sex offender information into NCIC?

(View question)

Not applicable - Tribe's police officers do not enter, or have not yet entered, sex offender information into NCIC All or almost all of the time Most of the time About half the time Some of the time Never or almost never Don't know Number of respondents
6 14 0 0 1 1 4 26

Why do you not use the NCIC Tribal code all or almost all of the time when entering information about registered sex offenders?

(View question)

Data intentionally not reported


37. If you would like to comment further on any of your answers in this section of the questionnaire on Tribal access to NCIC and NSOR, please do so in the space below.

(View question)

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Changes to SORNA

38. What aspects, if any, of the SORNA provisions would you suggest changing?

(View question)

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Contact Information

39. Who is the person primarily responsible for completing this questionnaire whom we can contact if we need to clarify a response?

(View question)

a. Name

(View question)

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b. Title/Tribe

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c. Phone

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d. E-mail

(View question)

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40. Would you like a copy of GAO's final report sent to the e-mail listed in question above?

(View question)

Yes No Number of respondents
123 6 129

Completion

41. Please check one of the options below. Clicking on "Completed" indicates that your answers are official and final.

Your answers will not be used unless you have done this.

(View question)

Completed Not completed Number of respondents
129 0 129

Thank You

Thank you for your participation!

(View question)

You may view and print your completed survey by clicking on the Summary link in the menu to the left.

(View question)