TVA's Load Management Activities
EMD-79-44: Published: Apr 11, 1979. Publicly Released: Apr 11, 1979.
- Full Report:
Load management projects at the Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA) were evaluated in an attempt to determine their potential for application to the utility industry, and it appeared that water heater controls could be successfully implemented at this time. In October 1977, TVA approved a program to control existing water heaters in 400 homes, new 120-gallon water heaters in 100 homes, and space conditioning in 200 homes to demonstrate and evaluate the economic and technological feasibility of residential load management. Another plan was drafted in March 1978 by the Director of Power Utilization for the immediate implementation of controls on conventional and new 120-gallon water heaters. Implementation was to be achieved by installing remote control devices on existing water heaters; providing superinsulated 120-gallon water heaters, with electric service limited to off-peak hours, for installation in new and remodeled homes; and replacing existing water heaters with larger, more efficient units served off-peak.
Based on studies by TVA and experiences observed at other utilities, there appears to be sufficient justification for immediate implementation of a water heater control program. Sufficient justification is available to support acceleration of TVA's efforts to control space conditioning. The implementation plan to control water heaters was to be implemented in 1978, but as of March 1979 the plan was still not in effect.
Recommendation for Executive Action
Comments: Please call 202/512-6100 for additional information.
Recommendation: TVA should initiate a comprehensive customer education program to promote the advantages and gain customer acceptance of load control devices. The water heater control program should be implemented by: (1) installing remote control devices on existing water heaters; (2) providing incentives for the installation and control of superinsulated 120-gallon water heaters in new and remodeled homes; and (3) encouraging replacement of existing units with larger, more efficient units, when feasible. TVA should accelerate the testing of space conditioning devices with a view toward early installation throughout the TVA service area.