Summer Youth Jobs Program:

Congressional Action Has Increased Emphasis on Remedial Education

HRD-88-118: Published: Sep 30, 1988. Publicly Released: Oct 7, 1988.

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Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO discussed local programs' implementation of the requirement to provide youth with remedial education as part of the 1987 Summer Youth Employment and Training Program.

GAO found that: (1) the number of youths provided remedial education in the 1987 program increased from 55,000 to 112,000; (2) the money localities spent on remediation expanded from $37 million to $64 million; (3) although every program it surveyed provided remediation, the number of youths served and the intensity of remediation varied greatly; (4) the majority of programs planned to further expand remediation in 1988; (5) 60 percent of program administrators believed that remediation improved their summer programs; and (6) although local administrators had anticipated service reductions in several aspects of their summer programs due to the cost of adding remediation, fewer than expected programs actually reported making such reductions.

Matters for Congressional Consideration

  1. Status: Closed - Implemented

    Comments: JTPA amendments, enacted in 1992, require local programs to establish goals and objectives for use in evaluating the program's effectiveness, and thus address the intent of this recommendation.

    Matter: Although most local program administrators believe the remediation component of the Summer Youth Program has been successful, the component's overall effectiveness is unknown. Congress may wish to consider requiring the Department of Labor (DOL) to evaluate all or a sample of these programs' remediation components, using standardized educational achievement tests.

  2. Status: Closed - Implemented

    Comments: The JTPA amendments, enacted in 1992, require local programs to assess participants' needs and to develop a service strategy to address such needs. These requirements address the intent of this recommendation.

    Matter: Although nearly all service delivery areas have added remediation to their programs, the proportion of youth receiving services varies greatly. Congress may wish to consider requiring that DOL define some minimal amount of remediation that must be provided during the summer.

  3. Status: Closed - Implemented

    Comments: The JTPA amendments, enacted in 1992, require local programs to assess participants' needs and to develop a service strategy to address such needs. These requirements address the intent of this recommendation.

    Matter: Although nearly all service delivery areas have added remediation to their programs, the proportion of youth receiving services varies greatly. Congress may wish to consider requiring that all youth in the program who are in need of remedial education receive such remediation.

 

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