Army Airlift:

Need To Use Air Lines of Communications for Essential Items

NSIAD-87-184: Published: Jul 27, 1987. Publicly Released: Jul 27, 1987.

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GAO reviewed the Army's Air Lines of Communication Program (ALOC) and the Army's reserve stocks of ALOC-eligible materiel to determine: (1) the peacetime cost of ALOC; (2) ALOC ability to function effectively in wartime; and (3) whether reserve stocks of ALOC-eligible items could adequately support overseas forces during a transition to war.

GAO found that ALOC: (1) has significantly reduced the delivery time for routine supply orders and the amount of materiel in the supply pipeline; (2) is airlifting nonessential materiel that the Army would not airlift in wartime; (3) is not cost-effective for peacetime use because of the high cost of air transportation; and (4) reserve stocks overseas may not be adequate to sustain wartime operations until resupply.

Recommendations for Executive Action

  1. Status: Closed - Not Implemented

    Comments: The Army agreed that the eligibility criteria for peacetime ALOC is more liberal than that for wartime ALOC, but insists that the present volume of peacetime traffic is needed to adequately exercise the system. The Army plans no action.

    Recommendation: The Assistant Secretary of the Army (Installations and Logistics) should direct that the peacetime airlift eligibility criteria under ALOC be made more consistent with the wartime airlift eligibility criteria.

    Agency Affected: Department of Defense: Department of the Army: Office of the Assistant Secretary (Installations, Logistics, and Financial Management)

  2. Status: Closed - Implemented

    Comments: The Army revised the regulation (AR 710-2) covering the forward positioning of selected positions of war reserves. Quantities of stocks on-hand will be increased as funds become available.

    Recommendation: The Assistant Secretary of the Army (Installations and Logistics) should reassess the types and quantities of repair parts included in prepositioned war reserve stocks.

    Agency Affected: Department of Defense: Department of the Army: Office of the Assistant Secretary (Installations, Logistics, and Financial Management)

 

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