Operation Desert Storm:

Race and Gender Comparison of Deployed Forces With All Active Duty Forces

NSIAD-92-111FS: Published: Jun 25, 1992. Publicly Released: Jul 15, 1992.

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Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO compared the composition of active duty troops deployed to Operations Desert Shield and Desert Storm with that of active duty military personnel for each service by race or Hispanic origin, gender, combat/noncombat positions, and rank.

GAO found that: (1) the proportion of black personnel in the active duty force deployed to Operations Desert Shield and Desert Storm was 3 percentage points higher than their proportion in the total active duty force; (2) the proportion of white personnel deployed was 4 percentage points lower than their proportion in the total active duty force; (3) men comprised a considerably higher proportion of both total and deployed active forces than they represent in the general population; (4) women made up 11 percent of the total active duty force and 6 percent of deployed active duty personnel; and (5) there was little difference between the racial composition of total and deployed active duty officer personnel, but a comparison of enlisted personnel showed some differences in the representation of black and white populations.

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