Homelessness:

McKinney Act Programs and Funding Through Fiscal Year 1991

RCED-93-39: Published: Dec 21, 1992. Publicly Released: Dec 21, 1992.

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Pursuant to a legislative requirement, GAO provided: (1) a legislative history of the McKinney Homeless Assistance Act; (2) a description of each McKinney Act program; and (3) information on the amount of money provided under each program.

GAO found that: (1) the McKinney Act's programs provide homeless people with emergency food and shelter, transitional and permanent housing, primary health care services, mental health care, alcohol and drug abuse treatment, education, and job training; (2) the McKinney Act required jurisdictions applying for assistance programs for the homeless administered by the Department of Housing and Urban Affairs (HUD) to develop and submit a Comprehensive Housing Strategy; (3) the McKinney Act authorized property disposition programs; (4) the McKinney Act created the Interagency Council on the Homeless, which is responsible for coordinating assistance programs for the homeless at the various federal agencies; (5) the McKinney Act programs are administered by HUD, the Departments of Health and Human Services, Labor, Education, and Veterans Affairs, the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA), and the General Services Administration; (6) Congress authorized $992 million and appropriated about $687 million for the McKinney Act programs for fiscal year (FY) 1991; (7) the largest funded McKinney Act program for FY 1987 through FY 1991 was the FEMA Emergency Food and Shelter Program; and (8) in FY 1991, the McKinney Homeless Assistance Amendments Act of 1990 and the National Affordable Housing Act of 1990 appropriated $687 million for the 19 programs and the Interagency Council on the Homeless.

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