Information on Military, Civilian, and Contract Employees Who Provide Physical Security at Military Installations

LCD-80-112: Published: Sep 30, 1980. Publicly Released: Nov 3, 1980.

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GAO was requested to review 10 questions relating to military, civilian, and contract employees who provide physical security at military facilities. The questions were as follows: (1) what criteria are used to determine the personnel requirements for the physical security at military facilities; (2) what criteria are used to determine whether security should be provided by military or nonmilitary personnel; (3) can additional security requirements be assumed by nonmilitary personnel, thus freeing military personnel; (4) how many staff-years of physical security are provided by military personnel in the Department of Defense (DOD); (5) how many staff-years of physical security are provided by civilian Federal employees; (6) how many staff-years of physical security are provided by contract employees; (7) how do the three methods of delivery vary in terms of quality of service, training for employees, and accountability; (8) are cost comparisons consistently performed to justify the choice for the method of delivery; (9) how does the contracting of nonsecurity functions on facilities affect security; and (10) is security coverage a line item in the budget and/or appropriation for DOD or other agencies.

GAO found the answers to the foregoing questions as follows: (1) there was no clear-cut criteria for determining security personnel requirements for military facilities; (2) the policy of DOD requires military people to protect nuclear assets, however, the Government now requires case-by-case determinations of whether guard and protective services will be provided by military, civil service, or contract; (3) many similar security functions are performed by different types of people which include the military, civil service, and contractors; (4) the total authorized position understates the number of military people involved in security because many military people perform security functions on a part-time basis; (5) there are 2,600 civilian staff-years authorized for security duties at Army and Air Force facilities; (6) the information could not be determined because the contractor estimates and provides its own personnel; (7) the quality, training, and accountability varied at the different military facilities; (8) cost comparisons are not required to justify the choice for the method of delivery; (9) there were no problems in contracting for nonsecurity functions that would adversely affect facility security; and (10) under current budget and appropriation processes, security coverage is not a separate line item for DOD or any of the services.

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