South Florida Ecosystem Restoration:
An Overall Strategic Plan and a Decision-Making Process Are Needed to Keep the Effort on Track
RCED-99-121, Apr 22, 1999
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the South Florida Ecosystem Restoration Initiative, focusing on: (1) how much and for what purposes federal funding was provided for the restoration of the South Florida ecosystem from fiscal year (FY) 1993 through FY 1999; and (2) how well the restoration effort is being coordinated and managed.
GAO noted that: (1) on the basis of the data GAO obtained from the 5 primary federal departments and agencies participating in the initiative, GAO estimates that over $1.2 billion in federal funds was provided from FY 1993 through FY 1999; (2) the key restoration activities undertaken by the federal agencies were: (a) land acquisition; (b) the management of federally-owned facilities or natural resources, and a national marine sanctuary; (c) infrastructure projects; and (d) science-related activities; (3) over 75 percent of the federal expenditures during this 6-year period have been made by agencies within the Department of the Interior and by the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers; (4) the federal funding provided to date represents only a down payment; (5) while no official cost projection for the total restoration effort has been made, a major component, the implementation of the Central and Southern Florida Project Comprehensive Review Study, referred to as the Restudy, is estimated to cost an additional $7.8 billion; (6) the Restudy is designed to substantially increase the amount of water that is delivered to natural areas while enhancing agricultural and urban water supplies; (7) according to the South Florida Ecosystem Restoration Task Force's executive director, at least $2 billion beyond the $7.8 billion will be needed to complete the restoration effort; (8) this money will be used to acquire additional lands, construct other infrastructure projects, and eradicate exotic plant species; (9) the Task Force is responsible for coordinating the participating entities' implementation of the initiative; (10) however, a strategic plan that clearly lays out how the initiative will be accomplished and includes quantifiable goals and performance measures has not yet been developed; (11) the Task Force is a coordinating body, not a decisionmaking body, and thus is limited in its ability to manage and make decisions for the overall restoration effort; (12) as GAO's review of two projects integral to the restoration effort indicates, even with coordination, the federal and state agencies involved are unable to agree on components of these projects; (13) their inability to agree has contributed to delays and cost overruns; and (14) given the scope and complexity of the initiative and the difficulties that have already been encountered, additional delays and cost overruns are likely to occur, and the participants' ability to accomplish the initiative's overall goals is at risk.
- Closed - implemented
- Closed - not implemented
Recommendations for Executive Action
Recommendation: To ensure that the South Florida ecosystem is restored in a timely and efficient manner, the Secretary of the Interior, as the Chairperson of the South Florida Ecosystem Restoration Task Force, in conjunction with the other members of the Task Force, should work with the organizations and entities participating in the restoration effort to develop and agree upon a decisionmaking process to resolve conflicts in order to accomplish the initiative in a timely and efficient manner.
Agency Affected: Department of the Interior
Comments: The Department of the Interior, which chairs the Task Force, developed recommendations to improve overall conflict resolution. These recommendations were presented to the Task Force in May 2000. Following detailed discussions on dispute resolution in May 2000, the Task Force directed the formation of an expert panel. The panel submitted its report and recommendations to the Task Force in January 2001. The Task Force accepted the panel's report and directed the Working Group to follow up on the panel's recommendations. The Working Group established a Dispute Resolution Protocol Team in February 2001, to develop protocols, procedures, and guidance to facilitate the resolution of interagency and intergovernmental conflicts associated with the restoration effort. The team has begun the development of the protocols and procedures. The Working Group approved a conflict resolution process in 2003. The Task Force has not yet acted to approve the process, although it remains a high priority for the Task Force.
Recommendation: To ensure that the South Florida ecosystem is restored in a timely and efficient manner, the Secretary of the Interior, as the Chairperson of the South Florida Ecosystem Restoration Task Force, in conjunction with the other members of the Task Force, should develop a strategic plan that will: (a) outline how the restoration of the South Florida ecosystem will occur; (b) identify the resources needed to achieve the restoration; (c) assign accountability for accomplishing actions; and (d) link the strategic goals established by the Task Force to outcome-oriented annual goals.
Agency Affected: Department of the Interior
Status: Closed - Implemented
Comments: The South Florida Ecosystem Restoration Task Force issued its strategic plan on July 31, 2000.