Homelessness:

McKinney Act Programs and Funding Through Fiscal Year 1993

RCED-94-107: Published: Jun 29, 1994. Publicly Released: Jun 29, 1994.

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Pursuant to a legislative requirement, GAO provided: (1) a legislative history of the McKinney Homeless Assistance Act; (2) a description of each McKinney Act program; (3) information on state funding for each program; and (4) information on newly authorized assistance programs for the homeless and any significant changes to existing programs that have occurred since fiscal year 1992.

GAO found that: (1) McKinney Act programs provide homeless people with emergency food and shelter, transitional and permanent housing, primary health care services, mental health care, alcohol and drug abuse treatment, education, and job training; (2) the McKinney Act required the Department of Housing and Urban Affairs (HUD) to develop and submit a Comprehensive Housing Strategy, authorized property disposition programs, and created the Interagency Council on the Homeless; (3) McKinney Act programs are administered by HUD, the Departments of Health and Human Services, Labor, Education, and Veterans Affairs, the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA), and the General Services Administration; (4) between fiscal years (FY) 1992 and 1993, Congress increased its appropriations for McKinney Act programs by 16 percent; (5) between FY 1987 and 1993, Congress appropriated $4.2 billion for McKinney Act programs; (6) although the majority of funds appropriated in FY 1992 and 1993 were allocated for emergency food and shelter programs, the remaining funds were allocated for physical and mental health care, education, and job training programs; and (7) the Supportive Housing Demonstration Program and the Shelter Plus Care program were the two largest funded McKinney Act programs for FY 1992 and 1993 respectively.

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