Foreign Assistance:

A Profile of the Agency for International Development

NSIAD-92-148: Published: Apr 3, 1992. Publicly Released: Apr 3, 1992.

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GAO reported on its ongoing general management review of the Agency for International Development (AID), focusing on the: (1) organizational structure of AID District of Columbia headquarters (AID/W) and the type and number of AID overseas offices; (2) scope and composition of bilateral economic assistance that AID administers; (3) allocation of resources among AID offices; and (4) composition of the AID work force and distribution among agency management and program functions.

GAO found that: (1) AID has a highly decentralized organizational structure, with a headquarters staff in the District of Columbia and missions in more than 70 foreign countries; (2) in 1991, the Administrator initiated a major reorganization of AID/W to improve agency management, but the reorganization did not affect AID offices overseas; (3) in fiscal year (FY) 1990, activities comprised 38 percent of the international affairs budget, but AID does not have total control over administered funds, as illustrated by its direct transfer of $1.2 billion to Israel; (4) AID had 1,680 active projects in FY 1990, with three-fourths of the projects administered by AID overseas missions and offices, and the remaining administered by AID/W; (5) AID activities involve economic support, bilateral development assistance, food assistance, multilateral development banks, the Peace Corps, military financing and training, and foreign information and exchange activities; (6) in FY 1990, AID obligated $6.1 billion for project and program expenses, but also had obligated but not expended $8.3 billion in prior years; and (7) the AID work force is comprised of U.S. and foreign national direct hires and personal services contractors.

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