Issues Related to the Closing of the Nuclear Fuel Services, Incorporated, Reprocessing Plant at West Valley, New York

EMD-77-27: Published: Mar 8, 1977. Publicly Released: Mar 8, 1977.

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The Nuclear Fuel Services, Inc. (NFS) plant at West Valley, NY, the only commercial nuclear reprocessing facility operated in the United States, was closed in 1972 for modifications aimed at limiting effluent releases, reducing personnel exposures to radiation, and increasing plant capacity.

Recommendation for Executive Action

  1. Status: Closed

    Comments: Please call 202/512-6100 for additional information.

    Recommendation: To help in formulating an appropriate waste disposal technology for this waste, the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) should: develop waste performance criteria; develop criteria for decommissioning waste storage facilities; identify alternative processes for waste management and determine their technical and economic feasibility; characterize the physical and chemical properties of this waste sludge; proceed on a priority basis in the current analyses to assess the seismic integrity of the waste tanks; include a review of the stress relieving data in determining tank life to assure that the proper techniques were used; and assess the condition of the vault system and the surrounding soil character. In addition, NRC should: require New York State to report its plans on the future use of the West Valley site; prepare NFS and State guidelines for decommissioning the plant and site and require a plan from them for decommission and correcting problems at the low-level waste burial site; and require the State to set up long term care requirements for the site.

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