Employee Drug Testing

T-GGD-88-14: Published: Apr 21, 1988. Publicly Released: Apr 21, 1988.

Additional Materials:

Contact:

Office of Public Affairs
(202) 512-4800
youngc1@gao.gov

GAO reviewed 10 private-sector drug testing surveys to summarize their information concerning the extent and nature of employee drug testing in the private sector. GAO found that: (1) drug testing was a common, but not universal practice in the private sector; (2) firms with a larger number of employees were more likely to have drug testing; (3) many firms that were not testing at the time of the survey indicated that they planned to do so in the future; (4) the majority of the firms used urinalysis and hired independent laboratories to perform the testing; (5) most firms performed confirmatory retests if the initial test was positive, but generally retested employees rather than applicants; (6) most firms tested for cause, such as after an accident, or for selected jobs, such as those involving safety; (7) firms cited improving workplace safety, increasing productivity, curbing illegal drug trafficking, and reducing employee medical costs as reasons for drug testing; (8) firms cited ethical and moral implications and the cost and reliability of drug testing as reasons for not testing; (9) although most firms would not hire applicants who tested positive, they indicated that they would allow reapplication later; (10) most firms indicated that they would tell applicants testing positive why they did not hire them; and (11) most firms preferred rehabilitation, rather than dismissed, for employees who tested positive.

Sep 1, 2016

Aug 19, 2016

Jun 8, 2016

Mar 24, 2016

Jan 11, 2016

Jun 16, 2015

Apr 16, 2015

Mar 9, 2015

Jan 30, 2015

Jan 6, 2015

Looking for more? Browse all our products here