A-5424, OCTOBER 16, 1924, 4 COMP. GEN. 384

A-5424: Oct 16, 1924

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IS A NEWSPAPER AS DISTINGUISHED FROM A PERIODICAL. IS PAYABLE FROM THE PROPER ALLOTMENT FROM THE CONTINGENT EXPENSE FUND OF THAT DEPARTMENT FOR NEWSPAPERS OF NOT EXCEEDING $2. 1924: I HAVE YOUR LETTER DATED SEPTEMBER 23. THE SUBSTANCE OF WHICH IS A REQUEST TO BE ADVISED WHETHER OR NOT THE NEW YORK JOURNAL OF COMMERCE AND COMMERCIAL BULLETIN MAY BE CLASSED AS A PERIODICAL. YOU STATE THAT THE JOURNAL IS A TECHNICAL PUBLICATION DESIGNATED FOR A PARTICULAR CLASS OF PEOPLE AND IS NOT READ BY THE PUBLIC GENERALLY. THAT IT IS THE DEPARTMENT'S BELIEF THIS PUBLICATION MAY PROPERLY BE CLASSED AS A PERIODICAL RATHER THAN A NEWSPAPER. INSPECTION OF THE PUBLICATION IN QUESTION DISCLOSED THAT IT IS SELF DEFINED ON THE TITLE PAGE AS A "NEWSPAPER" AND THE SUBSCRIPTION TERMS ON THE EDITORIAL PAGE SHOW IT TO BE A DAILY PUBLICATION.

A-5424, OCTOBER 16, 1924, 4 COMP. GEN. 384

PURCHASES - PERIODICALS - NEWSPAPERS THE NEW YORK JOURNAL OF COMMERCE AND COMMERCIAL BULLETIN, BEING A DAILY PUBLICATION WHICH ON ITS TITLE-PAGE DEFINES ITSELF AS A "NEWSPAPER," AND ONE WHICH THOUGH MAINLY DEVOTED TO COMMERCIAL INTERESTS DISSEMINATES GENERAL INFORMATION OF SUCH CLASS AS NEWS ALONG WITH GENERAL NEWS, IS A NEWSPAPER AS DISTINGUISHED FROM A PERIODICAL, AND THE EXPENSE OF A SUBSCRIPTION THERETO FOR THE BUREAU OF FOREIGN AND DOMESTIC COMMERCE, DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE, IS PAYABLE FROM THE PROPER ALLOTMENT FROM THE CONTINGENT EXPENSE FUND OF THAT DEPARTMENT FOR NEWSPAPERS OF NOT EXCEEDING $2,500.

COMPTROLLER GENERAL MCCARL TO THE SECRETARY OF COMMERCE, OCTOBER 16, 1924:

I HAVE YOUR LETTER DATED SEPTEMBER 23, 1924, THE SUBSTANCE OF WHICH IS A REQUEST TO BE ADVISED WHETHER OR NOT THE NEW YORK JOURNAL OF COMMERCE AND COMMERCIAL BULLETIN MAY BE CLASSED AS A PERIODICAL, AND THUS PERMIT OF CHARGING THE COST OF A SUBSCRIPTION AS SUCH, FOR USE OF THE BUREAU OF FOREIGN AND DOMESTIC COMMERCE, TO THE CONTINGENT EXPENSE FUND OF THAT DEPARTMENT PROVIDING FOR THE PURCHASE OF PERIODICALS, INSTEAD OF TO THE LIMITED ALLOTMENT FOR NEWSPAPERS.

YOU STATE THAT THE JOURNAL IS A TECHNICAL PUBLICATION DESIGNATED FOR A PARTICULAR CLASS OF PEOPLE AND IS NOT READ BY THE PUBLIC GENERALLY, THAT IT PRESENTS SUMMARIES OF REPORTS BY DUN, BRADSTREET, MOODY, THE EXCHANGES, AND THE MOST REPUTABLE HOUSES IN MANY LINES OF BUSINESS, AND THAT IT IS THE DEPARTMENT'S BELIEF THIS PUBLICATION MAY PROPERLY BE CLASSED AS A PERIODICAL RATHER THAN A NEWSPAPER, CITING 16 COMP. DEC. 25 AND 3 COMP. GEN. 977.

INSPECTION OF THE PUBLICATION IN QUESTION DISCLOSED THAT IT IS SELF DEFINED ON THE TITLE PAGE AS A "NEWSPAPER" AND THE SUBSCRIPTION TERMS ON THE EDITORIAL PAGE SHOW IT TO BE A DAILY PUBLICATION. FURTHERMORE, WHILE THE MISSION OF THIS PUBLICATION IS DEVOTED MAINLY TO COMMERCIAL INTERESTS, YET IT ACCUMULATES GENERAL INFORMATION OF THIS CLASS, WHICH IS THEN DISSEMINATED AS NEWS. IN ADDITION, THERE IS INCLUDED NEWS OF THE DAY IN BRIEF FORM, AS WELL AS PARAGRAPHS OF OTHER NEWS MATTER, INCLUDING EDITORIALS UPON CURRENT TOPICS.

THE INFORMATION CONTAINED CAN NOT BE SAID TO COMPRISE ONLY TECHNICAL DETAIL OF INTEREST ONLY TO A SPECIAL CLASS, BECAUSE ITS SUBJECT MATTER IS VARIED AND CONCERNS TOO LARGE AND INDISCRIMINATE A PROPORTION OF THE POPULATION. AFTER A CAREFUL EXAMINATION OF THE PUBLICATION IN QUESTION, I AM CONSTRAINED TO HOLD THAT IT MUST BE CLASSED AS A NEWSPAPER, RATHER THAN A PERIODICAL, AND THAT THE EXPENSE OF A SUBSCRIPTION THERETO FOR THE PURPOSE INDICATED IS CHARGEABLE TO THE PROPER ALLOTMENT FROM THE CONTINGENT EXPENSE FUND OF NOT EXCEEDING $2,500 FOR NEWSPAPERS.