Enhanced Fiber Optic Guided Missile:

Need to Define Requirements and Establish Criteria to Assess Performance

NSIAD-96-7: Published: Oct 17, 1995. Publicly Released: Oct 17, 1995.

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GAO reviewed the Army's plans for acquiring the Enhanced Fiber Optic Guided Missile (EFOG-M) system.

GAO found that: (1) the Army lacks a formal requirement for EFOG-M and has not prepared comprehensive comparative cost studies because requirements documents and analyses are not normally required for Advanced Concept Technology Demonstration (ACTD) programs; (2) the Army should develop the requirement documents because of its prior difficulty in justifying the systems; (3) Congress has required the Army to certify that the requirement and analyses exist by December 1, 1995; (4) the Army has not fully defined EFOG-M performance criteria to evaluate the system's military value; (5) the ACTD program may not shorten the EFOG-M acquisition process unless innovative strategies are devised and formal testing agreements are reached; and (6) resources are not available to support limited fielding of EFOG-M after the 2-year ACTD evaluation period.

Recommendations for Executive Action

  1. Status: Closed - Implemented

    Comments: DOD agreed to require the Army to prepare a formal cost and operational effectiveness analysis and a statement of requirements if the results of the Advanced Concept Technology Demonstration indicate that a larger quantity of EFOG-M should be acquired. Even though the advanced technology demonstration has not been completed, the Army eliminated funding for the EFOG-M program in the fiscal year 1999 budget request.

    Recommendation: Before deciding to either acquire more EFOG-M or retain the limited quantity beyond the user evaluation, the Secretary of Defense should require the Army to prepare: (1) a formal EFOG-M requirements document; and (2) analyses comparing EFOG-M cost and operational effectiveness with other alternatives for satisfying the requirement, including the weapons of other services if appropriate.

    Agency Affected: Department of Defense

  2. Status: Closed - Implemented

    Comments: DOD did not agree with the recommendation, stating that: (1) exit criteria are not appropriate for use with an Advanced Concept Technology Demonstration; (2) appropriate testing will be performed to characterize performance; and (3) required levels of performance will not be established until the conclusion of the Advanced Concept Technology Demonstration.

    Recommendation: The Secretary of Defense should establish measurable exit criteria regarding the most critical EFOG-M performance issues before beginning the tests, demonstrations, and evaluations.

    Agency Affected: Department of Defense

  3. Status: Closed - Implemented

    Comments: DOD agreed with the recommendation, stating that it intends to address this issue within the Transition Integrated Product Team process to avoid unnecessary duplication of tests. However, the Army eliminated funding for the EFOG-M program in the fiscal year 1999 budget request.

    Recommendation: The Secretary of Defense should evaluate the feasibility and costs of performing the tests and evaluations to be conducted during the limited procurement in such a fashion as to preclude the need to repeat them if a larger procurement is desired.

    Agency Affected: Department of Defense

  4. Status: Closed - Implemented

    Comments: DOD agreed with the recommendation, stating that: (1) the results of the Rapid Force Projection Initiative Advanced Concept Technology Demonstration will include an analysis of the cost-effectiveness of a limited fielding with the inventory procured for the demonstration; and (2) any decision to procure additional units will include full consideration of funding and manpower required to operate and support the expanded deployment. However, the Army eliminated funding for the EFOG-M program in the fiscal year 1999 budget request.

    Recommendation: Before requesting appropriations to support and operate the EFOG-M equipment beyond the extended user evaluation period, the Secretary of Defense should require the Army to provide evidence that such a deployment would be cost-effective. In addition, before requesting funds for a larger procurement, the Secretary of Defense should ensure that the Army has planned sufficient funding and personnel to support, operate, and maintain the larger procurement.

    Agency Affected: Department of Defense

 

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