B-157368, OCT. 27, 1965, 45 COMP. GEN. 199

B-157368: Oct 27, 1965

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THAT THE PAYMENT IS NECESSARY TO THE EFFECTIVE ACCOMPLISHMENT OF THE PURPOSE FOR WHICH THE PLAQUE WAS PURCHASED. - EVEN THOUGH THE EXPENDITURE IS NOT ONE OF THE "EXPENSES NECESSARY" FOR STATE AND PRIVATE FORESTRY COOPERATION AS THOSE WORDS ARE USED IN THE APPROPRIATION PROPOSED TO BE CHARGED WITH THE PAYMENT. SUCH EXPENDITURES IN THE FUTURE SHOULD HAVE THE AUTHORITY AND SANCTION OF CONGRESS. 1965: REFERENCE IS MADE TO LETTER OF JULY 21. THE VOUCHER COVERS THE PURCHASE PRICE OF A PLAQUE WHICH WAS INSCRIBED AND PRESENTED TO THE STATE OF TEXAS FOREST SERVICE BY THE REGIONAL FORESTER. IT IS EXPLAINED IN THE LETTER THAT TEXAS IS ONE OF 11 STATES WHICH COOPERATES WITH THE SOUTHERN REGION. THE PROGRAMS ARE ADMINISTERED BY THE FOREST SERVICE.

B-157368, OCT. 27, 1965, 45 COMP. GEN. 199

STATES - AWARDS - RECOGNITION OF COOPERATION - FORESTRY ACTIVITIES PAYMENT OF THE PURCHASE PRICE OF A PLAQUE INSCRIBED AND PRESENTED TO THE STATE OF TEXAS FOREST SERVICE BY THE DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE IN RECOGNITION OF 50 YEARS OF OUTSTANDING LEADERSHIP AND ACHIEVEMENT IN VARIOUS PHASES OF STATE AND PRIVATE FORESTRY ACTIVITIES MAY BE MADE UPON ADMINISTRATIVE DETERMINATION, EVIDENCED ON THE VOUCHER TO BE CERTIFIED, THAT THE PAYMENT IS NECESSARY TO THE EFFECTIVE ACCOMPLISHMENT OF THE PURPOSE FOR WHICH THE PLAQUE WAS PURCHASED--- THE FURTHERANCE OF THE COOPERATIVE FORESTRY PROGRAMS WITH STATES AUTHORIZED UNDER 16 U.S.C. 564- 570, AND THE FOSTERING OF GOODWILL IN FEDERAL-STATE RELATIONS--- EVEN THOUGH THE EXPENDITURE IS NOT ONE OF THE "EXPENSES NECESSARY" FOR STATE AND PRIVATE FORESTRY COOPERATION AS THOSE WORDS ARE USED IN THE APPROPRIATION PROPOSED TO BE CHARGED WITH THE PAYMENT; HOWEVER, SUCH EXPENDITURES IN THE FUTURE SHOULD HAVE THE AUTHORITY AND SANCTION OF CONGRESS.

TO THE SECRETARY OF AGRICULTURE, OCTOBER 27, 1965:

REFERENCE IS MADE TO LETTER OF JULY 21, 1965, REFERENCE 6540, FROM MR. BAXTER REED, AUTHORIZED CERTIFYING OFFICER, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE, FOREST SERVICE, ATLANTA, GEORGIA, REQUESTING A DECISION AS TO WHETHER THE VOUCHER TRANSMITTED THEREWITH STATED IN FAVOR OF WILLIAMS JEWELRY AND MANUFACTURING COMPANY, CHICAGO, ILLINOIS, IN THE AMOUNT OF $88, MAY BE CERTIFIED FOR PAYMENT. THE VOUCHER COVERS THE PURCHASE PRICE OF A PLAQUE WHICH WAS INSCRIBED AND PRESENTED TO THE STATE OF TEXAS FOREST SERVICE BY THE REGIONAL FORESTER, SOUTHERN REGION, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE, IN RECOGNITION OF THE TEXAS FOREST SERVICE'S GOLDEN ANNIVERSARY AND 50 YEARS OF OUTSTANDING LEADERSHIP AND ACHIEVEMENT IN THE FIELD OF FORESTRY.

THE SUBAPPROPRIATION "STATE AND PRIVATE FORESTRY COOPERATION" UNDER THE APPROPRIATION "FOREST PROTECTION AND UTILIZATION, FOREST SERVICE," CONTAINED IN THE DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR AND RELATED AGENCIES APPROPRIATION ACT, 1965, APPROVED JULY 7, 1964, PUBLIC LAW 88-356, 78 STAT. 285, PROPOSED TO BE CHARGED WITH PAYMENT FOR THE PLAQUE PROVIDES, IN PERTINENT PART, AS FOLLOWS:

FOREST SERVICE

FOREST PROTECTION AND UTILIZATION

FOR EXPENSES NECESSARY FOR FOREST PROTECTION AND UTILIZATION, AS FOLLOWS:

STATE AND PRIVATE FORESTRY COOPERATION: FOR COOPERATION WITH STATES IN FOREST-FIRE PREVENTION AND SUPPRESSION, IN FOREST TREE PLANTING ONNON- FEDERAL PUBLIC AND PRIVATE LANDS, AND IN FOREST MANAGEMENT AND PROCESSING, AND FOR ADVISING TIMBERLAND OWNERS, ASSOCIATIONS, WOOD USING INDUSTRIES, AND OTHERS IN THE APPLICATION OF FOREST MANAGEMENT PRINCIPLES AND PROCESSING OF FOREST PRODUCTS, AS AUTHORIZED BY LAW; $16,955,000.

IT IS EXPLAINED IN THE LETTER THAT TEXAS IS ONE OF 11 STATES WHICH COOPERATES WITH THE SOUTHERN REGION, UNITED STATES FOREST SERVICE, IN CERTAIN COOPERATIVE PROGRAMS UNDER THE CLARK-MCNARY ACT, 16 U.S.C. 564 570, AND THE COOPERATIVE FOREST MANAGEMENT ACT OF 1950, AS AMENDED, 16 U.S.C. 568C, D. THE PROGRAMS ARE ADMINISTERED BY THE FOREST SERVICE, AND CURRENT OPERATIONS UNDER EACH AGREEMENT ARE IMPLEMENTED BY ANNUAL FINANCIAL PLANS. PERIODICALLY, THE FOREST SERVICE REIMBURSES THE COOPERATING STATES ON A PERCENTAGE BASIS FOR A PORTION OF THEIR EXPENDITURES UNDER EACH PROGRAM.

MR. REED STATES THAT THE EXTENT TO WHICH A STATE PARTICIPATES IN AND ENTHUSIASTICALLY SUPPORTS EACH OF THESE PROGRAMS IS OF GREAT CONCERN TO THE FOREST SERVICE AND TO THE DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE. ALSO, HE STATES THAT OF EQUAL IMPORTANCE IS THE DEGREE TO WHICH A STATE--- THROUGH THESE PROGRAMS AND ITS OWN STATE-AUTHORIZED ACTIVITIES--- MAKES SIGNIFICANT ADVANCEMENTS AND ACHIEVEMENTS IN THE GENERAL FIELD OF STATE AND PRIVATE FORESTRY.

THE VIEW IS EXPRESSED THAT A PLAQUE OF THE TYPE IN QUESTION RESULTS IN PERMANENT RECOGNITION OF A STATE'S CONTRIBUTION TO FOREST SERVICE PROGRAMS; AND HE SUGGESTS THAT IT IS SIGNIFICANT IN FURTHERING FOREST SERVICE COOPERATIVE PROGRAMS WITH STATES AND IN FOSTERING GOODWILL IN FEDERAL-STATE RELATIONS.

THE DECISIONS OF THE ACCOUNTING OFFICERS OF THE GOVERNMENT GENERALLY HAVE BEEN TO THE EFFECT THAT THE PURCHASE OF MEDALS, TROPHIES, INSIGNIA, ETC., TO GRANT AWARDS IS NOT AUTHORIZED UNDER APPROPRIATIONS MADE IN GENERAL TERMS UNLESS SUCH PURCHASE HAS BEEN SPECIFICALLY AUTHORIZED BY LAW. SEE 5 COMP. GEN. 344; 10 ID. 453; 15 ID. 278; CF. 17 ID. 674, CITED IN YOUR LETTER. THE APPROPRIATION QUOTED ABOVE PROVIDES FOR CERTAIN SPECIFIED ITEMS OF EXPENDITURE, BUT THERE IS NOTHING IN THE LANGUAGE THEREOF OR IN ITS LEGISLATIVE HISTORY TO INDICATE THAT IT WAS INTENDED TO BE AVAILABLE FOR THE PURCHASE OF PLAQUES TO BE AWARDED TO THE FORESTRY BRANCHES OF THE STATES FOR LONG AND EXEMPLARY SERVICE IN CONNECTION WITH THE CITED FOREST SERVICE COOPERATIVE PROGRAMS. CONSEQUENTLY, IN ORDER TO COME WITHIN THE SCOPE OF THIS APPROPRIATION, THE EXPENDITURE IN QUESTION MUST BE CONSIDERED AS BEING ONE OF THE "EXPENSES NECESSARY" FOR STATE AND PRIVATE FORESTRY COOPERATION AS THOSE WORDS ARE USED IN SAID APPROPRIATION.

IT IS NOT APPARENT TO OUR OFFICE ON THE PRESENT RECORD, THAT THE PURCHASE AND AWARD OF A PLAQUE IN RECOGNITION OF 50 YEARS OF OUTSTANDING LEADERSHIP AND ACHIEVEMENT IN VARIOUS PHASES OF STATE AND PRIVATE FORESTRY ACTIVITIES IS A "NECESSARY EXPENSE" UNDER THE APPROPRIATION PROVIDED TO THE FOREST SERVICE FOR CARRYING OUT THE CITED STATE AND PRIVATE FORESTRY COOPERATIVE PROGRAMS. HOWEVER, IN VIEW OF THE PURPOSES INTENDED TO BE ACCOMPLISHED BY AWARD OF THE PLAQUE TO THE TEXAS FOREST SERVICE AND THE FACT THAT THE PLAQUE HAS ALREADY BEEN PURCHASED, THE PAYMENT AS PROPOSED WILL NOT BE OBJECTED TO IN THIS INSTANCE IF IT BE ADMINISTRATIVELY DETERMINED THAT THE PAYMENT IS NECESSARY TO THE EFFECTIVE ACCOMPLISHMENT OF SUCH PURPOSES AND EVIDENCE THEREOF IS INDICATED ON OR MADE A PART OF THE VOUCHER.

IT IS TO BE UNDERSTOOD, HOWEVER, THAT IF SUCH EXPENDITURES ARE ADMINISTRATIVELY CONSIDERED NECESSARY OR DESIRABLE FOR AN EFFECTIVE CARRYING OUT OF THE COOPERATIVE FORESTRY PROGRAMS UNDER THE CITED LAWS, THE MATTER SHOULD BE BROUGHT TO THE ATTENTION OF THE CONGRESS FOR SPECIFIC AUTHORITY AND SANCTION WITH RESPECT TO APPROPRIATIONS HEREAFTER TO BE MADE. ACCORDINGLY, AND SUBJECT TO THE QUALIFICATION STATED HEREIN, THE VOUCHER WHICH IS RETURNED HEREWITH MAY BE CERTIFIED FOR PAYMENT, IF OTHERWISE CORRECT.