A-64239, AUGUST 12, 1935, 15 COMP. GEN. 128

A-64239: Aug 12, 1935

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THERE IS NO AUTHORITY TO USE ANY "SERVICE" OTHER THAN THOSE APPEARING IN THE CLASSIFICATION ACT. THE DUTIES AND RESPONSIBILITIES OF WHICH ARE NOT CLERICAL. WHICH HAVE TO DO EXCLUSIVELY AND DIRECTLY WITH THE WORK OF OTHER EMPLOYEES IN THE TRADES. ARE EXEMPTED FROM FIELD CLASSIFICATION UNDER SECTION 2 OF THE BROOKHART SALARY ACT OF JULY 3. 1935: THERE WAS RECEIVED YOUR LETTER OF JULY 25. AS FOLLOWS: INCLOSED HEREWITH IS A MEMORANDUM OF THE CHIEF OF ORDNANCE AND AN UNSIGNED DRAFT OF A LETTER TO YOU PRESENTED BY HIM ON THE SUBJECT OF THE USE IN THE ORDNANCE DEPARTMENT AT LARGE OF THE SERVICES AND GRADES CONTAINED IN THE "PRELIMINARY CLASS SPECIFICATIONS OF POSITIONS IN THE FIELD SERVICE. INFORMATION IS REQUESTED WHETHER IN THE FIELD CLASSIFICATION THE DEPARTMENT IS RESTRICTED TO THE SERVICES PRESCRIBED IN THE CLASSIFICATION ACT OF 1923.

A-64239, AUGUST 12, 1935, 15 COMP. GEN. 128

CLASSIFICATION OF CIVILIAN EMPLOYEES - FIELD SERVICE - ORDNANCE DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY THE CLASSIFICATION SURVEY OF THE FIELD SERVICE AUTHORIZED BY SECTION 5 OF THE ORIGINAL CLASSIFICATION ACT OF 1923, WHICH HAS SINCE BEEN MADE BUT WHICH HAS NEVER HAD THE APPROVAL OF THE CONGRESS, FORMS NO PROPER BASIS FOR THE CLASSIFICATION OF FIELD POSITIONS. THERE IS NO AUTHORITY TO USE ANY "SERVICE" OTHER THAN THOSE APPEARING IN THE CLASSIFICATION ACT, AS AMENDED, IN THE CLASSIFICATION OF FIELD POSITIONS. FIELD POSITIONS UNDER THE ORDNANCE DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY WHICH CORRESPOND TO POSITIONS IN THE DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA EXEMPTED FROM CLASSIFICATION BY THE TERMS OF SECTION 5 OF THE ORIGINAL CLASSIFICATION ACT, INCLUDING SUPERVISORS AND OTHER POSITIONS, THE DUTIES AND RESPONSIBILITIES OF WHICH ARE NOT CLERICAL, ADMINISTRATIVE OR FISCAL IN NATURE, BUT WHICH HAVE TO DO EXCLUSIVELY AND DIRECTLY WITH THE WORK OF OTHER EMPLOYEES IN THE TRADES, CRAFTS AND SIMILAR OCCUPATIONS, ARE EXEMPTED FROM FIELD CLASSIFICATION UNDER SECTION 2 OF THE BROOKHART SALARY ACT OF JULY 3, 1930, 46 STAT. 1005.

COMPTROLLER GENERAL MCCARL TO THE SECRETARY OF WAR, AUGUST 12, 1935:

THERE WAS RECEIVED YOUR LETTER OF JULY 25, 1935, AS FOLLOWS:

INCLOSED HEREWITH IS A MEMORANDUM OF THE CHIEF OF ORDNANCE AND AN UNSIGNED DRAFT OF A LETTER TO YOU PRESENTED BY HIM ON THE SUBJECT OF THE USE IN THE ORDNANCE DEPARTMENT AT LARGE OF THE SERVICES AND GRADES CONTAINED IN THE "PRELIMINARY CLASS SPECIFICATIONS OF POSITIONS IN THE FIELD SERVICE--- P.C.B. FORM NO. 18" IN EXTENDING THE CLASSIFICATION ACT TO THE FIELD SERVICE. THE ACTION OF THE ORDNANCE DEPARTMENT IN THIS CASE HAS NOT YET BEEN AUTHORIZED BY THE DEPARTMENT.

INFORMATION IS REQUESTED WHETHER IN THE FIELD CLASSIFICATION THE DEPARTMENT IS RESTRICTED TO THE SERVICES PRESCRIBED IN THE CLASSIFICATION ACT OF 1923, AS AMENDED, OR IS AUTHORIZED TO UTILIZE THE SERVICES CONTAINED IN P.C.B. FORM NO. 18.

THE UNSIGNED DRAFT OF LETTER REFERRED TO IS AS FOLLOWS:

THE ORDNANCE DEPARTMENT, UNITED STATES ARMY, IN ATTEMPTING TO PROPERLY CLASSIFY ITS FIELD EMPLOYEES UNDER THE CLASSIFICATION ACT OF MARCH 4, 1923, FOUND IT IMPOSSIBLE TO MAKE THE CLASSIFICATION IN THE FOUR SERVICES AS SET FORTH IN SAID ACT. THE ACT, AS ORIGINALLY DRAWN, WAS INTENDED FOR USE IN THE DEPARTMENTAL SERVICE OF THE DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA ONLY. THE CONGRESS APPRECIATED THAT THE CLASSIFICATION OF FIELD EMPLOYEES COULD NOT BE ACCOMPLISHED IN THE FOUR SERVICES, NAMELY, PROFESSIONAL AND SCIENTIFIC, SUBPROFESSIONAL, CLERICAL, ADMINISTRATIVE AND FISCAL, AND CUSTODIAL, AS EVIDENCED BY SECTION 5 OF THE ACT WHICH READS, IN PART, AS FOLLOWS:

"THE BOARD SHALL MAKE A SURVEY OF THE FIELD SERVICES AND SHALL REPORT TO CONGRESS AT ITS FIRST REGULAR SESSION FOLLOWING THE PASSAGE OF THIS ACT SCHEDULES OF POSITIONS, GRADES AND SALARIES FOR SUCH SERVICES, WHICH SHALL FOLLOW THE PRINCIPLES AND RULES OF THE COMPENSATION SCHEDULES HEREIN CONTAINED INSOFAR AS THESE ARE APPLICABLE TO THE FIELD SERVICES.'

THE REPORT AND RECOMMENDATIONS OF THE BOARD REFERRED TO ARE CONTAINED IN PERSONNEL CLASSIFICATION BOARD FORM NO. 18,"PRELIMINARY CLASS SPECIFICATIONS OF THE POSITIONS IN THE FIELD SERVICES.'

CLASSIFICATION OF THE PERSONNEL OF THE ORDNANCE DEPARTMENT IN THE FIELD PRESENTS SPECIAL DIFFICULTIES IF ONLY THE FOUR SERVICES PRESCRIBED IN THE LAW ARE TO BE USED BECAUSE IT OPERATES LARGE MANUFACTURING ESTABLISHMENTS AND AMMUNITION DEPOTS. A LARGE PERCENTAGE OF THE POSITIONS OCCUPIED BY ITS CIVILIAN PERSONNEL ARE NOT DEFINED AS BEING CLASSIFIABLE UNDER THE FOUR SERVICES SET FORTH IN THE ACT, BUT ARE DEFINED IN P.C.B. FORM NO. 18. A LIST OF THESE POSITIONS FOLLOWS:

TABLE

POSITION BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF DUTIES SUPERINTENDENT OF MANUFACTURING SUPERVISING THE GENERAL METHODS OF

ACTIVITIES SERIES. MANUFACTURING IN ORDNANCE

ESTABLISHMENTS. BRAKEMAN SERIES --- ----------- BRAKING FREIGHT CARS AT ORDNANCE

ESTABLISHMENTS. CONDUCTOR SERIES -- ----------- OPERATING TRAINS UNDER ALL FREIGHT AND

PASSENGER CONDITIONS AND OTHER DUTIES

INCIDENT TO THE POSITION. FOREMAN SERIES ---------------- SUPERVISING THE WORK OF A LARGE GROUP OF

EMPLOYEES. GANG BOSS SERIES ------- ------ SUPERVISING A GANG COMPOSED OF EITHER

INDIVIDUAL OR GROUP WORKERS. LAUNCH CAPTAIN SERIES --------- SUPERVISING AND OPERATING GASOLINE

LAUNCHES USED IN WATER TRANSPORTATION

AT ORDNANCE ESTABLISHMENTS. PRODUCTION ASSISTANT SERIES --- ASSISTING THE PRODUCTION DEPARTMENT IN

MAKING ESTIMATES, FOLLOW-UP WORK,

WRITING ROUTE SHEETS, ETC. YARDMASTER SERIES --- --------- SUPERVISING THE LOADING AND UNLOADING OF

RAILROAD CARS, SUPERVISING TRAFFIC

WITHIN THE YARDS. GAGE CHECKER SERIES ----------- CHECKING FOR STANDARDIZATION, SPECIAL

TOOLS, GAGES, AND MANUFACTURING FIXTURES

FOR ALL CLASSES OF WORK WHERE CLOSE

ACCURACY IS NECESSARY. INSPECTOR, ORDNANCE MATERIAL INSPECTING ORDNANCE MATERIAL IN THE

SERIES. PROCESS OF MANUFACTURE AND GENERAL

INSPECTION TO ESTABLISH THE CONDITIONS

AND CARE NECESSARY FOR UPKEEP OF

MATERIALS AND APPARATUS IN THE SERVICE. AMMUNITION INSPECTOR SERIES --- CONDUCTING SURVEILLANCE INSPECTIONS;

SEEING THAT SAFETY REGULATIONS ARE

COMPLIED WITH. INSPECTOR SERIES --- ---------- SUPERVISING WORK OF SUBINSPECTORS. SUBINSPECTIONAL SERIES ------- ASSISTING IN THE PHYSICAL INSPECTION OF

ORDNANCE MATERIALS IN THE PROCESS OF

MANUFACTURE.

SINCE THE CLASSIFICATION ACT EXEMPTS FROM CLASSIFICATION ONLY THE "EMPLOYEES IN POSITIONS THE DUTIES OF WHICH ARE TO PERFORM OR ASSIST IN APPRENTICE, HELPER, OR JOURNEYMAN WORK IN A RECOGNIZED TRADE OR CRAFT AND SKILLED AND SEMISKILLED LABOR" AND SINCE THE WEBSTER'S DICTIONARY DEFINITION OF THE WORD "JOURNEYMAN" AS "A WORKER WHO HAS LEARNED A HANDICRAFT OR TRADE; DISTINGUISHED FROM APPRENTICE, FOREMAN, AND MASTER" HAS BEEN USED BY THE CHIEF OF ORDNANCE, HE BELIEVES THAT THE AFOREMENTIONED POSITIONS SHOULD BE CLASSIFIED.

THE ORDNANCE DEPARTMENT HAS ACCOMPLISHED ITS CLASSIFICATION OF THESE POSITIONS BY ADOPTING TWO SERVICES, THE CRAFTS AND CUSTODIAL (CR), AND THE INSPECTIONAL AND INVESTIGATIONAL (IN), FROM THE RECOMMENDATIONS OF THE PERSONNEL CLASSIFICATION BOARD, WHOSE REPORT IS CONTAINED IN P.C.B. FORM NO. 18, AND ADDING WITH THE INFORMAL APPROVAL OF THE CIVIL SERVICE COMMISSION A SUBINSPECTIONAL SERVICE (SI). THE SALARY RANGES ADOPTED ARE THOSE RECOMMENDED BY THE BOARD WHICH ARE SALARY RANGES GIVEN IN THE CLASSIFICATION ACT, AS AMENDED. FOR EXAMPLE, THE CRAFTS SERVICE FROM GRADE 1 TO 10 CORRESPONDS TO THE SALARY RANGE OF THE CUSTODIAL SERVICE FROM GRADE 1 TO 10, THE CRAFTS SERVICE FROM GRADE 11 TO 15 CORRESPONDS TO THE SALARY RANGE OF THE CLERICAL, ADMINISTRATIVE, AND FISCAL SERVICE FROM GRADE 8 TO 12; THE INSPECTIONAL SERVICE GRADE 1 TO 13 CORRESPONDS TO THE SALARY RANGE OF THE CLERICAL, ADMINISTRATIVE, AND FISCAL SERVICE FROM GRADE 3 TO 15; THE SUBINSPECTIONAL SERVICE GRADE 1 TO 4, CORRESPONDS TO THE SALARY RANGE OF THE CUSTODIAL SERVICE FROM GRADE 2 TO 5.

THE CHIEF OF ORDNANCE POINTS OUT THAT IN ADOPTING THE AFOREMENTIONED SERVICES WHICH WERE RECOMMENDED BY A BOARD APPOINTED BY LAW HE BELIEVES THAT THE FOLLOWING RULINGS OF THE COMPTROLLER GENERAL HAVE BEEN COMPLIED WITH. THE RULINGS STATE, IN PART, AS FOLLOWS:

"SECTION 2 OF THE BROOKHART SALARY ACT OF JULY 3, 1930, 46 STAT. 1005, REQUIRES THAT THERE BE SELECTED WITH RESPECT TO EACH GROUP OF FIELD POSITIONS A DEPARTMENTAL GRADE OR SALARY RANGE AS PRESCRIBED BY THE CLASSIFICATION ACT, AS AMENDED, WITH WHICH IT MOST NEARLY COMPARES OR CORRESPONDS AND THE SALARY RANGE FIXED FOR SAID GRADE SHOULD BE THE SALARY RANGE FOR THE FIELD GROUP, * * *.' (SYLLABUS, 10 COMP. GEN. 349).

"* * * IN APPLYING THAT STATUTE, IF NO POSITION IN THE DEPARTMENTAL SERVICE IN THE DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA, SUBJECT TO THE CLASSIFICATION ACT IS FOUND TO BE COMPARABLE TO A FIELD POSITION, NEVERTHELESS, THE FIELD POSITION IS REQUIRED TO BE PLACED OR ALLOCATED ADMINISTRATIVELY IN ONE OF THE SALARY GRADES PRESCRIBED BY THE CLASSIFICATION ACT AS NEARLY COMPARABLE TO A DEPARTMENTAL POSITION AS IS PRACTICABLE.' (SYLLABUS, 14 COMP. GEN. 763).

YOUR DECISION IS REQUESTED AS TO WHETHER OR NOT THE PROCEDURE FOLLOWED BY THE ORDNANCE DEPARTMENT, AS OUTLINED IN THE FOURTH PARAGRAPH ABOVE, THAT IS, THE USING OF THE ADDITIONAL SERVICES RECOMMENDED BY THE PERSONNEL CLASSIFICATION BOARD, IS PERMISSIBLE.

IF IT IS NECESSARY TO IDENTIFY A GRADE OF ONE OF THE NEW SERVICES WITH ITS CORRESPONDING GRADE IN THE CLASSIFICATION ACT, MAY THIS IDENTIFICATION BE MADE BY PLACING THE CLASSIFICATION ACT GRADE, IN PARENTHESIS, AFTER THE NEW GRADE, ON RECORDS AND PAY ROLLS? FOR EXAMPLE, JOHN SMITH, AMMUNITION INSPECTOR, IN-4 (CAF-6).

SECTION 5 OF THE ORIGINAL CLASSIFICATION ACT OF 1923, 42 STAT. 1489, PROVIDES AS FOLLOWS:

THAT THE COMPENSATION SCHEDULES SHALL APPLY ONLY TO CIVILIAN EMPLOYEES IN THE DEPARTMENTS WITHIN THE DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA AND SHALL NOT APPLY TO EMPLOYEES IN POSITIONS THE DUTIES OF WHICH ARE TO PERFORM OR ASSIST IN APPRENTICE, HELPER, OR JOURNEYMAN WORK IN A RECOGNIZED TRADE OR CRAFT AND SKILLED AND SEMISKILLED LABORERS, EXCEPT SUCH AS ARE UNDER THE DIRECTION AND CONTROL OF THE CUSTODIAN OF A PUBLIC BUILDING OR PERFORM WORK WHICH IS SUBORDINATE, INCIDENTAL, OR PREPARATORY TO WORK OF A PROFESSIONAL, SCIENTIFIC, OR TECHNICAL CHARACTER. THE BOARD SHALL MAKE A SURVEY OF THE FIELD SERVICES AND SHALL REPORT TO CONGRESS AT ITS FIRST REGULAR SESSION FOLLOWING THE PASSAGE OF THIS ACT SCHEDULES OF POSITIONS, GRADES, AND SALARIES FOR SUCH SERVICES, WHICH SHALL FOLLOW THE PRINCIPLES AND RULES OF THE COMPENSATION SCHEDULES HEREIN CONTAINED INSOFAR AS THESE ARE APPLICABLE TO THE FIELD SERVICES. THIS REPORT SHALL INCLUDE A LIST PREPARED BY THE HEAD OF EACH DEPARTMENT, AFTER CONSULTATION WITH THE BOARD AND IN ACCORDANCE WITH A UNIFORM PROCEDURE PRESCRIBED BY IT, ALLOCATING ALL FIELD POSITIONS IN HIS DEPARTMENT TO THEIR APPROXIMATE GRADES IN SAID SCHEDULES AND FIXING THE PROPOSED RATE OF COMPENSATION OF EACH EMPLOYEE THEREUNDER IN ACCORDANCE WITH THE RULES PRESCRIBED IN SECTION 6 HEREIN.

IT IS UNDERSTOOD THAT THE "PRELIMINARY CLASS SPECIFICATIONS OF POSITIONS IN THE FIELD SERVICE--- P.C.B. FORM NO. 18" WAS PREPARED BY OR UNDER THE DIRECTION OF THE PERSONNEL CLASSIFICATION BOARD PURSUANT TO THE ABOVE QUOTED STATUTORY PROVISION. HOWEVER, NEITHER THIS QUOTED PROVISION OF THE ORIGINAL CLASSIFICATION ACT NOR THE PROPOSED SPECIFICATIONS DRAWN THEREUNDER FOR FIELD POSITIONS, HAD THE EFFECT OF EXTENDING CLASSIFICATION TO THE FIELD SERVICE AND SUCH SPECIFICATIONS, WHICH HAVE NOT HAD THE APPROVAL OF THE CONGRESS, ARE OF NO LEGAL FORCE OR EFFECT AS THE BASIS OF ADMINISTRATIVE ACTION IN CLASSIFYING FIELD POSITIONS IN THE SERVICE OF THE WAR DEPARTMENT.

THE ONLY AUTHORITY FOR EXTENDING THE PRINCIPLES OF CLASSIFICATION TO THE FIELD SERVICE IS FOUND IN SECTION 2 OF THE BROOKHART SALARY ACT OF JULY 3, 1930, 46 STAT. 1005, AS FOLLOWS:

THE HEADS OF THE SEVERAL EXECUTIVE DEPARTMENTS AND INDEPENDENT ESTABLISHMENTS ARE AUTHORIZED AND DIRECTED TO ADJUST THE COMPENSATION OF CERTAIN CIVILIAN POSITIONS IN THE FIELD SERVICES, THE COMPENSATION OF WHICH WAS ADJUSTED BY THE ACT OF DECEMBER 6, 1924 (43 STAT. 604), TO CORRESPOND, SO FAR AS MAY BE PRACTICABLE, TO THE RATES ESTABLISHED BY THE ACT OF MAY 28, 1928 (U.S.C., SUPP. 3, TITLE 5, SEC. 673), AND BY THIS ACT FOR POSITIONS IN THE DEPARTMENTAL SERVICES IN THE DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA: PROVIDED, THAT THE TERMS OF THIS ACT SHALL APPLY TO EMPLOYEES CARRIED UNDER GROUP 4-B, INCLUDING DRAFTING GROUPS, IN THE SCHEDULE OF WAGES FOR CIVIL EMPLOYEES UNDER THE NAVAL ESTABLISHMENT, NOTWITHSTANDING THE FACT THAT THE COMPENSATION OF SUCH EMPLOYEES WAS NOT ADJUSTED BY THE ACT OF DECEMBER 6, 1924 (43 STAT. 604), OR THE ACT OF MAY 28, 1928 (U.S.C., SUPP. 3, TITLE 5, SEC. 673).

THIS SUPERSEDED SECTION 3 OF THE WELCH ACT OF MAY 28, 1928, 45 STAT. 785, AND PROVISIONS IN PRIOR APPROPRIATION ACTS. THE DECISIONS QUOTED IN YOUR SUBMISSION WERE RENDERED UNDER THESE STATUTES AND THE PRINCIPLE ANNOUNCED THEREIN WOULD PRECLUDE THE ADOPTION FOR FIELD PERSONNEL OF ANY OTHER "SERVICE" THAN THOSE APPEARING IN THE CLASSIFICATION ACT, THE FIVE "SERVICES," VIZ: PROFESSIONAL AND SCIENTIFIC, SUBPROFESSIONAL, CLERICAL, ADMINISTRATIVE AND FISCAL, CUSTODIAL, AND CLERICAL-MECHANICAL, BEING DIFFERENT DIVISIONS OF THE SALARY SCHEDULE AS ARE THE SEVERAL GRADES AND SALARY RANGES. THERE ARE NOW PENDING BEFORE THE CONGRESS A NUMBER OF BILLS PROPOSING TO EXTEND CLASSIFICATION TO THE FIELD SERVICE IN WHICH NEW "SERVICES" HAVE BEEN INCORPORATED, WHICH, IF ENACTED, WILL AUTHORIZE AND REQUIRE THE CLASSIFICATION OF MORE CLASSES OF POSITIONS THAN AT PRESENT, PARTICULARLY IN THE CRAFTS, BUT ENACTMENT OF THIS LEGISLATION MAY NOT BE ANTICIPATED BY ADMINISTRATIVE ACTION.

ON THE BASIS OF THE SHOWING MADE, I HAVE TO ADVISE THAT THE FIELD POSITIONS UNDER THE ORDNANCE DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY, OTHER THAN THOSE IN THE ADMINISTRATIVE FORCE, ARE NOT FOR CLASSIFICATION UNDER THE CLASSIFICATION ACT, AS AMENDED. FIELD POSITIONS WHICH CORRESPOND TO POSITIONS IN THE DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA EXEMPTED FROM CLASSIFICATION BY THE TERMS OF SECTION 5 OF THE ORIGINAL CLASSIFICATION ACT, ABOVE QUOTED, ARE LIKEWISE EXEMPTED FROM THE TERMS OF SECTION 2 OF THE BROOKHART SALARY ACT. 10 COMP. GEN. 142. IN THE DECISION OF APRIL 29, 1925, 4 COMP. GEN. 900, IT WAS HELD AS FOLLOWS, QUOTING FROM THE SYLLABUS: FOREMEN AND HEAD MECHANICS IN THE BUREAU OF ENGRAVING AND PRINTING WHO ARE ENGAGED EXCLUSIVELY IN THE SUPERVISION AND DIRECTION OF THE WORK OF THE VARIOUS GROUPS OF MECHANICS OR CRAFTSMEN AND HAVE NO CLERICAL, ADMINISTRATIVE, OR FISCAL DUTIES ARE WITHIN THE PROVISION OF THE CLASSIFICATION ACT OF MARCH 4, 1923, 42 STAT. 1489, EXCLUDING FROM CLASSIFICATION REQUIREMENTS ANY EMPLOYEE ENGAGED AS "APPRENTICE, HELPER, OR JOURNEYMAN" IN A RECOGNIZED TRADE OR CRAFT. SEE, ALSO, 9 COMP. GEN. 80, AND 14 ID. 156, THE LATTER DECISION INCLUDING SUPERVISORS IN THE ARTISAN AND MECHANICAL GROUP OF PANAMA CANAL EMPLOYEES FOR THE PURPOSE OF APPLYING THE 40-HOUR WEEK STATUTORY PROVISION.

IT WOULD APPEAR, THEREFORE, THAT THE CLASSES OF POSITIONS LISTED IN THE ABOVE QUOTED DRAFT OF LETTER, THE DUTIES AND RESPONSIBILITIES OF WHICH ARE NOT CLERICAL, ADMINISTRATIVE, OR FISCAL IN NATURE, AND WHICH DO NOT CORRESPOND TO POSITIONS IN "GROUP 4-B, INCLUDING DRAFTING GROUPS, IN THE SCHEDULE OF WAGES FOR CIVIL EMPLOYEES UNDER THE NAVAL ESTABLISHMENT" (QUOTING FROM SECTION 2 OF THE BROOKHART SALARY ACT), BUT WHICH HAVE TO DO EXCLUSIVELY AND DIRECTLY WITH THE WORK OF OTHER EMPLOYEES IN THE TRADES, CRAFTS, AND SIMILAR OCCUPATIONS, ARE EXEMPTED FROM FIELD CLASSIFICATION. THIS VIEW IS FURTHER STRENGTHENED BY THE ADMINISTRATIVE ACKNOWLEDGMENT OF THE IMPRACTICABILITY OF APPLYING THE SALARY SCHEDULE PRESCRIBED BY THE CLASSIFICATION ACT TO THESE POSITIONS.