Federal Agricultural Research Funding:

Issues and Concerns

RCED-84-20: Published: Oct 20, 1983. Publicly Released: Oct 20, 1983.

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Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO studied the regional distribution of Federal agricultural research funds administered through the Department of Agriculture (USDA) and obtained the views of State and Federal research leaders on agricultural research funding issues. The U.S. food and agricultural research system encompasses: (1) the USDA Agricultural Research Service; (2) the State agricultural experiment stations which are part of land-grant universities; and (3) the food and fiber industry.

GAO found that: (1) both regional distribution of Federal agricultural research funds and funding by the States varied widely depending on the specific research program; (2) interviews with officials at 14 land-grant universities indicated that both Federal formula and competitive grant funds for their research programs were favorably received, and any changes in formula allocation would generally be opposed.

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