Department of Defense Support for Domestic Civil Activities
NSIAD-94-41: Published: Nov 26, 1993. Publicly Released: Nov 26, 1993.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO provided information on the Department of Defense's (DOD) support of domestic civil activities that are not related to its military mission, focusing on the activities': (1) funding; and (2) impact on military readiness and warfighting capabilities.
GAO found that: (1) DOD does not have a standard definition of domestic civil activities; (2) for fiscal years 1990 through 1993, DOD allocated at least $10.4 billion to these activities, but it did not keep complete data on the activities; (3) about 96 percent of the funds allocated were for congressionally-directed activities such as counter-narcotics operations, defense conversion, and medical and environmental research; (4) about 4 percent of the funds were for unplanned activities such as supporting other government agencies that responded to natural disasters and civil unrest, and planned budgeted activities such as support for the Boy Scout Jamboree; (5) funding for congressionally-directed activities has increased substantially while funding for non-congressionally-directed activities has been limited; (6) DOD has not collected data on the activities' impact on military readiness; (7) DOD officials believe that domestic civil activities have a positive effect on training benefits, and a negative effect on human and equipment resources that are not readily available to respond to military needs; (8) DOD readiness could be impaired if DOD takes on additional domestic and international noncombat activities; and (9) DOD has begun studying the issue and developing guidance on DOD support of domestic civil activities.