Industrial Base:

Inventory and Requirements for Artillery Projectiles

NSIAD-95-89: Published: Mar 20, 1995. Publicly Released: Apr 4, 1995.

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Pursuant to a legislative requirement, GAO reviewed selected aspects of the Army's industrial base for the production of artillery projectile metal parts, focusing on: (1) how Army and Marine Corps inventories of artillery projectiles compare with stated requirements; (2) the Army's production base for artillery projectiles; and (3) the Army's plans for procuring advanced artillery rounds and parts.

GAO found that: (1) in November 1994, the Army's inventory of artillery projectiles totalled 20.8 million at the wholesale level; (2) the Army's inventory consisted of 27 types of projectiles stored at U.S. and international locations; (3) over 98 percent of the inventory was usable, but some projectile types were understocked or obsolete; (4) the inventory was more than adequate to meet the Army's training and combat requirements for most artillery projectiles; (5) as of March 1995, the Marine Corps' inventory of 24 projectile types stands at about 4 million, of which about 85 percent is usable; (6) the Marine Corps has also understocked five of the 24 projectile types while maintaining seven types of obsolete projectiles; (7) because of decreasing requirements and funding constraints, the Army has reduced its active industrial base for artillery projectiles; (8) the Army believes that the reduced base is adequate for meeting its planned procurements as well as that of the Marine Corps; and (9) although the Army plans to produce 3 of its 4 new advanced artillery projectiles in-house, it has not yet decided where to produce the projectiles' metal parts.

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