A-9128, APRIL 29, 1925, 4 COMP. GEN. 900

A-9128: Apr 29, 1925

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OFFICERS AND EMPLOYEES - CLASSIFICATION - FOREMEN FOREMEN AND HEAD MECHANICS IN THE BUREAU OF ENGRAVING AND PRINTING WHO ARE ENGAGED EXCLUSIVELY IN THE SUPERVISION AND DIRECTION OF THE WORK OF THE VARIOUS GROUPS OF MECHANICS OR CRAFTSMEN AND HAVE NO CLERICAL. OR FISCAL DUTIES ARE WITHIN THE PROVISION OF THE CLASSIFICATION ACT OF MARCH 4. 1925: I HAVE YOUR LETTER OF APRIL 14. REQUESTING DECISION WHETHER THE POSITIONS OF FOREMEN AND HEAD MECHANICS IN THE BUREAU OF ENGRAVING AND PRINTING ARE SUBJECT TO ALLOCATION IN ACCORDANCE WITH THE CLASSIFICATION ACT OF 1923. YOU STATE THAT THESE POSITIONS HAVE HERETOFORE BEEN ALLOCATED TO VARIOUS GRADES IN THE CLERICAL. THE TITLES OF THE POSITIONS IN THE SEVERAL DIVISIONS OF THE OFFICE ARE FOREMAN OF PLATE PRINTERS.

A-9128, APRIL 29, 1925, 4 COMP. GEN. 900

OFFICERS AND EMPLOYEES - CLASSIFICATION - FOREMEN FOREMEN AND HEAD MECHANICS IN THE BUREAU OF ENGRAVING AND PRINTING WHO ARE ENGAGED EXCLUSIVELY IN THE SUPERVISION AND DIRECTION OF THE WORK OF THE VARIOUS GROUPS OF MECHANICS OR CRAFTSMEN AND HAVE NO CLERICAL, ADMINISTRATIVE, OR FISCAL DUTIES ARE WITHIN THE PROVISION OF THE CLASSIFICATION ACT OF MARCH 4, 1923, 42 STAT. 1489, EXCLUDING FROM CLASSIFICATION REQUIREMENTS ANY EMPLOYEE ENGAGED AS "APPRENTICE, HELPER, OR JOURNEYMAN" IN A RECOGNIZED TRADE OR CRAFT.

COMPTROLLER GENERAL MCCARL TO THE SECRETARY OF THE TREASURY, APRIL 29, 1925:

I HAVE YOUR LETTER OF APRIL 14, 1925, REQUESTING DECISION WHETHER THE POSITIONS OF FOREMEN AND HEAD MECHANICS IN THE BUREAU OF ENGRAVING AND PRINTING ARE SUBJECT TO ALLOCATION IN ACCORDANCE WITH THE CLASSIFICATION ACT OF 1923.

YOU STATE THAT THESE POSITIONS HAVE HERETOFORE BEEN ALLOCATED TO VARIOUS GRADES IN THE CLERICAL, ADMINISTRATIVE, AND FISCAL SERVICE. WITH YOUR LETTER HAS BEEN SUBMITTED A LIST OF THE TITLES OF THE POSITIONS, THE GRADES TO WHICH ALLOCATED AND THE DESCRIPTION OF THE DUTIES THEREOF. THE TITLES OF THE POSITIONS IN THE SEVERAL DIVISIONS OF THE OFFICE ARE FOREMAN OF PLATE PRINTERS, FOREMAN OF PRESSMEN, FOREMAN OF BOOKBINDERS, FOREMAN OF ELECTRICIANS, FOREMAN OF PLUMBING, FOREMAN OF CARPENTERS, FOREMAN OF MACHINE SHOP, FOREMAN OF MACHINISTS, FOREMAN OF PAINTERS, CHIEF ELECTRICIAN, AND CHIEF ENGINEER. THE STATEMENT SUBMITTED SHOWS THAT THESE ARE SUPERVISORY POSITIONS, THE INCUMBENTS SUPERVISING AND DIRECTING THE WORK OF GROUPS OF TRADESMEN OR CRAFTSMEN.

SECTION 5 OF THE CLASSIFICATION ACT OF MARCH 4, 1923, 42 STAT. 1489, PROVIDES IN PART:

THAT THE COMPENSATION SCHEDULES * * * SHALL NOT APPLY TO EMPLOYEES IN POSITIONS THE DUTIES OF WHICH ARE TO PERFORM OR ASSIST IN APPRENTICE, HELPER, OR JOURNEYMAN WORK IN A RECOGNIZED TRADE OR CRAFT AND SKILLED AND SEMISKILLED LABORERS, EXCEPT SUCH AS ARE UNDER THE DIRECTION AND CONTROL OF THE CUSTODIAN OF A PUBLIC BUILDING OR PERFORM WORK WHICH IS SUBORDINATE, INCIDENTAL, OR PREPARATORY TO WORK OF A PROFESSIONAL, SCIENTIFIC, OR TECHNICAL CHARACTER * * *.

THE POSITIONS EXCEPTED FROM CLASSIFICATION UNDER THIS PROVISION ARE THOSE THE DUTIES OF WHICH ARE EXCLUSIVELY TO PERFORM OR ASSIST AS APPRENTICE, HELPER, OR JOURNEYMAN IN A RECOGNIZED TRADE OR CRAFT AND SKILLED OR SEMISKILLED LABORERS WITH THE EXCEPTIONS INDICATED. AN APPRENTICE AND HELPER ARE WORKERS WHO HAVE NOT LEARNED THEIR TRADE OR CRAFT, AND A JOURNEYMAN IS A WORKER WHO HAS LEARNED HIS TRADE OR CRAFT. A FOREMAN IS WELL RECOGNIZED AS THE CHIEF OR DIRECTOR OF A GROUP OF WORKMEN WHO SUPERVISES THE REST. IF A FOREMAN OF TRADESMEN OR CRAFTSMEN, HE GENERALLY MUST HAVE PASSED THROUGH THE STATUS OF AN APPRENTICE AND JOURNEYMAN IN THE TRADE OR CRAFT PERFORMED BY THE MEN WHOSE WORK HE SUPERVISES. THE PHRASE "APPRENTICE, HELPER, OR JOURNEYMAN," I BELIEVE, IS INTENDED TO INCLUDE ALL THOSE ENGAGED EXCLUSIVELY IN THE WORK OF THE RECOGNIZED TRADE OR CRAFT. THIS OFFICE HAS BEEN ADVISED THAT THE FOREMEN AND HEAD MECHANICS, WHOSE POSITIONS HAVE BEEN DESCRIBED IN YOUR SUBMISSION, HAVE ALL PASSED THROUGH THE STATUS OF AN APPRENTICE AND JOURNEYMAN IN THE TRADE OR CRAFT PERFORMED BY THE MEN WHOSE WORK THEY SUPERVISE; THAT THEIR ENTIRE TIME IS EXCLUSIVELY DEVOTED TO THE SUPERVISION AND DIRECTION OF THE WORK OF THE MEN; THAT THEY ARE CONSTANTLY IN IMMEDIATE CONTACT WITH THE JOB, INSTRUCTING THE MEN, ASSISTING THEM, AND AT TIMES ACTUALLY PERFORMING THE WORK THEMSELVES; THAT THE POSITIONS OF FOREMAN AND HEAD MECHANIC REQUIRE NO CLERICAL, ADMINISTRATIVE, OR FISCAL DUTIES WHATEVER, EITHER IN CONNECTION WITH THE WORK THEY DIRECT AND SUPERVISE, OR OTHERWISE, NOR DESK DUTIES OF ANY CHARACTER; THAT SUCH CLERICAL, ADMINISTRATIVE, AND FISCAL DUTIES ARE REQUIRED TO BE PERFORMED BY THE DIVISION OR ASSISTANT DIVISION SUPERINTENDENTS UNDER WHOSE JURISDICTION THE FOREMEN AND THEIR MEN HAVE BEEN PLACED IN THE ADMINISTRATIVE ORGANIZATION OF THE BUREAU.

THE POSITIONS IN QUESTION HAVE BEEN ALLOCATED TO GRADE 6, 7, 8, 10, AND 11, OF THE CLERICAL, ADMINISTRATIVE, AND FISCAL SERVICE. IN DESCRIBING THE DUTIES OF POSITIONS TO BE ALLOCATED IN EACH OF THESE GRADES THE CLASSIFICATION ACT EXPRESSLY INCLUDES THE SUPERVISION OF THE WORK OF OTHER EMPLOYEES, BUT SUCH PROVISIONS HAVE PARTICULAR REFERENCE TO OFFICE EMPLOYEES AS DISTINGUISHED FROM SUPERVISION OF TRADESMEN OR CRAFTSMEN.

THE DUTIES OF THE POSITIONS OF FOREMAN AND HEAD MECHANIC IN THE BUREAU OF ENGRAVING AND PRINTING AS REPRESENTED TO THIS OFFICE, ARE SO CLOSELY RELATED TO AND CONNECTED WITH THE WORK OF THE TRADESMEN AND CRAFTSMEN SUPERVISED AND DIRECTED BY THEM, AND SO UNRELATED TO AND DISCONNECTED WITH THE DUTIES DESCRIBED UNDER ANY OF THE GRADES IN THE CLASSIFICATION ACT, THAT SUCH POSITIONS MAY CLEARLY BE BROUGHT WITHIN THE EXCEPTION OF THE CLASSIFICATION ACT PROVIDED IN SECTION 5.

YOU ARE ADVISED, THEREFORE, THAT ON AND AFTER MAY 1, 1925, OR AT THE BEGINNING OF ANY SEMIMONTHLY PAY PERIOD THEREAFTER, THE COMPENSATION OF EMPLOYEES HOLDING THE POSITIONS OF FOREMAN AND HEAD MECHANIC MENTIONED IN YOUR SUBMISSION MAY BE ADJUSTED AND PAID IN ACCORDANCE WITH ADMINISTRATIVE RULES AND REGULATIONS WITHOUT REGARD TO THE RATES OF COMPENSATION FIXED BY THE CLASSIFICATION ACT OF 1923.