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    Subject Term: Antiterrorism

    5 publications with a total of 10 open recommendations including 2 priority recommendations
    Director: Chris Currie
    Phone: (404) 679-1875

    1 open recommendations
    Recommendation: To help ensure that whistleblower retaliation reports are addressed efficiently and effectively, the Secretary of Homeland Security should direct the Under Secretary of DHS's National Protection and Programs Directorate's (NPPD), the Assistant Secretary for Infrastructure Protection, and the Director of the Infrastructure Security Compliance Division (ISCD) to develop a documented process and procedures to address and investigate whistleblower retaliation reports that could include existing practices, such as the Department of Labor's Occupational Safety and Health Administration's recommended practices, in developing the process and procedures.

    Agency: Department of Homeland Security
    Status: Open

    Comments: According to Infrastructure Security Compliance Division (ISCD) officials, in September 2016 they initiated development of a standard operating procedure for addressing and investigating whistleblower retaliation complaints. ISCD expects to complete a final version of the standard operating procedure by June 2017. According to ISCD officials, the procedure will consider OSHA's guidance, once available, when developing this set of procedures. We will update the status of this recommendation after additional information is received from DHS.
    Director: Chris Currie
    Phone: (404) 679-1875

    2 open recommendations
    Recommendation: To ensure the accuracy of the data submitted by chemical facilities, the Secretary of Homeland Security should direct the Under Secretary for NPPD, the Assistant Secretary for the Office of Infrastructure Protection, and the Director of ISCD, in the interim, to identify potentially miscategorized facilities with the potential to cause the greatest harm and verify the Distance of Concern these facilities report is accurate.

    Agency: Department of Homeland Security
    Status: Open

    Comments: According to Infrastructure Security Compliance Division (ISCD) officials, as of November 2016 ISCD completed its assessment of all Top-Screens which reported threshold quantities of release-toxic chemicals of interest and identified 158 facilities with the potential to cause the greatest harm. ISCD contacted all 158 facilities and received revised Top-Screens from 101, according to ISCD officials. ISCD halted pursuit of revised Top-Screens from the remaining facilities during summer 2016 in anticipation of the pending release of CSAT 2.0, the Top-Screen application, which both eliminates the Distance of Concern question and will result in all remaining facilities being required to submit a new Top-Screen upon the activation of CSAT 2.0. CSAT 2.0 was activated October 1, 2016, and DHS sent a letter to each of the remaining facilities informing them of their obligation to submit a new top-screen, according to ISCD officials. ISCD is continuing to monitor the resolution of the remaining cases and expects to have assessed updated Top-Screens for all of them within the first or second quarter of 2017. We will update the status of this recommendation after additional information is received from DHS.
    Recommendation: In addition, to better manage compliance among high-risk chemical facilities and demonstrate program results, the Secretary of Homeland Security should direct the Under Secretary for NPPD, the Assistant Secretary for the Office of Infrastructure Protection, and the Director of ISCD to develop documented processes and procedures to track noncompliant facilities and ensure they implement planned measures as outlined in their approved site security plans.

    Agency: Department of Homeland Security
    Status: Open

    Comments: According to Infrastructure Security Compliance Division (ISCD) officials, ISCD is nearing finalization of the updated CFATS Inspection Standard Operating Procedure (SOP) and has made progress on the new CFATS Enforcement SOP. Once completed, expected in mid-2017, these two documents collectively will formally document the processes and procedures currently being used to track noncompliant facilities and ensure they implement planned measures as outlined in their approved site security plans, according to ISCD officials. We will update the status of this recommendation after additional information is received from DHS.
    Director: Joseph W. Kirschbaum
    Phone: (202) 512-9971

    2 open recommendations
    Recommendation: To assist U.S. installations in protecting against insider threats, the Secretary of Defense should direct the military services to share information about actions U.S. installations have taken to address insider threats by consistently using existing mechanisms--such as working groups, lessons-learned information systems, and antiterrorism web portals.

    Agency: Department of Defense
    Status: Open

    Comments: When we confirm what actions the agency has taken in response to this recommendation, we will provide updated information.
    Recommendation: To assist DOD leadership in their oversight and decision-making process, the Secretary of Defense should direct the DOD leaders on the Mission Assurance Coordination Boards and the military services to take steps to improve the consistency of reporting and monitoring of the implementation of recommendations from the independent review of the 2009 Fort Hood shooting. Such steps could include DOD and the military services developing criteria for consistent reporting on the progress of recommendations and the military services providing periodic reports to the Mission Assurance Coordination Boards on the status of Fort Hood recommendations at the service level and installation level.

    Agency: Department of Defense
    Status: Open

    Comments: When we confirm what actions the agency has taken in response to this recommendation, we will provide updated information.
    Director: Charles Michael Johnson, Jr.
    Phone: (202) 512-7331

    3 open recommendations
    including 2 priority recommendations
    Recommendation: Given the significant unobligated balances of about $260 million in the ESF account for Egypt previously allocated for a cash transfer that the administration has stated it no longer intends to carry out, the Secretary of State and the USAID Administrator should work to develop plans for an alternate use of these funds, in consultation with the appropriate committees of Congress. As part of planning for these funds, State should also consider ways that this funding could potentially be used to offset future budget requests.

    Agency: Department of State
    Status: Open
    Priority recommendation

    Comments: In written comments on our draft report, State and USAID generally concurred with our recommendation. State and USAID reported in May 2016 that the agencies had reprogrammed $230 million of the $260 million previously allocated for the cash transfer to the Egyptian government for programs in Syria, Iraq, Tunisia, and Egypt, among other countries. As of May 2017, State and USAID had not yet made a decision on how to best utilize the remaining $30 million. GAO will continue to monitor agency efforts to fully implement this recommendation.
    Recommendation: Given the significant unobligated balances of about $260 million in the ESF account for Egypt previously allocated for a cash transfer that the administration has stated it no longer intends to carry out, the Secretary of State and the USAID Administrator should work to develop plans for an alternate use of these funds, in consultation with the appropriate committees of Congress. As part of planning for these funds, State should also consider ways that this funding could potentially be used to offset future budget requests.

    Agency: United States Agency for International Development
    Status: Open
    Priority recommendation

    Comments: In written comments on our draft report, State and USAID generally concurred with our recommendation. State and USAID reported in May 2016 that the agencies had reprogrammed $230 million of the $260 million previously allocated for the cash transfer to the Egyptian government for programs in Syria, Iraq, Tunisia, and Egypt, among other countries. As of May 2017, State and USAID had not yet made a decision on how to best utilize the remaining $30 million. GAO will continue to monitor agency efforts to fully implement this recommendation.
    Recommendation: To help ensure the timely completion of an evaluation of security assistance to Egypt that is required by State policy, the Secretary of State should establish specific time frames for completing such an evaluation.

    Agency: Department of State
    Status: Open

    Comments: State agreed with this recommendation. State noted that while evaluation of security assistance to Egypt poses challenges, it views evaluation as a critical tool for accountability and program improvement and will continue to pursue a formal evaluation of security assistance to Egypt. As of August 2017, State had not established specific time frames for such an evaluation. However, according to State officials, the department had begun preliminary data collection in anticipation of an evaluation at some point in the future. GAO will continue to monitor agency efforts to fully implement this recommendation.
    Director: Caldwell, Stephen L
    Phone: (202) 512-9610

    2 open recommendations
    Recommendation: To better assess risk associated with facilities that use, process, or store chemicals of interest consistent with the NIPP and the CFATS rule, the Secretary of Homeland Security should direct the Under Secretary for National Protection and Programs Directorate (NPPD), the Assistant Secretary for NIPP's Office of Infrastructure Protection (IP), and Director of ISCD to develop a plan, with timeframes and milestones, that incorporates the results of the various efforts to fully address each of the components of risk and take associated actions where appropriate to enhance ISCD's risk assessment approach consistent with the NIPP and the CFATS rule.

    Agency: Department of Homeland Security
    Status: Open

    Comments: According to Infrastructure Security Compliance Division (ISCD) officials, they completed development of an updated tiering methodology, which incorporates improvements based on recommendations from both the external peer review of the tiering methodology and a Sandia National Laboratory (Sandia) report on economic consequences, which was submitted to the Department in the first quarter of fiscal year (FY) 2015. Additionally, according to the officials, DHS continued hosting meetings of an external experts panel consisting of representatives from other Federal agencies and the chemical and oil and natural gas industries, who have met repeatedly to review and provide input on the proposed improvements to the Chemical Facility Anti-Terrorism Standards (CFATS) tiering methodology. As noted in the tiering methodology improvement plan previously provided by the Department to GAO, the ISCD is having external entities validate and verify the updated methodology before deployment. To that end, the Homeland Security Studies and Analysis Institute (HSSAI) has reviewed and provided findings and recommendations on all parts of the updated tiering engine. Additionally, Sandia has been conducting component testing of the tiering engine as it is being updated and, beginning in January 2016, Sandia will conduct end-to-end testing of the engine. Concurrent with these efforts, ISCD has been updating the Chemical Security Assessment Tool (CSAT) applications which currently support the collection of the data used by the CFATS tiering methodology (i.e., Top-Screen, Security Vulnerability Assessment). According to the officials, deployment of these new applications cannot occur until the DHS's Information Collection Request (ICR) is approved by the White House's Office of Management and Budget (OMB), which the Department anticipates submitting to OMB in the third quarter of fiscal year 2016. We will update the status of this recommendation after additional information is received from DHS. Status as of January 20, 2016.
    Recommendation: To better assess risk associated with facilities that use, process, or store chemicals of interest consistent with the NIPP and the CFATS rule, the Secretary of Homeland Security should direct the Under Secretary for NPPD, the Assistant Secretary for IP, and Director of ISCD to conduct an independent peer review, after ISCD completes enhancements to its risk assessment approach, that fully validates and verifies ISCD's risk assessment approach consistent with the recommendations of the National Research Council of the National Academies.

    Agency: Department of Homeland Security
    Status: Open

    Comments: According to Infrastructure Security Compliance Division (ISCD) officials, the updated CFATS risk-based tiering methodology has been developed and portions of it are undergoing independent review from both HSSAI and Sandia. An independent verification and validation of the updated tiering methodology is scheduled to be conducted by Sandia beginning in January 2016. We will update the status of this recommendation after additional information is received from DHS. Status as of January 20, 2016.