Information Technology Reform:

Billions of Dollars in Savings Have Been Realized, but Agencies Need to Complete Reinvestment Plans

GAO-15-617: Published: Sep 15, 2015. Publicly Released: Sep 15, 2015.

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What GAO Found

Twenty-four of the 26 federal agencies participating in the Office of Management and Budget's (OMB) information technology (IT) reform initiatives reported achieving an estimated total of $3.6 billion dollars in cost savings and avoidances between fiscal years 2011 and 2014. Slightly more than half (or about $2.0 billion) of the savings and avoidances were from data center consolidation and optimization efforts. Notably, of the $3.6 billion total, the Departments of Defense, Homeland Security, Treasury, and the Social Security Administration accounted for about $2.5 billion (or 69 percent).

Agency-reported IT Reform Cost Savings and Avoidances

Agency-reported IT Reform Cost Savings and Avoidances

Most agencies did not fully meet OMB's requirements to submit reinvestment plan information. Of the 27 agencies required to submit reinvestment plans (including one-time and ongoing plans), 5 agencies had fully implemented OMB's guidance, while the remaining 22 had only partially implemented it. For example, most agencies had not fully implemented OMB's guidance for submitting one-time fiscal year 2014 IT reduction and reinvestment plans as part of OMB's “cut and reinvest” effort. As a result, agencies' plans were substantially short of OMB's overall fiscal year 2014 targets: $3.0 billion in proposed reductions and $2.1 billion in proposed reinvestments, compared to OMB's targets of $7.6 billion in reductions and as much as $7.6 billion in reinvestments. Agencies provided varied reasons for not meeting OMB's requirements, such as that their components had not fully tracked and reported how their savings were to be reinvested. Until agencies complete their ongoing reinvestment plans, they will be challenged to ensure that their considerable savings are being used in the most efficient and effective manner possible.

Four selected agencies—the Departments of Education, Interior, Labor, and the Social Security Administration—had documented key governance processes to guide the development of their fiscal year 2014 budget submission, which included proposed IT reinvestments of $350 million. However, none of the four agencies had tracked the reinvestment performance results. They provided varied reasons for not doing so, and two agencies noted the lack of visibility into their components' reinvestments. The lack of performance tracking is also due to OMB not requiring agencies to document actual results. In addition, OMB has not defined targets for reinvestments beyond fiscal year 2014. Until OMB requires agencies to track actual reinvestment performance and defines targets, it will be limited in its ability to ensure that agencies are actually reinvesting funds as planned and may not be able to hold them accountable. Finally, without improved tracking, selected agencies may lack assurance that their components are reinvesting in areas consistent with agency-wide goals.

Why GAO Did This Study

Beginning in 2010, OMB initiated a series of IT reform efforts to consolidate the growing number of data centers and eliminate duplicative spending. In May 2012, the agency began a “cut and reinvest” effort that required agencies to propose fiscal year 2014 IT reductions and reinvestments.

GAO was asked to review agencies' savings from OMB's IT reform efforts and determine how those savings are being reinvested. The objectives were to (1) assess agencies' progress in achieving savings from their IT reform efforts, (2) evaluate agencies' plans to reinvest their savings, and (3) evaluate how selected agencies have reinvested their savings and governance processes to oversee the reinvestments. GAO assessed 26 agencies' cost savings and avoidance documentation, evaluated 27 agencies' (including the Smithsonian Institution) reinvestment plans against OMB's guidance, and compared 4 of the agencies' governance processes against best practices. The 4 agencies were selected, in part, because they had the highest dollar amounts of proposed IT reinvestments.

What GAO Recommends

GAO recommends that agencies complete their IT savings reinvestment plans and improve tracking, and that OMB define targets for agency reinvestment and require that agencies complete their plans and track actual reinvestment performance. OMB and 12 agencies agreed with GAO's recommendations, 1 did not state whether it agreed or disagreed, 3 had no comments, and 1 partially agreed.

For more information, contact David Powner at (202) 512-9286 or pownerd@gao.gov.

Recommendations for Executive Action

  1. Status: Open

    Comments: The Office of Management and Budget (OMB) generally agreed with, and has taken initial steps to implement, our recommendation. In May 2016, OMB released updated guidance for agency's quarterly data submissions that noted the importance of providing savings reinvestment information. Specifically, OMB strongly encouraged agencies to provide reinvestment information where feasible, including a description of the activities that were funded using any savings achieved. OMB further noted that failing to provide such information might result in an agency being unable to accurately track its reinvestments. However, the May 2016 guidance notes that providing this reinvestment information is not required. We will continue to evaluate OMB's progress in implementing this recommendation.

    Recommendation: To better ensure that agencies' IT savings are being reinvested in the most efficient and effective manner possible, the Director of OMB should direct the Federal CIO to ensure that agencies complete their reinvestment plans, in accordance with established requirements, and maintain those plans on an ongoing basis.

    Agency Affected: Executive Office of the President: Office of Management and Budget

  2. Status: Open

    Comments: The Office of Management and Budget (OMB) generally agreed with our recommendation, but has not yet taken steps to implement it. Specifically, as of June 2016, OMB had not issued additional guidance to require agencies to track actual reinvestment performance or defined performance targets for agencies' reinvestments. We will continue to evaluate OMB's progress in implementing this recommendation.

    Recommendation: To better ensure that agencies' IT savings are being reinvested in the most efficient and effective manner possible, the Director of OMB should direct the Federal CIO to require agencies to track actual reinvestment performance and define performance targets for agencies' reinvestments, as done previously.

    Agency Affected: Executive Office of the President: Office of Management and Budget

  3. Status: Open

    Comments: The Department of Agriculture agreed with our recommendation, but has not yet taken steps to implement it. Specifically, as of June 2016, the department's integrated data collection submission to the Office of Management and Budget had not been updated to include reinvestment plans for all reported cost savings and avoidance initiatives. For example, the department reported about $22 million in cost savings and avoidances related to its data center consolidation effort, but did not include plans regarding how these savings and avoidances would be reinvested. We will continue to evaluate the department's progress in implementing this recommendation

    Recommendation: To improve the department's IT savings reinvestment plans, the Secretary of Agriculture should direct the CIO to ensure that the department's integrated data collection submission to OMB includes, for all reported initiatives, complete plans to reinvest any resulting cost savings and avoidances from OMB-directed IT reform-related efforts.

    Agency Affected: Department of Agriculture

  4. Status: Open

    Comments: The Department of Commerce agreed with our recommendation, but has not yet taken steps to implement it. Specifically, as of June 2016, the department had not updated its IT Resource Management Strategic plan to include the approach to reinvesting savings from the consolidation of commodity IT resources. We will continue to evaluate the department's progress in implementing this recommendation.

    Recommendation: To improve the department's IT savings reinvestment plans, as part of any future update to the department's information resource management strategic plan or equivalent document, the Secretary of Commerce should direct the CIO to include information regarding the approach to reinvesting savings from the consolidation of commodity IT resources (including data centers) in accordance with OMB's guidance.

    Agency Affected: Department of Commerce

  5. Status: Open

    Comments: The Department of Commerce agreed with our recommendation, but has not yet taken steps to implement it. Specifically, as of June 2016, the department's integrated data collection submission to the Office of Management and Budget had not been updated to include reinvestment plans for all reported cost savings and avoidance initiatives. For example, the department reported about $26 million in cost savings and avoidances related to its server virtualization efforts, but did not include plans regarding how these savings would be reinvested. We will continue to evaluate the department's progress in implementing this recommendation.

    Recommendation: To improve the department's IT savings reinvestment plans, the Secretary of Commerce should direct the CIO to ensure that the department's integrated data collection submission to OMB includes, for all reported initiatives, complete plans to reinvest any resulting cost savings and avoidances from OMB-directed IT reform-related efforts.

    Agency Affected: Department of Commerce

  6. Status: Open

    Comments: The Department of Defense partially agreed with our recommendation and has taken initial steps to implement it. Specifically, as of June 2016, the department reported approximately $826 million in data center consolidation cost savings in its quarterly integrated data collection submission to the Office of Management and Budget. The department's submission also notes that it plans to reinvest these savings in the agency's core mission. However, the department did not provide any further detail regarding these reinvestment plans. In addition, the department did not report any other information technology cost savings and avoidance initiatives, such as those related to its business system modernization efforts, which it had previously reported to GAO as an area with substantial savings. We will continue to evaluate the department's progress in implementing this recommendation.

    Recommendation: To improve the department's IT savings reinvestment plans, the Secretary of Defense should direct the Defense CIO to ensure that the department's integrated data collection submission to OMB includes, for all reported initiatives, complete plans to reinvest any resulting cost savings and avoidances from OMB-directed IT reform-related efforts.

    Agency Affected: Department of Defense

  7. Status: Open

    Comments: The U.S. Army Corps of Engineers agreed with our recommendation, but has not yet taken steps to implement it. Specifically, as of June 2016, the agency had not yet updated its Information Resources Management Strategic Plan to include information regarding the approach to reinvesting savings from the consolidation of commodity IT resources. We will continue to evaluate the agency's progress in implementing this recommendation.

    Recommendation: In addition, to improve the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers' IT savings reinvestment plans, the Secretary of Defense should direct the Secretary of the Army, as part of any future update to the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers' IRM strategic plan or equivalent document, to include information regarding the approach to reinvesting savings from the consolidation of commodity IT resources (including data centers) in accordance with OMB's guidance.

    Agency Affected: Department of Defense

  8. Status: Closed - Implemented

    Comments: The Department of Energy agreed with, and has taken steps to implement, our recommendation. Specifically, as of June 2016, the department's integrated data collection submission to the Office of Management and Budget included reinvestment information for all reported cost savings and avoidance initiatives. For example, Energy reported that it achieved $1.5 million in cost avoidances from IT contract consolidation and reduced labor costs resulting from the elimination of multiple levels of sub-contractors. According to the department, these avoidances were reinvested into the missions of the various programs that utilize the contract. By including reinvestment information for all reported initiatives, the department is better positioned to ensure that savings are being used in the most efficient and effective manner possible.

    Recommendation: To improve the department's IT savings reinvestment plans, the Secretary of Energy should direct the CIO to ensure that the department's integrated data collection submission to OMB includes, for all reported initiatives, complete plans to reinvest any resulting cost savings and avoidances from OMB-directed IT reform-related efforts.

    Agency Affected: Department of Energy

  9. Status: Open

    Comments: The Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) agreed with, and has taken initial steps to implement, our recommendation. Specifically, in November 2015, the department stated that its Office of the Chief Information Officer will include reinvestment strategies in its next update of the HHS Information Resource Management Strategic Plan. According to the department, the updated strategic plan is expected to be completed by the end of September 2016. We will continue to evaluate the department's progress in implementing this recommendation.

    Recommendation: To improve the department's IT savings reinvestment plans, the Secretary of Health and Human Services should direct the CIO, as part of any future update to the department's IRM strategic plan or equivalent document, to include information regarding the approach to reinvesting savings from the consolidation of commodity IT resources (including data centers) in accordance with OMB's guidance.

    Agency Affected: Department of Health and Human Services

  10. Status: Open

    Comments: The Department of Homeland Security agreed with, and has taken initial steps to implement, our recommendation. Specifically, as of June 2016, the department's integrated data collection submission included reinvestment plans for most, but not all, reported initiatives. For example, the department did not include reinvestment plans for two cost avoidances strategies related to the Office of Management and Budget's PortfolioStat initiative that have resulted approximately $96 million in avoidances. We will continue to evaluate the department's progress in implementing this recommendation.

    Recommendation: To improve the department's IT savings reinvestment plans, the Secretary of Homeland Security should direct the CIO to ensure that the department's integrated data collection submission to OMB includes, for all reported initiatives, complete plans to reinvest any resulting cost savings and avoidances from OMB-directed IT reform-related efforts.

    Agency Affected: Department of Homeland Security

  11. Status: Open

    Comments: T he Department of Housing and Urban Development agreed with, and has taken initial steps to implement, our recommendation. Specifically, as of May 2016, the department updated its integrated data collection submission to include reinvestment plans for one of the four cost savings and avoidance initiatives reported. However, the three remaining initiatives, with savings and avoidances totaling approximately $5 million, did not include reinvestment plans. We will continue to evaluate the department's progress in implementing this recommendation.

    Recommendation: To improve the department's IT savings reinvestment plans, the Secretary of Housing and Urban Development should direct the CIO to ensure that the department's integrated data collection submission to OMB includes, for all reported initiatives, complete plans to reinvest any resulting cost savings and avoidances from OMB-directed IT reform-related efforts.

    Agency Affected: Department of Housing and Urban Development

  12. Status: Closed - Implemented

    Comments: The Department of the Interior agreed with, and has taken steps to implement, our recommendation. Specifically, the department's February 2016 integrated data collection submission included reinvestment information for the initiatives that we previously identified as missing as of May 2015. We had previously found that three cost savings and avoidance initiatives related to the department's human resource processes and use of statistical analysis software were missing reinvestment information. In Interior's February 2016 submission, the department now identifies $1.6 million in savings related to the use of statistical analysis software that was reinvested in the general office fund for the participating programs and regions. Additionally, the department included reinvestment information for six new cost savings and avoidance initiatives that were added since May 2015. For example, the department noted that approximately $1.6 million in cost savings and avoidances from the Bureau of Land Management's data center consolidation and optimization efforts were reinvested into the agency's primary data center in order to integrate additional collocated systems and achieve greater power utilization efficiency. By documenting this information, the department will be better positioned to ensure that cost savings and avoidances resulting from the Office of Management and Budget's IT reform efforts are being used in the most efficient and effective manner possible.

    Recommendation: To improve the department's IT savings reinvestment plans and tracking of reinvestments, the Secretary of the Interior should direct the CIO to ensure that the department's integrated data collection submission to OMB includes, for all reported initiatives, complete plans to reinvest any resulting cost savings and avoidances from OMB-directed IT reform-related efforts.

    Agency Affected: Department of the Interior

  13. Status: Closed - Implemented

    Comments: The Department of the Interior agreed with, and has taken steps to implement, our recommendation. Specifically, in October 2015, Interior's Office of the Chief Information Officer directed the department's bureaus and offices to ensure that all cost savings and avoidance strategies reported through the Office of Management and Budget's quarterly data collection process include a detailed description of how funds are reinvested. As a result, the department's February 2016 quarterly submission included reinvestment information for initiatives that we previously identified in May 2015 as missing this information, as well as for new cost savings initiatives added. Further, Interior established an implementation team to implement the Federal Information Technology Acquisition Reform Act (FITARA) and finalized its FITARA Implementation Plan in November 2015. The department's implementation plan notes that key requirements of OMB's FITARA Common Baseline related to chief information officer (CIO) approval of the reprogramming of funds have been implemented. In particular, the implementation plan describes the department's policy that bureaus may not reprogram any funding available for information technology programs unless the reprogramming is reviewed and approved by the CIO at the department level and that this responsibility cannot be delegated below the CIO. As a result of these actions, the department has increased assurance that its bureaus and offices are reinvesting in areas consistent with agency-wide goals.

    Recommendation: To improve the department's IT savings reinvestment plans and tracking of reinvestments, the Secretary of the Interior should direct the CIO to use existing governance mechanisms and any improvements resulting from the implementation of Federal Information Technology Acquisition Reform (FITARA) to improve tracking of how savings have been reinvested.

    Agency Affected: Department of the Interior

  14. Status: Open

    Comments: The Department of Labor has taken initial steps to implement our recommendation. In November 2015, the department stated that it was planning improvements in the area of information technology (IT) investment management in accordance with the Office of Management and Budget's guidance for implementing the December 2014 IT reform law (commonly referred to as the Federal Information Technology Acquisition Reform Act or FITARA). The department added that these improvements would include the tracking of how savings have been reinvested. Subsequently, in May 2016, the department finalized its FITARA Implementation Plan. While the implementation plan discusses the department's planned actions to improve the Chief Information Officer's involvement in agency IT budget requests, acquisition requests, and program management, it did not specifically discuss planned actions to improve the tracking of how IT savings have been reinvested. We will continue to evaluate the department's progress in implementing this recommendation.

    Recommendation: To improve the department's tracking of reinvestments, the Secretary of Labor should direct the CIO to use existing governance mechanisms and any improvements resulting from the implementation of FITARA to improve tracking of how savings have been reinvested.

    Agency Affected: Department of Labor

  15. Status: Open

    Comments: The Department of State has not yet taken steps to implement it our recommendation. Specifically, as of June 2016, the agency had not yet updated its Information Technology Strategic Plan to include information regarding the approach to reinvesting savings from the consolidation of commodity IT resources. We will continue to evaluate the department's progress in implementing this recommendation.

    Recommendation: To improve the department's IT savings reinvestment plans, the Secretary of State should direct the CIO, as part of any future update to the department's IRM strategic plan or equivalent document, to include information regarding the approach to reinvesting savings from the consolidation of commodity IT resources (including data centers) in accordance with OMB's guidance.

    Agency Affected: Department of State

  16. Status: Open

    Comments: The Department of the Treasury has not yet taken steps to implement it our recommendation. Specifically, as of June 2016, the agency had not yet updated its Information Resources Management Strategic Plan to include information regarding the approach to reinvesting savings from the consolidation of commodity IT resources. We will continue to evaluate the department's progress in implementing this recommendation.

    Recommendation: To improve the department's IT savings reinvestment plans, the Secretary of the Treasury should direct the CIO, as part of any future update to the department's IRM strategic plan or equivalent document, to include information regarding the approach to reinvesting savings from the consolidation of commodity IT resources (including data centers) in accordance with OMB's guidance.

    Agency Affected: Department of the Treasury

  17. Status: Open

    Comments: The Department of the Treasury has not yet taken steps to implement it our recommendation. Specifically, as of June 2016, the department's integrated data collection submission did not include reinvestment plans for all reported cost savings and avoidance initiatives. For example, the department reported about $407 million in cost savings and avoidances from its information technology infrastructure efficiency initiatives, but did not provide information regarding how it plans to reinvest these savings and avoidances. We will continue to evaluate the department's progress in implementing this recommendation.

    Recommendation: To improve the department's IT savings reinvestment plans, the Secretary of the Treasury should direct the CIO to ensure that the department's integrated data collection submission to OMB includes, for all reported initiatives, complete plans to use any resulting cost savings and avoidances from OMB-directed IT reform-related efforts.

    Agency Affected: Department of the Treasury

  18. Status: Open

    Comments: The Department of Veterans Affairs agreed with, and has taken initial steps to implement, our recommendation. Specifically, in November 2015, the department's Chief of Staff stated that the Office of Information and Technology was working to establish an office to close monitor program performance, deliver, cost, schedule, return on investment, and total cost of ownership, which will enable reinvestment opportunities. However, as of June 2016, the department's integrated data collection submission did not include reinvestment plans for all of the reported cost savings and avoidance initiatives. For example, the department reported about $133 million in cost savings and avoidances from fiscal year 2012 through 2016 related to the renegotiation of Microsoft enterprise licensing agreements, but did not provide information regarding how it plans to reinvest these savings. We will continue to evaluate the department's progress in implementing this recommendation.

    Recommendation: To improve the department's IT savings reinvestment plans, the Secretary of Veterans Affairs should direct the CIO to ensure that the department's integrated data collection submission to OMB includes, for all reported initiatives, complete plans to reinvest any resulting cost savings and avoidances from OMB-directed IT reform-related efforts.

    Agency Affected: Department of Veterans Affairs

  19. Status: Open

    Comments: The Environmental Protection Agency agreed with our recommendation, but has not yet taken steps to implement it. Specifically, as of May 2016, the agency's integrated data collection submission did not include reinvestment plans for all of the reported cost savings and avoidance initiatives. For example, the agency reported about $3 million in cost savings and avoidances related to two shared services initiatives, but did not provide information regarding how it plans to reinvest these savings and avoidances. We will continue to evaluate the agency's progress in implementing this recommendation.

    Recommendation: To improve the agency's IT savings reinvestment plans, the Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency should direct the CIO to ensure that the agency's integrated data collection submission to OMB includes, for all reported initiatives, complete plans to reinvest any resulting cost savings and avoidances from OMB-directed IT reform-related efforts.

    Agency Affected: Environmental Protection Agency

  20. Status: Closed - Implemented

    Comments: The Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) agreed with, and has taken steps to implement, our recommendation. Specifically, in October 2015, the agency updated its Information Technology and Information Management Strategic Plan for fiscal years 2016 through 2020 to include the agency's approach to reinvesting savings. For example, the strategic plan notes that NRC regularly evaluates the effectiveness of the agency's technology resources through its portfolio management and investment review processes and any resulting cost savings will be considered for reinvestment into innovative ways to make better use of existing information technology or information management capabilities or to adopt new ones. Further, the plan notes that, in cases where opportunities for improvement are discovered, agency stakeholders within areas such as information technology policy and governance and enterprise architecture are to collaborate to develop and implement action plans to address them. As a result of strengthening its strategic plan, NRC is better positioned to ensure that savings are being used in the most efficient and effective manner possible.

    Recommendation: To improve the agency's IT savings reinvestment plans, the Chairman of the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission should direct the CIO, as part of any future update to the agency's IRM strategic plan or equivalent document, to include information regarding the approach to reinvesting savings from the consolidation of commodity IT resources (including data centers) in accordance with OMB's guidance.

    Agency Affected: Nuclear Regulatory Commission

  21. Status: Closed - Implemented

    Comments: The Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) agreed with, and has taken steps to implement, our recommendation. Specifically, as of June 2016, NRC's integrated data collection submission to the Office of Management and Budget included reinvestment information for all reported cost savings and avoidance initiatives. For example, the agency reported that $0.9 million in cost savings and avoidances related to data center consolidation in fiscal year 2012 was used to cover budget reductions for the following year. By including reinvestment information for all reported initiatives, NRC is better positioned to ensure that savings are being used in the most efficient and effective manner possible.

    Recommendation: To improve the agency's IT savings reinvestment plans, the Chairman of the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission should direct the CIO to ensure that the agency's integrated data collection submission to OMB includes, for all reported initiatives, complete plans to reinvest any resulting cost savings and avoidances from OMB-directed IT reform-related efforts.

    Agency Affected: Nuclear Regulatory Commission

  22. Status: Open

    Comments: The Office of Personnel Management (OPM) agreed with our recommendation, but has not yet taken action to implement it. Specifically, in November 2015, OPM's Acting Director stated that information regarding the approach to reinvesting savings from the consolidation of commodity IT resources (including data centers) would be included in future updates to OPM's Strategic IT Plan.. However, as of June 2016, the agency had not yet updated its strategic plan to include this information. We will continue to evaluate the OPM's progress in implementing this recommendation.

    Recommendation: To improve the agency's IT savings reinvestment plans, the Director of the Office of Personnel Management should direct the CIO, as part of any future update to the agency's IRM strategic plan or equivalent document, to include information regarding the approach to reinvesting savings from the consolidation of commodity IT resources (including data centers) in accordance with OMB's guidance.

    Agency Affected: Office of Personnel Management

  23. Status: Closed - Implemented

    Comments: The U.S Agency for International Development (USAID) agreed with, and has taken action to implement, our recommendation. Specifically, in May 2016, USAID issued an Information Systems Decommissioning Plan intended to provide the policies, processes, and governance needed to downsize and eliminate the agency's redundant or suboptimal IT investments. The plan also included information regarding the approach to reinvesting cost savings from the elimination of legacy systems, such as reallocating the savings to support investments in modernized, integrated, enterprise-level solutions. As a result, the agency is better positioned to ensure that savings are being used in the most efficient and effective manner possible.

    Recommendation: To improve the agency's IT savings reinvestment plans, the Administrator of the U.S. Agency for International Development should direct the CIO, as part of any future update to the agency's IRM strategic plan or equivalent document, to include information regarding the approach to reinvesting savings from the consolidation of commodity IT resources (including data centers) in accordance with OMB's guidance.

    Agency Affected: United States Agency for International Development

  24. Status: Closed - Implemented

    Comments: The U.S Agency for International Development (USAID) agreed with, and has taken steps to implement, our recommendation. Specifically, as of June 2016, USAID's integrated data collection submission to the Office of Management and Budget included reinvestment information for all reported cost savings and avoidance initiatives. For example, the agency reported that approximately $4 million in savings and avoidances related to data center consolidation had been reinvested in IT infrastructure to support the growing consumption of IT resources, including an approximately 28 percent increase in USAID's user base as well as 22 additional business systems supported by the agency. By including reinvestment information for all reported initiatives, the agency is better positioned to ensure that savings are being used in the most efficient and effective manner possible.

    Recommendation: To improve the agency's IT savings reinvestment plans, the Administrator of the U.S. Agency for International Development should direct the CIO ensure that the agency's integrated data collection submission to OMB includes, for all reported initiatives, complete plans to reinvest any resulting cost savings and avoidances from OMB-directed IT reform-related efforts.

    Agency Affected: United States Agency for International Development

 

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