Risk-Risk Analysis:

OMB's Review of a Proposed OSHA Rule

PEMD-92-33: Published: Jul 2, 1992. Publicly Released: Jul 2, 1992.

Additional Materials:


Office of Public Affairs
(202) 512-4800

Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the Office of Management and Budget's (OMB) decision to suspend a review of a rule proposed by the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) based on a reliance on risk-risk analysis, which attempts to estimate increased mortality risk indirectly attributable to the costs associated with implementing the OSHA rule.

GAO found that: (1) OMB determined that the costs of implementing the regulation could indirectly result in more fatalities than its preventive aspects were estimated to avert; (2) the method OMB used in its decision to suspend its review of the OSHA rule was cost-benefit rather than risk-risk analysis; (3) risk-risk analysis theory has a causation problem and a shortage of empirical data to confirm it; (4) OMB misused the model because the outcomes of calculations were not universally applicable and data appropriate to the situation were lacking; and (5) the use of cost-benefit analysis is permissible in the consideration of safety standards, but is prohibited in developing health standards.

Mar 9, 2017

Nov 16, 2016

Nov 15, 2016

Sep 22, 2016

Sep 15, 2016

Aug 15, 2016

Aug 1, 2016

Jun 20, 2016

Jun 13, 2016

Looking for more? Browse all our products here