Open Innovation:

Executive Branch Developed Resources to Support Implementation, but Guidance Could Better Reflect Leading Practices

GAO-17-507: Published: Jun 8, 2017. Publicly Released: Jun 8, 2017.

Additional Materials:

Contact:

J. Christopher Mihm
(202) 512-6806
mihmj@gao.gov

 

Office of Public Affairs
(202) 512-4800
youngc1@gao.gov

Federal agencies are using open innovation strategies—leveraging the knowledge and skills of people outside the federal government—to achieve certain goals. To support these strategies, agencies have developed guidance, provided staff to help implement initiatives, and established websites to improve access to information.

However, we found that guidance developed by the General Services Administration, Office of Management and Budget, and Office of Science and Technology Policy does not fully reflect leading practices for effectively implementing open innovation projects. We recommended that these agencies revise their guidance to do so.

Extent Key Guidance for Open Innovation Strategies Reflects Practices for Effective Implementation

A table showing how well federal guidance reflects effective implementation strategies.

A table showing how well federal guidance reflects effective implementation strategies.

Additional Materials:

Contact:

J. Christopher Mihm
(202) 512-6806
mihmj@gao.gov

 

Office of Public Affairs
(202) 512-4800
youngc1@gao.gov

What GAO Found

Open innovation involves using various tools and approaches to harness the ideas, expertise, and resources of those outside an organization to address an issue or achieve specific goals. Agencies have frequently used several open innovation strategies—crowdsourcing and citizen science, ideation, open data collaboration, open dialogues, and prize competitions and challenges—to engage the public. Staff from the General Services Administration (GSA), Office of Management and Budget (OMB), and Office of Science and Technology Policy (OSTP) developed resources to support agency use of these strategies:

policies and guidance to encourage use, clarify legal authorities, and suggest actions for designing and implementing an open innovation initiative;

staff to advise and assist agency staff implementing initiatives and open innovation-related communities of practice; and

websites to improve access to relevant information and potential participants.

Six selected agencies—the Departments of Energy, Health and Human Services, Housing and Urban Development, and Transportation; the Environmental Protection Agency; and the National Aeronautics and Space Administration—also developed resources for those strategies they frequently use. These resources complement those at the government-wide level, providing agency staff with tailored guidance and support to help ensure they carry out initiatives consistent with agency procedures.

For the open innovation strategies identified above, GAO determined that key government-wide guidance developed by GSA, OMB, and OSTP reflect to differing extents practices GAO previously identified for effectively implementing specific initiatives (see table). Several factors led to these variances, including differing scopes and methodologies used in their development, and when they were issued. Better incorporating these practices could help ensure agency staff are aware of, and are able to take, steps to effectively design, implement, and assess their initiatives.

Extent Key Guidance Reflects Practices for Effective Implementation by Strategy

Extent Key Guidance Reflects Practices for Effective Implementation by Strategy

Why GAO Did This Study

To address the complex and crosscutting challenges facing the federal government, agencies need to effectively engage and collaborate with those in the private, nonprofit, and academic sectors; other levels of government; and citizens. Agencies are increasingly using open innovation strategies for these purposes.

The GPRA Modernization Act of 2010 requires agencies to identify strategies and resources they will use to achieve goals. The act also requires GAO to periodically review how implementation of the act's requirements is affecting agency performance. This report identifies the open innovation resources developed by GSA, OMB, OSTP, and six selected agencies, and examines the extent to which key guidance reflects practices for effective implementation.

To address these objectives, GAO identified various resources by reviewing relevant policies, guidance, and websites, and interviewing staff from each agency. GAO selected the six agencies based on several factors, including the number and type of open innovation initiatives outlined in their agency Open Government Plans. GAO also compared guidance to practices and key actions for effective implementation.

What GAO Recommends

GAO recommends GSA, OMB, and OSTP enhance key guidance for each open innovation strategy to fully reflect practices for effective implementation. GSA and OMB generally agreed with these recommendations. OSTP neither agreed nor disagreed with the recommendations.

For more information, contact J. Christopher Mihm at (202) 512-6806 or mihmj@gao.gov.

Recommendations for Executive Action

  1. Status: Open

    Comments: When we confirm what actions the agency has taken in response to this recommendation, we will provide updated information.

    Recommendation: To help ensure federal agencies effectively design, implement, and assess open innovation initiatives in line with the practices and key actions identified in our past report, the Director of the Office of Management and Budget, the Director of the Office of Science and Technology Policy, and the Administrator of the General Services Administration should enhance key guidance for open data collaboration initiatives to clearly define the purpose of engaging the public.

    Agency Affected: Executive Office of the President: Office of Management and Budget

  2. Status: Open

    Comments: When we confirm what actions the agency has taken in response to this recommendation, we will provide updated information.

    Recommendation: To help ensure federal agencies effectively design, implement, and assess open innovation initiatives in line with the practices and key actions identified in our past report, the Director of the Office of Management and Budget, the Director of the Office of Science and Technology Policy, and the Administrator of the General Services Administration should enhance key guidance for open data collaboration initiatives to clearly define the purpose of engaging the public.

    Agency Affected: Executive Office of the President: Office of Science and Technology Policy

  3. Status: Open

    Comments: When we confirm what actions the agency has taken in response to this recommendation, we will provide updated information.

    Recommendation: To help ensure federal agencies effectively design, implement, and assess open innovation initiatives in line with the practices and key actions identified in our past report, the Director of the Office of Management and Budget, the Director of the Office of Science and Technology Policy, and the Administrator of the General Services Administration should enhance key guidance for open data collaboration initiatives to clearly define the purpose of engaging the public.

    Agency Affected: General Services Administration

  4. Status: Open

    Comments: When we confirm what actions the agency has taken in response to this recommendation, we will provide updated information.

    Recommendation: To help ensure federal agencies effectively design, implement, and assess open innovation initiatives in line with the practices and key actions identified in our past report, the Director of the Office of Management and Budget, the Director of the Office of Science and Technology Policy, and the Administrator of the General Services Administration should enhance key guidance for open data collaboration initiatives to consider the agency's capability to implement a strategy, including leadership support, legal authority, the availability of resources, and capacity.

    Agency Affected: Executive Office of the President: Office of Management and Budget

  5. Status: Open

    Comments: When we confirm what actions the agency has taken in response to this recommendation, we will provide updated information.

    Recommendation: To help ensure federal agencies effectively design, implement, and assess open innovation initiatives in line with the practices and key actions identified in our past report, the Director of the Office of Management and Budget, the Director of the Office of Science and Technology Policy, and the Administrator of the General Services Administration should enhance key guidance for open data collaboration initiatives to consider the agency's capability to implement a strategy, including leadership support, legal authority, the availability of resources, and capacity.

    Agency Affected: Executive Office of the President: Office of Science and Technology Policy

  6. Status: Open

    Comments: When we confirm what actions the agency has taken in response to this recommendation, we will provide updated information.

    Recommendation: To help ensure federal agencies effectively design, implement, and assess open innovation initiatives in line with the practices and key actions identified in our past report, the Director of the Office of Management and Budget, the Director of the Office of Science and Technology Policy, and the Administrator of the General Services Administration should enhance key guidance for open data collaboration initiatives to consider the agency's capability to implement a strategy, including leadership support, legal authority, the availability of resources, and capacity.

    Agency Affected: General Services Administration

  7. Status: Open

    Comments: When we confirm what actions the agency has taken in response to this recommendation, we will provide updated information.

    Recommendation: To help ensure federal agencies effectively design, implement, and assess open innovation initiatives in line with the practices and key actions identified in our past report, the Director of the Office of Management and Budget, the Director of the Office of Science and Technology Policy, and the Administrator of the General Services Administration should enhance key guidance for open data collaboration initiatives to define specific and measurable goals for the initiative.

    Agency Affected: Executive Office of the President: Office of Management and Budget

  8. Status: Open

    Comments: When we confirm what actions the agency has taken in response to this recommendation, we will provide updated information.

    Recommendation: To help ensure federal agencies effectively design, implement, and assess open innovation initiatives in line with the practices and key actions identified in our past report, the Director of the Office of Management and Budget, the Director of the Office of Science and Technology Policy, and the Administrator of the General Services Administration should enhance key guidance for open data collaboration initiatives to define specific and measurable goals for the initiative.

    Agency Affected: Executive Office of the President: Office of Science and Technology Policy

  9. Status: Open

    Comments: When we confirm what actions the agency has taken in response to this recommendation, we will provide updated information.

    Recommendation: To help ensure federal agencies effectively design, implement, and assess open innovation initiatives in line with the practices and key actions identified in our past report, the Director of the Office of Management and Budget, the Director of the Office of Science and Technology Policy, and the Administrator of the General Services Administration should enhance key guidance for open data collaboration initiatives to define specific and measurable goals for the initiative.

    Agency Affected: General Services Administration

  10. Status: Open

    Comments: When we confirm what actions the agency has taken in response to this recommendation, we will provide updated information.

    Recommendation: To help ensure federal agencies effectively design, implement, and assess open innovation initiatives in line with the practices and key actions identified in our past report, the Director of the Office of Management and Budget, the Director of the Office of Science and Technology Policy, and the Administrator of the General Services Administration should enhance key guidance for open data collaboration initiatives to identify performance measures to assess progress.

    Agency Affected: Executive Office of the President: Office of Management and Budget

  11. Status: Open

    Comments: When we confirm what actions the agency has taken in response to this recommendation, we will provide updated information.

    Recommendation: To help ensure federal agencies effectively design, implement, and assess open innovation initiatives in line with the practices and key actions identified in our past report, the Director of the Office of Management and Budget, the Director of the Office of Science and Technology Policy, and the Administrator of the General Services Administration should enhance key guidance for open data collaboration initiatives to identify performance measures to assess progress.

    Agency Affected: Executive Office of the President: Office of Science and Technology Policy

  12. Status: Open

    Comments: When we confirm what actions the agency has taken in response to this recommendation, we will provide updated information.

    Recommendation: To help ensure federal agencies effectively design, implement, and assess open innovation initiatives in line with the practices and key actions identified in our past report, the Director of the Office of Management and Budget, the Director of the Office of Science and Technology Policy, and the Administrator of the General Services Administration should enhance key guidance for open data collaboration initiatives to identify performance measures to assess progress.

    Agency Affected: General Services Administration

  13. Status: Open

    Comments: When we confirm what actions the agency has taken in response to this recommendation, we will provide updated information.

    Recommendation: To help ensure federal agencies effectively design, implement, and assess open innovation initiatives in line with the practices and key actions identified in our past report, the Director of the Office of Management and Budget, the Director of the Office of Science and Technology Policy, and the Administrator of the General Services Administration should enhance key guidance for open data collaboration initiatives to align goals of the initiative with the agency's broader mission and goals.

    Agency Affected: Executive Office of the President: Office of Management and Budget

  14. Status: Open

    Comments: When we confirm what actions the agency has taken in response to this recommendation, we will provide updated information.

    Recommendation: To help ensure federal agencies effectively design, implement, and assess open innovation initiatives in line with the practices and key actions identified in our past report, the Director of the Office of Management and Budget, the Director of the Office of Science and Technology Policy, and the Administrator of the General Services Administration should enhance key guidance for open data collaboration initiatives to align goals of the initiative with the agency's broader mission and goals.

    Agency Affected: Executive Office of the President: Office of Science and Technology Policy

  15. Status: Open

    Comments: When we confirm what actions the agency has taken in response to this recommendation, we will provide updated information.

    Recommendation: To help ensure federal agencies effectively design, implement, and assess open innovation initiatives in line with the practices and key actions identified in our past report, the Director of the Office of Management and Budget, the Director of the Office of Science and Technology Policy, and the Administrator of the General Services Administration should enhance key guidance for open data collaboration initiatives to align goals of the initiative with the agency's broader mission and goals.

    Agency Affected: General Services Administration

  16. Status: Open

    Comments: When we confirm what actions the agency has taken in response to this recommendation, we will provide updated information.

    Recommendation: To help ensure federal agencies effectively design, implement, and assess open innovation initiatives in line with the practices and key actions identified in our past report, the Director of the Office of Management and Budget, the Director of the Office of Science and Technology Policy, and the Administrator of the General Services Administration should enhance key guidance for open data collaboration initiatives to document the roles and responsibilities for all involved in the initiative.

    Agency Affected: Executive Office of the President: Office of Management and Budget

  17. Status: Open

    Comments: When we confirm what actions the agency has taken in response to this recommendation, we will provide updated information.

    Recommendation: To help ensure federal agencies effectively design, implement, and assess open innovation initiatives in line with the practices and key actions identified in our past report, the Director of the Office of Management and Budget, the Director of the Office of Science and Technology Policy, and the Administrator of the General Services Administration should enhance key guidance for open data collaboration initiatives to document the roles and responsibilities for all involved in the initiative.

    Agency Affected: Executive Office of the President: Office of Science and Technology Policy

  18. Status: Open

    Comments: When we confirm what actions the agency has taken in response to this recommendation, we will provide updated information.

    Recommendation: To help ensure federal agencies effectively design, implement, and assess open innovation initiatives in line with the practices and key actions identified in our past report, the Director of the Office of Management and Budget, the Director of the Office of Science and Technology Policy, and the Administrator of the General Services Administration should enhance key guidance for open data collaboration initiatives to document the roles and responsibilities for all involved in the initiative.

    Agency Affected: General Services Administration

  19. Status: Open

    Comments: When we confirm what actions the agency has taken in response to this recommendation, we will provide updated information.

    Recommendation: To help ensure federal agencies effectively design, implement, and assess open innovation initiatives in line with the practices and key actions identified in our past report, the Director of the Office of Management and Budget, the Director of the Office of Science and Technology Policy, and the Administrator of the General Services Administration should enhance key guidance for open data collaboration initiatives to develop a plan that identifies specific implementation tasks and time frames, including those for participant outreach and data collection.

    Agency Affected: Executive Office of the President: Office of Management and Budget

  20. Status: Open

    Comments: When we confirm what actions the agency has taken in response to this recommendation, we will provide updated information.

    Recommendation: To help ensure federal agencies effectively design, implement, and assess open innovation initiatives in line with the practices and key actions identified in our past report, the Director of the Office of Management and Budget, the Director of the Office of Science and Technology Policy, and the Administrator of the General Services Administration should enhance key guidance for open data collaboration initiatives to develop a plan that identifies specific implementation tasks and time frames, including those for participant outreach and data collection.

    Agency Affected: Executive Office of the President: Office of Science and Technology Policy

  21. Status: Open

    Comments: When we confirm what actions the agency has taken in response to this recommendation, we will provide updated information.

    Recommendation: To help ensure federal agencies effectively design, implement, and assess open innovation initiatives in line with the practices and key actions identified in our past report, the Director of the Office of Management and Budget, the Director of the Office of Science and Technology Policy, and the Administrator of the General Services Administration should enhance key guidance for open data collaboration initiatives to develop a plan that identifies specific implementation tasks and time frames, including those for participant outreach and data collection.

    Agency Affected: General Services Administration

  22. Status: Open

    Comments: When we confirm what actions the agency has taken in response to this recommendation, we will provide updated information.

    Recommendation: To help ensure federal agencies effectively design, implement, and assess open innovation initiatives in line with the practices and key actions identified in our past report, the Director of the Office of Management and Budget, the Director of the Office of Science and Technology Policy, and the Administrator of the General Services Administration should enhance key guidance for open data collaboration initiatives to use multiple outlets and venues to announce the initiative.

    Agency Affected: Executive Office of the President: Office of Management and Budget

  23. Status: Open

    Comments: When we confirm what actions the agency has taken in response to this recommendation, we will provide updated information.

    Recommendation: To help ensure federal agencies effectively design, implement, and assess open innovation initiatives in line with the practices and key actions identified in our past report, the Director of the Office of Management and Budget, the Director of the Office of Science and Technology Policy, and the Administrator of the General Services Administration should enhance key guidance for open data collaboration initiatives to use multiple outlets and venues to announce the initiative.

    Agency Affected: Executive Office of the President: Office of Science and Technology Policy

  24. Status: Open

    Comments: When we confirm what actions the agency has taken in response to this recommendation, we will provide updated information.

    Recommendation: To help ensure federal agencies effectively design, implement, and assess open innovation initiatives in line with the practices and key actions identified in our past report, the Director of the Office of Management and Budget, the Director of the Office of Science and Technology Policy, and the Administrator of the General Services Administration should enhance key guidance for open data collaboration initiatives to use multiple outlets and venues to announce the initiative.

    Agency Affected: General Services Administration

  25. Status: Open

    Comments: When we confirm what actions the agency has taken in response to this recommendation, we will provide updated information.

    Recommendation: To help ensure federal agencies effectively design, implement, and assess open innovation initiatives in line with the practices and key actions identified in our past report, the Director of the Office of Management and Budget, the Director of the Office of Science and Technology Policy, and the Administrator of the General Services Administration should enhance key guidance for open data collaboration initiatives to craft announcements to respond to the interests and motivations of potential participants.

    Agency Affected: Executive Office of the President: Office of Management and Budget

  26. Status: Open

    Comments: When we confirm what actions the agency has taken in response to this recommendation, we will provide updated information.

    Recommendation: To help ensure federal agencies effectively design, implement, and assess open innovation initiatives in line with the practices and key actions identified in our past report, the Director of the Office of Management and Budget, the Director of the Office of Science and Technology Policy, and the Administrator of the General Services Administration should enhance key guidance for open data collaboration initiatives to craft announcements to respond to the interests and motivations of potential participants.

    Agency Affected: Executive Office of the President: Office of Science and Technology Policy

  27. Status: Open

    Comments: When we confirm what actions the agency has taken in response to this recommendation, we will provide updated information.

    Recommendation: To help ensure federal agencies effectively design, implement, and assess open innovation initiatives in line with the practices and key actions identified in our past report, the Director of the Office of Management and Budget, the Director of the Office of Science and Technology Policy, and the Administrator of the General Services Administration should enhance key guidance for open data collaboration initiatives to craft announcements to respond to the interests and motivations of potential participants.

    Agency Affected: General Services Administration

  28. Status: Open

    Comments: When we confirm what actions the agency has taken in response to this recommendation, we will provide updated information.

    Recommendation: To help ensure federal agencies effectively design, implement, and assess open innovation initiatives in line with the practices and key actions identified in our past report, the Director of the Office of Management and Budget, the Director of the Office of Science and Technology Policy, and the Administrator of the General Services Administration should enhance key guidance for open data collaboration initiatives to hold regular check-ins for those involved in the implementation of the initiative.

    Agency Affected: Executive Office of the President: Office of Management and Budget

  29. Status: Open

    Comments: When we confirm what actions the agency has taken in response to this recommendation, we will provide updated information.

    Recommendation: To help ensure federal agencies effectively design, implement, and assess open innovation initiatives in line with the practices and key actions identified in our past report, the Director of the Office of Management and Budget, the Director of the Office of Science and Technology Policy, and the Administrator of the General Services Administration should enhance key guidance for open data collaboration initiatives to hold regular check-ins for those involved in the implementation of the initiative.

    Agency Affected: Executive Office of the President: Office of Science and Technology Policy

  30. Status: Open

    Comments: When we confirm what actions the agency has taken in response to this recommendation, we will provide updated information.

    Recommendation: To help ensure federal agencies effectively design, implement, and assess open innovation initiatives in line with the practices and key actions identified in our past report, the Director of the Office of Management and Budget, the Director of the Office of Science and Technology Policy, and the Administrator of the General Services Administration should enhance key guidance for open data collaboration initiatives to hold regular check-ins for those involved in the implementation of the initiative.

    Agency Affected: General Services Administration

  31. Status: Open

    Comments: When we confirm what actions the agency has taken in response to this recommendation, we will provide updated information.

    Recommendation: To help ensure federal agencies effectively design, implement, and assess open innovation initiatives in line with the practices and key actions identified in our past report, the Director of the Office of Management and Budget, the Director of the Office of Science and Technology Policy, and the Administrator of the General Services Administration should enhance key guidance for open data collaboration initiatives to collect and analyze data to assess goal achievement and results of the initiative.

    Agency Affected: Executive Office of the President: Office of Management and Budget

  32. Status: Open

    Comments: When we confirm what actions the agency has taken in response to this recommendation, we will provide updated information.

    Recommendation: To help ensure federal agencies effectively design, implement, and assess open innovation initiatives in line with the practices and key actions identified in our past report, the Director of the Office of Management and Budget, the Director of the Office of Science and Technology Policy, and the Administrator of the General Services Administration should enhance key guidance for open data collaboration initiatives to collect and analyze data to assess goal achievement and results of the initiative.

    Agency Affected: Executive Office of the President: Office of Science and Technology Policy

  33. Status: Open

    Comments: When we confirm what actions the agency has taken in response to this recommendation, we will provide updated information.

    Recommendation: To help ensure federal agencies effectively design, implement, and assess open innovation initiatives in line with the practices and key actions identified in our past report, the Director of the Office of Management and Budget, the Director of the Office of Science and Technology Policy, and the Administrator of the General Services Administration should enhance key guidance for open data collaboration initiatives to collect and analyze data to assess goal achievement and results of the initiative.

    Agency Affected: General Services Administration

  34. Status: Open

    Comments: When we confirm what actions the agency has taken in response to this recommendation, we will provide updated information.

    Recommendation: To help ensure federal agencies effectively design, implement, and assess open innovation initiatives in line with the practices and key actions identified in our past report, the Director of the Office of Management and Budget, the Director of the Office of Science and Technology Policy, and the Administrator of the General Services Administration should enhance key guidance for open data collaboration initiatives to conduct an after-action review to identify lessons learned and potential improvements.

    Agency Affected: Executive Office of the President: Office of Management and Budget

  35. Status: Open

    Comments: When we confirm what actions the agency has taken in response to this recommendation, we will provide updated information.

    Recommendation: To help ensure federal agencies effectively design, implement, and assess open innovation initiatives in line with the practices and key actions identified in our past report, the Director of the Office of Management and Budget, the Director of the Office of Science and Technology Policy, and the Administrator of the General Services Administration should enhance key guidance for open data collaboration initiatives to conduct an after-action review to identify lessons learned and potential improvements.

    Agency Affected: Executive Office of the President: Office of Science and Technology Policy

  36. Status: Open

    Comments: When we confirm what actions the agency has taken in response to this recommendation, we will provide updated information.

    Recommendation: To help ensure federal agencies effectively design, implement, and assess open innovation initiatives in line with the practices and key actions identified in our past report, the Director of the Office of Management and Budget, the Director of the Office of Science and Technology Policy, and the Administrator of the General Services Administration should enhance key guidance for open data collaboration initiatives to conduct an after-action review to identify lessons learned and potential improvements.

    Agency Affected: General Services Administration

  37. Status: Open

    Comments: When we confirm what actions the agency has taken in response to this recommendation, we will provide updated information.

    Recommendation: To help ensure federal agencies effectively design, implement, and assess open innovation initiatives in line with the practices and key actions identified in our past report, the Director of the Office of Management and Budget, the Director of the Office of Science and Technology Policy, and the Administrator of the General Services Administration should enhance key guidance for open data collaboration initiatives to report on results and lessons learned publicly.

    Agency Affected: Executive Office of the President: Office of Management and Budget

  38. Status: Open

    Comments: When we confirm what actions the agency has taken in response to this recommendation, we will provide updated information.

    Recommendation: To help ensure federal agencies effectively design, implement, and assess open innovation initiatives in line with the practices and key actions identified in our past report, the Director of the Office of Management and Budget, the Director of the Office of Science and Technology Policy, and the Administrator of the General Services Administration should enhance key guidance for open data collaboration initiatives to report on results and lessons learned publicly.

    Agency Affected: Executive Office of the President: Office of Science and Technology Policy

  39. Status: Open

    Comments: When we confirm what actions the agency has taken in response to this recommendation, we will provide updated information.

    Recommendation: To help ensure federal agencies effectively design, implement, and assess open innovation initiatives in line with the practices and key actions identified in our past report, the Director of the Office of Management and Budget, the Director of the Office of Science and Technology Policy, and the Administrator of the General Services Administration should enhance key guidance for open data collaboration initiatives to report on results and lessons learned publicly.

    Agency Affected: General Services Administration

  40. Status: Open

    Comments: When we confirm what actions the agency has taken in response to this recommendation, we will provide updated information.

    Recommendation: To help ensure federal agencies effectively design, implement, and assess open innovation initiatives in line with the practices and key actions identified in our past report, the Director of the Office of Management and Budget, the Director of the Office of Science and Technology Policy, and the Administrator of the General Services Administration should enhance key guidance for open data collaboration initiatives to acknowledge and, where appropriate, reward the efforts and achievements of partners and participants.

    Agency Affected: Executive Office of the President: Office of Management and Budget

  41. Status: Open

    Comments: When we confirm what actions the agency has taken in response to this recommendation, we will provide updated information.

    Recommendation: To help ensure federal agencies effectively design, implement, and assess open innovation initiatives in line with the practices and key actions identified in our past report, the Director of the Office of Management and Budget, the Director of the Office of Science and Technology Policy, and the Administrator of the General Services Administration should enhance key guidance for open data collaboration initiatives to acknowledge and, where appropriate, reward the efforts and achievements of partners and participants.

    Agency Affected: Executive Office of the President: Office of Science and Technology Policy

  42. Status: Open

    Comments: When we confirm what actions the agency has taken in response to this recommendation, we will provide updated information.

    Recommendation: To help ensure federal agencies effectively design, implement, and assess open innovation initiatives in line with the practices and key actions identified in our past report, the Director of the Office of Management and Budget, the Director of the Office of Science and Technology Policy, and the Administrator of the General Services Administration should enhance key guidance for open data collaboration initiatives to acknowledge and, where appropriate, reward the efforts and achievements of partners and participants.

    Agency Affected: General Services Administration

  43. Status: Open

    Comments: When we confirm what actions the agency has taken in response to this recommendation, we will provide updated information.

    Recommendation: To help ensure federal agencies effectively design, implement, and assess open innovation initiatives in line with the practices and key actions identified in our past report, the Director of the Office of Management and Budget, the Director of the Office of Science and Technology Policy, and the Administrator of the General Services Administration should enhance key guidance for open data collaboration initiatives to seek to maintain communication with, and promote communication among, members of the community.

    Agency Affected: Executive Office of the President: Office of Management and Budget

  44. Status: Open

    Comments: When we confirm what actions the agency has taken in response to this recommendation, we will provide updated information.

    Recommendation: To help ensure federal agencies effectively design, implement, and assess open innovation initiatives in line with the practices and key actions identified in our past report, the Director of the Office of Management and Budget, the Director of the Office of Science and Technology Policy, and the Administrator of the General Services Administration should enhance key guidance for open data collaboration initiatives to seek to maintain communication with, and promote communication among, members of the community.

    Agency Affected: Executive Office of the President: Office of Science and Technology Policy

  45. Status: Open

    Comments: When we confirm what actions the agency has taken in response to this recommendation, we will provide updated information.

    Recommendation: To help ensure federal agencies effectively design, implement, and assess open innovation initiatives in line with the practices and key actions identified in our past report, the Director of the Office of Management and Budget, the Director of the Office of Science and Technology Policy, and the Administrator of the General Services Administration should enhance key guidance for open data collaboration initiatives to seek to maintain communication with, and promote communication among, members of the community.

    Agency Affected: General Services Administration

  46. Status: Open

    Comments: When we confirm what actions the agency has taken in response to this recommendation, we will provide updated information.

    Recommendation: To help ensure federal agencies effectively design, implement, and assess open innovation initiatives in line with the practices and key actions identified in our past report, the Administrator of the General Services Administration should enhance key guidance for ideation and open dialogue initiatives to develop a plan that identifies specific implementation tasks and time frames, including those for participant outreach and data collection.

    Agency Affected: General Services Administration

  47. Status: Open

    Comments: When we confirm what actions the agency has taken in response to this recommendation, we will provide updated information.

    Recommendation: To help ensure federal agencies effectively design, implement, and assess open innovation initiatives in line with the practices and key actions identified in our past report, the Administrator of the General Services Administration should enhance key guidance for ideation and open dialogue initiatives to hold regular check-ins for those involved in the implementation of the initiative.

    Agency Affected: General Services Administration

  48. Status: Open

    Comments: When we confirm what actions the agency has taken in response to this recommendation, we will provide updated information.

    Recommendation: To help ensure federal agencies effectively design, implement, and assess open innovation initiatives in line with the practices and key actions identified in our past report, the Administrator of the General Services Administration should enhance key guidance for ideation and open dialogue initiatives to report on results and lessons learned publicly.

    Agency Affected: General Services Administration

  49. Status: Open

    Comments: When we confirm what actions the agency has taken in response to this recommendation, we will provide updated information.

    Recommendation: To help ensure federal agencies effectively design, implement, and assess open innovation initiatives in line with the practices and key actions identified in our past report, the Administrator of the General Services Administration should enhance key guidance for ideation and open dialogue initiatives to acknowledge the efforts and achievements of partners that have contributed to the implementation of an initiative.

    Agency Affected: General Services Administration

  50. Status: Open

    Comments: When we confirm what actions the agency has taken in response to this recommendation, we will provide updated information.

    Recommendation: To help ensure federal agencies effectively design, implement, and assess open innovation initiatives in line with the practices and key actions identified in our past report, the Director of the Office of Science and Technology Policy and Administrator of the General Services Administration should enhance key guidance for crowdsourcing and citizen science initiatives to fully reflect the key action to acknowledge the efforts and achievements of partners that have contributed to implementing an initiative.

    Agency Affected: Executive Office of the President: Office of Science and Technology Policy

  51. Status: Open

    Comments: When we confirm what actions the agency has taken in response to this recommendation, we will provide updated information.

    Recommendation: To help ensure federal agencies effectively design, implement, and assess open innovation initiatives in line with the practices and key actions identified in our past report, the Director of the Office of Science and Technology Policy and Administrator of the General Services Administration should enhance key guidance for crowdsourcing and citizen science initiatives to fully reflect the key action to acknowledge the efforts and achievements of partners that have contributed to implementing an initiative.

    Agency Affected: General Services Administration

  52. Status: Open

    Comments: When we confirm what actions the agency has taken in response to this recommendation, we will provide updated information.

    Recommendation: To help ensure federal agencies effectively design, implement, and assess open innovation initiatives in line with the practices and key actions identified in our past report, the Director of the Office of Management and Budget and the Administrator of the General Services Administration should enhance key guidance for prize competitions and challenges to hold regular check-ins with those involved in the implementation of an initiative.

    Agency Affected: Executive Office of the President: Office of Management and Budget

  53. Status: Open

    Comments: When we confirm what actions the agency has taken in response to this recommendation, we will provide updated information.

    Recommendation: To help ensure federal agencies effectively design, implement, and assess open innovation initiatives in line with the practices and key actions identified in our past report, the Director of the Office of Management and Budget and the Administrator of the General Services Administration should enhance key guidance for prize competitions and challenges to hold regular check-ins with those involved in the implementation of an initiative.

    Agency Affected: General Services Administration

  54. Status: Open

    Comments: When we confirm what actions the agency has taken in response to this recommendation, we will provide updated information.

    Recommendation: To help ensure federal agencies effectively design, implement, and assess open innovation initiatives in line with the practices and key actions identified in our past report, the Director of the Office of Management and Budget and the Administrator of the General Services Administration should enhance key guidance for prize competitions and challenges to acknowledge the efforts and achievements of partners who contributed to the implementation of an initiative.

    Agency Affected: Executive Office of the President: Office of Management and Budget

  55. Status: Open

    Comments: When we confirm what actions the agency has taken in response to this recommendation, we will provide updated information.

    Recommendation: To help ensure federal agencies effectively design, implement, and assess open innovation initiatives in line with the practices and key actions identified in our past report, the Director of the Office of Management and Budget and the Administrator of the General Services Administration should enhance key guidance for prize competitions and challenges to acknowledge the efforts and achievements of partners who contributed to the implementation of an initiative.

    Agency Affected: General Services Administration

 

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