Welfare Reform:

States Are Using TANF Flexibility to Adapt Work Requirements and Time Limits to Meet State and Local Needs

GAO-02-501T: Published: Mar 7, 2002. Publicly Released: Mar 7, 2002.

Additional Materials:

Contact:

Cynthia Maher Fagnoni
(202) 512-7202
contact@gao.gov

 

Office of Public Affairs
(202) 512-4800
youngc1@gao.gov

One-third of the 2.1 million cases of cash assistance provided under federal or state welfare programs in the fall of 2001 went to children. Because no adults in these families received either Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) or state maintenance-of-effort funds, work requirements and time limits did not apply. Welfare reform legislation passed in 1996 included a caseload reduction credit that reduces each state's mandated participation rate if its welfare caseload declines. Because of the dramatic declines in welfare caseloads since 1996, states have generally seen greatly reduced participation rates for TANF programs. After accounting for cases involving only children, states excluded 11 percent of the remaining 1.4 million families with an adult from federal or state time limits. States' experiences with work requirements and time limits highlight key issues Congress may wish to consider when reauthorizing TANF provisions, including the relatively few families who have reached their time limit so far and the future adequacy of the federal 20-percent extension.

Sep 15, 2016

Sep 7, 2016

Jul 8, 2016

Mar 14, 2016

Mar 10, 2016

Feb 23, 2016

Nov 9, 2015

Sep 16, 2015

Jun 15, 2015

Jun 3, 2015

Looking for more? Browse all our products here