School Age Demographics:

Recent Trends Pose New Educational Challenges

HRD-93-105BR: Published: Aug 5, 1993. Publicly Released: Aug 12, 1993.

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Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO examined the economic and demographic characteristics of school age children in families and changes in these characteristics between 1980 and 1990.

GAO found that: (1) there was a 5.8-percent decline in school age children between 1980 and 1990; (2) during the 1980s, the number of poor school age children grew by 6 percent; (3) white children represented more than 40 percent of all poor school age children in 1990; (4) the parents of poor children varied by race and ethnicity and educational attainment; (5) the number of poor school age children became increasingly concentrated in the western and southwestern United States; (6) during the 1980s, poor school age children were concentrated in the nation's largest cities; (7) children from at-risk populations represented 4 to 5 percent of all school age children; and (8) at-risk children were more likely to attend public schools.

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