Arms Control:

U.S. Efforts to Control the Transfer of Nuclear-Capable Missile Technology

NSIAD-90-176: Published: Jun 1, 1990. Publicly Released: Jun 11, 1990.

Additional Materials:


Office of Public Affairs
(202) 512-4800

Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO examined certain aspects of the Missile Technology Control Regime (MTCR), focusing on: (1) whether the U.S. agencies involved had adopted specific procedures to implement MTCR; (2) the numbers of MTCR-related license applications processed and their disposition; (3) the effectiveness of interagency coordination; and (4) the adequacy of U.S. resources devoted to MTCR.

GAO found that: (1) U.S. export licensing authorities had different guidance and procedures for determining which export license applications might be subject to MTCR restrictions; (2) export authorities identified 128 license applications subject to missile technology controls, and identified about 1,450 export license applications related to missile technology; (3) the United States reported to MTCR members 29 license denials, and other members reported 13 denials; (4) no MTCR-restricted items were approved for export to Iraq; (5) Iraq's approved export licenses involved items not covered by MTCR; (6) officials from several agencies considered the U.S. export licensing authorities' initial efforts ineffective; (7) U.S. defense and arms exports authorities had seven full-time personnel providing assistance on license applications and other issues related to MTCR; and (8) MTCR has many problems, including the need to ensure adherence to its guidelines by other countries that are major missile sources.

Oct 12, 2017

Oct 4, 2017

Sep 28, 2017

Sep 19, 2017

Sep 13, 2017

Sep 7, 2017

  • international icon: Art Explosion

    Diplomatic Security:

    Key Oversight Issues
    GAO-17-681SP: Published: Sep 7, 2017. Publicly Released: Sep 7, 2017.

Sep 5, 2017

Aug 29, 2017

Aug 28, 2017

Looking for more? Browse all our products here