Advanced Technology:

Proposal Review Process and Treatment of Foreign-Owned Businesses

RCED-94-81: Published: Jan 18, 1994. Publicly Released: Feb 4, 1994.

Additional Materials:


Office of Public Affairs
(202) 512-4800

Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the National Institute of Standards and Technology's (NIST) implementation of the Advanced Technology Program (ATP), focusing on: (1) how ATP limits its awards to research and development on precompetitive generic technology; and (2) NIST treatment of foreign-owned businesses that submit proposals for ATP awards.

GAO found that: (1) ATP relies on a consensus decision by its source evaluation board (SEB) to eliminate proposals that do not involve precompetitive generic technology; (2) SEB bases its determination of precompetitive generic content on technical expertise, expert reviewers' comments, and discussions among ATP staff; (3) SEB may eliminate proposals at any time for not including precompetitive generic research; (4) NIST is revising guidance on precompetitive generic technology to clarify the selection criteria used in the proposal review process and the type of research and development ATP supports; and (5) there is no evidence of unfair treatment of foreign-owned businesses that submit ATP proposals for review.

Jul 30, 2015

Mar 13, 2015

Mar 2, 2015

Oct 3, 2014

Jul 23, 2014

Jun 9, 2014

May 20, 2014

  • science icon, source: National Cancer Institute

    Nanomanufacturing and U.S. Competitiveness:

    Challenges and Opportunities
    GAO-14-618T: Published: May 20, 2014. Publicly Released: May 20, 2014.

Feb 7, 2014

Dec 20, 2013

Nov 4, 2013

  • science icon, source: National Cancer Institute

    Small Business Innovation Research:

    Data Rights Protections
    GAO-14-116R: Published: Nov 4, 2013. Publicly Released: Nov 4, 2013.

Looking for more? Browse all our products here