Job Training Partnership Act:

Actions Needed to Improve Participant Support Services

HRD-92-124: Published: Jun 12, 1992. Publicly Released: Jun 12, 1992.

Additional Materials:

Contact:

Linda G. Morra
(202) 512-7014
contact@gao.gov

 

Office of Public Affairs
(202) 512-4800
youngc1@gao.gov

Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO provided information on the Job Training Partnership Act (JTPA), focusing on: (1) the extent of participant support that local JTPA programs provide; (2) the relationship between support and program participant success; and (3) the amount of support provided through coordination arrangements with other sources.

GAO found that: (1) of the $1.8 billion in JTPA funding, about 9 percent is spent on participant support; (2) local service delivery areas (SDA) totalled 27 percent, or $10 million, in improper participant support charges; (3) 69 percent of single parents who obtained child care assistance had positive outcomes by returning to either school or work; and (4) coordination with other organizations and programs increases resources available for participant support.

Matters for Congressional Consideration

  1. Status: Closed - Implemented

    Comments: The JTPA amendments enacted in 1992, recategorize work experience as a training activity. Therefore, this recommendation has been fully adopted.

    Matter: Congress may wish to consider amending JTPA to reflect the true nature of work experience by requiring that work experience be categorized as training rather than participant support.

  2. Status: Closed - Implemented

    Comments: The JTPA amendments enacted in 1992 require the Secretary of Labor to define, by regulation, the program cost categories. In addition, they provide for fiscal controls that also address the recommendation. Therefore, this recommendation has been fully adopted.

    Matter: In addition, because Labor has been reluctant to take action, Congress may wish to consider amending JTPA to require the Secretary to ensure that all JTPA program cost categories are adequately defined and that costs are accurately reported.

Recommendation for Executive Action

  1. Status: Closed - Implemented

    Comments: The JTPA amendments, enacted in 1992, address the recommendations by implementing new coordination requirements. In addition, Labor has taken several actions to improve coordination and the use of other resources for supportive services.

    Recommendation: To ensure that JTPA funds are used, to the maximum extent possible, for training purposes and that participants receive the support services needed to attend training, the Secretary of Labor should provide SDA with guidance on the use of resources potentially available from other agencies and programs to supplement JTPA funding for participant support. Furthermore, the Secretary should provide guidance to SDA on how best to seek out and obtain needs-based payments and supportive services potentially available through coordination agreements with other programs.

    Agency Affected: Department of Labor

 

Explore the full database of GAO's Open Recommendations »

Sep 22, 2016

Sep 15, 2016

Aug 15, 2016

Aug 1, 2016

Jun 20, 2016

Jun 13, 2016

May 25, 2016

Apr 14, 2016

Mar 10, 2016

Looking for more? Browse all our products here