Dislocated Workers:

Local Programs and Outcomes Under the Job Training Partnership Act

HRD-87-41: Published: Mar 5, 1987. Publicly Released: Mar 5, 1987.

Additional Materials:

Contact:

William J. Gainer
(202) 275-5365
contact@gao.gov

 

Office of Public Affairs
(202) 512-4800
youngc1@gao.gov

GAO reviewed the Job Training Partnership Act (JTPA) Dislocated Worker Program, specifically the: (1) results achieved, such as placement rates and average wage levels; and (2) assistance provided to participants, including skill training.

GAO found that: (1) JTPA projects reported that they placed 69 percent of their participants in jobs at an average wage of $6.61 per hour; (2) the average wage was significantly higher than the wage levels other employment and training programs reported, but was generally lower than participants' prior wages; (3) projects emphasizing on-the-job training had higher-than-average placement rates and placement assistance generally took the form of job counseling; (4) JTPA projects enrolled a low proportion of older and less educated dislocated workers because of the concern that these two groups would experience more difficulty in finding new employment; and (5) project outcomes also varied with project characteristics, such as state approaches to funding local projects, the organizations operating the projects, and the extent to which projects focused on specific business layoffs.

Matter for Congressional Consideration

  1. Status: Closed - Implemented

    Comments: A new dislocated worker assistance program was enacted (P.L. 100-418) that replaces the original JTPA title III dislocated worker program. The program does not include a match requirement.

    Matter: Given the problems with the existing match requirement, Congress may want to reevaluate the provision by requiring that resources used to satisfy the match be new ones. If this were done, it would probably be necessary to reduce the current one-for-one match requirement because this level of matching would be more difficult to achieve using only new resources.

Recommendations for Executive Action

  1. Status: Closed - Implemented

    Comments: New dislocated worker assistance legislation was enacted (P.L. 100-418) that changes the funding mechanism, channelling more funds directly to local service providers.

    Recommendation: The Secretary of Labor should provide technical assistance to states that are slow in their expenditure of title III funds. The technical assistance should focus on ways to speed up the request-for-proposal funding mechanism.

    Agency Affected: Department of Labor

  2. Status: Closed - Implemented

    Comments: A new dislocated worker assistance program was enacted (P.L. 100-418) with a new administrative design, requiring a focus on training that is expected to address this issue.

    Recommendation: The Secretary of Labor should: (1) work with state and local officials to identify the reasons for the lower representation of older and less educated dislocated workers in the JTPA title III program; and (2) develop strategies to obtain greater program participation by these workers.

    Agency Affected: Department of Labor

 

Explore the full database of GAO's Open Recommendations »

Sep 22, 2016

Sep 15, 2016

Aug 15, 2016

Aug 1, 2016

Jun 20, 2016

Jun 13, 2016

May 25, 2016

Apr 14, 2016

Mar 10, 2016

Looking for more? Browse all our products here