U.S.-Flag Share of the U.S./Canada Trade on the Great Lakes

RCED-86-115: Published: May 8, 1986. Publicly Released: May 8, 1986.

Additional Materials:


Office of Public Affairs
(202) 512-4800

In response to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the U.S.-Canada waterborne commerce on the Great Lakes/St. Lawrence Seaway system, specifically, the reasons why Canadian ships carry most of the trade.

GAO noted that U.S. vessel participation in trade on the seaway has declined and, in 1984, accounted for only 6 percent of U.S.-Canada trade. GAO found that the decline in U.S. shipping participation was due to: (1) higher American vessel operating and construction costs; (2) modernization of the Canadian Great Lakes fleet; (3) differences in Canadian and U.S. government assistance programs; (4) geography; (5) long-term contracts; (6) domestic trade policies; and (7) American fleet operators' concentration on domestic traffic.

Sep 28, 2016

Sep 26, 2016

Aug 15, 2016

Jul 26, 2016

Jul 21, 2016

Jul 14, 2016

Jul 7, 2016

Looking for more? Browse all our products here