Small Business Administration:
Planning for Loan Monitoring System Has Many Positive Features But Still Carries Implementation Challenges
T-AIMD-98-233, Jul 16, 1998
GAO discussed the Small Business Administration's (SBA) activities to complete planning for its loan monitoring system, as required by the Small Business Reauthorization Act of 1997, focusing on SBA's project plan for completing the mandated actions.
GAO noted that: (1) SBA's project plan provides information in many key areas to explain how it intends to complete the mandated actions; (2) the plan delineates the project's goals and objectives, resource requirements, quality standards and control systems, assumptions, methodologies, work breakdown structure with a timetable for completion of tasks, and estimated costs; (3) according to the project plan, SBA's strategy for achieving these goals is to build on best industry practices, reengineer inefficient business processes, and implement contemporary technologies; (4) in support of these goals, SBA also established objectives for the loan monitoring system; (5) SBA included estimates of the personnel resources that it would need to execute the project plan; (6) it estimated that 18 staff would be needed for the first phase of the project, which addresses the completion of the mandated actions, and that an additional three staff would be needed for the development phase; (7) to address the quality standards and controls to be used for the loan monitoring system project, the plan includes work elements to establish systems development standards and procedures and process change control procedures; (8) the plan recognizes that the project includes a number of assumptions that may affect its success; (9) it identifies seven key assumptions that SBA made but will need to validate during the project; (10) the project plan also cites the methodologies that SBA plans to use or is considering for key areas of the project; (11) according to the project plan, SBA estimates that the loan monitoring system will cost about $20 million to complete; (12) while developing the project plan is a good start, SBA must still successfully execute it to complete the eight mandated actions; (13) in executing the plan, SBA will face formidable technical and management challenges and risks; (14) SBA recognizes the need to establish defined processes for software project management, and use them on this project; (15) the loan monitoring system project will be using, for the first time, methodologies it has selected for benchmarking, business process reengineering, information technology architecture development, project management, and systems development; (16) SBA plans to work concurrently on an information technology architecture and the loan monitoring system as separate projects; and (17) the extent to which SBA meets these challenges and manages these risks will determine how well business processes and systems requirements are defined, and the quality of support for decisionmaking on the purchase or development of the needed system.