Capitol Police:

Administrative Improvements and Possible Merger With the Library of Congress Police

AFMD-91-28: Published: Feb 28, 1991. Publicly Released: Feb 28, 1991.

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Pursuant to a legislative requirement, GAO reviewed the administrative organization of the U.S. Capitol Police Force and issues involved in merging the Library of Congress Police Force with the Capitol Police.

GAO found that: (1) significant retirement, leave, and civilian-member policy and procedural differences existed between the two police forces operated under the House of Representatives or the Senate; (2) of the four alternatives identified for achieving uniform Capitol Police pay and administrative functions, establishing the Capitol Police as a separate entity was the only alternative that would fully eliminate the differences between the dual systems; (3) consolidation of the Force's payroll function would cost approximately $182,000 in the first year, but could be offset by replacing uniformed officers with civilians where appropriate; (4) merging the Library of Congress and Capitol Police forces could be beneficial, but not until after the resolution of administrative problems of the Capitol Police; and (5) the Library of Congress could save some costs by using civilians in place of sworn officers and by using the training facilities of the Capitol Police.

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