Energy Conservation:

Federal Agencies' Funding Sources and Reporting Procedures

RCED-94-70: Published: Mar 30, 1994. Publicly Released: May 2, 1994.

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Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO provided information on the energy conservation activities at the six largest energy-consuming agencies--the Department of Defense, Department of Energy (DOE), Department of Transportation, Department of Veterans Affairs, General Services Administration, and the U.S. Postal Service (USPS)--focusing on: (1) energy expenditures, energy conservation-related spending, and energy efficiencies achieved; (2) the funding sources available for energy conservation measures; and (3) the procedures used for tracking the conservation measures.

GAO found that the agencies: (1) collectively achieved a 7-percent reduction in energy consumption relative to fiscal year (FY) 1985, with individual agencies' reductions ranging from 1.3 percent by USPS to 20.6 percent by DOE; (2) collectively spent $1.4 billion less on energy in FY 1992; (3) spent about $1 billion for energy conservation measures from FY 1985 through FY 1992; (4) obtained funding for energy conservation measures from such sources as general and direct appropriations, demand-side management programs, energy savings performance contracting, and the Federal Energy Efficiency Fund; and (5) are not identifying and reporting all funds spent on energy conservation initiatives and differ in how they account for conservation dollars spent and track headquarters, regional, and field offices energy conservation activities. GAO also found that the Office of Management and Budget and DOE are developing cost accounting and management guidance that should help alleviate variances in agencies' reporting practices.

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