Juvenile Justice:

Native American Pass-Through Grant Program

GGD-94-86FS: Published: Mar 28, 1994. Publicly Released: Mar 28, 1994.

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Pursuant to a legislative requirement, GAO provided information on the Native American Pass-Through Grant Program, focusing on: (1) how the program works; (2) the funding amount states and Indian tribes received for fiscal years 1991 through 1993; and (3) how some tribes used the funds.

GAO found that: (1) Indian tribes receive a proportion of state grant funds based on the percentage of the state's under-18 population that resides in areas where the tribes perform law enforcement functions; (2) such tribes can receive funds from both the pass-through grant program and states' general formula grants; (3) in fiscal year (FY) 1991, 23 states had Indian tribes eligible for pass-through funds and 18 of the 23 states awarded funds to their tribes; (4) only 12 states awarded funds that met or exceeded the minimum estimated amount for at least 1 FY between 1991 and 1993; (5) tribes use the pass-through grant funds for such purposes as conducting juvenile needs-assessment studies and providing alternatives to juvenile detention; (6) juvenile justice officials believe that the amount of pass-through grants available are insufficient for tribes to address their juvenile justice problems; and (7) a juvenile justice coalition has recommended that the authorizing legislation be amended to promote juvenile justice system improvements for Native Americans.

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