A-4799, OCTOBER 3, 1924, 4 COMP. GEN. 352

A-4799: Oct 3, 1924

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THE QUESTION AS TO THE KINDS OF PAPER WHICH MAY BE PROCURED IS DEPENDENT UPON WHETHER THE PAPER IS SUCH AS IS CUSTOMARILY PURCHASED BY THE PUBLIC PRINTER FOR THE CONDUCT OF THE GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE. 1924: I HAVE YOUR LETTER OF SEPTEMBER 23. WITH REQUEST FOR AN ADVANCE DECISION AS TO WHICH OF THE LISTED ITEMS ARE REQUIRED TO BE PROCURED FROM THE PUBLIC PRINTER IN ACCORDANCE WITH THE ACT OF JUNE 7. A GENERAL DEFINITION OF THE TERM "PAPER" WAS GIVEN AS FOLLOWS: THE TERM "PAPER" AS USED IN THE ACT OF JUNE 7. IS. EXCEPTING AND EXCLUDING SUCH PAPER ARTICLES AS ARE MANUFACTURED AND SOLD TO THE PUBLIC GENERALLY. BLUE -PRINT PAPER. * * * THE LEGISLATIVE HISTORY OF THE PROVISION IN QUESTION DISCLOSES THAT IT WAS ENACTED AFTER A COMPARISON BETWEEN THE COSTS OF PAPER PURCHASED BY THE PUBLIC PRINTER AND PAPER FURNISHED THE VARIOUS GOVERNMENT SERVICES BY THE CONTRACTORS ON THE GENERAL SUPPLY SCHEDULE.

A-4799, OCTOBER 3, 1924, 4 COMP. GEN. 352

PURCHASE OF PAPER UNDER THE ACT OF JUNE 7, 1924, 43 STAT. 592 UNDER THE ACT OF JUNE 7, 1924, 43 STAT. 592, PROVIDING FOR THE PROCUREMENT OF PAPER FROM THE PUBLIC PRINTER, THE QUESTION AS TO THE KINDS OF PAPER WHICH MAY BE PROCURED IS DEPENDENT UPON WHETHER THE PAPER IS SUCH AS IS CUSTOMARILY PURCHASED BY THE PUBLIC PRINTER FOR THE CONDUCT OF THE GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE, OR AS HE CAN ADVANTAGEOUSLY FURNISH UNDER AUTHORITY OF SAID PROVISION.

COMPTROLLER GENERAL MCCARL TO THE SECRETARY OF THE TREASURY, OCTOBER 3, 1924:

I HAVE YOUR LETTER OF SEPTEMBER 23, 1924, SUBMITTING A LIST OF VARIOUS KINDS OF PAPER AND PAPER ARTICLES, WITH REQUEST FOR AN ADVANCE DECISION AS TO WHICH OF THE LISTED ITEMS ARE REQUIRED TO BE PROCURED FROM THE PUBLIC PRINTER IN ACCORDANCE WITH THE ACT OF JUNE 7, 1924, 43 STAT. 592.

IN MY DECISION OF SEPTEMBER 15, 1924, TO THE SECRETARY OF COMMERCE, A GENERAL DEFINITION OF THE TERM "PAPER" WAS GIVEN AS FOLLOWS:

THE TERM "PAPER" AS USED IN THE ACT OF JUNE 7, 1924, SUPRA, IS, HOWEVER, TO BE TAKEN IN ITS GENERAL MEANING AS PERTAINING TO ALL FORMS OF PAPER AND PAPER ARTICLES DEPENDENT UPON PAPER AS THE BASIS OF THEIR USEFULNESS, EXCEPTING AND EXCLUDING SUCH PAPER ARTICLES AS ARE MANUFACTURED AND SOLD TO THE PUBLIC GENERALLY, COPYRIGHTED OR PATENTED ARTICLES, AND SUCH FORMS OF PAPER AS DEPEND FOR THEIR USE MAINLY UPON SPECIAL SURFACING IN THE PROCESS OF MANUFACTURE, SUCH AS CARBON PAPER, PHOTOGRAPHIC PAPER, AND BLUE -PRINT PAPER. * * *

THE LEGISLATIVE HISTORY OF THE PROVISION IN QUESTION DISCLOSES THAT IT WAS ENACTED AFTER A COMPARISON BETWEEN THE COSTS OF PAPER PURCHASED BY THE PUBLIC PRINTER AND PAPER FURNISHED THE VARIOUS GOVERNMENT SERVICES BY THE CONTRACTORS ON THE GENERAL SUPPLY SCHEDULE, AND UPON THE STATEMENT OF THE PUBLIC PRINTER THAT HE COULD SUPPLY THE VARIOUS GOVERNMENT SERVICES WITHOUT ANY ADDITIONAL INCREASE IN FORCE AND WITH A VERY SMALL ADDITIONAL EXPENSE FOR HANDLING AND CUTTING IN THE WAREHOUSE. (SEE PAGE 140, HEARINGS BEFORE THE SUBCOMMITTEE OF HOUSE COMMITTEE ON APPROPRIATIONS ON THE LEGISLATIVE BILL FOR 1925.) THE PROPOSITION ORIGINATED IN THE PERMANENT CONFERENCE ON PRINTING AND THAT BODY RECOMMENDED LEGISLATION AUTHORIZING THE PUBLIC PRINTER (WHO WAS CHAIRMAN OF THE PERMANENT CONFERENCE ON PRINTING) TO FURNISH "PAPER STOCKS AND ARTICLES MADE OF PAPER, * * * WHICH ARE SIMILAR TO ITEMS OF PAPER STOCK PROCURED BY THE JOINT COMMITTEE ON PRINTING FOR THE USE OF THE GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE, OR ITEMS WHICH IT WOULD BE ADVANTAGEOUS FOR THE PUBLIC PRINTER TO SUPPLY TO THE DEPARTMENTS.'

IT IS VERY EVIDENT FROM THE HISTORY OF THIS PROVISION THAT IT WAS NOT THE INTENTION OF CONGRESS TO REQUIRE THE PUBLIC PRINTER TO ENLARGE HIS FORCE TO ANY GREAT EXTENT, BUT ONLY TO SUPPLY PAPER STOCK AND PAPER ARTICLES SUCH AS HE HAD BEEN IN THE PRACTICE OF PURCHASING OR COULD ADVANTAGEOUSLY PURCHASE.

IT IS NOTED THAT IN THE GENERAL SUPPLY SCHEDULE FOR 1925 VARIOUS PAPER SUPPLIES ARE NOTED AS PROCURABLE FROM THE PUBLIC PRINTER. IF THESE NOTATIONS ARE BASED UPON INFORMATION OBTAINED FROM THE PUBLIC PRINTER TO THE EFFECT THAT THE NOTED ARTICLES INCLUDE ALL THE CLASSES OF PAPER SUPPLIES WHICH THE PUBLIC PRINTER IS PREPARED TO FURNISH UNDER THE PROVISION IN QUESTION, THEY MAY BE ACCEPTED AS A GUIDE IN THE FURNISHING OF LIKE SUPPLIES FOR THE PRESENT FISCAL YEAR. IF NOT BASED ON SUCH INFORMATION, IT IS SUGGESTED THAT IMMEDIATE STEPS BE TAKEN TO PROCURE FROM THE PUBLIC PRINTER AN ITEMIZED LIST OF THE PAPER SUPPLIES WHICH ADVANTAGEOUSLY CAN BE FURNISHED BY HIM UNDER AUTHORITY OF THE PROVISION UNDER CONSIDERATION, SUCH LIST TO SERVE AS A GUIDE FOR PURCHASES HEREAFTER.

IN VIEW OF WHAT IS SAID HEREIN IT WOULD APPEAR TO BE NEITHER NECESSARY NOR PRACTICABLE AT THIS TIME FOR THIS OFFICE TO SPECIFY WHICH OF THE ARTICLES OR SUPPLIES LISTED BY YOU SHOULD BE PROCURED FROM THE PUBLIC PRINTER.