The Army Can Better Integrate Manpower, Personnel, and Training Into the Weapon Systems Acquisition Process

NSIAD-85-154: Published: Sep 27, 1985. Publicly Released: Sep 27, 1985.

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GAO reviewed the Army's efforts to improve the integration of manpower, personnel, and training (MPT) into its weapon systems acquisition process.

GAO believes that: (1) the Army must effectively integrate MPT into the weapon system acquisition process to ensure that, once weapon systems are deployed, they can be properly operated and maintained; and (2) the Army's lack of centralized MPT management impedes its MPT improvement efforts. GAO found that a number of studies by the Army and other organizations have identified major systemic MPT problems that adversely affect the Army's ability to integrate MPT into the systems acquisition process, including: (1) a lack of leadership in MPT integration; (2) failure to identify MPT requirements early in the acquisition process; (3) failure to define MPT needs for contractors designing weapon systems; and (4) a lack of contract incentives for good MPT planning. GAO also found that the Army is improving its MPT integration efforts by: (1) clarifying the roles of certain key officials in the MPT integration process; (2) testing techniques to identify MPT needs early in the acquisition process; and (3) developing methodologies to identify MPT needs to weapon system contractors. However, GAO noted that there has been little coordination between three major Army commands with MPT responsibilities that are independently implementing MPT improvements. In addition, GAO found that the Office of the Deputy Chief of Staff for Personnel, which has primary responsibility for MPT planning, has not established detailed procedures for carrying out MPT responsibilities.

Recommendations for Executive Action

  1. Status: Closed - Implemented

    Comments: The Deputy Chief of Staff for Personnel has been given the authority and responsibility to develop a coordinated staff position and publish regulatory guidance outlining responsibilities for all agencies involved in the integration effort.

    Recommendation: The Secretary of the Army should ensure that the Deputy Chief of Staff for Personnel has the authority and responsibility to develop and implement a comprehensive Army-wide plan for addressing MPT problems.

    Agency Affected: Department of Defense: Department of the Army

  2. Status: Closed - Implemented

    Comments: Army Regulation 602-2, Manpower and Personnel Integration (MANPRINT), in the Materiel Acquisition Process, was approved on July 21, 1986 and distributed to Army major commands for their use. Also, a MANPRINT procedural guide was published in July 1986. MANPRINT has also been established as a source selection criteria for all new systems acquisitions solicited after June 27, 1986.

    Recommendation: The Secretary of the Army should ensure that the Deputy Chief of Staff for Personnel establishes and implements detailed procedures and controls for ensuring that all manpower and personnel issues relating to weapon systems are identified, fully developed, analyzed, and resolved.

    Agency Affected: Department of Defense: Department of the Army

 

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