B-45599, NOVEMBER 18, 1944, 24 COMP. GEN. 391

B-45599: Nov 18, 1944

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TRAVELING EXPENSES - OFFICE OF PRICE ADMINISTRATION PERSONNEL APPOINTED FOR DUTY IN TERRITORIES WHERE AN APPOINTEE OF THE OFFICE OF PRICE ADMINISTRATION IS TO BE PAID HIS TRAVELING EXPENSES FROM "POINT OF INDUCTION IN CONTINENTAL UNITED STATES" TO HIS "FIRST POST OF DUTY IN THE TERRITORIES AND RETURN. HIS DUTY STATUS ENTITLING HIM TO COMPENSATION (EXCLUSIVE OF THE DIFFERENTIAL FOR SERVICE OUTSIDE THE CONTINENTAL UNITED STATES) IS TO BE REGARDED AS COMMENCING UPON DEPARTURE FROM THE POINT OF INDUCTION AND AS ENDING WHEN HE ORDINARILY WOULD ARRIVE BACK. IN THE CASE OF AN APPOINTEE OF THE OFFICE OF PRICE ADMINISTRATION WHO IS TO BE PAID HIS TRAVELING EXPENSES FROM "POINT OF INDUCTION IN CONTINENTAL UNITED STATES" TO HIS "FIRST POST OF DUTY IN THE TERRITORIES AND RETURN.

B-45599, NOVEMBER 18, 1944, 24 COMP. GEN. 391

COMPENSATION DURING TRAVEL TIME; TRAVELING EXPENSES - OFFICE OF PRICE ADMINISTRATION PERSONNEL APPOINTED FOR DUTY IN TERRITORIES WHERE AN APPOINTEE OF THE OFFICE OF PRICE ADMINISTRATION IS TO BE PAID HIS TRAVELING EXPENSES FROM "POINT OF INDUCTION IN CONTINENTAL UNITED STATES" TO HIS "FIRST POST OF DUTY IN THE TERRITORIES AND RETURN," PURSUANT TO CURRENT STATUTORY AUTHORITY, HIS DUTY STATUS ENTITLING HIM TO COMPENSATION (EXCLUSIVE OF THE DIFFERENTIAL FOR SERVICE OUTSIDE THE CONTINENTAL UNITED STATES) IS TO BE REGARDED AS COMMENCING UPON DEPARTURE FROM THE POINT OF INDUCTION AND AS ENDING WHEN HE ORDINARILY WOULD ARRIVE BACK, BY THE USUALLY TRAVELED ROUTE, AT SUCH POINT AFTER TERMINATION OF HIS SERVICES; AND THE INSTRUMENT OF APPOINTMENT OR CONTRACT OF EMPLOYMENT SHOULD SPECIFICALLY SO PROVIDE. 22 COMP. GEN. 869, DISTINGUISHED. IN THE CASE OF AN APPOINTEE OF THE OFFICE OF PRICE ADMINISTRATION WHO IS TO BE PAID HIS TRAVELING EXPENSES FROM "POINT OF INDUCTION IN CONTINENTAL UNITED STATES" TO HIS "FIRST POST OF DUTY IN THE TERRITORIES AND RETURN," PURSUANT TO CURRENT STATUTORY AUTHORITY, THE COMPENSATION DIFFERENTIAL--- AS DISTINGUISHED FROM REGULAR COMPENSATION -- AUTHORIZED FOR SERVICE OUTSIDE THE CONTINENTAL UNITED STATES IS PAYABLE FROM THE DATE OF SAILING FROM THE CONTINENTAL UNITED STATES AND CONTINUES UNTIL THE DATE HE ORDINARILY WOULD ARRIVE BACK, BY THE USUALLY TRAVELED ROUTE, AT THE POINT OF INDUCTION AFTER TERMINATION OF HIS SERVICES; AND THE INSTRUMENT OF APPOINTMENT OR CONTRACT OF EMPLOYMENT SHOULD SPECIFICALLY SO PROVIDE. WHERE, PURSUANT TO CURRENT STATUTORY AUTHORITY, APPOINTEES OF THE OFFICE OF PRICE ADMINISTRATION ARE TO BE PAID THEIR EXPENSES OF TRAVEL FROM THE POINT OF INDUCTION IN CONTINENTAL UNITED STATES TO THEIR POSTS OF DUTY IN THE TERRITORIES AND RETURN, IT WOULD BE APPROPRIATE TO REQUIRE OF SUCH APPOINTEES AN UNDERTAKING TO SERVE SOME MINIMUM PERIOD OF TIME AT THEIR POSTS IN THE TERRITORIES IN ORDER THAT THE PURPOSE OF THE STATUTORY AUTHORIZATION BE NOT DEFEATED. AN APPOINTEE OF THE OFFICE OF PRICE ADMINISTRATION WHOSE TRAVELING EXPENSES FROM POINT OF INDUCTION IN CONTINENTAL UNITED STATES TO HIS FIRST POST OF DUTY IN A TERRITORY ARE TO BE PAID PURSUANT TO CURRENT STATUTORY AUTHORITY IS NOT ENTITLED TO COMPENSATION DURING THE TIME AFTER INDUCTION HE IS AWAITING TRANSPORTATION AT THE POINT OF INDUCTION. PURSUANT TO THE AUTHORITY IN THE SECOND DEFICIENCY APPROPRIATION ACT, 1944, FOR THE PAYMENT OF THE EXPENSES OF EMPLOYEES OF THE OFFICE OF PRICE ADMINISTRATION IN RETURNING FROM THEIR POSTS OF DUTY IN THE TERRITORIES TO THE UNITED STATES, TRAVELING EXPENSES, AS WELL AS SALARY FOR THE PERIOD OF TRAVEL, MAY BE PAID FOR THE RETURN OF EMPLOYEES WHOSE EXPENSES OF REPORTING FOR DUTY IN THE TERRITORIES WERE PAID PURSUANT TO PRIOR STATUTORY AUTHORITY WHICH DID NOT INCLUDE AUTHORITY TO PAY EXPENSES OF RETURN, AND OF EMPLOYEES WHO REPORTED FOR DUTY AT THEIR OWN EXPENSE. EMPLOYEES OF THE OFFICE OF PRICE ADMINISTRATION WHO, PURSUANT TO CURRENT STATUTORY AUTHORITY, ARE TO TRAVEL AT GOVERNMENT EXPENSE TO AND FROM THEIR POSTS OF DUTY IN THE TERRITORIES, AND WHOSE APPOINTMENTS OR CONTRACTS OF EMPLOYMENT PROVIDE FOR PAYMENT OF COMPENSATION FOR TRAVEL TIME BOTH WAYS, AS AUTHORIZED HEREIN, MAY NOT BE DENIED COMPENSATION FOR SUCH TRAVEL TIME, NOR MAY THEY BE CARRIED IN A TERMINAL LEAVE STATUS FOR THE PERIOD OF RETURN TRAVEL UNLESS THEY FAILED TO SERVE THE REQUIRED MINIMUM PERIOD OR WERE SEPARATED FROM SERVICE FOR DISCIPLINARY REASONS, IN WHICH LATTER CASES THEY MAY BE GRANTED TERMINAL LEAVE FOR THE PERIOD OF TRAVEL BACK TO THE UNITED STATES AT THEIR OWN EXPENSE. UNDER THE AUTHORITY IN THE SECOND DEFICIENCY APPROPRIATION ACT, 1944, FOR THE PAYMENT OF THE TRAVELING EXPENSES OF APPOINTEES OF THE OFFICE OF PRICE ADMINISTRATION "TO THEIR FIRST POST OF DUTY IN THE TERRITORIES AND RETURN," AN EMPLOYEE'S EXPENSES OF RETURN FROM HIS LAST POST OF DUTY MAY BE PAID EVEN THOUGH GREATER THAN FROM THE FIRST POST OF DUTY. THE AUTHORIZATION IN THE SECOND DEFICIENCY APPROPRIATION ACT, 1944, FOR PAYMENT OF "EXPENSES OF APPOINTEES" OF THE OFFICE OF PRICE ADMINISTRATION IN REPORTING TO THEIR FIRST POSTS OF DUTY IN THE TERRITORIES AND RETURN DOES NOT CONSTITUTE STATUTORY AUTHORITY FOR PAYMENT OF THE EXPENSES OF TRANSPORTING APPOINTEES' HOUSEHOLD GOODS TO OR FROM A TERRITORY. OFFICE OF PRICE ADMINISTRATION APPOINTEES WHO ARE ENTITLED TO TRAVELING EXPENSES, PURSUANT TO THE SECOND DEFICIENCY APPROPRIATION ACT, 1944, FROM THE POINT OF INDUCTION IN CONTINENTAL UNITED STATES TO THEIR FIRST POST OF DUTY IN THE TERRITORIES AND RETURN ARE NOT ENTITLED TO ANY ADDITIONAL ALLOWANCE FOR BAGGAGE EXCEPT AS MAY BE AUTHORIZED BY THE APPLICABLE PROVISIONS OF THE STANDARDIZED GOVERNMENT TRAVEL REGULATIONS.

COMPTROLLER GENERAL WARREN TO THE PRICE ADMINISTRATOR, OFFICE OF PRICE ADMINISTRATION, NOVEMBER 18, 1944:

I HAVE YOUR LETTER OF NOVEMBER 4, 1944, AS FOLLOWS:

THE EMPLOYMENT OF PERSONS FOR REGULAR DUTY IN THE TERRITORIES OUTSIDE THE CONTINENTAL LIMITS OF THE UNITED STATES, INVOLVES VARIOUS PROBLEMS IN CONNECTION WITH PAYMENT FOR PERSONAL SERVICES AND TRANSPORTATION EXPENSES EN ROUTE AT TIME OF APPOINTMENT AND TERMINATION.

EFFECTIVE JULY 1, 1943, THE OFFICE OF PRICE ADMINISTRATION'S APPROPRIATION ACT APPEARING IN THE NATIONAL WAR AGENCIES APPROPRIATION ACT, 1944, PUBLIC LAW 139, APPROVED JULY 12, 1943 (57 STAT. 525), PROVIDED FUNDS FOR PAYMENT OF TRAVELING EXPENSES OF THIS ADMINISTRATION INCLUDING "EXPENSES OF APPOINTEES FROM POINT OF INDUCTION IN CONTINENTAL UNITED STATES TO THEIR FIRST POST OF DUTY IN THE TERRITORIES.' THIS AUTHORITY WAS CONTAINED IN FORCE AND AMENDED BY THE ADDITION OF THE WORDS ,AND RETURN" FOR THE FISCAL YEAR 1945 BY THE SECOND DEFICIENCY APPROPRIATION ACT OF 1944 ( PUBLIC LAW 375, 78TH CONGRESS, APPROVED JUNE 28, 1944/58 STAT. 600) ).

THIS OFFICE IS IN DOUBT AS TO WHAT EXPENDITURES ARE PROPER UNDER THIS ACT. THE FOLLOWING EXAMPLES ARE OFFERED IN ILLUSTRATION, THE OATH OF OFFICE BEING TAKEN IN EACH INSTANCE AT PLACE OF INDUCTION:

1. NEW APPOINTEE INDUCTED AT KANSAS CITY, MISSOURI AND SENT IMMEDIATELY TO ALASKA WITH NO TEMPORARY DUTY IN UNITED STATES.

2. NEW APPOINTEE INDUCTED IN SAN FRANCISCO, WHO IS INSTRUCTED TO REPORT TO WASHINGTON, D.C. FOR TEMPORARY DUTY OR INSTRUCTION AND TRAINING FOR A WEEK EN ROUTE TO PUERTO RICO.

3. NEW APPOINTEE INDUCTED AT WASHINGTON, D.C. WHERE HE REMAINED FOR A BRIEF PERIOD OF TEMPORARY DUTY PRIOR TO PROCEEDING TO THE VIRGIN ISLANDS.

4. NEW APPOINTEE INDUCTED AT CHICAGO AND REQUIRED TO REMAIN IN CHICAGO WHILE AWAITING TRANSPORTATION TO HAWAII.

5. EMPLOYEES TRANSFERRED FROM OTHER GOVERNMENT AGENCIES WITHOUT BREAK IN SERVICE, INVOLVING SITUATIONS SIMILAR TO NOS. 1, 2, 3, AND 4.

REPLIES TO THE FOLLOWING SPECIFIC QUESTIONS WITH REGARD TO THE ABOVE CASES ARE REQUESTED:

1. ARE THE SALARIES OF THE POSITIONS TO WHICH THEY WERE APPOINTED, INCLUDING THE DIFFERENTIAL, PAYABLE TO THOSE EMPLOYEES (1) UPON INDUCTION? (2) UPON DEPARTURE FROM POINT OF INDUCTION? OR (3) UPON ENTRANCE ON DUTY AT THEIR FIRST POINT OF DUTY IN THE TERRITORIES? BECAUSE THE TRAVELING EXPENSES OF THESE EMPLOYEES ARE AUTHORIZED BY LAW, THERE IS NO DOUBT THAT THE RULE OUTLINED IN 22 C.G. 869 IS APPLICABLE.

2. IF YOUR REPLY TO QUESTION 1 PROHIBITS PAYMENT OF SALARY FROM TIME OF INDUCTION, MAY THE EMPLOYEE IN EXAMPLE 5 BE GRANTED ANNUAL LEAVE FOR THE NECESSARY TRAVEL TIME WITHOUT CONFLICTING WITH PAR. 45A OF THE STANDARDIZED GOVERNMENT TRAVEL REGULATIONS?

3. THE AUTHORITY TO RETURN EMPLOYEES TO THE CONTINENTAL UNITED STATES AT GOVERNMENT EXPENSE BECAME EFFECTIVE JULY 1, 1944. MAY TRAVELING EXPENSES (AND SALARY IF RULE PERMISSIBLE UNDER QUESTION 1) BE PAID FOR THE RETURN OF AN EMPLOYEE WHOSE EXPENSES FOR REPORTING TO THE TERRITORIES WERE PAID UNDER AUTHORITY OF THE 1944 APPROPRIATION ACT OR WHO REPORTED AT HIS OWN EXPENSE?

4. IS IT MANDATORY THAT THIS AGENCY PAY THE SALARY FOR TRAVEL TIME (IF PERMISSIBLE UNDER QUESTION 1) OF AN EMPLOYEE WHO IS GRANTED TRAVEL EXPENSES, OR MAY HE BE TERMINATED UPON EXPIRATION OF TERMINAL LEAVE BUT PRIOR TO HIS DEPARTURE FROM THE TERRITORIES, OR CARRIED ON TERMINAL ANNUAL LEAVE WHILE RETURNING TO THE CONTINENTAL UNITED STATES AT GOVERNMENT EXPENSE?

5. MAY THE APPROPRIATION LANGUAGE "TO THEIR FIRST POST OF DUTY IN THE TERRITORIES AND RETURN" BE CONSTRUED TO PERMIT RETURN FROM THEIR LAST POINT OF DUTY IF THE EXPENSES OF TRAVEL ARE GREATER?

6. IS THERE AUTHORITY IN THE ACT OR ELSEWHERE, ASIDE FROM WAR SERVICE REGULATIONS IX SECTION 2A, FOR PAYMENT OF THE TRANSPORTATION OF THE APPOINTEE'S HOUSEHOLD GOODS TO OR FROM A TERRITORY?

7. WHAT DISTINCTION SHOULD BE DRAWN BETWEEN WHAT CONSTITUTES PERSONAL EFFECTS, WHICH PRESUMABLY MAY BE TRANSPORTED AT GOVERNMENT EXPENSE BY EXPRESS OR EXCESS BAGGAGE, AND HOUSEHOLD GOODS?

AS THERE ARE SEVERAL ACTIONS PENDING WHICH INVOLVE THE ABOVE ISSUES, YOUR DECISION AT AN EARLY DATE IS RESPECTFULLY REQUESTED.

IT IS UNDERSTOOD THAT THE EMPLOYEES INVOLVED IN YOUR SUBMISSION ARE THOSE FOR WHOM A SALARY RATE IS FIXED BY OR PURSUANT TO LAW OR ADMINISTRATIVE REGULATION, AS DISTINGUISHED FROM EMPLOYEES WITH WHOM A CONTRACT MAY BE ENTERED INTO TO INCLUDE TRAVELING EXPENSES FROM PLACE OF EMPLOYMENT AS A PART OF COMPENSATION. AS TO THE LATTER GROUP, SEE 19 COMP. GEN. 71; 23 ID. 280 (LAST SENTENCE, PAGE 284). CF. 16 COMP. GEN. 852.

THE DECISION OF MARCH 6, 1943, 22 COMP. GEN. 869, TO WHICH YOU REFER, STATES THE FOLLOWING GENERAL RULE, SO FAR AS HERE MATERIAL, FOR DETERMINING THE EFFECTIVE DATE OF SALARY PAYMENTS IN THE ORDINARY CASES WHERE EMPLOYEES ARE REQUIRED TO BEAR THE COST OF TRAVEL TO THEIR FIRST DUTY STATION (QUOTING FROM PAGE 871):

UPON THE VIEW THAT THE RIGHT TO SALARY ACCRUES WHEN THE APPOINTEE, HAVING OTHERWISE ALIFIED,"BEGINS TO DEVOTE HIMSELF TO THE PUBLIC SERVICE" (5 LAWR. FIRST COMP. DEC. 374 (1884), FOLLOWING 10 OP. ATTY. GEN. 251), THE RIGHT TO SALARY FOR THE TRANSIT PERIOD TO THE FIRST PERMANENT HEADQUARTERS TYPICALLY IS NOT IN QUESTION, SINCE THE REQUIRED RENDITION OF SERVICE OF ANY SUBSTANTIAL KIND, HOWEVER TEMPORARY (WHETHER DUTY, INSTRUCTION, TRAINING, OBSERVATION, SELECTION, OR PROBATION), WILL JUSTIFY A CERTIFICATION THAT THE EMPLOYEE HAS ENTERED UPON DUTY, EVEN BEFORE ARRIVING AT HIS PERMANENT POST, IN WHICH CASE SALARY IS PAYABLE * * *.

HOWEVER, SUCH GENERAL RULE IS NOT FOR STRICT APPLICATION WITHOUT REGARD TO THE AUTHORIZATION, AS IN THE APPROPRIATIONS HERE INVOLVED, FOR PAYING THE EXPENSES OF APPOINTEES FROM PLACE OF INDUCTION IN CONTINENTAL UNITED STATES TO A POST OF DUTY IN THE TERRITORIES OUTSIDE THE CONTINENTAL UNITED STATES AND RETURN. IN THE ABSENCE OF A SPECIFIC STATUTORY PROVISION TO THE CONTRARY, A TRAVEL STATUS USUALLY CONNOTES A DUTY STATUS TO WHICH COMPENSATION ATTACHES. COMPARE THE ACT OF JUNE 13, 1940, 54 STAT. 383, AUTHORIZING PAYMENT OF COMPENSATION "FROM THE DATE OF THEIR SAILING" TO CIVILIAN EMPLOYEES OF THE NAVY DEPARTMENT APPOINTED FOR DUTY BEYOND THE CONTINENTAL LIMITS OF THE UNITED STATES, AND 22 COMP. GEN. 427, WHEREIN THAT STATUTE WAS APPLIED. HENCE, UNDER THE APPROPRIATION AUTHORIZATION CITED IN YOUR LETTER, WHEREIN NO SPECIFIC DATE FOR BEGINNING OF SALARY PAYMENTS HAS BEEN FIXED, IT REASONABLY MAY BE INFERRED THAT THE CONGRESS INTENDED TO CREATE A DUTY STATUS--- ENTITLING THE EMPLOYEE TO SALARY--- AT THE TIME WHEN THE EMPLOYEE STARTS TO TRAVEL FROM HIS PLACE OF INDUCTION IN THE CONTINENTAL UNITED STATES, FROM WHICH DATE THE EMPLOYEE "BEGINS TO DEVOTE HIMSELF TO THE PUBLIC SERVICE" (QUOTING FROM 22 COMP. GEN. 869, SUPRA), AND TO TERMINATE SUCH STATUS UPON THE EMPLOYEE'S RETURN (AT THE EXPENSE OF THE GOVERNMENT). THEREFORE, IT IS UNNECESSARY HERE TO APPLY THE GENERAL RULE THAT SALARY DOES NOT BEGIN UNTIL THE ACTUAL RENDITION OF SERVICE.

ACCORDINGLY, REFERRING TO QUESTION 1, THE SALARIES, OTHER THAN THE DIFFERENTIAL, TO THE INDIVIDUAL EMPLOYEES, ARE PAYABLE UPON DEPARTURE FROM POINT OF INDUCTION AND THE DIFFERENTIAL IS PAYABLE FROM DATE OF SAILING FROM THE CONTINENTAL UNITED STATES; BUT IN ORDER TO CARRY INTO EFFECT THAT RULE, THE INSTRUMENT OF APPOINTMENT OR CONTRACT OF EMPLOYMENT SHOULD STATE SPECIFICALLY THAT SALARY OR COMPENSATION WILL BEGIN AS ABOVE STATED AND END (INCLUDING DIFFERENTIAL) ON THE DATE THE EMPLOYEE ORDINARILY WOULD ARRIVE BACK, BY THE USUALLY TRAVELED ROUTE, AT THE POINT OF INDUCTION AFTER THE TERMINATION OF HIS SERVICE. SEE 22 COMP. GEN. 79. ALSO, IF THERE EXISTS NO SUCH REQUIREMENT, IT WOULD BE APPROPRIATE TO REQUIRE OF SUCH APPOINTEES AN UNDERTAKING TO SERVE SOME MINIMUM PERIOD OF TIME AT THE NEW POST IN THE TERRITORIES IN ORDER THAT THE PURPOSE OF THE APPROPRIATION AUTHORIZATION BE NOT DEFEATED. HENCE, UNDER THIS ANSWER TO QUESTION 1, THE EMPLOYEE IN CASE 4 STATED IN YOUR LETTER WOULD NOT BE ENTITLED TO COMPENSATION DURING THE WAITING TIME AT CHICAGO, THE PLACE OF INDUCTION.

THE ABOVE ANSWER TO QUESTION 1 MAKES IT UNNECESSARY TO ANSWER QUESTION 2.

QUESTION 3 IS ANSWERED IN THE AFFIRMATIVE. CF. 23 COMP. GEN. 280.

REFERRING TO QUESTION 4, IT WOULD BE MANDATORY UNDER THE INSTRUMENT OF APPOINTMENT OR CONTRACT OF EMPLOYMENT AUTHORIZED BY THE ANSWER TO QUESTION 1 TO PAY THE SALARY OF AN EMPLOYEE FOR TRAVEL TIME BOTH WAYS, EXCEPT IN THOSE CASES WHERE AN EMPLOYEE DOES NOT SERVE THE REQUIRED MINIMUM PERIOD, OR, WHERE THE SEPARATION FROM THE SERVICE IS FOR DISCIPLINARY REASONS, IN WHICH CASES THE EMPLOYEES MAY BE GRANTED THEIR TERMINATION ANNUAL LEAVE FOR THE PERIOD WHILE THEY ARE RETURNING TO THE CONTINENTAL UNITED STATES AT THEIR OWN EXPENSE.

QUESTION 5 IS ANSWERED IN THE AFFIRMATIVE.

REFERRING TO QUESTION 6, THE TRANSPORTATION OF HOUSEHOLD GOODS AT GOVERNMENT EXPENSE MAY BE EFFECTED ONLY UPON THE BASIS OF A STATUTE SO PROVIDING. SEE ACT OF OCTOBER 10, 1940, 54 STAT. 105; ALSO, 20 COMP. GEN. 479; 21 ID. 40. HENCE, THE AUTHORIZATION FOR PAYMENT OF "EXPENSES OF APPOINTEES,. IN THE CITED APPROPRIATION ACTS DOES NOT INCLUDE ANY AUTHORITY FOR PAYING THE EXPENSES OF TRANSPORTING THE HOUSEHOLD GOODS OF THE EMPLOYEES UPON ORIGINAL APPOINTMENT OR TRANSFER FROM ANOTHER AGENCY OF THE GOVERNMENT. ACCORDINGLY, QUESTION 6 IS ANSWERED IN THE NEGATIVE WITH THE EXCEPTION STATED IN THE QUESTION, AS TO WHICH EXCEPTION SEE DECISION OF OCTOBER 3, 1944, B-44625, 24 COMP. GEN. 269.

REFERRING TO QUESTION 7, ATTENTION IS INVITED TO THE DECISION OF JULY 17, 1941, 21 COMP. GEN 40, WHEREIN WILL BE FOUND, ON PAGE 42, A DISCUSSION AS TO THE MEANING OF THE TERM "PERSONAL EFFECTS.' HOWEVER, IN THE INSTANT CASES, THE EMPLOYEES WOULD NOT BE ENTITLED TO ANY ADDITIONAL ALLOWANCE FOR BAGGAGE EXCEPT SUCH AS MAY BE AUTHORIZED BY THE APPLICABLE PROVISIONS OF THE STANDARDIZED GOVERNMENT TRAVEL REGULATIONS (SEE PARAGRAPHS 38-43).