Science and Technology:

Small Businesses Are More Active as Inventors Than as Innovators in the Innovation Process

PAD-82-19: Published: Dec 31, 1981. Publicly Released: Dec 31, 1981.

Contact:

Office of Public Affairs
(202) 512-4800
youngc1@gao.gov

Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO analyzed nine studies of the sources and contributions of small business invention and innovation. The studies were classified into three categories: studies that examine the relationship of firm size to invention and innovation; empirical studies of other aspects of invention and innovation; and reports that integrate the work of others.

Because the scope and objectives of the studies examined are so different, only broad generalizations can be drawn. Although GAO was not able to generalize the likely level of future contributions by small businesses to invention and innovation, it found no evidence suggesting that they might be less important to invention and innovation than in the past. Further research will be required to clearly understand the effect of the factors that influence small businesses' activities in the innovation process and to specifically determine the amount of invention and innovation contributed by them.

Jul 23, 2014

Jun 9, 2014

May 20, 2014

  • science icon, source: National Cancer Institute

    Nanomanufacturing and U.S. Competitiveness:

    Challenges and Opportunities
    GAO-14-618T: Published: May 20, 2014. Publicly Released: May 20, 2014.

Feb 7, 2014

Dec 20, 2013

Nov 4, 2013

  • science icon, source: National Cancer Institute

    Small Business Innovation Research:

    Data Rights Protections
    GAO-14-116R: Published: Nov 4, 2013. Publicly Released: Nov 4, 2013.

Jul 19, 2013

Apr 10, 2013

Feb 15, 2013

Jun 20, 2012

Looking for more? Browse all our products here