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    Subject Term: "Electric energy"

    6 publications with a total of 19 open recommendations
    Director: Rusco, Franklin W
    Phone: (202)512-3841

    2 open recommendations
    Recommendation: The Board of Directors should ensure that TVA better document and communicate its goals to reduce its debt and unfunded pension liabilities in its performance plans and reports, including detailed strategies for achieving these goals.

    Agency: Tennessee Valley Authority
    Status: Open

    Comments: TVA concurred with this recommendation and said it would take steps to implement it. When we confirm what actions the TVA has taken in response to this recommendation, we will provide updated information.
    Recommendation: The Board of Directors should ensure that TVA propose, and work with the TVA Retirement System board to adopt, funding rules designed to ensure the plan's full funding.

    Agency: Tennessee Valley Authority
    Status: Open

    Comments: TVA neither agreed nor disagreed with this recommendation. We continue to believe action is needed and will monitor TVA's efforts to address it.
    Director: Chris Currie
    Phone: (404) 679-1875

    5 open recommendations
    Recommendation: To enhance accountability for key risk-management activities and facilitate coordination with federal and industry stakeholders regarding electromagnetic risks, the Secretary of Homeland Security should designate roles and responsibilities within the department for addressing electromagnetic risks and communicate these to federal and industry partners.

    Agency: Department of Homeland Security
    Status: Open

    Comments: In a June 2016 update to our proposed recommendation, DHS reported that the Cyber, Infrastructure and Resilience (CIR) Policy Office within the DHS Office of Policy is working with DHS components to identify and articulate the roles of the National Protection and Programs Directorate, Federal Emergency Management Agency, Science and Technology Directorate, and others regarding to address electromagnetic risks. As part of this effort, CIR is to coordinate the development of a joint roles and responsibilities document to be communicated through existing partnership structures with internal and external entities.
    Recommendation: To more fully leverage critical infrastructure expertise and address responsibilities to identify critical electrical infrastructure assets as called for in the National Infrastructure Protection Plan, the Secretary of Homeland Security and the Secretary of Energy direct responsible officials to review FERC's electrical infrastructure analysis and collaborate to determine whether further assessment is needed to adequately identify critical electric infrastructure assets, potentially to include additional elements of criticality that might be considered.

    Agency: Department of Homeland Security
    Status: Open

    Comments: In a June 2016 update to our proposed recommendation, DHS reported that the National Protection and Programs Directorate (NPPD) will increase collaborative outreach activities with FERC staff that will include a review of identified critical substations developed by FERC. The intended outcome of this review is to inform DHS activities regarding identification and prioritization of critical infrastructure assets for use during steady state and response activities. NPPD is also to inform FERC of its criticality modeling capabilities through the National Infrastructure Simulation and Analysis Center (NISAC) to enhance engagement with FERC's electric power subject matter expertise and inform future capability developments regarding response to and recovery from events such as electromagnetic pulse.
    Recommendation: To more fully leverage critical infrastructure expertise and address responsibilities to identify critical electrical infrastructure assets as called for in the National Infrastructure Protection Plan, the Secretary of Homeland Security and the Secretary of Energy direct responsible officials to review FERC's electrical infrastructure analysis and collaborate to determine whether further assessment is needed to adequately identify critical electric infrastructure assets, potentially to include additional elements of criticality that might be considered.

    Agency: Department of Energy
    Status: Open

    Comments: In June 2016, DOE provided an update (60-day letter) reiterating their intent to continue with actions identified previously to address the GAO recommendation, namely that the Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability was to review the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission's electrical infrastructure analysis, and subsequently engage with FERC and DHS to identify if any additional elements of criticality should be considered.
    Recommendation: To enhance federal efforts to assess electromagnetic risks and help determine protection priorities, the Secretary of Homeland Security should direct the Under Secretary for National Protection and Programs Directorate and the Assistant Secretary for the IP to work with other federal and industry partners to collect and analyze key inputs on threat, vulnerability, and consequence related to electromagnetic risks--potentially to include collecting additional information from DOD sources and leveraging existing assessment programs such as the Infrastructure Survey Tool, Regional Resiliency Assessment Program, and DCIP.

    Agency: Department of Homeland Security
    Status: Open

    Comments: In a June 2016 update, DHS reported that the department had completed the planned refresh of the Strategic National Risk Assessment, which was intended to incorporate potential impacts to the power system from electromagnetic events. In addition, DHS reported that the Electricity Sub-sector Coordinating Council created an Electromagnetic pulse (EMP) task force, which met in April 2016 and is currently working to develop a joint industry and government approach to address EMP. It was further noted that DHS and DOE initiated a joint study on the effects of EMP on the electric power sector - led by Los Alamos National Laboratory and the National Infrastructure Simulation and Analysis Center (NISAC) - to analyze the hazard environments, impacts, and consequences of EMP and GMD on U.S. electric power infrastructure. In addition, DHS noted their support of a new effort by the Electric Power Research Institute and 39 industry partners to further study EMP vulnerabilities.
    Recommendation: To facilitate federal and industry efforts to coordinate risk-management activities to address an EMP attack, the Secretary of Homeland Security and the Secretary of Energy should direct responsible officials to engage with federal partners and industry stakeholders to identify and implement key EMP research and development priorities, including opportunities for further testing and evaluation of potential EMP protection and mitigation options.

    Agency: Department of Energy
    Status: Open

    Comments: On March 9, 2016 DOE provided agency comments on GAO-16-243 concurring with the recommendation and identifying related actions. Specifically, DOE reported collaboration with the Electric Power Research Institute to develop a joint DOE/Industry EMP Strategy to include key goals and objectives and identification of R&D priorities. The Strategy is expected to be completed by August 31, 2016 to be followed by more detailed action plans. DOE reported that they will collaborate with DHS and DOD in development of the Strategy and action plans. DOE further noted that a report by the Idaho National Laboratory report also identifies potential technology gaps and includes recommendations for further R&D efforts, which will be incorporated when developing the forthcoming action plans.
    Director: Frank Rusco
    Phone: (202) 512-3841

    2 open recommendations
    Recommendation: The Architect of the Capitol, prior to undertaking future major capital projects related to its energy needs, should fully update its long-term energy plan while following key leading capital-planning practices. As part of this effort, the agency should (1) fully assess the complex's long-term needs and identify any performance gaps, while taking into account the effects of possible changes in demand--including the impacts of ongoing and planned energy conservation measures and other factors that could affect the demand for CPP's services; (2) identify and evaluate a range of alternatives for how to best meet the agency's needs, including non-capital options and energy conservation measures that could reduce the demand for CPP's services; and (3) identify key assumptions and risks of the alternatives considered and perform valid sensitivity and uncertainty analyses to determine which alternatives could prove the most cost-effective under a range of potential future conditions.

    Agency: Architect of the Capitol
    Status: Open

    Comments: In December 2016, AOC said that it was updating its long-term strategic energy plan in accordance with the best practices we identified. AOC was not certain when they would complete the plan.
    Recommendation: As AOC updates its long-term energy plan, the Architect should seek a review of the plan by an independent panel of experts to ensure it follows key leading practices and provide the results of the review to Congress.

    Agency: Architect of the Capitol
    Status: Open

    Comments: In December 2016, AOC said that it was updating its long-term strategic energy plan in accordance with the best practices we identified. AOC was not certain when they would complete the plan.
    Director: Fennell, Anne-marie L
    Phone: (202) 512-3841

    2 open recommendations
    Recommendation: To help ensure that bonds are adequate to cover reclamation costs for wind and solar projects on federal land, the Secretary of the Interior should direct the Director of the Bureau of Land Management to establish data standards for the Bond and Surety System.

    Agency: Department of the Interior
    Status: Open

    Comments: In November 2016, BLM finalized its rulemaking effort for a competitive solar and wind energy leasing program that included requirements for bonding. In a February 2017 update, the agency said that data standards do exist for LR2000 and the agency is looking to add an appendix or section to that guidance that will clearly identify the data standards for the Bond and Surety System. They expect to do so in 2017. We will continue to monitor the agency's progress in addressing this recommendation.
    Recommendation: To help ensure that bonds are adequate to cover reclamation costs for wind and solar projects on federal land, the Secretary of the Interior should direct the Director of the Bureau of Land Management to develop an LR2000 action code to automatically notify BLM staff that a right-of-way is due for a bond adequacy review.

    Agency: Department of the Interior
    Status: Open

    Comments: In November 2016, BLM finalized its rulemaking effort for a competitive solar and wind energy leasing program that included requirements for bonding. In a February 2017 update, an agency official said that data standards are in process of being adjusted and guidance will be provided in the coming months that clearly identify an action code for future action on bonds, including an adequacy review. Additionally, BLM is continuing to work on its Mining, Lands, and Records System as a replacement to LR2000, which will include additional capabilities and other updates that LR2000 does not have. We will continue to monitor progress made to address this recommendation.
    Director: Frank Rusco
    Phone: (202) 512-3841

    2 open recommendations
    Recommendation: If Congress wishes to evaluate the effectiveness of the ITC and the PTC as incentives for the development of renewable utility-scale electricity generation projects as it considers proposals to extend the ITC or reauthorize the PTC, it should consider directing the Commissioner of Internal Revenue to provide Congress with project-level data currently collected from taxpayers who claim the ITC in lieu of the PTC--such as the number of projects for which they are claiming the credit, the technology of the projects taking the credit, and the total generating capacity added--and make such data available for analysis. Additionally, take steps to collect and report the same data from all taxpayers claiming the ITC.

    Agency: Congress
    Status: Open

    Comments: Congress has not taken action on this matter.
    Recommendation: If Congress wishes to evaluate the effectiveness of the ITC and the PTC as incentives for the development of renewable utility-scale electricity generation projects as it considers proposals to extend the ITC or reauthorize the PTC, it should consider directing the Commissioner of Internal Revenue to take steps to collect project-level data from taxpayers claiming the PTC--such as the number of projects for which they are claiming the credit, the technology of the projects taking the credit, and the total generating capacity--and make these data available for analysis.

    Agency: Congress
    Status: Open

    Comments: Congress has not taken action on this matter.
    Director: Frank Rusco
    Phone: (202) 512-3841

    6 open recommendations
    Recommendation: The Administrator of the General Services Administration should use information on demand-response participation and benefits to assess the regions' current levels of demand-response participation and develop a strategy to expand economically beneficial participation that addresses challenges to expanded participation.

    Agency: General Services Administration
    Status: Open

    Comments: GSA has taken initial steps to improve tracking of demand-response financial benefits and has plans to use this and other information to strategically identify economically beneficial demand response activities.
    Recommendation: The Secretary of Defense, in coordination with the services, should establish formal guidance to encourage economically beneficial demand-response participation and provide information to support participation in demand-response programs.

    Agency: Department of Defense
    Status: Open

    Comments: According to DOD officials, they are in the process of developing guidance to encourage economically beneficial demand response participation by installations.
    Recommendation: The Secretary of Defense, in coordination with the services, should use information on demand-response participation and benefits to assess its installations' current levels of demand-response participation and develop a strategy to expand economically beneficial participation that addresses challenges to expanded participation.

    Agency: Department of Defense
    Status: Open

    Comments: According to DOD officials, they are in the process of developing guidance to encourage demand response participation by installations. Once this is completed, they will further assess demand response participation and develop an associated strategy to expand economically beneficial participation.
    Recommendation: The Secretary of Defense, in coordination with the services, should establish the Energy Savings Financial Incentives Fund needed for installations to directly accept payments for participation and establish guidance clarifying (1) how installations should accept and deposit payments resulting from participation in demand-response programs into the fund, and (2) whether, in cases where Congress appropriates these funds for use by DOD or the services, the payments made into the fund will be directed back to the installations where they originated or used in another way.

    Agency: Department of Defense
    Status: Open

    Comments: Actions to address this recommendation are underway.
    Recommendation: The Secretary of Defense, in coordination with the services, should request that Congress provide DOD with authority similar to GSA, allowing participating installations to use direct payments that they receive from providers without further appropriation and, in doing so, DOD should identify specific steps it would take to ensure effective control over the financial benefits received as a result of participation in demand-response programs and how the benefits will be used.

    Agency: Department of Defense
    Status: Open

    Comments: Actions to address this recommendation are underway.
    Recommendation: The Secretary of Defense, in coordination with the services, should direct the Defense Logistics Agency (DLA) to formally analyze the share of financial benefits that installations receive from demand-response agreements that DLA facilitates and routinely provide this information to installations, where possible, to inform their negotiations with aggregators.

    Agency: Department of Defense
    Status: Open

    Comments: According to DOD officials, they are in the process of developing guidance to encourage economically beneficial demand response participation by installations. Once this is complete, DLA plans to begin sharing information with installations on financial benefits.