National Security Issues

OCG-93-9TR: Published: Dec 1, 1992. Publicly Released: Dec 1, 1992.

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Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed major defense policy, management, and program issues, focusing on: (1) military roles and missions; (2) managing the downsized and restructured military force; (3) U.S. commitments, forward presence, and security assistance programs; (4) the spread of mass destruction weapons; (5) weapons system acquisition; (6) environmental concerns; (7) inventory and other management concerns; and (8) financial management.

GAO found that: (1) the reassessment of military roles and missions will require a change in the defense establishment's organizational culture and could lead to more cost-effective means of meeting defense needs; (2) the Department of Defense (DOD) will need to maintain high levels of military capability while reducing the number of military and civilian employees; (3) worldwide political realignments necessitate the change in U.S. overseas military presence and security assistance programs to reflect new U.S. commitments to allies and others; (4) increased international cooperation, with U.S. leadership, will be required to control international technology transfers and to dispose of nuclear and chemical weapons; (5) DOD needs to reform its acquisition process in the face of budget cuts, but DOD will need to maintain industrial base supporting security needs; (6) DOD faces many environmental challenges, such as complying with clean air and water legislation and cleaning up hazardous wastes; and (7) DOD needs to continues its initiatives in inventory acquisition, management, and control, and in personnel and financial management to ensure efficiency and cost control.

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