Intermediate Sanctions:

Their Impacts on Prison Crowding, Costs, and Recidivism Are Still Unclear

PEMD-90-21: Published: Sep 7, 1990. Publicly Released: Oct 10, 1990.

Additional Materials:

Contact:

Office of Public Affairs
(202) 512-4800
youngc1@gao.gov

Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the effectiveness of intermediate sanction programs, focusing on their: (1) impacts on prison crowding; (2) cost-saving alternatives to incarceration; and (3) effectiveness in controlling crime.

GAO found that: (1) prison populations nationally rose from 329,821 in 1980 to 627,402 in 1988, a 90-percent increase; (2) intermediate sanction programs generally served very limited populations, but population size was not the only factor affecting the problem of prison crowding; (3) the per-capita cost for operating an intermediate sanction program was less than that for operating a prison; (4) between 5 and 44 percent of all intensive supervision probation (ISP) offenders committed new crimes; (5) a significantly higher percentage of non-ISP offenders were not deterred by prison sentences and continued to engage in criminal activity; and (6) future evaluations must overcome fundamental methodological problems that limit current knowledge regarding the effectiveness of intensive supervision probation programs.

Sep 21, 2016

Aug 3, 2016

Aug 1, 2016

Jul 14, 2016

Jul 5, 2016

Jun 30, 2016

Jun 28, 2016

Jun 23, 2016

Jun 22, 2016

Looking for more? Browse all our products here