Job Training Partnership Act:

Services and Outcomes for Participants With Differing Needs

HRD-89-52: Published: Jun 9, 1989. Publicly Released: Jun 9, 1989.

Additional Materials:

Contact:

Linda G. Morra
(202) 512-7014
contact@gao.gov

 

Office of Public Affairs
(202) 512-4800
youngc1@gao.gov

Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO provided information on the Job Training Partnership Act (JTPA) program, focusing on: (1) participants' readiness to enter the job market; (2) the type and intensity of services participants received according to their job readiness; (3) participant employment outcomes; and (4) differences among JTPA service delivery areas (SDA).

GAO found that SDA: (1) generally served more and less job-ready participants in about the same proportion as their incidence in the eligible population; (2) did not target services to any particular job readiness group; (3) tended to underserve the eligible high school dropout population and offered little remedial education; (4) provided fewer and less intensive services to less job-ready participants than they did to more job-ready participants; and (5) provided placement assistance only or lower-skill or non-occupational training to over 50 percent of participants, who either did not get a job or obtained a low-skill job in a low- or no-growth occupation. GAO also found that: (1) participants receiving higher or moderate skill training, including the less job-ready, tended to obtain jobs at the same level of training; (2) on-the-job training contracts frequently exceeded the Department of Labor's (DOL) suggested training time; (3) DOL did not collect adequately detailed information regarding JTPA participants and services; and (4) JTPA and program guidance lack the necessary specificity to ensure that those most in need of services are appropriately served.

Matter for Congressional Consideration

  1. Status: Closed - Implemented

    Comments: The JTPA amendments, enacted in 1992, contain increased and extensive recordkeeping requirements and, therefore, respond to the intent of this recommendation.

    Matter: Congress should consider amending JTPA to require states and SDA to collect and report data on those who are being served, the kinds and intensity of services they receive, and the outcomes they attain.

Recommendations for Executive Action

  1. Status: Closed - Implemented

    Comments: The JTPA amendments, enacted in 1992, place restrictions on the use of on-the-job training contracts that respond to the intent of this recommendation.

    Recommendation: The Secretary of Labor should provide guidance to SDA to ensure that the length of on-the-job training contracts is commensurate with the skill level of the job involved.

    Agency Affected: Department of Labor

  2. Status: Closed - Implemented

    Comments: The JTPA amendments, enacted in 1992, contain increased and extensive recordkeeping requirements and, therefore, respond to the intent of this recommendation.

    Recommendation: The Secretary of Labor should monitor the effect of more intensive training on the number of participants the program can serve and on program outcomes, including placement rates experienced by the less job-ready receiving higher skill training.

    Agency Affected: Department of Labor

  3. Status: Closed - Implemented

    Comments: The JTPA amendments, enacted in 1992, contain increased and extensive recordkeeping requirements and, therefore, respond to the intent of this recommendation.

    Recommendation: The Secretary of Labor should collect data necessary to measure differences in program outcomes associated with higher and moderate skill occupational training.

    Agency Affected: Department of Labor

  4. Status: Closed - Implemented

    Comments: The JTPA amendments, enacted in 1992, require that an objective assessment of participants' skill levels and service needs to be conducted and appropriate services be provided. This provision incorporates the intent of this recommendation.

    Recommendation: The Secretary of Labor should increase JTPA emphasis on higher and moderate skill occupational training.

    Agency Affected: Department of Labor

 

Explore the full database of GAO's Open Recommendations »

Sep 22, 2016

Sep 15, 2016

Aug 15, 2016

Aug 1, 2016

Jun 20, 2016

Jun 13, 2016

May 25, 2016

Apr 14, 2016

Mar 10, 2016

Looking for more? Browse all our products here