A-81020, NOVEMBER 18, 1936, 16 COMP. GEN. 502

A-81020: Nov 18, 1936

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THAT THE MILEAGE BASIS WAS THE MORE ECONOMICAL AND ADVANTAGEOUS. TRAVEL ORDERS MAY PROPERLY AUTHORIZE THE USE OF A PERSONALLY-OWNED AUTOMOBILE AT A SPECIFIED RATE WHERE ADMINISTRATIVELY DETERMINED IN ADVANCE THAT THE ALLOWANCE AT THAT RATE FOR ALL OR ANY PORTION OF THE AUTHORIZED TRAVEL WILL BE MORE ECONOMICAL AND ADVANTAGEOUS TO THE GOVERNMENT THAN TRAVEL BY COMMON CARRIER. TRAVEL ORDERS MAY PROPERLY AUTHORIZE TRAVEL TO CERTAIN POINTS BY COMMON CARRIER AND TO OTHER SPECIFIED POINTS BY PERSONALLY-OWNED AUTOMOBILE AT SPECIFIED MILEAGE RATES WHERE ADMINISTRATIVELY DETERMINED IN ADVANCE THAT THE AUTHORIZED AUTOMOBILE TRAVEL IS MORE ECONOMICAL OR ADVANTAGEOUS TO THE UNITED STATES. OR WHERE THERE IS A SUBSEQUENT SHOWING TO THAT EFFECT.

A-81020, NOVEMBER 18, 1936, 16 COMP. GEN. 502

MILEAGE - MIXED TRAVEL - PRIVATELY OWNED AUTOMOBILE AND COMMON CARRIER WHERE A GENERAL TRAVEL ORDER AUTHORIZES TRAVEL BY PUBLIC CONVEYANCE OR BY PERSONALLY-OWNED AUTOMOBILE ON A MILEAGE BASIS, AND THE TRAVELER USES BOTH METHODS ON THE SAME TRIP, THE PRIOR ADMINISTRATIVE FINDING OF ECONOMY AND ADVANTAGE TO THE UNITED STATES OF TRAVEL BY AUTOMOBILE CANNOT GENERALLY BE ACCEPTED, AND IT BECOMES NECESSARY TO ESTABLISH, WITH RESPECT TO THE AUTOMOBILE TRAVEL, THAT THE MILEAGE BASIS WAS THE MORE ECONOMICAL AND ADVANTAGEOUS. TRAVEL ORDERS MAY PROPERLY AUTHORIZE THE USE OF A PERSONALLY-OWNED AUTOMOBILE AT A SPECIFIED RATE WHERE ADMINISTRATIVELY DETERMINED IN ADVANCE THAT THE ALLOWANCE AT THAT RATE FOR ALL OR ANY PORTION OF THE AUTHORIZED TRAVEL WILL BE MORE ECONOMICAL AND ADVANTAGEOUS TO THE GOVERNMENT THAN TRAVEL BY COMMON CARRIER. TRAVEL ORDERS MAY PROPERLY AUTHORIZE TRAVEL TO CERTAIN POINTS BY COMMON CARRIER AND TO OTHER SPECIFIED POINTS BY PERSONALLY-OWNED AUTOMOBILE AT SPECIFIED MILEAGE RATES WHERE ADMINISTRATIVELY DETERMINED IN ADVANCE THAT THE AUTHORIZED AUTOMOBILE TRAVEL IS MORE ECONOMICAL OR ADVANTAGEOUS TO THE UNITED STATES, OR WHERE THERE IS A SUBSEQUENT SHOWING TO THAT EFFECT.

ACTING COMPTROLLER GENERAL ELLIOTT TO THE ADMINISTRATOR, RESETTLEMENT ADMINISTRATION, NOVEMBER 18, 1936:

REFERENCE IS HAD TO YOUR LETTER OF OCTOBER 9, 1936, AS FOLLOWS:

PREAUDIT DIFFERENCE STATEMENTS HAVE BEEN RECEIVED FROM YOUR OFFICE, RETURNING WITHOUT CERTIFICATION FOR PAYMENT VARIOUS VOUCHERS COVERING REIMBURSEMENT OF TRAVEL EXPENSES. THE STATEMENTS HOLD THAT AN ADMINISTRATIVE FINDING THAT TRAVEL BETWEEN SPECIFIED POINTS BY AUTOMOBILE WILL BE MORE ECONOMICAL AND ADVANTAGEOUS THAN TRAVEL BY COMMON CARRIER CANNOT BE ACCEPTED AS A FINDING THAT TRAVEL FOR ONLY A PORTION OF THE JOURNEY AUTHORIZED WILL LIKEWISE BE MORE ECONOMICAL.

FOR EXAMPLE, PREAUDIT DIFFERENCE STATEMENT DATED SEPTEMBER 5, 1936, RETURNING WITHOUT CERTIFICATION BUREAU VOUCHER NO. 122728 IN THE AMOUNT OF $30.35, IN FAVOR OF FRED L. NAUMER, READS AS FOLLOWS:

"STATEMENT OF ACTING CHIEF OF ADMINISTRATIVE AUDIT HAS BEEN NOTED. HOWEVER EMPLOYEE TRAVELS FROM WASHINGTON TO MILWAUKEE UNDER A BLANKET AUTHORIZATION AND RETURNS BY RAIL. AN ADMINISTRATIVE FINDING THAT TRAVEL BETWEEN SPECIFIED POINTS BY AUTOMOBILE WILL BE MORE ECONOMICAL AND ADVANTAGEOUS CANNOT BE ACCEPTED AS A FINDING THAT TRAVEL FOR ONLY A PORTION OF THE JOURNEY AUTHORIZED WILL LIKEWISE BE MORE ECONOMICAL. THEREFORE CLAIMANT IS ENTITLED ONLY TO EXPENSES OF OPERATION WHEN SUPPORTED BY RECEIPTS. 13 COMP. GEN. 430.'

OUR RECORDS INDICATE THAT IT WAS NECESSARY FOR MR. NAUMER TO BE IN MILWAUKEE ON JUNE 8, 1936, ON OFFICIAL BUSINESS OF THE RESETTLEMENT ADMINISTRATION. HE WAS AUTHORIZED TO USE HIS PERSONALLY OWNED AUTOMOBILE, AND TO BE REIMBURSED THEREFOR AT A PREDETERMINED MILEAGE RATE FOR OFFICIAL TRAVEL OUTSIDE THE CORPORATE LIMITS OF HIS OFFICIAL STATION, FOR THE REASON THAT IT HAD BEEN ADMINISTRATIVELY DETERMINED THAT THE USE OF THE AUTOMOBILE WOULD BE MORE ECONOMICAL AND ADVANTAGEOUS TO THE GOVERNMENT, OWING TO THE RURAL TRAVEL INVOLVED AND THE NECESSITY FOR FREQUENT STOPS TO SECURE INFORMATION.

PURSUANT TO THE AUTHORIZATION, MR. NAUMER TRAVELED BY MEANS OF HIS PERSONALLY OWNED AUTOMOBILE FROM WASHINGTON, D.C., HIS OFFICIAL STATION, TO MILWAUKEE. THERE ARE NO ADEQUATE TRANSPORTATION FACILITIES BETWEEN THE CITY OF MILWAUKEE AND THE GREENDALE PROJECT OF THIS ADMINISTRATION, NOR IN OR ADJACENT TO THE AREA COMPRISING THE PROJECT SITE, AND OUR EMPLOYEES HAVE CONSEQUENTLY ENCOUNTERED CONSIDERABLE DELAY AND HAVE INCURRED NEEDLESS EXPENSE IN ENDEAVORING TO PERFORM THIS TYPE OF TRAVEL BY MEANS OTHER THAN THEIR PERSONALLY OWNED AUTOMOBILES. IT WAS DEEMED ADVANTAGEOUS, THEREFORE, TO PERMIT THE AUTOMOBILE TO BE USED FOR THE TRAVEL TO MILWAUKEE, NOT ONLY BECAUSE IT WAS MORE ECONOMICAL AND ADVANTAGEOUS, BUT ALSO SO THAT THE AUTOMOBILE MIGHT BE AVAILABLE FOR USE BETWEEN THE CITY AND VARIOUS RURAL POINTS IN THE VICINITY OF AND ADJACENT TO THE PROJECT SITE. UPON HIS DEPARTURE FROM MILWAUKEE, MR. NAUMER LEFT THE AUTOMOBILE IN THAT CITY FOR USE ON OFFICIAL BUSINESS BY OTHER EMPLOYEES OF THIS ADMINISTRATION, WITHOUT ANY EXPENSE TO THE GOVERNMENT, AND FOR HIS OWN USE UPON HIS NEXT TRIP TO MILWAUKEE. HE RETURNED TO WASHINGTON BY RAIL, AND UPON A SUBSEQUENT TRIP WHICH INCLUDED MILWAUKEE AS PART OF HIS ITINERARY, RETURNED TO WASHINGTON BY MEANS OF HIS AUTOMOBILE. NO ADDITIONAL EXPENSE WAS INCURRED BY THE GOVERNMENT, AND IT IS SUBMITTED THAT SUCH PROCEDURE CANNOT IN ANY WAY BE CONSIDERED A TRANSPORTATION OF THE AUTOMOBILE. MR. NAUMER'S OFFICIAL STATION IS WASHINGTON, D.C., AND THE AUTOMOBILE WAS DRIVEN BACK TO THAT CITY UPON COMPLETION OF THE SECOND TRIP.

YOUR OFFICE HAS DIRECTED ATTENTION TO 13 C.G. 430, WHICH DEALS WITH A SOMEWHAT SIMILAR PROBLEM. IT IS STATED IN THAT DECISION THAT "AN ADMINISTRATIVE CERTIFICATE THAT TRAVEL BETWEEN SPECIFIED POINTS BY THE TRAVELER'S PERSONALLY OWNED AUTOMOBILE WILL BE MORE ECONOMICAL AND ADVANTAGEOUS TO THE UNITED STATES CANNOT BE ACCEPTED AS A FINDING THAT TRAVEL FOR ONLY A PORTION OF THE JOURNEY AUTHORIZED WILL LIKEWISE BE MORE ECONOMICAL AND ADVANTAGEOUS TO THE UNITED STATES. ESPECIALLY IS THIS TRUE WHEN THE ABANDONMENT OF THE AUTOMOBILE TRAVEL IS ACKNOWLEDGED TO HAVE BEEN DUE TO THE GREATER TIME INVOLVED.'

IT APPEARS FROM THAT DECISION, HOWEVER, THAT NO GENERAL RULE WAS STATED BY THE COMPTROLLER GENERAL, AND THAT THE RESULT REACHED THEREIN WAS BASED UPON THE FACTS PRESENTED. IN THE DECISION, THE EMPLOYEE HAD PERFORMED PART OF THE TRAVEL BY COMMON CARRIER, DUE TO THE GREATER TIME INVOLVED IF THE AUTOMOBILE TRAVEL HAD BEEN CONTINUED. THE DECISION CONSEQUENTLY STATED THAT "UNDER THE CIRCUMSTANCES IN THIS CASE, THE UTMOST THAT COULD BE AUTHORIZED WOULD BE REIMBURSEMENT FOR AMOUNTS ACTUALLY EXPENDED FOR THE OPERATION OF THE AUTOMOBILE WITHIN THE LIMITS PRESCRIBED BY SECTION 12 OF THE STANDARDIZED GOVERNMENT TRAVEL REGULATIONS.'

IT DOES NOT APPEAR, THEREFORE, THAT THE DECISION LAID DOWN A GENERAL RULE THAT WHERE AN EMPLOYEE IS AUTHORIZED TO TRAVEL BY HIS PERSONALLY OWNED AUTOMOBILE, HE MAY NOT IN ANY CASE OR ANY CONDITIONS OR CIRCUMSTANCES, PERFORM PART OF THE TRAVEL BY AUTOMOBILE AND THE REMAINDER BY COMMON CARRIER AND BE REIMBURSED ON A MILEAGE BASIS FOR THAT PART OF THE TRAVEL PERFORMED BY AUTOMOBILE. NOR DOES IT APPEAR THAT THE DECISION HOLDS THAT IN ALL CASES WHERE AN EMPLOYEE IS AUTHORIZED TO TRAVEL BY COMMON CARRIER OR TO USE HIS PERSONALLY OWNED AUTOMOBILE, WHERE THERE HAS BEEN AN ADMINISTRATIVE DETERMINATION IN ADVANCE THAT THE USE OF THE AUTOMOBILE IS MORE ECONOMICAL AND ADVANTAGEOUS TO THE GOVERNMENT, THAT HE MAY NOT PERFORM PART OF THE TRAVEL BY COMMON CARRIER AND PART BY HIS PERSONALLY OWNED AUTOMOBILE ON A MILEAGE BASIS.

IN MANY SITUATIONS WITHIN THE RESETTLEMENT ADMINISTRATION, IT IS NECESSARY TO AUTHORIZE EMPLOYEES TO TRAVEL TO VARIOUS POINTS BY THE USE OF THEIR PERSONALLY OWNED AUTOMOBILES, AFTER AN ADMINISTRATIVE DETERMINATION THAT SUCH TRAVEL WILL BE MORE ECONOMICAL AND ADVANTAGEOUS TO THE GOVERNMENT THAN TRAVEL BY COMMON CARRIER. PART OF THE TRAVEL MAY BE FROM WASHINGTON TO A CITY SUCH AS MILWAUKEE, AND THENCE TO VARIOUS POINTS IN RURAL AREAS. THIS LATTER CLASS OF TRAVEL NECESSITATES THE USE OF PERSONALLY OWNED AUTOMOBILES, IN VIEW OF THE FACT THAT TRANSPORTATION BY COMMON CARRIERS IS NOT ORDINARILY AVAILABLE. SITUATIONS ARISE, HOWEVER, WHERE AN EMPLOYEE, AFTER ARRIVING AT ONE POINT WITHIN HIS ITINERARY, IS CALLED BACK TO HIS OFFICIAL STATION OR IS DIRECTED TO PROCEED TO SOME OTHER CITY ON OFFICIAL BUSINESS. IT IS ORDINARILY ECONOMICAL AND ADVANTAGEOUS IN SUCH SITUATIONS TO TRAVEL BY COMMON CARRIER. WHEN THE EMPLOYEE SUBSEQUENTLY RETURNS TO THE POINT TO WHICH HE HAD ORIGINALLY GONE BY USE OF HIS PERSONALLY OWNED AUTOMOBILE, HE THEN PERFORMS THE BALANCE OF HIS TRAVEL IN THE RURAL AREAS AND HIS RETURN TRIP TO HIS OFFICIAL STATION, BY USE OF SUCH AUTOMOBILE. IT HAS BEEN FOUND BY THIS ADMINISTRATION THAT NOT ONLY IS SUCH PROCEDURE TO THE BEST INTERESTS OF THE GOVERNMENT, BUT THAT IT IS ALSO MORE ECONOMICAL AND ADVANTAGEOUS THAN IF THE TRAVEL WERE LIMITED SOLELY TO COMMON CARRIER.

IT IS SUBMITTED THAT WITH REFERENCE TO THOSE VOUCHERS WHICH HAVE BEEN RETURNED BY YOUR OFFICE WITHOUT CERTIFICATION FOR THE REASONS INDICATED HEREIN, THE TRAVEL COVERED BY THE VOUCHERS WAS NOT ONLY TO THE BEST INTERESTS OF THE GOVERNMENT, BUT WAS ALSO IN FACT MORE ECONOMICAL AND ADVANTAGEOUS THAN IF THE TRAVEL HAD BEEN LIMITED TO COMMON CARRIER. FURTHERMORE, IT WAS THE OPINION OF THIS ADMINISTRATION THAT YOUR DECISIONS DID NOT FORBID SUCH TRAVEL IN ALL CASES, BUT THAT UNDER THE CIRCUMSTANCES OUTLINED HEREIN THE PROCEDURE FOLLOWED MIGHT BE AUTHORIZED.

IN VIEW OF THESE CIRCUMSTANCES, IT IS REQUESTED THAT YOU CERTIFY FOR PAYMENT VOUCHERS COVERING TRAVEL HERETOFORE PERFORMED BOTH BY PERSONALLY OWNED AUTOMOBILE AND COMMON CARRIER, WHERE SUCH TRAVEL WAS AUTHORIZED TO BE PERFORMED BY MEANS OF PERSONALLY OWNED AUTOMOBILE.

TO OBVIATE ANY FURTHER DIFFICULTIES, YOUR OPINION IS REQUESTED WITH REFERENCE TO WHETHER LETTERS OF AUTHORIZATION WORDED IN THE FOLLOWING MANNER WILL BE ACCEPTABLE TO YOUR OFFICE:

"YOU ARE AUTHORIZED TO USE YOUR PERSONALLY OWNED AUTOMOBILE FOR THE TRAVEL DIRECTED AND WILL BE REIMBURSED THEREFOR AT THE RATE OF CENTS PER MILE, IT HAVING BEEN ADMINISTRATIVELY DETERMINED IN ADVANCE THAT THE ALLOWANCE AT THAT RATE FOR ALL OR ANY PORTION OF THE AUTHORIZED TRAVEL WILL BE MORE ECONOMICAL AND ADVANTAGEOUS TO THE GOVERNMENT THAN TRAVEL BY COMMON CARRIER. WHEN THE AUTOMOBILE IS USED FOR A PORTION OF THE TRIP ONLY, CIRCUMSTANCES RENDERING ITS USE IMPRACTICABLE FOR THE ENTIRE TRIP OR FACTS SHOWING THAT THE PORTION OF THE TRAVEL PERFORMED BY COMMON CARRIER WAS TO THE BEST INTERESTS OF THE GOVERNMENT, SHOULD BE EXPLAINED IN THE VOUCHER.'

YOUR OPINION IS FURTHER REQUESTED WITH REFERENCE TO THE FOLLOWING MATTERS:

1. MAY A LETTER OF AUTHORIZATION OR TRAVEL ORDER AUTHORIZE AN EMPLOYEE OF THIS ADMINISTRATION TO TRAVEL TO CERTAIN SPECIFIED POINTS BY MEANS OF COMMON CARRIER, AND TO OTHER SPECIFIED POINTS BY MEANS OF HIS PERSONALLY OWNED AUTOMOBILE AT SPECIFIED MILEAGE RATES, IF IT IS ADMINISTRATIVELY DETERMINED IN THE LETTER OF AUTHORIZATION OR TRAVEL ORDER THAT THE USE OF THE AUTOMOBILE BETWEEN THE LATTER SPECIFIED POINTS AT THE PRESCRIBED RATE IS MORE ECONOMICAL AND ADVANTAGEOUS TO THE GOVERNMENT, OR WHERE THERE IS A SUBSEQUENT SHOWING THAT THE USE OF THE AUTOMOBILE WAS MORE ECONOMICAL AND ADVANTAGEOUS TO THE GOVERNMENT?

2. MAY A LETTER OF AUTHORIZATION OR TRAVEL ORDER AUTHORIZE AN EMPLOYEE TO TRAVEL EITHER BY COMMON CARRIER, OR BY HIS PERSONALLY OWNED AUTOMOBILE AT SPECIFIED MILEAGE RATES, WHERE THE LETTER OF AUTHORIZATION OR TRAVEL ORDER STATES THAT IT HAS BEEN ADMINISTRATIVELY DETERMINED IN ADVANCE THAT THE USE OF THE AUTOMOBILE AT THE PRESCRIBED RATE IS MORE ECONOMICAL AND ADVANTAGEOUS TO THE GOVERNMENT, OR WHERE THERE IS A SUBSEQUENT SHOWING THAT THE USE OF THE AUTOMOBILE WAS MORE ECONOMICAL AND ADVANTAGEOUS TO THE GOVERNMENT? IF SUCH AUTHORIZATION IS GIVEN, MAY THE EMPLOYEE PERFORM PART OF THE TRAVEL BY COMMON CARRIER AND PART BY HIS PERSONALLY OWNED AUTOMOBILE ON A MILEAGE BASIS?

3. MAY A LETTER OF AUTHORIZATION OR TRAVEL ORDER AS SET FORTH IN QUESTION 2 BE ISSUED TO AN EMPLOYEE OF THIS ADMINISTRATION FOR TRAVEL THROUGHOUT THE CONTINENTAL UNITED STATES?

THE VOUCHER OF MR. NAUMER WAS NOT RETURNED WITH YOUR SUBMISSION. HOWEVER, THERE HAS BEEN SUBMITTED A COPY OF HIS TRAVEL ORDER, DATED JUNE 30, 1936, AS FOLLOWS:

UNDER AUTHORITY CONTAINED IN EMERGENCY RELIEF APPROPRIATION ACT OF 1935 (PUBLIC RESOLUTION NO. 11, 74TH CONGRESS) AND EXECUTIVE ORDER NO. 7027 OF APRIL 30, 1935--- RESETTLEMENT ADMINISTRATION, YOU ARE HEREBY AUTHORIZED TO INCUR SUCH EXPENSES AS MAY BE NECESSARY, IN ACCORDANCE WITH THE STANDARDIZED GOVERNMENT TRAVEL REGULATIONS FOR THE PURPOSE AND DURING THE PERIOD STATED BELOW, NOT TO EXCEED $100.00, TO BE PAID FROM APPROPRIATION "056032--- EMERGENCY RELIEF, RESETTLEMENT ADMINISTRATION, RURAL REHABILITATION, 1935-1937.'

TRAVEL FROM WASHINGTON, D.C., TO VARIOUS POINTS IN THE STATES OF WISCONSIN AND ILLINOIS, IN SUCH ORDER AND AT SUCH TIMES AS MAY BE NECESSARY IN THE CONDUCT OF THE WORK, AND RETURN TO WASHINGTON, D.C., FOR THE PURPOSE OF INSPECTING LAND, STUDYING COUNTY RECORDS, AND MAKING APPRAISALS OF LAND PRELIMINARY TO LAND ACQUISITION, IN CONNECTION WITH THE PROJECTS.

THIS AUTHORITY CONTEMPLATES ADDITIONAL TRAVEL DURING THE PERIOD JULY 1, 1935, TO JULY 31, 1936, IN CONTINUATION OF AUTHORITY GRANTED IN LETTER OF AUTHORIZATION NO. 10796, DATED DECEMBER 9, 1935, AND AMENDMENT NO. 10796- A, DATED JANUARY 2, 1936, AMENDMENT, 10796-B, DATED FEBRUARY 1, 1936, AMENDMENT NO. 10796-C, DATED FEBRUARY 1, 1936, AND AMENDMENT NO. 10796-D, DATED FEBRUARY 1, 1936.

TRAVEL WILL BE PERFORMED BY COMMON CARRIER WHEREVER PRACTICABLE. WHEN NOT PRACTICABLE TO PERFORM TRAVEL BY COMMON CARRIER YOU ARE AUTHORIZED TOUSE YOUR PERSONALLY OWNED AUTOMOBILE FOR OFFICIAL TRAVEL OUTSIDE THE CORPORATE LIMITS OF YOUR OFFICIAL STATION AS HEREIN DIRECTED, REIMBURSEMENT THEREFOR TO BE AT THE RATE OF 5 CENTS PER MILE, IT HAVING BEEN ADMINISTRATIVELY DETERMINED IN ADVANCE THAT THE ALLOWANCE AT THAT RATE WILL BE MORE ECONOMICAL AND/OR ADVANTAGEOUS TO THE GOVERNMENT THAN TRAVEL BY COMMON CARRIER. WHEN TRAVEL IS PERFORMED IN YOUR PERSONALLY OWNED AUTOMOBILE, STATEMENT MUST BE MADE IN THE REIMBURSEMENT VOUCHER SHOWING THE IMPRACTICABILITY OF TRAVEL BY COMMON CARRIER.

IN LIEU OF ACTUAL EXPENSES FOR SUBSISTENCE AND ALL FEES OR TIPS TO WAITERS, PORTERS, OR STEWARDS, A PER DIEM OF $5.00 WILL BE ALLOWED IN ACCORDANCE WITH THE STANDARDIZED GOVERNMENT TRAVEL REGULATIONS. SEE PARAGRAPHS 45 AND 51.

CLAIM FOR REIMBURSEMENT OF TRAVEL EXPENSES SHOULD BE PREPARED AND SUBMITTED IN TRIPLICATE ON STANDARD FORMS NOS. 1012 (WHITE) AND 1912A (YELLOW), SUPPORTED BY MEMORANDUM COPIES OF TRANSPORTATION REQUESTS USED. YOUR OFFICIAL STATION IS WASHINGTON, D.C.

THE ACT OF FEBRUARY 14, 1931, 46 STAT. 1103, AS AMENDED BY SECTION 9 OF THE ACT OF MARCH 3, 1933, 47 STAT. 1516, AUTHORIZES THE PAYMENT OF MILEAGE FOR THE USE OF AN EMPLOYEE'S OWN AUTOMOBILE ONLY WHEN THE USE OF THE AUTOMOBILE IS AUTHORIZED IN ADVANCE OF THE USE AND PAYMENT ON THAT BASIS IS MORE ECONOMICAL AND ADVANTAGEOUS TO THE UNITED STATES. 11 COMP. GEN. 155. WHEN THE USE ON A MILEAGE BASIS IS AUTHORIZED BETWEEN SPECIFIED POINTS AND THE AUTHORIZATION IS ACCOMPANIED BY AN ADMINISTRATIVE CERTIFICATE THAT TRAVEL BY SUCH MEANS IS MORE ECONOMICAL AND ADVANTAGEOUS TO THE UNITED STATES, SUCH CERTIFICATE IS NOT ORDINARILY QUESTIONED BY THIS OFFICE WHEN THE TRAVEL IS PERFORMED IN ACCORDANCE WITH SUCH ORDERS. HOWEVER, WHERE, AS IN THE PRESENT CASE, A GENERAL TRAVEL ORDER IS ISSUED PURPORTING TO AUTHORIZE TRAVEL BY PUBLIC CONVEYANCE OR BY PERSONALLY-OWNED AUTOMOBILE ON A MILEAGE BASIS AND THE TRAVELER USES BOTH METHODS ON THE SAME TRIPS THE PRIOR ADMINISTRATIVE FINDING OF ECONOMY AND ADVANTAGE CANNOT GENERALLY BE ACCEPTED AND IT BECOMES NECESSARY TO ESTABLISH WITH RESPECT TO THE PARTICULAR PORTION OF THE TRIP ON WHICH THE AUTOMOBILE WAS USED THAT SUCH A MILEAGE BASIS WAS MORE ECONOMICAL AND ADVANTAGEOUS TO THE UNITED STATES. IT MAY BE STATED, ALSO, THAT THE FACT THAT MR. NAUMER'S AUTOMOBILE MAY HAVE BEEN AVAILABLE FOR USE BY OTHER EMPLOYEES IS NOT FOR CONSIDERATION IN DETERMINING HIS RIGHTS UNDER THE MILEAGE ACT WHICH CONTEMPLATES THE USE BY THE EMPLOYEE PERSONALLY. HOWEVER, IN VIEW OF YOUR REPORT WITH RESPECT TO THE NECESSITY FOR THE USE BY THE EMPLOYEE OF HIS AUTOMOBILE IN CONTINUING HIS TRAVEL AFTER REACHING MILWAUKEE, FURTHER CONSIDERATION WILL BE GIVEN HIS VOUCHER IF RETURNED FOR PREAUDIT.

WITH RESPECT TO YOUR REQUEST THAT THIS OFFICE CERTIFY FOR PAYMENT ALL VOUCHERS COVERING TRAVEL HERETOFORE PERFORMED BY PERSONALLY-OWNED AUTOMOBILES AND COMMON CARRIER, YOU ARE INFORMED THAT THE INDIVIDUAL CASES INVOLVING TRAVEL PERFORMED UNDER CIRCUMSTANCES SIMILAR TO THE PRESENT ONE MAY BE RESUBMITTED WITH APPROPRIATE EXPLANATION AND STATEMENT OF FACTS, WITH A COMPARATIVE STATEMENT OF THE COST OF TRAVEL BY COMMON CARRIER WHERE MATERIAL, WHEREUPON SUCH ACTION WILL BE TAKEN AS MAY BE WARRANTED.

IN THE MATTER OF FUTURE TRAVEL ORDERS THE WORDING SUGGESTED IN YOUR SUBMISSION WOULD APPEAR ACCEPTABLE TO COVER CASES SIMILAR TO THE PRESENT ONE. 13 COMP. GEN. 387.

YOUR QUESTION NUMBERED 1 IS ANSWERED IN THE AFFIRMATIVE. WITH RESPECT TO QUESTIONS 2 AND 3, YOUR ATTENTION IS INVITED TO THE FOLLOWING EXTRACT FROM THE DECISION OF MARCH 21, 1934, A-54061:

* * * OBVIOUSLY, A TRAVEL ORDER AUTHORIZING TRAVEL GENERALLY BY COMMON CARRIER BUT, ALSO STATING THAT THE EMPLOYEE MAY USE HIS PERSONALLY-OWNED AUTOMOBILE AT A STATED RATE PER MILE AND THAT IT HAS BEEN DETERMINED THAT SUCH METHOD OF TRAVEL, THAT IS, BY AUTOMOBILE, IS MORE ECONOMICAL AND ADVANTAGEOUS TO THE UNITED STATES, IS INCONSISTENT AS IF THE TRAVEL TO BE PERFORMED BY AUTOMOBILE IS THE MORE ECONOMICAL AND ADVANTAGEOUS TO THE GOVERNMENT THEN NO TRAVEL BY COMMON CARRIER SHOULD BE AUTHORIZED AS IT IS ALWAYS THE DUTY OF AN EMPLOYEE TO TRAVEL BY THE MOST ECONOMICAL AND ADVANTAGEOUS ROUTE * * *. ..END :