Energy Conservation:

Contractors' Efforts at Federally Owned Sites

RCED-94-96: Published: Apr 29, 1994. Publicly Released: Jun 2, 1994.

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Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed energy use and conservation measures used at federally-owned, contractor-operated facilities, focusing on contractor incentives to reduce energy consumption.

GAO found that: (1) the Air Force, Army, Navy, Department of Energy (DOE), and the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) used over 4 percent of the federal government's total annual energy consumption during fiscal year (FY) 1992; (2) total energy costs for federally-owned, contractor-operated sites exceeded $780 million during FY 1992; (3) there are energy-reduction incentives available to contractors for conservation measures, but contractors only use these incentives to a limited degree; (4) 33 contractors reported energy reductions of 1 to 5 percent and 43 contractors reported reductions greater than 6 percent between October 1989 and July 1993; (5) future energy reductions at contractor-operated sites will depend on the willingness of contractors to use corporate funding to solicit energy savings performance contracts and their willingness to pursue utility rebates where available; (6) all federal and industrial facilities are required to reduce their energy consumption by 30 percent and 20 percent, respectively, by year 2005; and (7) investments in energy efficiency improvements at federally-owned, contractor-operated sites, costing a total of $216 million, could result in annual energy cost savings of $43 million.

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