Technology Transfers:

Benefits of Cooperative R&D Agreements

RCED-95-52: Published: Dec 16, 1994. Publicly Released: Dec 16, 1994.


Office of Public Affairs
(202) 512-4800

Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the benefits of federal agencies' engaging in cooperative research and development agreements (CRADA) with the private sector.

GAO found that: (1) although all CRADA do not achieve the same level of benefit, collaborative research and development agreements can be valuable assets in the government's portfolio of technology transfer programs; (2) many technologies generated in federal laboratories could have commercial value if further developed by private industry; (3) CRADA offer the opportunity for laboratories and private industry to share expertise and resources and advance research and development programs while meeting their missions; and (4) government-industry collaborations can have a positive impact on certain U.S. industries.

Feb 7, 2014

Dec 20, 2013

Nov 4, 2013

  • science icon, source: National Cancer Institute

    Small Business Innovation Research:

    Data Rights Protections
    GAO-14-116R: Published: Nov 4, 2013. Publicly Released: Nov 4, 2013.

Jul 19, 2013

Apr 10, 2013

Feb 15, 2013

Jun 20, 2012

Jan 24, 2012

Nov 7, 2011

Nov 1, 2011

Looking for more? Browse all our products here