Supplemental Security Income:

Recipient Population Has Changed as Caseloads Have Burgeoned

T-HEHS-95-120: Published: Mar 27, 1995. Publicly Released: Mar 27, 1995.

Additional Materials:


Office of Public Affairs
(202) 512-4800

Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO discussed the Supplemental Security Income (SSI) program, focusing on: (1) factors contributing to caseload growth; (2) how the characteristics of SSI recipients have changed; and (3) ways to improve SSI. GAO noted that: (1) the major factors contributing to program growth include eligibility expansions, outreach, limited emphasis on return to work, and immigration; (2) the number of disabled SSI recipients has increased over 8 percent annually since 1986 and the disabled now receive nearly 80 percent of federal SSI payments; (3) adults with mental impairments, children, and noncitizens have accounted for nearly 90 percent of SSI growth since 1991; (4) SSI recipients now tend to be younger and depend more on SSI as a primary source of income; and (5) SSI could be improved by increasing current recipients' disability reviews and placing more emphasis on rehabilitation, employment assistance, and work incentives.

Sep 15, 2016

Sep 7, 2016

Jul 8, 2016

Mar 14, 2016

Mar 10, 2016

Feb 23, 2016

Nov 9, 2015

Sep 16, 2015

Jun 15, 2015

Jun 3, 2015

Looking for more? Browse all our products here