DOD Should Determine Cost and Operational Effectiveness of Helicopter In-Flight Escape Systems
PSAD-80-65: Published: Jul 14, 1980. Publicly Released: Jul 14, 1980.
- Full Report:
The efforts of the Department of Defense to develop helicopter in-flight escape systems were reviewed to determine what actions were taken on GAO recommendations for development in a June 1973 report to Congress. Primarily, GAO assessed the bases for subsequent decisions not to develop the escape systems, especially the one for the AH-1 Cobra attack helicopter.
The in-flight escape issue is complex and emotional. Studies by the services before 1973 supported the need for escape systems. GAO found, however, that virtually all development efforts stopped in 1974, even though interest in the systems resurfaced from time to time and still exist today. More recent studies generally supported a continuing need for the Cobra in-flight escape system. GAO also found that decisions against development were based on subjective appraisals rather than quantitative analyses which would have provided the best decision base. An Army organization recommended such an analysis as far back as 1973. Because of the potential for saving lives, the complexity of the issue, and the lack of quantitative bases for a proper decision to develop or not to develop the system, a cost and operational effectiveness study is needed to settle the issue.
Recommendation for Executive Action
Comments: Please call 202/512-6100 for additional information.
Recommendation: The Secretary of Defense should require a thorough and quantitative cost and operational effectiveness study of the Cobra attack helicopter escape system. Included should be such factors as: (1) the number of pilots that would be saved both in peacetime and during combat; (2) benefits to be derived from increased pilot morale and military readiness; (3) savings from eliminating death payments and reducing training costs; (4) the percentage of time spent flying in the nap-of-the-earth environment; (5) the effect of the system's added weight on the operational mission; (6) costs to develop and retrofit the system on existing Cobras and install it on newly produced helicopters; and (7) the concept's application to other service helicopters.